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Article | 30-November-2018

The New Method of Sea-sky Line Detection Based on Mathematical Morphology

wave will interfere with the image gradient calculation. For the complex images of sea conditions, these methods are limited in certain degree. In order to improve the robustness and accuracy of sea- sky line detection, the method of sea-sky line detection based on mathematical morphology is proposed. This method can improve the robustness of sea-sky line detection in the complex sea-sky background. The mathematical morphology are used to denoise sea-sky images and remove interference points, which

Zhang Wenqi, Bai Wanmin, Yu Jun, Gao Shouyi

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 85–92

Article | 01-June-2016


A hybrid fuzzy morphology and connected components labeling method is proposed for detecting and counting the number of vehicles in an image taken from a traffic monitoring camera. A fuzzy morphology approach in image segmentation method is used in the system to achieve faster computation time compared to the supervised learning. The connected components labeling method is combined with a fuzzy morphology method to determine the region and number of objects in an image. The processing phases in

Chastine Fatichah, Joko Lianto Buliali, Ahmad Saikhu, Silvester Tena

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 765–779

research-article | 30-November-2019

Additional notes on the morphology and molecular data of the Kikuyu root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne kikuyensis (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae)

species of Meloidogyne because of the large size and low number of chromosomes. Studies on the morphology of this species were initiated to confirm our preliminary identification, to contribute additional information about the morphology of this species, and to complete a promise made (Triantaphyllou, 1990). Because of the nodule-like morphology of the gall, the complex and unique feeding site, and the unusual chromosome number, size, and behavior, the morphology and molecular biology of M. kikuyensis

J. D. Eisenback, P. Vieira

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–13

Article | 30-July-2021

Cephalometric assessment of soft tissue morphology of patients with acromegaly

Aim: To assess the sagittal soft tissue morphology of patients with acromegaly in comparison with a healthy control group. Methods: Twenty-seven patients with acromegaly (11 male, 16 female; mean age 47.3 ± 11.5 years) and 30 healthy subjects (15 male, 15 female; mean age 42.2 ± 17.4 years) were included in the study. Linear and angular measurements were made on lateral cephalograms to evaluate soft tissue and skeletal characteristics. The intergroup comparisons were analysed with

Nehir Canigur Bavbek, Burcu Balos Tuncer, Cumhur Tuncer, Kahraman Gungor, Cigdem Ozkan, Emre Arslan, Alev Eroglu Altinova, Mujde Akturk, Fusun Balos Toruner

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 48–54

Article | 21-July-2017

Redefinition of Genus Malenchus Andrassy, 1968 (Tylenchomorpha: Tylenchidae) with Additional Data on Ecology

Malenchus is the second specious genus in Tylenchidae. In the presented study, we examined 22 populations including 12 type/paratype species. Detailed morphology was recovered using light microscopy, scanning- and transmission- electron microscopy. All population and type slides were recorded as picture and video vouchers, which are available online. We have compared inter- or intraspecific variations and extracted taxonomically informative traits. Amended definitions of the Malenchus as well


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 189–206

Research Article | 11-February-2019


designed) and on visual appeal. This paper examines façade morphology and analyses regular (repetitive) and irregular (non-repetitive) serration of façades and its influence on the aesthetic quality of the envelope. The morphological analysis also includes the direction of the serration. An exceptional feature of serrated façades is that the optical phenomena on the façade change depending on the viewing angle. The presented paper is based on case studies with special attention to morphological and


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 7–20

Article | 30-July-2021

Short-term treatment effects of the quad-helix appliance on dentofacial morphology of hyperdivergent patients

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of short-term expansion treatment using the quad-helix appliance on dentofacial morphology in orthodontic patients presenting with a hyperdivergent facial pattern. Methods: The treatment group consisted of 40 patients with a hyperdivergent facial pattern, who were treated for maxillary incisor crowding with a quad-helix appliance during the mixed dentition period. Lateral cephalograms taken at the start (T0) and end (T1) of the

Saori Endo, Wataru Yamada, Isao Shundo, Yoshiki Kobayashi, Akira Komatsuzaki, Toshiya Endo

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 211–220

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Sex and body mass index implications on gluteofemoral subcutaneous tissue morphology visualized by ultrasonography – preliminary study

imaging (MRI)(9–11). Due to the fact that different types of obesity have various fat distributions, further investigation of SAT morphology in different body locations seems to be important. Negative influence of abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) on cardiovascular risk (CVR) is already well-established(12–14). However, the role of adipose tissue in other body localizations has not been fully investigated. Over the last years, numerous reports have been published about the role of adipose

