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Research Article | 30-March-2018

Cartilaginous compression of the liver – clinical and ultrasonographic aspects

IntroductionThe musculocartilaginous complex is a structure composed of cartilaginous, osseous and muscular elements, which is located at the thoracoabdominal junction, at the level of the right costal arch.AimTo determine the ultrasonographic characteristics of this complex under normal conditions as well as to demonstrate its effects on the liver depending on the constitutional body built, respiratory phase and patient’s body position.Materials and methodsAll abdominal ultrasound scans were

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 9–15

Review | 13-September-2016

Ultrasound imaging of the liver and bile ducts – expectations of a clinician

Since diseases of the liver and bile ducts are common, a clinician is faced by the need to implement an appropriate diagnostic process. It is necessary to apply diagnostic methods that enable appropriate assessment of the most common pathologies of the liver, i.e. fi brosis, steatosis and focal lesions, as well as initial assessment of the bile ducts. These goals can be achieved using ultrasound methods based on conventional sonography, contrast-enhanced sonography and

Krzysztof Skoczylas, Andrzej Pawełas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 292–306

research-article | 09-September-2021

Comparison between shear wave elastography and serological findings for the evaluation of fibrosis in chronic liver disease

Introduction Liver cirrhosis is a major cause of death and disability globally(1). Studies have shown that 6–7% of the adult population without a known liver disease have liver fibrosis, typically associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(2,3). In this study, the following stages of fibrosis were defined: F0–F1: <7, F2: 7–8.9, F3: 9–11.9, and F4: ≥12 kPa, as these cutoff values have been adopted by the Greek National Insurance Program(4). Those with no risk factors had only a 0.4

Mahjabeen Liaqat, Kashif Siddique, Imran Yousaf, Raham Bacha, S. Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 186–193

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Gastric Microbiota Alteration in Klebsiella pneumoniae-Caused Liver Abscesses Mice

Introduction Klebsiella pneumoniae as one of the most important pathogens leads to many infections including nosocomial and community-acquired infections. K1 or K2 serotype K. pneumoniae-caused pyogenic liver abscess (KLA) is a highly invasive community-acquired infection and often develops serious complications (Siu et al. 2012). Previous studies show that liver abscess infection can be caused by many pathogens and that K. pneumoniae causes less than 10% liver infection (Lee et al. 1991


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 247–254

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Multifocal fatty liver disease, insulin resistance and carotid atherosclerosis: exploring the interrelated relationship

Abstract Introduction: Multifocal fatty liver infiltrations are not uncommon ultrasonographic finding; they are explained by the presence of aberrant vascular supply independent of the portal circulation or insulin resistance. Aim: To study the significance of this ultrasonographic finding. Methods: A study group (n = 96) with multifocal fatty liver and two control groups: healthy subjects (n = 100) and patients with diffuse fatty liver disease (n = 100) were enrolled. They were tested for

Amr Shaaban Hanafy, Sherief Abd-Elsalam, Ayman F. Ahmed, Mohammed M. Dawoud

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 302–309

Review | 07-September-2016

Shear wave elastography with a new reliability indicator

Non-invasive methods for liver stiffness assessment have been introduced over recent years. Of these, two main methods for estimating liver fibrosis using ultrasound elastography have become established in clinical practice: shear wave elastography and quasi-static or strain elastography. Shear waves are waves with a motion perpendicular (lateral) to the direction of the generating force. Shear waves travel relatively slowly (between 1 and 10 m/s). The stiffness of the liver tissue can be

Christoph F. Dietrich, Yi Dong

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 281–287

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Clinical applications of spleen ultrasound elastography – a review

infected with hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus and in patients suffering from liver fibrosis, portal hypertension, esophageal varices or myelofibrosis. In this article, we review the role and current status of accessible qualitative ultrasound elastography methods, including recent advances in the evaluation of spleen stiffness and its clinical utility. As study results demonstrate, spleen stiffness correlates with liver fibrosis and is helpful in determining the level of fibrosis in the METAVIR

Rafał Mazur, Milena Celmer, Jurand Silicki, Daniel Hołownia, Patryk Pozowski, Krzysztof Międzybrodzki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 37–41

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society. Ultrasound examination of the portal system and hepatic vessels

