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Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are mainly manifested by symptoms of peripheral arthri­tis and enthesitis. Early involvement of sacroiliac joints and spine is exceptionally rare in children; this usually happens in adulthood. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. The first part of the article presented classifications and radiographic presentation of juvenile

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Michał Znajdek, Piotr Gietka, Violeta Vasilevska-Nikodinovska, Lukas Patrovic, Vladka Salapura

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 176–181



The most difficult and challenging problem in medical image analysis is image segmentation. Due to the limited imaging capability of magnetic resonance (MR), the sampled magnetic resonance images from clinic always suffer from noise, bias filed (also known as intensity non-uniformity), partial volume effects and motive artifacts. In additional, for the complex shape boundary and topology of brain tissues and structures, segmenting magnetic resonance image of brain tumor fast, accurately and

Liu Erlin, Wang Meng, Teng Jianfeng, Li Jianjian

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1031–1049


Diagnostic imaging of psoriatic arthritis. Part II: magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography

Plain radiography reveals specific, yet late changes of advanced psoriatic arthritis. Early inflammatory changes are seen both on magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound within peripheral joints (arthritis, synovitis), tendons sheaths (tenosynovitis, tendovaginitis) and entheses (enthesitis, enthesopathy). In addition, magnetic resonance imaging enables the assessment of inflammatory features in the sacroiliac joints (sacroiliitis), and the spine (spondylitis). In this article, we review

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Grzegorz Pracoń

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 163–174


Association between scripture memorization and brain atrophy using magnetic resonance imaging

responsible for these results. The limitation of these studies is that they were based on administration of questionnaires and qualitative analysis of the data collected. Additionally, the data collected were very subjective. In this work, we aimed to investigate if there are any associations between scripture memorization and brain tissue, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements. We hypothesized that those who memorized the scriptures have more brain tissue preserved compared to those who

Mukaila Alade Rahman, Benjamin Segun Aribisala, Irfan Ullah, Hammad Omer

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 90–97

Case report

A twin pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus: prenatal diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up

Twin molar pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus is a rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease associated with an increased risk of obstetric complications and poor perinatal outcome. Prenatal diagnosis is essential for couple counseling and follow-up in Tertiary Reference Centers. Magnetic resonance imaging is important for the diagnostic differentiation of placental mesenchymal dysplasia and exclusion of myometrial invasion. Here we present a case of twin molar

Antonio Braga, Bruna Obeica, Heron Werner, Sue Yazaki Sun, Joffre Amim Júnior, Jorge Rezende Filho, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 299–305


Imaging in dermatomyositis in adults and children

(3,4). In this paper, we review the available literature on the clinical presentation of adults and juveniles with dermatomyositis and describe imaging features of the disease in conventional radiography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance and computed tomography. Tab. 1. Rheumatic entities belonging to the group of connective tissue diseases, including dermatomyositis Diffuse connective tissue diseases 1 Rheumatoid arthritis 2 Juvenile idiopathic arthritis 3 Systemic lupus

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Thibaut Jacques, Piotr Gietka, Anne Cotten

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, 36–42


Indications for abdominal imaging: When and what to choose?

Introduction Ultrasound (US), computed-tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) all have important roles in evaluating abdominal pathology, with each technique having specific strengths and weaknesses. Table 1 provides a list of indications of imaging in abdominal pathology. Tab. 1. Indications for a given imaging modality as per the category of abdominal pathology Ultrasound CEUS CT MRI Abdominal emergencies (non-traumatic) First-line imaging technique Technique

Cosmin Caraiani, Dong Yi, Bianca Petresc, Christoph Dietrich

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, 43–54


Juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis overlap syndrome in a 16-year-old adolescent. A case report and literature review

, erosions, geodes)(13). Magnetic resonance imaging Apart from lesions evident on ultrasound, MRI also makes it possible to assess(10,14) edema in the bone marrow (the earliest sign of inflammation), in the spine and in the spinal cord, articular cartilage in its entirety as well as the level of activity of a synovial membrane affected with inflammation and subchondral bone tissue following the administration of a contrast agent. Magnetic resonance imaging is considered to be a more sensitive procedure

Michał Znajdek, Agnieszka Gazda, Piotr Gietka, Marta Wysmołek, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 152–157


Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and MRI

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals in the developmental age. Radiography, which was described in the first part of this publication, is the standard modality in the assessment of this condition. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging enable early detection of the disease which affects soft tissues, as well as bones. Ultrasound assessment involves: joint cavities, tendon sheaths and bursae for the

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 237–251

Research paper


This paper reviews the recently developed techniques in biomagnetics and bioimaging such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and cancer therapy based on magnetic stimulation. A technique of localized and vectorial TMS has enabled us to obtain non-invasive functional mapping of the human brain. The development of new bioimaging technologies such as current distribution MRI and conductivity MRI potentially enables us to understand the dynamics of brain

Shoogo Ueno, Masaki Sekino

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 300–314


Rheumatoid arthritis: what do MRI and ultrasound show

disease management, the emergence of new biologic therapies and better utilization of conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate therapy have been recognized as essential for improving clinical outcomes in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. Despite the potential of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging to visualize all tissues typically involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, the diagnosis of early disease remains difficult due to

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 5–16

Research Article

Simulation and optimisation of homogeneous permanent magnet for portable NMR applications

This paper focuses on the magneto static simulation of magnet arrangement used for portable NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) apparatus. In NMR experiments, a very homogeneous magnetic field is required in a large sample volume. In our case, NdFeB magnets are used to generate a homogeneous field, with a Halbach arrangement. The homogeneity of the magnetic field B0 can be improved by dividing a long configuration of magnets into several rings. The size of useful volume is dependent on both the

Patrick Poulichet, Abdennasser Fakri, Christophe Delabie, Hung Dang Phuc, Tien Truong Cong, Latifa Fakri-Bouchet

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article

NMR Analysis Reveals a Wealth of Metabolites in Root-Knot Nematode Resistant Roots of Citrullus amarus Watermelon Plants

Citrullus amarus (CA) (previously known as Citrullus lanatus var. citroides) accessions collected in southern Africa are known to have resistance to root-knot nematodes (RKN) and are suitable rootstocks for grafted watermelon. The objective of this study was to conduct a comparative metabolomics analysis and identify unique metabolites in roots of CA accessions versus roots of watermelon cultivars (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. lanatus; CL). Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR

Mihail Kantor, Amnon Levi, Judith Thies, Nihat Guner, Camelia Kantor, Stuart Parnham, Arezue Boroujerdi

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 303–316


Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part I: Classifications and radiographs

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are manifested mainly by symptoms of peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. By contrast with adults, children rarely present with sacroiliitis and spon­dylitis. Imaging and laboratory tests allow early diagnosis and treatment. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions and post-inflammatory complications. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imag­ing. The first part of the article presents

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Piotr Gietka, Michał Znajdek, Genowefa Matuszewska, Magdalena Bogucevska, Ljubinka Damjanovska-Krstikj, Slavcho Ivanoski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 167–175


Classifications and imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis

differentiate juvenile spondyloarthritis from other juvenile idiopathic arthritis subtypes. Sacroiliitis, and especially spondylitis, although infrequent in childhood, may manifest as low back pain. In clinical practice, radiographs of the sacroiliac joints or pelvis are performed in most of the cases even though magnetic resonance imaging offers more accurate diagnosis of sacroiliitis. Neither disease classification criteria nor imaging recommendations have taken this advantage into account in patients

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Iris Eshed, Lennart Jans, Nele Herregods, James Teh, Jelena Vojinovic

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 224–233


Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

Adrenal glands are paired endocrine glands located over the upper renal poles. Adrenal pathologies have various clinical presentations. They can coexist with the hyperfunction of individual cortical zones or the medulla, insuffi ciency of the adrenal cortex or retained normal hormonal function. The most common adrenal masses are tumors incidentally detected in imaging examinations (ultrasound, tomography, magnetic resonance imaging), referred to as incidentalomas. They include a range of

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 377–387

Review Article

Bacterial meningitis in neonates and infants – the sonographic picture

Bacterial meningitis is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem among children and neonates, with severe, rapidly progressing course and potentially life-threatening complications. Early antibacterial treatment is essential for the patient’s favorable prognosis. Cerebral imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic process alongside physical examination and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial meningitis. Because of limited

Błażej Littwin, Andrzej Pomiećko, Monika Stępień-Roman, Zeno Spârchez, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 63–70


Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 1. Etiopathogenesis

The pathologies of tendon and ligament attachments are called enthesopathies. One of its types is enthesitis which is a characteristic sign of peripheral spondyloarthropathy.Clinical diagnosis of enthesitis is based on rather non-specifi c clinical signs and results of laboratory tests. Imaging examinations are highly promising. Numerous  publications prove that enthesitis can be differentiated from other enthesopathic processes in an ultrasound examination or magnetic resonance imaging

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Włodzimierz Maśliński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 72–84


The primary role of radiological imaging in the diagnosis of rare musculoskeletal diseases. Emphasis on ultrasound

early diagnosis of a disease may improve the prognosis and overall quality of life due to timely and appropriate therapies. Diagnostic imaging is usually performed and could be the most important diagnostic tool for several rare diseases. Medical imaging is crucial not only for the diagnosis, but also for therapy monitoring and even outcome prediction. Recent advances in several medical imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US

Federica Rossi, Carlo Martinoli, Giovanni Murialdo, Angelo Schenone, Marina Grandis, Diego Ferone, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 187–192


A case of ultrasound diagnosis of retroperitoneal lesion caused by unnoticed foreign body ingestion

Wojciech Tynecki, Andrzej Tynecki, Agata Grobelna, Tomasz Baranowski, Grzegorz Siemiaszko, Tomasz Łapiński, Julia Wilczek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e151–e153


A developmental variant of the thyroid cartilage

structures in the lamina of the thyroid cartilage (arrows) (A) on the right side of the neck (two structures) and (B) on the left side of the neck (one structure – arrow) Due to persistent pain, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the neck was performed to assess these lesions and to exclude any lesions missed with US. On MRI, small well-defined structures with intermediate T1-weighted signal and high signal on the fat-suppressed sequence were seen on each side of the thyroid cartilage (Fig. 2). Fig

Sanaa Jamali, Etienne Danse

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 171–172


Functional organization of the human amygdala in appetitive learning

Emilia Kolada, Krzysztof Bielski, Marcel Falkiewicz, Iwona Szatkowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 118–127


intra-abdominal fat, reflection patterns, localization, ultrasound, diagnostic criteria

attention of research institutes owing to being a rich source of stem cells. This review, however, does not include these issues. The identifi cation of fat is relatively easy using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. It can be more diffi cult in an ultrasound examination for several reasons. The aim of this paper is to present various problems associated with US imaging of unaltered intra-abdominal fat located beyond organs. Based on the literature and

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 318–325

Case report

Spontaneous resolution of unifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the skull: potential role of ultrasound in detection and imaging follow-up

Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a tumor-like condition characterized by idiopathic proliferation of Langerhans cells. The disease may involve the skeleton as well as other organs systems. Bone involvement may be solitary or multifocal. Unifocal osseous Langerhans cell histiocytosis may involve virtually any bone, with the calvarium being most frequently involved. Plain radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are the most used techniques for detection and

Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Joris Verlooy, Mania De Praeter

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 265–270

Research paper

The effect of network template from normal subjects in the detection of network impairment

This study aimed to provide a simple way to approach group differences by independent component analysis when researching functional connectivity changes of resting‑state network in brain disorders. We used baseline resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging from the Alzheimer’s disease neuroimaging initiative dataset and performed independent component analysis based on different kinds of subject selection, by including two downloaded templates and single‑subject independent

Chun‑Chao Huang, Shang‑Hua Lin, Ching‑Po Lin, The Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 294–303

Research paper

The influence of mood on visual perception of neutral material

In the study we investigated how current mood affects spontaneous perceptual processes of neutral stimuli of low-arousal, unrelated to any specific task. Two separate but similar procedures were carried out: one using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the other using electroencephalography based source localization. In both experiments, sessions of passive viewing of neutral pictures were preceded by either a negative or positive mood induction. In response to neutral stimuli, we

Miroslaw Wyczesany, Tomasz S. Ligeza, Agnieszka Tymorek, Agnieszka Adamczyk

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 163–172


Diagnostyka obrazowa jąder

common neoplasms in men at the age of 20–40. Ultrasound imaging is the method of choice characterized by the sensitivity of nearly 100% in the differentiation between intratesticular and extratesticular lesions. In the case of doubtful lesions that are not classifi ed for intra-operative verifi cation, nuclear magnetic resonance is applied. Computed tomography, however, is performed to monitor the progression of a neoplastic disease, in pelvic trauma with scrotal injury as