Agnieszka Krauze, Justyna Nowak, Katarzyna Słoboda, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Witold Woźniak, Piotr Ciostek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 105–112

Research Article | 13-December-2017


The results of research aimed at the gas sensing nanowires (NWs) engineering are presented. Structurally modulated SnO2 NWs were obtained at 900oС in the modified vapor-solid process, allowing that NW morphology could be encoded in a programmable way along its length. PVD technique was used for Ti/Au electrical contacts deposition and gas sensitive nanoscale chemiresistors formation. Created nanostructures were characterized for their gas sensing performance. It was established that

S. Dmitriev

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 643–654

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Aspergillus penicillioides Speg. Implicated in Keratomycosis

Abstract The aim of the study was mycological examination of ulcerated corneal tissues from an ophthalmic patient. Tissue fragments were analyzed on potato-glucose agar (PDA) and maltose (MA) (Difco) media using standard laboratory techniques. Cultures were identified using classical and molecular methods. Macro- and microscopic colony morphology was characteristic of fungi from the genus Aspergillus (restricted growth series), most probably Aspergillus penicillioides Speg. Molecular analysis


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 407–416

research-article | 30-November-2020

Pristionchus trametes n. sp. (Diplogastridae) isolated from the mushroom Trametes orientalis in Kyoto, Japan

between two forms, i.e., the anterior tip of the dorsal tooth curved slightly anteriorly, and the right subventral tooth is relatively large compared with the stoma size. In addition, the tail morphology (short, spiked in males and short, conical in females) is not found in Pristionchus spp. except for P. chinensis Kanzaki, Herrmann, Weiler, Röseler, Theska, Berger, Rödelsperger & Sommer, 2021, which belongs to the group that is sister to thre rest of the genus, excluding the clade of fig associates

Natsumi Kanzaki, Keiko Hamaguchi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–13

research-article | 30-November-2018

Integrative taxonomy of Xiphinema histriae and Xiphinema lapidosum from Spain

–139.0 μm vs 129.4–144.7 μm), and spicule length (74.0 μm vs 82.3–85.2 μm). No juvenile stages were described in the original description. This is the first time that J2 to J4 juvenile stages were detected and described, being similar to adults, except in body length, tail morphology, and sexual characteristics. Additionally, females of the Spanish populations of X. histriae, a pseudo-Z-organ with weakly muscularized wall, containing numerous small dense granular bodies was observed, which differ

Ruihang Cai, Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Juan E. Palomares-Rius, Jingwu Zheng, Pablo Castillo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–21

research-article | 06-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterizations of Heterodera oryzae in Korea

, lacks introns, and has a relatively high mutation rate compared to nuclear genome (Saccone et al., 1999). The features of mtDNA bring about a significant variation in mtDNA sequences between species than within species (Elsasser et al., 2009), facilitating phylogeny construction to address confusion in species boundaries and population variations (Blok and Powers, 2009). The morphology of second stage juveniles and cysts and molecular analysis of COI gene of the mitochondrial DNA revealed the

Rose Mwesige, Eun-Hwa Kim, Eun-Hyung Park, Hyoung-Rai Ko

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

research-article | 30-November-2019

Description of Deladenus gilanica n. sp. (Hexatylina: Neotylenchidae) isolated from wood of black pine in Northern Iran

Parisa Jalalinasab, Mehrab Esmaeili, Weimin Ye, Ramin Heydari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

original-paper | 17-September-2021

The Effect of Long-Term Storage on Mycobacterium bovis

the variability of the bacterial cells that enable pathogens to survive both in hostile macrophages (Kumar and Sanyal 2012) and outside the organism. Mycobacteria have an extraordinary capacity to adapt to the changing environment (Velayati and Farni 2012). It has been shown that nutrient deficiency, hypoxia, temperature, pH, NaCl, and various exogenous stress can significantly influence the metabolism of mycobacteria and, at the same time, the microorganism’s morphology (Vera and Rettger 1940


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 3, 327–337

Article | 21-July-2017

Paurodontella parapitica n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) from Kermanshah Province, Western Iran

inner incisures weakly crenated, excretory pore situated 90 to 100 mmfrom anterior end; functional males common in the population, with spicules 24 to 26 mmlong. Tail of both sexes similar, almost straight and elongate-conoid. The new species resembles in morphology and morphometrics to four known species of the genus, namely P. apitica, P. minuta, P. myceliophaga, and P. sohailai. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of D2/D3 expansion region of 28S rRNA gene