Increased incidence of liver diseases, the development of liver surgery and other invasive methods for managing portal hypertension, plus an increasing number of liver transplant procedures pose more and more new challenges for ultrasonography. Ultrasonography,being an effective and clinically verifi ed modality, has been used for several decades for diagnosing diseases of the liver, its vessels and portal hypertension. It is used for both initial and specialist diagnosis (performed in

Robert Lechowicz, Michał Elwertowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 208–226

Article | 14-December-2020

Indicators of clinically significant red cell antibodies produced by sensitized lymphocytes in liver transplant patients

It has been documented that transplanted livers can carry sensitized lymphocytes that subsequently produce red cell antibodies. We evaluated immunohematological variables in liver donors and recipients for indicators that might be predictive of serological red blood cell (RBC) destruction mediated by the passenger lymphocytes. Organ donor sera with antibody scores greater than ( > ) 60 correlated with a positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT) and need for increased RBC transfusion in liver

BeverIy E.W. Calhoun, M. Pothiawala, G. Musa, B. Baron

Immunohematology, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 37–39

Article | 06-December-2020

Donor origin Rh antibodies as a cause of significant hemolysis following ABO-identical orthotopic liver transplantation

A group A, D-positive patient underwent orthotopic liver transplantation from a group A, D-negative (cde/cde) donor. Anti-D and -E were eluted from the recipient’s red cells and were found in the recipient’s serum 13 days later, at which time significant hemolysis developed. These Rh antibodies appear to he secondary to passive transfer of sensitized donor lymphocytes, a rare finding following liver transplantation.

Brian K. Kim, Carolyn F. Whitset, Christopher D. Hillyer

Immunohematology, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 100–101

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Perihepatic lymphadenopathy in children with chronic viral hepatitis

ultrasonographyas previously described in adult patients. Results. Adequate visualization of the liver hilum was achieved in 46/49 (94%) pediatric patients with chronic viral hepatitis and in 46/51 (90%) pediatric healthy controls. In patients with adequate liver hilum visualization,enlarged perihepatic lymph nodes (longitudinal diameter >14 mm) were detected in 32/46 (70%) patients with chronic viral hepatitis and in 5/46 (11%) healthy controls.The total perihepatic lymph nodes volume [mean ± SD] was 1.0 ± 1.2

Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Margret Pohl, Xin-Wu Cui, Barbara Braden, Christoph F. Dietrich, Liliana Chiorean

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 137–150

research-article | 28-September-2020

Shear wave elastography reveals a high prevalence of liver fibrosis in overweight or obese Hispanic youth

Introduction Childhood obesity is a worldwide epidemic now affecting more than 20% of children and adolescents in the United States(1). As the prevalence of obesity has increased, obesity-related nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as a common comorbidity in the pediatric population(2,3). Defined as simple steatosis, NAFLD is the leading cause of chronic liver disease in adolescents and young adults. Chronic inflammation and resultant hepatocellular injury then develop as NAFLD

Sanjeet Sandhu, Carisse Orsi, Gary L. Francis, Zhu Wang, Roman Fernandez, Naim Alkhouri

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 162–168

research-article | 30-November-2020

Liver herniation into the pericardium mimicking a pericardial tumor: unusual presentation of trisomy 13

referred for fetal echocardiography. The fetus was growing consistently with gestational age. Due to unknown reasons, the patient reported to the prenatal cardiology reference center at 33 weeks. The scan showed a massive pericardial effusion and a tumor located in front of the right ventricle. The anatomy and function of the heart were normal, with no signs of cardiac tamponade. The echogenicity of the suspicious mass resembled rhabdomyoma, lung or liver, and appeared atypical for a pericardial tumor

Joanna Szymkiewicz-Dangel, Maria Magdalena Hussey

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 353–356

Review | 30-June-2017

Detailed EFSUM recommendations on the scope of ultrasound assessment in patients with portal hypertension considering the diagnostic reference level

outpatient clinics, performed by specialist private practice physicians, radiologists, gastroenterologists and hepatologists; top class (premium) digital ultrasound scanner should be available at physician’s disposal. Third reference level: ultrasound assessments performed in gastroenterology, hepatology and liver surgery departments as well as their specialist outpatient clinics; physicians should use top class digital ultrasound equipment. At every reference level, physicians performing abdominal

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 113–115

mini-review | 27-December-2020

Hepatitis B Virus: From Diagnosis to Treatment

Introduction Although there are effective vaccines and treatment strategies against hepatitis B (HB), it is still a significant health concern worldwide that can present in acute, permanent, severe liver failure and cancer forms resulting in high morbidity and death. Globally, 2 billion people have been infected with HB. There is an estimated more than 292 million people living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection worldwide. The global HB surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity was estimated to


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 391–399

Research Article | 31-March-2017

Is it possible to differentiate between pseudopneumoperitoneum and similar pathologies ultrasonographically?