Michał Studniarek, Katarzyna Skrobisz-Balandowska, Elza Modzelewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 245–258

Research Article

Nematotoxic coumarins from Angelica pubescens Maxim. f. biserrata Shan et Yuan roots and their physiological effects on Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

magnetic resonance spectral data analysis. The LC50 values against B. xylophilus in 72 hr were 489.17, 406.74, 430.08, and 435.66 μM, respectively. These compounds also altered the smooth morphology of the B. xylophilus exoskeleton to a rough and pitted appearance as visualized by electron microscopy. The coumarins 1-4 possessed significant acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities but had negligible effects on amylase and cellulase. This research provides additional clues to the nematotoxic mechanism

Qun-Qun Guo, Gui-Cai Du, Yong-Xing Li, Chen-Yan Liang, Chao Wang, Ya-Nan Zhang, Rong-Gui Li

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 559–568

Case report

Ictal Forced Repetitive Swearing in Frontal Lobe Epilepsy: Case report and review of the literature

Introduction. Dominant presentation of ictal forced repetitive swearing has been rarely addressed and could be misdiagnosed. Case report. We report a 45-year-old man with a long history of right frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) who developed forced repetitive swearing during hypermotor seizures. His seizures were refractory to different antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Scalp video-EEG telemetry suggested a right frontal epileptic focus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested focal cortical dysplasia

Marjan Dolatshahi, Alexei Yankovsky

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 113–119

Review Paper

Presurgical diagnosis of epilepsies – concepts and diagnostic tools

zones are characterized. The epileptogenic lesion, the “eloquent cortex” and secondary epileptogenesis (mirror focus) are dealt with. The current diagnostic techniques used in the definition of these cortical zones, such as video-EEG monitoring, non-invasive and invasive EEG recording techniques, magnetic resonance imaging, ictal single photon emission computed tomography, and positron emission tomography, are discussed and illustrated. Potential modern surrogate markers of

Heinz Gregor Wieser

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 115–140


Breast ultrasound scans – surgeons’ expectations

Recent years have witnessed a dynamic development of mammary gland imaging techniques,particularly ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. A challengerelated to these studies is the increase in the precision of the anatomical assessment of breast, particularly for early detection of subclinical lesions, performance of ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures, and accurate preoperative location of pathological lesions so as to optimize the surgical treatment. Ultrasound imaging is a primary

Piotr Bednarski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Eryk Chrapowicki, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 164–171

Review Article

Diabetic foot syndrome: Charcot arthropathy or osteomyelitis? Part I: Clinical picture and radiography

, periosteal reactions, grotesque osteophytes and bone ankylosis. In the case of an unfavorable course of the disease and improper or delayed treatment, progression of these changes may lead to significant foot deformity that might resemble a “bag of bones”. Unfortunately, radiography is non-specific and frequently does not warrant an unambiguous diagnosis, particularly in the initial phase preceding bone destruction. For these reasons, alternative imaging methods, such as magnetic resonance tomography

Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 42–49


Visceral artery aneurysms – classification, diagnosis and treatment

its location and may involve intraperitoneal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal and portal system bleeding with concomitant portal hypertension and bleeding from esophageal varices. Wide access to diagnostic tests, for example ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, helps establish the correct diagnosis and a therapeutic plan as well as select appropriate treatment. After a procedure, the same diagnostic tools enable assessment of treatment efficacy, or are used for the monitoring

Ewa Piasek, Michał Sojka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Olga Furmaga, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 148–151

Research paper

The relationship between alpha burst activity and the default mode network

Alpha rhythm, described by Hans Berger, is mainly recorded from the occipital cortex (OCC) of relaxed subjects with their eyes closed. Early studies indicated the thalamo-cortical circuit as the origin of alpha rhythm. Recent works suggest an additional relationship between alpha rhythm and the Default Mode Network (DMN). We simultaneously recorded electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signals in 36 young males asked to alternately close and open their

Mateusz Rusiniak, Andrzej Wróbel, Katarzyna Cieśla, Agnieszka Pluta, Monika Lewandowska, Joanna Wójcik, Piotr H. Skarżyński, Tomasz Wolak

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 92–106

Research Article


M. Anto Bennet, J. Surekha Poomathi, C. Kalpana, S. Sariga Priya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 374–394