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 109–115

research-article | 05-August-2021

A new aphelench nematode, Basilaphelenchus brevistylus n. sp. (Aphelenchoididae: Tylaphelenchinae) from Pinus massoniana in China

Bashiy Akol, Qiuling Huang, Borong Lin, Honghong Wang, Jinling Liao, Kan Zhuo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–12

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Nothotylenchus andrassy n. sp. (Nematoda: Anguinidae) from Northern Iran

Nothotylenchus andrassy n. sp. is described and illustrated from moss (Sphagnum sp.) based on morphology and molecular analyses. Morphologically, this new species is characterized by a medium body size, six incisures in the lateral fields, and a delicate stylet (8–9 µm long) with clearly defined knobs. Pharynx with fusiform, valveless, non-muscular and sometimes indistinct median bulb. Basal pharyngeal bulb elongated and offset from the intestine; a long post-vulval uterine sac (55% of vulva to

Parisa Jalalinasab, Mohsen Nassaj Hosseini, Ramin Heydari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 219–228

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Delatylus andersoni n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) Isolated from White Pine (Pinus monticola) Lumber from USA and Intercepted in Ningbo, China

Rubzovinema. Based on the morphology and phylogenetic analysis, this nematode is described herein as Delatylus andersoni n. gen., n. sp. The new genus/species is characterized by the female body habitus ranging from nonobese to semiobese and from straight to dorsally curved when heat relaxed, cephalic framework with six unequal sized lip sectors, lateral fields having 10 to 12 lines, 4 to 5 guide rings on the stylet, excretory pore posterior to the nerve ring, spermatheca diminished or absent, vulvar

Qing Yu, Maria Munawar, Jianfeng Gu, Weimin Ye

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 69–76

Review | 30-November-2018

Echocardiography in adults

, transesophageal echo should be performed in the case of suspected valvular disease. Fig. 1. A three-dimensional view of mitral and tricuspid valves. Leaflet morphology is visualized. The three-dimensional view allows for the assessment of the tricuspid valve in a transverse plane. TV – tricuspid valve, MV – mitral valve Echocardiographic assessment of heart valves Aortic valve The image of the aortic valve is obtained in many echocardiographic projections. The long-axis parasternal view is used to

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Andrzej Szyszka, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Olga Dzikowska-Diduch, Andrzej Gackowski, Piotr Gościniak, Piotr Pysz, Zbigniew Gąsior

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 54–61

Article | 21-July-2017

Coronostoma claireae n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditida: Oxyuridomorpha: Coronostomatidae) from the Indigenous Milliped Narceus gordanus (Chamberlain, 1943) (Diplopoda: Spirobolida) in Ocala National Forest, Florida

Twenty-four individuals of Narceus gordanus (Diplopoda: Spirobolidae) were collected in Ocala National Forest, FL, between November 2013 and July 2014. Each specimen was dissected to extract the intestine, which was removed and examined for parasitic nematodes. Coronostoma claireae n. sp. was collected from the hindgut and midgut of 10 specimens, and its morphology was examined with brightfield, differential interference contrast, phase contrast, and scanning electron microscopy. This species


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 159–169

Short Communication | 10-October-2018

MMP-3 deficiency does not influence the length and number of CA1 dendrites of hippocampus of adult mice

addition to playing a key role in synaptic plasticity, was found to affect plasticity-related spine morphology changes. Whereas the involvement of MMP-3 in shaping synapse morphology upon induction of synaptic plasticity awaits determination, it has been demostrated that MMP-3 knockout results in clearly altered apical dendrite morphology in pyramidal neurons in mouse visual cortex. Considering that the involvement of MMP-3 in synaptic plasticity has been most extensively documented for the CA1

Daria Nowak, Lies De Groef, Lieve Moons, Jerzy W. Mozrzymas

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 281–286

Article | 04-December-2017

Description of a New Anguinid Nematode, Nothotylenchus phoenixae n. sp. (Nematoda: Anguinidae) Associated with Palm Date Trees and Its Phylogenetic Relations within the Family Anguinidae

sac well developed, 15 (14 to 17) mm long, female tail elongate-conoid with pointed terminus; and male with adanal bursa and spicules 21 to 22 mm long (n = 2). The new species comes close in morphology and morphometrics to five known species of the genus, namely N. affinis, N. hexaglyphus, N. persicus, N. taylori, and N. uniformis. Molecular analyses of the partial 18S, D2/D3 expansion segments of the partial 28S and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) revealed this as a new species. The sequences