, composed of 15 cases of pneumoperitoneum following laparotomy and of 14 cases following that symptom as a result of ulcer perforation – group 2 (in total n = 29). Moreover, the distance in millimeters of the gas surface reflecting ultrasounds from the parietal peritoneum was measured, the smoothness of the surface, parietal peritoneum enhancement at the place of gas adherence, gas continuity below the diaphragm with gas in the intestine located below the liver. Results Results Direct adherence of the

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 30–35

research-article | 28-September-2020

Comparison of sonographic hepatorenal ratio and the degree of hepatic steatosis in magnetic resonance imaging-proton density fat fraction

Introduction Hepatic steatosis is a condition of excessive intrahepatocytic accumulation of fat. Steatosis is the hallmark of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and also occurs in patients with alcohol abuse, viral hepatitis, HIV and those receiving certain pharmacological treatment(1,2). NAFLD is the most common chronic liver disease affecting approximately 30% of the general population(2,3). Steatosis can progress to liver fibrosis and, eventually, cirrhosis, and it can also worsen the

Natthaporn Tanpowpong, Sineenart Panichyawat

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 169–175

original-paper | 04-June-2020

Lactobacillus fermentum JX306 Restrain D-galactose-induced Oxidative Stress of Mice through its Antioxidant Activity

/kg BW) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) PC 10 Vitamin C (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) LD 10 L. fermentum JX306 (108 CFU/day) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) MD 10 L. fermentum JX306 (109 CFU/day) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) HD 10 L. fermentum JX306 (1010 CFU/day) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) Determination of serum, liver, and kidney antioxidative parameters. Blood samples of each group were obtained by moving mice eyeballs after 12 h of


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 205–215

Research paper | 18-May-2018

Long-term behavioral, histological, biochemical and hematological evaluations of amyloid beta-induced Alzheimer’s disease in rat

(surgery without injection Aβ), and experimental group (two-sided intrahippocampal amyloid-beta injection into hippocampus). From each group, three animals were investigated 42 days after injection, and the remaining four animals were studied after one year. All animals were tested for learning abilities and memory. Finally, samples from blood, brain, heart, kidney, liver, colon and spleen were examined. In the experimental group, the size of amyloid plaques were increased significantly after one year

Raheleh Kheirbakhsh, Mahnaz Haddadi, Ahad Muhammadnejad, Alireza Abdollahi, Farshad Shahi, Behzad Amanpour-Gharaei, Azadeh Abrahim-Habibi, Tahereh Barati, Saeid Amanpour

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 51–59

Article | 06-December-2020

Immune hemolytic anemia following heart-lung transplantation

Immune hemolytic anemia due to minor ABO incompatibility between recipient and donor is a well-recognized occurrence in kidney and liver transplantation. In some cases, the responsible antibodies have been shown to be derived from the donor passenger lymphocytes using Gm allotyping. We report a case of acute, transient hemolysis following heart-lung transplantation in which serologic and Gm allotype studies confirmed the etiology of hemolysis.

EIizabeth J. Perlman, Rosetta S. Shirey, Mary Farkosh, Thomas S. Kickler, Paul M. Ness

Immunohematology, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 38–40

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases

literature search. The accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases was used as the index text, while B-mode sonography, micro pure imaging, surgery and histological findings were used as reference texts. Superficial lymph nodes, neck nodules, malignancy in thyroid nodules, benign and malignant cervical lymph nodes, thyroid nodules, prostate carcinoma, benign and malignant breast abnormalities, liver diseases, parotid and salivary gland masses, pancreatic masses, musculoskeletal diseases and renal