Hung Dang Phuc, Patrick Poulichet, Tien Truong Cong, Abdennasser Fakri, Christophe Delabie, Latifa Fakri-Bouchet

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1555–1578


The value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of varicocele

typical parameters analyzed during ultrasound assessment. However, diagnostic ultrasound is still a controversial method due to numerous and often divergent classification systems for varicocele assessment as well as its poor correlation with clinical manifestations. As a result of introduction of clear ultrasound criteria as well as the development of elastography and nuclear magnetic resonance, diagnostic imaging can play an important role in assessing the risk of damage to the testicular parenchyma

Tomasz Lorenc, Leszek Krupniewski, Piotr Palczewski, Marek Gołębiowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 359–370

Review Article

Double aorta artifact in sonography – a diagnostic challenge

and make the artifact clearer. This phenomenon is usually easily recognizable and avoidable, but it sometimes might cause diagnostic difficulty. Obtaining an image of double abdominal vessels on ultrasound examination in transverse sections requires further inspection of the aorta in a different (sagittal) plane. This is not always possible due to poor patient preparation for scanning. Symmetrical flow on Doppler sonography is a typical feature of this artifact. Finally, magnetic resonance imaging

Robert Hadzik, Przemysław Bombiński, Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 36–40

Research paper

Rat white matter injury model induced by endothelin-1 injection: technical modification and pathological evaluation

. Rats with white matter injury were extensively evaluated for structural changes and functional sequelae, using motor function tests, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, histopathology evolution, volume estimation of the lesion, and neuroanatomical identification of affected neurons using the retrograde tracer hydroxystilbamidine. Optimization of the trajectory of the ET-1 injection needle provided excellent survival rate. MR imaging visualized the white matter injury 2 days after surgery. Motor

Hideaki Ono, Hideaki Imai, Satoru Miyawaki, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Nobuhito Saito

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 212–224


Non-invasive diagnosis of aortic arch anomalies in children – 15 years of own experience

other patient later underwent a correction of a complete AV defect; however, no vascular malformations were diagnosed at that time. Such a suspicion was raised during later follow-up and confirmed based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). No intracardiac defect was found in the third patient in this subgroup. Further diagnosis was planned after the outpatient echocardiography; however, the child did not report for computed tomography. CT angiography (4 patients) and NMR (1 patient) were also

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Marcin Myszkowski, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 5–8


Methodology of echocardiographic analysis of morphological variations of the aortic arch and its branches in children – own experience

imaging difficult. Computed tomography (CT) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) allow for much more precise imaging. These techniques offer the possibility of obtaining 3-dimensional reconstructions, which accurately reflect anatomical details of vessels and their spatial relationships with other thoracic organs. It is worth emphasizing that CT/NMR is not necessary in all patients as preliminary vascular assessment may be performed with a completely non-invasive ultrasonography. Despite significant

Wojciech Mądry, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot, Maciej A. Karolczak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 24–42

Review Article

Cesarean scar pregnancy – a new challenge for obstetricians

ultrasound scan, Doppler examination and magnetic resonance imaging are all useful in early detection of asymptomatic cesarean scar pregnancy, thus enabling effective treatment and preservation of fertility. Dilatation and curettage is not recommended as it carries significant risk of bleeding and very high risk of hysterectomy and fertility loss. Systemic methotrexate treatment should not be applied on the routine basis due to its low efficacy, high risk of fertility loss and adverse effects. Local

Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wojciech Panek, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 56–62

Original Paper

Ultrasound image of malignant bone tumors in children. An analysis of nine patients diagnosed in 2011–2016

Introduction: The diagnostic process of bone tumors, including malignant ones, is based on conventional radiological methods, such as radiography and computed tomography, and with precise assessment of local advancement in magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasonography is not included in the diagnostic algorithms as a tool suitable to detect this type of pathology. More and more frequent usage of musculoskeletal ultrasound in children as the first imaging method or, in some cases, as the only

Tomasz Madej, Joanna Flak-Nurzyńska, Ewa Dutkiewicz, Anna Ciechomska, Jerzy Kowalczyk, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 103–111