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 268–275

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Filenchus pseudodiscus n. sp. from east Golestan province, north Iran; with an updated phylogeny of Malenchus Andrássy, 1968 (Tylenchomorpha: Tylenchidae)

four lines in lateral fields) of both aforementioned genera. In comparison with the relevant species of Filenchus having four lines in the lateral fields and similar general morphology, the new species differs by having a disc-like differentiation in frontal end under LM (except F. cylindricaudus (Siddiqi, 1986; Wu, 1969) having a similar structure of cephalic region). The detailed comparisons are as follow: From F. andrassyi (Szczygieł, 1969) by having a moderately developed stylet with distinct

Parnaz Mortazavi, Fariba Heydari, Joaquín Abolafia, Pablo Castillo, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

research-article | 27-May-2019

Description of Geocenamus vietnamensis sp. n. (Nematoda: Merliniidae) from Vietnam

Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Hanoi, Vietnam, and 10 female paratypes were deposited in the nematode collection of the Zoology Museum, Ghent University, K. L. Ledeganckstraat 35, Ghent, Belgium. The D2–D3 and ITS sequences were deposited in GenBank with accession numbers MH191361 and MH191362, respectively. Discussion In terms of morphology, this new species possesses a relatively long stylet compared to other plant-parasitic nematode groups, a slightly offset labial

Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Thi Duyen Nguyen, Gracia Liebanas, Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–12

research-article | 30-November-2018

Description of Hirschmanniella dicksoni n. sp. (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae) from rhizosphere soil of limpograss from Florida, USA

at 50 to 56% of the body length. Spermatheca is oval and filled with rounded sperm. Intestine is not overlapping rectum. The shape of tail terminus is variable, with a ventral projection usually with subterminal notch (Figs. 1B, 3F). Males They are similar to females in general morphology except for secondary sexual character and shorter body length, ranging 1,235 to 1,772 µm. Male genital system is monorchic and outstretched. Spicules are medium-sized, 19 to 30 μm long, well developed and

Alemayehu W. Habteweld, Faruk Akyazi, Soumi Joseph, William T. Crow, Eyualem Abebe, Tesfamariam Mekete

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–15

research-article | 11-March-2021

Morphology, development stages, and phylogeny of the Rhabditolaimus ulmi (Nematoda: Diplogastridae), a phoront of the bark beetle Scolytus multistriatus from the elm Ulmus glabra Huds. in Northwest Russia

. However, the biology, morphology, and phylogeny of this species have not been well elucidated. Both species were detected in galleries of Scolytus multistriatus (Marsham, 1802), a bark beetle that is known to transmit Dutch elm disease (DED). Their dauer juveniles were also regularly collected in beetle adults, under elytra. The objectives of this paper were to (i) describe and characterize morphologically all developmental stages of R. ulmi, including the dauer juvenile stage, (ii) describe R. ulmi’s

Alexander Y. Ryss, Kristina S. Polyanina, Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Sergei A. Subbotin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–25

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report and new molecular and morphological characterizations of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica, infecting ginger and long coriander in Vietnam

nematodes. In this study, morphology and morphometric of second-stage juveniles, males, and females of Meloidogyne javanica on ginger and long coriander in Vietnam were provided for the first time. The study revealed new distribution and new host for M. javanica. Besides, molecular characterization of D2-D3 fragment of rDNA, ITS rDNA, and Nad5 mtDNA gene regions were given to support the morphological identification of M. javanica populations in this study. Material and methods Soil and root samples

Ke Long Phan, Thi Mai Linh LE, Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Duyen Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–8

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Characterization of Meloidogyne indica (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) Parasitizing Neem in India, with a Molecular Phylogeny of the Species

Neem is a perennial plant of family Meliaceae grown very commonly in India. During a survey in Rajasthan, India; a population of root-knot nematode was found in association with tender neem plants causing yellowing, stunting, and heavy root galling. Inspection of the perineal pattern morphology of the adult females, extracted from the galled roots, primarily led to identification of the species as Meloidogyne indica. Further, detailed morphological and morphometric illustrations of second-stage

Victor Phani, Satyapal Bishnoi, Amita Sharma, Keith G. Davies, Uma Rao

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 387–398

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Molecular Characterization and Phylogeny of Ditylenchus weischeri from Cirsium arvense in the Prairie Provinces of Canada