Iqra Manzoor, Raham Bacha, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 29–36

research-article | 31-December-2019

Correlation between portal vein diameter and craniocaudal length of the spleen

regard to the evaluation of superficial musculoskeletal structures, nerves, and deep gynecological, obstetrical and abdominal structures(6). Sonography can easily differentiate abdominal structures like liver, gall bladder, pancreases, intestinal walls, abdominal vasculature and spleen, etc.(3) The normal texture of the spleen is very homogeneous, slightly more echogenic than the texture of the liver; therefore, pathology or blood collection secondary to a splenic rupture is usually easily identified

Shah Zaman, Syed Amir Gilani, Raham Bacha, Iqra Manzoor, Zain Ul Hasan

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 276–281

Article | 21-April-2020

Severe hemolytic anemia due to auto anti-N

Auto anti-N is infrequently encountered and, in most reported cases,does not cause clinical hemolysis. This case reports an auto anti-N associated with severe hemolytic anemia (Hb = 2.7 g/dL) in a 6-year-old Caucasian girl with a history of vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. Upon admission, she was found to have a metabolic acidosis,secondary to her severe anemia,with abnormal liver function tests. As in three other case reports,the autoimmune hemolytic anemia resolved,with disappearance of

Caroline C. Immel, Myra McPherson, Shauna N. Hay, Linda R. Braddy, Mark E. Brecher

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 63–65

Case report | 26-October-2019

Suspected acute hemolytic transfusion reaction mediated by anti-Dia

Anti-Dia can mediate hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, but it is unclear if it can cause hemolytic transfusion reactions (HTRs). To date, there has only been one report of a possible immediate HTR attributed to anti-Dia. Our case report details an immediate HTR due to anti-Dia in a patient with pre-existing liver failure. This reaction triggered multi-organ failure, and the patient subsequently died. This case also highlights the importance of considering HTRs even when routine

Ashwini Bennett, Ray K. Boyapati, Frank S. Hong

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 4, 163–165

Research Article | 13-September-2016

Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment for Youth Treated With Antipsychotic Medications

behavior change in multiple social contexts. The intervention was administered to three obese adolescents with long-term antipsychotic medication exposure. The efficacy of the intervention was evaluated with a battery of anthropomorphic and metabolic assessments, including weight, body mass index percentile, whole body adiposity, liver fat content, and fasting plasma glucose and lipid levels. Participants and their parents also filled out a treatment satisfaction questionnaire after study

Ginger E. Nicol, Rachel P Kolko, Monica Mills, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Michael D. Yingling, Julia A. Schweiger, Eric J. Lenze, John W. Newcomer, Denise Wilfley

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 96–104

Case report | 01-December-2019

A case of autoimmune hemolytic anemia with anti-D specificity in a 1-year-old child

status, metabolic acidosis, abnormal liver function tests, and a severe coagulopathy. He was successfully resuscitated with uncrossmatched units of group O, D– blood, and after corticosteroid therapy he had complete resolution of his anti-Dmediated hemolysis.

Rachel S. Bercovitz, Margaret Macy, Daniel R. Ambruso

Immunohematology, Volume 29 , ISSUE 1, 15–18

Case report | 30-June-2016

Body stalk anomaly: antenatal sonographic diagnosis of this rare entity with review of literature

phenomenon. Sonographic features of the fetus included a severe midline defect of the fetal abdominal wall with a large extra-abdominal mass containing bowel and liver inside. Body stalk anomaly is accepted as a fatal anomaly, so it is important to differentiate it from other anterior wall defects for evaluating the management options.

Amandeep Singh, Jasmeet Singh, Kamlesh Gupta

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 133–135

case-report | 31-March-2020

Infiltrative non-mass-like hepatocellular carcinoma initially presenting with isolated malignant portal vein thrombosis: A case report and review of the literature

producing, sarcomatoid, carcinosarcoma, carcinosarcoma with osteoclast-like giant cells and lymphocyte rich, in decreasing order of frequency(7). Among these, infiltrative type HCC may be the most difficult one to recognize both clinically and radiographically, because this HCC subtype is characterized by multiple minute tumor nodules that spread throughout the liver parenchyma, without forming a mass-like lesion. Given this appearance of infiltrative HCC, some authors have named this entity as diffuse

Anıl Çolaklar, Namık Kemal Altınbaş

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, e55–e60

Review | 07-September-2016

Is a fatty pancreas a banal lesion?

