Bacterial meningitis is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem among children and neonates, with severe, rapidly progressing course and potentially life-threatening complications. Early antibacterial treatment is essential for the patient’s favorable prognosis. Cerebral imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic process alongside physical examination and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial meningitis. Because of limited
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 63–70
A 4-year study (2011–2014) of patients with meningitis was performed. Out of the 686 cerebrospinal fluid samples, 465 (67.8%) were positive for eneteroviruses using RT-PCR and out of 334 clinical samples, 216 (64.7%) were positive for enteroviruses using cell culture methods. The highest detection rate was observed in the summer and autumn. In total, 185 enteroviruses were identified by using neutralization test. Echovirus 6 and 30 were the most common (41.7% and 37.5% respectively
Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 231–235
diagnose external drainage related bacterial meningitis at an early stage. Nurses are routinely instructed to collect cerebrospinal fluid from ventricular catheters for analysis. Does the way in which sampling occurs relate to increased infection? This literature review will discuss that prophylactic frequent cerebrospinal fluid sampling is of no benefit and increases infection risk and should be limited. It will also provide evidence that duration of the external ventricular drain (EVD) systems does
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 2, 7–14
enteroviruses, causing sepsis in infants and viral meningitis in children.
In connection with these findings, there is a growing need to introduce rapid diagnosis differentiating enterovirus and parechovirus infections, especially in relation to severe CNS infection in the youngest patients. It also seems necessary to develop strategies to prevent the spread of the HPeV infections and to expand the therapeutic possibilities. Intensive virological and epidemiological studies will allow this to take place
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 301–315
characterized by high mortality and often the need of hospitalization. The disease most often manifests itself in the form of bacteremia, meningitis and encephalitis as well as perinatal infections. The way Listeria spreads in the body contributes to the identification of new types of the disease. Recent studies on the acquisition of pathogenicity traits, dose and development of antibiotic resistance as well as numerous reports on incidence of these bacteria and the epidemics they caused, have led to more
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 106–116
On January 18th, Mr X was given a potential diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB), with confirmation of this diagnosis on January 19th. Mr X was also confirmed to have a miliary strain of TB, starting in his lungs, only to spread and cause TB Meningitis.
Throughout the course of his admission, Mr X was transferred between various wards, including an Intensive Care Unit admission, before eventually transferring to our neurosciences ward for neurological observation postoperatively following a
Larissa J. Engel,
Mandy J. Ryan
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 1, 19–23