Ditylenchus weischeri that parasitizes the weed Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., 1772, (creeping thistle) was described in 2011 from Russia based on their morphology, ITS-RFLP analysis, and Hsp90 gene sequence of a few individuals and one field collection of the plant. More recently, we found C. arvense parasitized by D. weischeri in the Prairie Provinces of Canada. Plant host preference for D. weischeri was also distinct from D. dipsaci (Kühn) Filipjev, 1936. In the current study, a comprehensive

Mehrdad Madani, Mario Tenuta

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 163–182

research-article | 21-October-2020

First report of southern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, infecting Brassica nigra in Peru

Province, Peru. In order to identify the plant-parasitic nematode species, a combination of morphological, biochemical, and molecular analyses were performed. Figure 1: A and B: Roots of Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch showing galls induced by Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White, 1919; Chitwood, 1949). This population of root-knot nematode was identified to species with esterase phenotypes (n = 36 females) (Carneiro and Almeida, 2001); morphology, and morphometrics of second-stage juveniles

Jorge Airton Gómez-Chatata, Juan José Tamo-Zegarra, Teodocia Gloria Casa-Ruiz, Cristiano Bellé

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–3

Article | 03-November-2017


This article presents an optical measurement method for acquiring rapidly accurate geometric 3-D surface morphology of objects. To achieve high-speed profilometry and avoid disturbance due to in-field vibration, one-shot Fourier transform profilometry (FTP) using twowavelength digital moiré pattern was developed to detect the morphology of the measured object at a speed of up to 60 frames or more per second. Single-fringe interferogram sufficient for FTP can be rapidly captured within a

L. C. Chen, C. H. Cho, X. L. Nguyen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 345–380

Short Communication | 28-June-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Phoma complanata, a New Causal Agent of Archangelica officinalis Hoffm. in Poland

The paper concerns the fungus Phoma complanata, isolated for the first time in Poland, from the roots and umbels of angelica (Archangelica officinalis) in 2009. The morphology of fungal isolates was tested on standard culture media. Moreover, the sequence analysis of ITS regions was conducted. Morphological similarity of P. complanata Polish isolates to the reference isolate obtained from CBS culture collection was determined and together with the molecular analysis confirmed the affiliation of

Beata Zimowska, Ewa Dorota Zalewska, Ewa Dorota Król, Agnieszka Furmańczyk

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 2, 281–285

research-article | 30-November-2019

First report of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne species) infecting Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia) in Florida, USA

. enterolobii, were observed on secondary and tertiary roots of U. parvifolia cv. Allee in one of the samples (Fig. 1C), whereas in the other U. parvifolia samples, the root galls were less rounded and more like those induced by other Meloidogyne spp. Meloidogyne species were identified using two qPCR assays (Kiewnick et al., 2015; Braun-Kiewnick et al., 2016), isozyme analyses, morphology of the perineal patterns, and concatenated NADH5/COXII sequences (Table 1). DNA was extracted from second-stage

M. R. Moore, J. A. Brito, S. Qiu, C. G. Roberts, L. A. Combee

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–4

research-article | 30-November-2019

First report of Hemicriconemoides litchi associated with Piper sarmentosum and revision of the genus Hemicriconemoides in Vietnam

tail tip (Fig. 1). Morphology and morphometrics of H. litchi from Vietnam are in agreement with the description of the type population with small variations that can be seen from other populations of H. litchi reported by Van Den Berg et al. (2015). For molecular characterization, the 28S rDNA sequence of H. litchi from Vietnam with 938 bp (accession number: MT539313) was 99.8 to 99.9% similar (1-2 bp difference) to sequences of H. litchi from other populations (accession number: KP192481, KF856540

Thi Duyen Nguyen, Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Quang Phap Trinh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–6

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Iotonchus lotilabiatus n. sp. (Nematoda: Iotonchidae) from Lao Cai Province, Vietnam

of Science and Technology (VAST), Vietnam. Type habitat and locality Soil around the roots of random forest trees in the Bat Xat Nature reserve (N = 22°37′14″ and E = 103°37′24″, altitude 1,900 m), Bat Xat District, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam. Etymology The specific epithet refers to the morphology of the labial region (lips lotus-petals shaped) that characterizes this species. Measurements: see Table 1. Description Females Large size of nematodes. Body ventrally arcuate after fixation

Tam T. T. Vu, Thi Mai Linh Le, Thi Duyen Nguyen

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–22

Article | 01-September-2012


MoO3 thin films have been prepared by a simple spray pyrolysis technique at substrate temperature 250oC. The structure and morphology of thin films are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and UV-vis spectroscopy. The gas sensing properties of MoO3 thin film is studied at gas concentration 400 ppm and working temperature of 100–400 oC. It was found that the sensitivity depended on the working temperatures and also H2S gas concentration. The results show