(especially adrenal cortex hormones), disease of the liver and visceral adiposis. As regards lipomatosis of that organ resulting mainly from dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia, the term “nonalcoholic fatty pancreas disease” was introduced. Experimental studies on animals and histological preparations of the pancreatic fragments show that the lipotoxicity of the collected adipocytes collected ion the organ release a cascade of proinflammatory phenomena, and even induces the processes of carcinogenesis

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 273–280

Research Article | 20-May-2019


and number of intestinal microbiota may contribute to the development of numerous infectious (HIV), metabolic (diabetes, obesity) and immunological (allergy, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis) diseases, as well as conditions associated with various organs (kidneys, liver, heart, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease), cancer (colon) and the nervous system (autism, sleeping problems, stress, chronic fatigue syndrome, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease). The composition of the

Katarzyna Góralska, Magdalena Dzikowiec

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 5–11

Case report | 13-September-2016

Abnormal portal vein waveform as an indicator of constrictive pericarditis – a case report

We report a case of a 17-year-old patient referred to our outpatient Doppler Department due to clinical suspicion of liver cirrhosis. The patient presented with non-specifi c symptoms,such as malaise, pain in the right subcostal region, peripheral oedema. Until then,diagnostic imaging, including echocardiography was inconclusive. We performed the Doppler sonography of the portal system, which revealed normal diameter of the portal vein with abnormal, phasic and markedly pulsatile waveform

Joanna Ścieszka, Józefa Dąbek, Paweł Cieślik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 227–230

Case report | 31-January-2019

Portal vein tumor thrombus from gastric cancer

showed liver metastases and formation of collateral blood vessels.

Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Santha Kumari Batumaly, Suryani Md Jusoh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 365–368

Article | 06-December-2020

Clinical correlation of positive direct antiglobulin tests in patients with sickle cell disease

with sickle cell disease and serologic findings of autoimmune hemolytic anemia, but only one had increased RBC destruction attributed to the autoantibody. That patient’s RBCs had IgG and complement on the surface, while those of the other patient had IgG without complement. Functional asplenism may diminish the role of an IgG autoantibody that does not bind complement, since RBCs coated with complement are removed by the liver. Therefore, complement-binding autoantibodies may have particular

Raymond L. Comenzo, Marie E. Malachowski, Eugene M. Berkman

Immunohematology, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 13–16

Case report | 29-October-2019

Evans syndrome in a pediatric liver transplant recipient with an autoantibody with apparent specificity for the KEL4 (Kpb) antigen  

Scott A. Koepsell, Kerry Burright-Hittner, James D. Landmark

Immunohematology, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 14–17

research-article | 09-September-2021

New perspective on median arcuate ligament syndrome. Case reports

those publications explain this change by the pressure exerted by the arcuate ligament of the diaphragm on the coeliac trunk being released. The present authors’ observations indicate that another important factor which straightens the coeliac trunk is a caudal descent of the left lobe of the liver. Case reports Out of a group of 50 patients with MALS, the authors of the present study selected five individuals who met the criterion proposed by Moneta et al.(9), i.e. PSV >200 cm/s. Comparative

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Radosław Kiedrowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 234–236

Article | 03-November-2020

A comprehensive IgA service provided by a blood transfusion center

. By screening new donors and directed call-up, group O, D– red blood cell (RBC) units are always in stock. During 1 year, the center supplied 79 units of RBCs and 64 units of fresh frozen plasma to a variety of patients with IgA deficiency, including three undergoing liver transplantation. The center also provides a reference service for IgA/anti-IgA status. The technique used (hemagglutination inhibition) has a sensitivity well below the threshold of standard quantitation methods. Samples

R. Munks, J.R. Booth, R.J. Sokol

Immunohematology, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 155–160

Article | 10-June-2019


antibiotics with a broad spectrum of action [4]. The group of elevated risk includes patients with proliferative diseases, chronic liver diseases and recipients of transplanted organs. Due to the high resistance of enterococci to disinfectants and antiseptics, these bacteria are most often transported on the surface of the hands of medical personnel in hospitals [1]. Of great significance is the fact that Enterococcus bacteria can survive on hands for even up to 60 minutes [10]. The transfer of bacteria