Research paper

Face processing in a case of high functioning autism with developmental prosopagnosia

perception and recognition, thus creating a unique neurodevelopmental condition. We used eye-tracking and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) method. Eye-tracking and fMRI results of PK were compared to results of control subjects. Patient PK showed atypical gaze-fixation strategy during face perception and typical patterns of brain activations in the FG and OFA. However, a significant difference between PK and control subjects was found in the left anterior superior temporal sulcus/middle

Hanna B. Cygan, Hanna Okuniewska, Katarzyna Jednoróg, Artur Marchewka, Marek Wypych, Anna Nowicka

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 114–131


Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

lesions and the assessment of the changed area(9,10). Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is applied for the imaging of vascular changes through alterations of the electromagnetic field of blood and the adjacent tissues. An advantage of this technique is the possibility to visualize vessels along their entire course, from the aortic arch to the intracranial segment, without the need for contrast. The use of this method in ophthalmology may be significant in the identification of occlusion and

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 128–136

Original Paper

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

examination, apart from its indisputable usefulness in detecting and monitoring adrenal tumors, may also allow for the differentiation between benign lesions. However, for lesions found incidentally an algorithm for the assessment of adrenal incidentalomas is applicable, which includes computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Original Paper

Lateralized periodic discharges associated with status epilepticus in the first year after stroke

. Results and Discussion. None of the five patients, who were aged between 68 and 92 years, showed any etiologic factor other than a history of cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Magnetic resonance imaging studies of the patients revealed old infarcts and transitional diffusion restrictions. The clinical and EEG findings decreased substantially upon antiepileptic drug treatment. Herein, we illustrate the first patient who had confusion, visual hallucinations, and ictal and interictal LPD in her consecutive

Hava Ozlem Dede, Nerses Bebek, Ozlem Gelisin, Murat Mert Atmaca, Nilufer Yesilot Barlas, Candan Gurses, Betul Baykan, Aysen Gokyigit

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1, 15–23


Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 2: Imaging studies

 only symptom of early spondyloarthritis (particularly in patients with absent HLA-B27 antigen), the lack of its unambiguous picture in ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging prompts the search for other signs characteristic of spondyloarthritis and more specific features in imaging in order to make a diagnosis as early as possible.

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Grzegorz Pracoń, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Włodzimierz Maśliński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 196–207


Diagnostic imaging of psoriatic arthritis. Part I: etiopathogenesis, classifications and radiographic features

occur in an advanced disease, mainly within the synovial joints, but also in fibrocartilaginous joints, such as sacroiliac joints, and additionally in entheses of tendons and ligaments. Moll and Wright classified PsA into 5 subtypes: asymmetric oligoarthritis, symmetric polyarthritis, arthritis mutilans, distal interphalangeal arthritis of the hands and feet and spinal column involvement. In this part of the paper we discuss radiographic features of the disease. The next one will address magnetic

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Genowefa Matuszewska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Grzegorz Pracoń

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 65–77

Case report

Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis: Cerebral spinal fluid tumours.

the meninges to become irritated causing patients to exhibit signs of photophobia, neck stiffness, neurological decline and cranial nerve defects. LC has a significant morbidity and mortality rate with a median survival of 4-6 weeks if untreated and 2-3 months if treated. Diagnosis is based on analysis of the cerebral spinal fluid, through detection of positive cytology of LC tumour cells, elevated protein and CSF pressures. Magnetic resonance imaging findings identify areas of meningeal

Megan Stone

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 2, 11–14


Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part I: Clinical classifications and radiographs

associated with ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging, which are more and more commonly applied in juvenile idiopathic arthritis for early detection of pathological features as well as the disease complications.Młodzieńcze idiopatyczne zapalenie stawów to najczęstsza przewlekła choroba układowa tkanki łącznej wieku rozwojowego o podłożu immunologicznym. Badanie radiograficzne jest pierwszą metodą, od której rozpoczyna się diagnostykę obrazową w celu rozpoznania zmian chorobowych typowych dla tej

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Genowefa Matuszewska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 225–236


Is a fatty pancreas a banal lesion?

. Pancreas adiposis is best defined in Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. However, a series of works proved the usefulness in the diagnostics of that pathology of transabdominal and endoscopic ultrasonography. In that method, the degree of adiposis was based on the comparison of echogenicity of the pancreas and the liver, renal parenchyma, spleen and/or retroperitoneal adipose. Recently, the evaluation was expanded by the evaluation of the degree of pancreatic adipose with the pancreas

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 273–280

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