D. V. Ahire, S. D. Shinde, G. E. Patil, K. K. Thakur, V. B. Gaikwad, V. G. Wagh, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 592–605

Original Paper | 28-June-2017

Intracellular Siderophore Detection in an Egyptian, Cobalt-Treated F. solani Isolate Using SEM-EDX with Reference to its Tolerance

An Egyptian, plant pathogenic Fusarium solani isolate was grown on cobalt concentrations of 0, 50, 200, 500, 800, and 1000 ppm. The iso­late survived concentrations up to 800 ppm, however failed to grow at 1000 ppm. Morphology and elemental analysis of the isolate under the investigated Co concentrations were studied using Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). The isolate reserved its morphology up to a concentration of 200 ppm. Morphological

Farrag M. Rasha

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 2, 235–243

research-article | 18-March-2020

Description of Seinura italiensis n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) found in the medium soil imported from Italy

-1,000 µm) and male body (477 (407-565) vs 650-720 µm), smaller a (29.6 (26.7-33.7) vs 31-39), b (7.0 (6.3-7.5) vs 10.0-11.2) and c′ (5.6 (3.9-6.5) vs 7) indices of female, shorter spicules (14.1 (12.6-15) vs 18-20 µm) and number of genital papillae (seven vs eight); from S. hyrcania by position of excretory pore (at the base of metacarpus or slightly anterior to it vs anterior to metacarpal valve), tail morphology (elongate conoid with narrower distal region vs very narrower distal end), length of

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Lele Liu, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–11

research-article | 30-November-2019

Intraspecific variation in phenotypic and phylogenetic features among Pratylenchus penetrans isolates from Wisconsin, USA

., 2020). The range in values for quantitative features barely overlaps among some populations. Intraspecific variation in tail morphology was noted by Taylor and Jenkins (1957), Román and Hirschmann (1969), Tarte and Mai (1976a), Townshend (1991) and Rusinque et al. (2020), including the observation that tail features as well as body size could be modified by environmental factors such as plant host and culture media (Tarte and Mai, 1976a; Townshend, 1991). There is consensus that nematode

Kanan Saikai, Ann E. MacGuidwin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

research-article | 26-March-2021

First report of Bitylenchus ventrosignatus (Tobar Jiménez, 1969) Siddiqi, 1986 associated with wild grass in Botswana

optics (DIC) and a Nikon Digital Sight DS-U1 camera (Nikon, Tokyo, Japan). Micrographs were edited using Adobe® Photoshop® CS. The terminology used for the morphology of stoma and spicules-gubernaculum follows the proposals by Baldwin et al. (2004) and Abolafia and Peña-Santiago (2017), respectively. DNA extraction, PCR, and phylogenetic analysis DNA extraction was done using the Chelex method (Straube and Juen, 2013). Five specimens of each species were hand-picked with a fine tip needle and

Ebrahim Shokoohi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–9

Article | 24-July-2017

Cryptaphelenchus varicaudatus n. sp. (Rhabditida: Ektaphelenchinae) from Tehran Province, Iran

postvulval uterine sac (PUS), transverse vulval slit with raised posterior lip and body narrowing behind it, sclerotized vagina, simple intestine ending in a blind sac, having no rectum but vestigial anus in some specimens, and distal body end tip (tail tip) with variation in morphology (shape), from sharply or slightly pointed to bluntly rounded. Males of the new species are common, but less frequent than females, characterized by shorter body (235–278 mm long) compared to


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 223–230

Article | 01-December-2012


To improve the human arm function of disable patients after stroke, we propose in this paper a new design of a robot-assisted therapy. The robotic device must be attached to a human arm and mimics the motion of the shoulder, elbow and wrist joints. The functional training of the stroked upper limb is covered in motion and force via a safe compliant motion. The controller parameters are optimized by the therapist based on the human morphology parameters via an intelligent Control Interface where

Haifa Mehdi, Olfa Boubaker

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 1044–1062

Research Article | 27-December-2017


Nanocrystalline SnO2 thin films were successfully prepared using sol-gel dip coating technique. The starting precursor was used as tin chloride dihydrate (SnCl2.2H2O), ethanol and glycerin. As the prepared films were fired at 500oC. These films were characterized using XRD, FESEM and TEM to known crystal structure, surface morphology and microstructure property. Elemental composition was studied using energy dispersive spectrophotometer (EDAX). The H2 gas sensing performance of nanocrystalline