Wojciech Rogóż, Daniel Sypniewski, Ilona Bednarek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 1, 35–48

Case report | 14-October-2020

Case report: four donors with granulocyte-specific or HLA class I antibodies implicated in a case of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI)

A 54-year-old female patient with a history of chronic liver disease and portal hypertension was admitted for an elective cholecystectomy. Preoperative evaluation revealed a prolonged prothrombin time of 17.4 seconds (control 12 to 15.5 seconds). Six units of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) were prescribed after failure of correction of the coagulopathy with intravenous vitamin K (10 mgs). During infusion of the fifth unit of FFP, the patient became acutely dyspneic. Arterial blood gas analysis

A. Davoren, O.P. Smith, C.A. Barnes, E. Lawler, R.G. Evans, G.F. Lucas

Immunohematology, Volume 17 , ISSUE 4, 117–121

review-article | 30-September-2019

Diagnostic imaging of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms with a focus on ultrasound

Introduction Diagnostic imaging of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) is of fundamental importance for determining the location of the primary lesion, disease staging, selection of treatment and monitoring its effects. Currently, more than half of gastrointestinal NEN are detected incidentally, usually during surgery, diagnostic imaging studies or endoscopic procedures performed for other indications(1,2). Sometimes metastatic lesions in the liver are the first sign of the disease

Joanna Walczyk, Anna Sowa-Staszczak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 228–235

research-article | 28-September-2020

The ultrasound of subcutaneous extrapelvic endometriosis

Introduction The presence of ectopic functional endometrial glands and struma anywhere except in the lining of the uterine cavity is considered as endometriosis. The most common sites of endometriosis inside the pelvic cavity include the myometrium (adenomyosis), the ovaries, the uterine ligaments, and the pouch of Douglas. Extrapelvic endometriosis is seen involving the abdominal wall cesarean section (CS) scar, and rarely affects the perineum, umbilicus, pleura, kidneys, lungs, and liver(1

Ashraf Talaat Youssef

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 176–180

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Applications of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of complicated cases of acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer – own experience

 procedures in cases of overpressure in the pancreatic ducts caused by calcifi cation of the parenchyma or choledocholitiasis in chronic pancreatitis. In pancreatic cancer, IOUS provides a verifi cation of the local extent of tumor-like lesions, allowing for the assessment of pancreatic and lymph nodes metastasis, and indicating the presence of distant and local metastases, including the liver. IOUS signifi cantly improves the effectiveness of intraoperative BAC aspiration or drainage of fl uid reservoirs.

Grzegorz Ćwik, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Grzegorz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 56–71

Review | 13-September-2016

Is pneumoperitoneum the terra ignota in ultrasonography?

;between the diaphragm and the liver (Chilaiditi syndrome). It seems that the inclusion of a US examination to the E-FAST method in order to detect free gas in the peritoneal cavity is justifi ed since it is a sign of gastrointestinal perforation in numerous cases, andis clinically as relevant as the presence of free fluid. 

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 189–195

Research paper | 25-July-2017

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a novel Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor, DMNG-3

had a positive effect of improvement of learning and memory in mice in passive avoidance tests. The elimination half-life (T1/2) was 14.07±1.29, 15.87±1.03 h, and the total clearance (CL) values were 0.70±0.11, 0.78±0.13 L/h/kg, respectively. The pharmacokinetic studies showed that DMNG-3 has a slowly clearance and large distribution volume in experimental animals, and its disposition is linear over the range of doses tested. The liver, small intestine, stomach, and large intestine were the major

Xin-Guo Zhang, Fei Kou, Guo-Di MA, Peng Tang, Zhong-Duo Yang

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 2, 117–124

Article | 17-February-2021

A prospective, observational study for optimization of antibody screening in pretransfusion compatibility testing

54 months of the study period, a total of 22,888 patient samples were studied. The majority of patients were from hemato-oncology and blood marrow transplant, hepatobiliary sciences and liver transplant, cardiac surgery, and medical intensive care units (Fig. 2). The prevalence of unexpected antibodies detected in our study was less than 1 percent (0.87%; 198). Of the 198 AS+ patients, 145 (0.63%) were found to have alloantibodies while the remaining 53 (0.24%) had autoantibodies with clinical

P. Pandey, D. Setya, R. Srivastava, M.K. Singh

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 19–28

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