Ramesh H. Bari, Sharad B. Patil, Anil.R. Bari

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 610–629

Research Article | 22-May-2019


Metschnikowia spp. are extensively studied “non-conventional” yeasts. Strains belonging to these genera are considered as non-pathogenic and safe. The unique properties of Metschnikowia spp. allow us to look at these microorganisms as a promising subject for evolutionary genetics, taxonomy, ecology, as well as a natural biocontrol agent in biotechnology. This article provides a synthesis of the systematics, morphology, ecology and physiology of Metschnikowia spp., with special

Ewelina Pawlikowska, Dorota Kręgiel

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 4, 405–415

Article | 21-July-2017

First Report of the Spiral Nematode Rotylenchus incultus (Nematoda: Hoplolaimidae) from Cultivated Olive in Tunisia, with Additional Molecular Data on Rotylenchus eximius

al. (2003). Moderate-to-low soil populations of these spiral nematodes were detected (5.5–11.5, 1.5–5.0 individuals/500 cm3 of soil, respectively). This prompted us to undertake a detailed morphological and molecular comparative study with previous reported data. Morphological and molecular analyses of females identified these species as Rotylenchus eximius Siddiqi, 1964, and Rotylenchus incultus Sher, 1965. The morphology of R. eximius females (five specimens studied) was


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 136–138

Article | 30-July-2021

Novel aesthetic treatment of bilateral gemination of maxillary central incisors

wide crown of the geminated incisors was restored, to mimic the morphology of two teeth, comprising a wider central and a narrower lateral incisor. In carefully selected cases, this conservative treatment option preserves the physiologic function of the teeth and the periodontal ligament.

Iosif Sifakakis, Christos Chryssafidis, Heleni Vastardis

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 116–122

Article | 21-July-2017

A Simple Express Technique to Process Nematodes for Collection Slide Mounts


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 27–32

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Description of Xiphinema parachambersi sp. n. (Nematoda: Longidoridae) from Imported Ornamental Plants in Japan with a Key to Xiphinema Species in Group 1

Munawar Maria, Weimin Ye, Qing Yu, Jianfeng Gu

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 369–386

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report of Mesocriconema sphaerocephalum (Taylor, 1936) Loof, 1989 associated with wild grass in Botswana

Ebrahim Shokoohi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Prionchulus jonkershoekensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mononchida), a new predatory species from South Africa

Candice Jansen van Rensburg, Hendrika Fourie, Samad Ashrafi, Milad Rashidifard

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2020

Descriptions of two new and one known species of Parkellus Jairajpuri, Tahseen and Choi, 2001 (Nematoda: Mononchidae) and their phylogenetic position among Mononchida

morphology. Their common morphological features are the lower position of the amphidial aperture and the medioventral pores above and below the excretory pore that are present only in males. However, the main feature that distinguishes two species from each other is the position of the dorsal tooth in relation to the beginning of the pharynx, in the area where it surrounds the base of the buccal cavity. Other differences were described in detail in the diagnosis part, in the description of P

Tam T.T. VU, Katarzyna Rybarczyk-Mydłowska, Andrij Susulovsky, Magdalena Kubicz, Łukasz Flis, Thi Mai Linh Le, Grażyna Winiszewska

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–22

research-article | 30-November-2020

Muscles of the male and female copulatory organs of Bursaphelenchus mucronatus and Chiloplacus sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditida)

molecular phylogeny of Bursaphelenchus (Kanzaki et al., 2015; Ryss et al., 2015; Gu et al., 2016; Ryss and Subbotin, 2017) and morphology-based evidence are only partially congruent warranting the search for new phylogenetically informative characters. The most important diagnostic characters of the nematode species are the structures of the anterior and posterior body regions, lateral fields, and copulatory organs. These structures have been studied primarily by differential interference contrast (DIC

Alexander Ryss, Anatoly A. Petrov

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–21

Article | 01-September-2012


Nanocrystalline sensors having the general formula ZnO + x wt% CeO2, where x = 0, 2, 4 and 6 were prepared by chemical precipitation method and sintered at 400, 600 and 800 oC for 2h in static air atmosphere. The crystal structure and the morphology of the prepared samples were investigated and characterized by using XRD, IR, SEM and TEM techniques. The investigation revealed that the average crystallites size increases with increasing the sintering temperature. The electrical conductivity is

A. M. El-Sayed, F. M. Ismail, M. H. Khder, M. E. M. Hassouna, S. M. Yakout

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 606–623

Article | 31-July-2018


In this work, we presented the influence of the anodizing method and parameters, as well as the chemical composition of the used aluminium alloys on the properties and microstructure of the anodic layer produced on aluminium alloys, in particular on the size and morphology of the primary silicon precipitates and the homogeneity of the resulting oxide coating. Aluminium alloys AlSi8 and AlSi12, produced using the die-casting method and subsequently subjected to anodic oxidation were used as test

Krzysztof Labisz, Jarosław Konieczny, Łukasz Wierzbicki, Janusz Ćwiek, Anna Butor

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 2, 111–120

research-article | 30-November-2018

First report of Longidorus mindanaoensis Coomans, De Ley, Jimenez and De Ley, 2012 (Nematoda: Longidoridae) From a Mangrove Forest in Vietnam

Thi Duyen Nguyen, Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Neriza Nobleza, Quang Phap Trinh

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–5

Article | 21-July-2017

First Report of Heterorhabditis amazonensis from Venezuela and Characterization of Three Populations


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 139–147

Original Research | 18-July-2017

Deladenus posteroporus n. sp. (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) Isolated from Packaging Wood from Canada and White Pine (Pinus monticola) Lumber from the United States and Intercepted in Ningbo, China

Qing Yu, Jianfeng Gu, Weimin Ye, Rusong Li, Jie He

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 168–176

research-article | 30-November-2020

A new cyst-forming nematode, Cactodera tianzhuensis n. sp. (Nematoda:Heteroderinae) from Polygonum viviparum in China with a key to the Genus Cactodera

length of stylet, tail and hyaline tail in second-stage juvenile, and the surface differentiation in eggs (Subbotin et al., 2010). However, traditional identification of cyst forming nematode based on morphology is imprecise and time-consuming to separate the related species. During the past 30 years, molecular data, including ITS-rDNA, D2-D3 region of 28S-rDNA, are more accurate tool for identification of cyst-forming nematode species. Sequence analysis of the ITS-rDNA and the D2-D3 region of 28S

Wenhao Li, Huixia Li, Chunhui Ni, Mingming Shi, Xuejuan Wei, Yonggang Liu, Yiwen Zhang, Deliang Peng

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–15

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterisation of Longidorus pauli (Nematoda: Longidoridae), first report from Greece

grapevine at Thermi, Thessaloniki, Greece with a nematode density of 5 to 10 nematodes/500 cm3 soil. Up to our knowledge, this is the first report of this species from Greece and the second after original description from Syria by Lamberti et al. (1999). Morphology and morphometrics of Greek population agree with those of the type population of this species (Table 1). The main differences between Greek population of L. pauli and original population of this species are: a ratio ((125.0-168.8) vs (120.3

Emmanuel A. Tzortzakakis, Ilenia Clavero-Camacho, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Parthenopi Ralli, Juan E. Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo, Antonio Archidona-Yuste

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

Research Article | 12-February-2019


Abstract The paper presents the results of the Authors’ tests on the joints in AAC masonry walls. The shape of the tested element and the test stand were fitted innovatively based on the Authors’ own experience as well as on the literature overview and numerical analysis. Cracking morphology and mode of failure were investigated. The relationship between the load and displacement for different types of joins was compared. The obtained results were also compared to the results obtained on the


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 79–92

research-article | 30-November-2019

Further observations on Meloidogyne enterolobii (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) infecting guava (Psidium guajava) in India

spacer (ITS) region, and the sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) combined with morphological, morphometric and biochemical (e.g. esterase phenotyping) data provides better resolution for species identification. We found a severe infestation of M. enterolobii in guava in Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu, India (located at N11°1′6″ and E76°58′21″); and the identity of the species was confirmed by detailed morphology and morphometrics supplemented with biochemical and molecular

Tushar Manohar Ghule, Victor Phani, Vishal Singh Somvanshi, Maya Patil, Somnath Bhattacharyya, Matiyar Rahaman Khan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–9

Review | 25-September-2018

Articular abnormalities that may mimic arthritis

the synovium. The term “arborescens” refers to the characteristic tree-like morphology of the lesion, which resembles a frond-like mass.

Adam Greenspan, Andrew J. Grainger

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 212–223

Research Article | 12-September-2018

ECG Decision Support System based on feedforward Neural Networks

Abstract The success of an Electrocardiogram (ECG) Decision Support System (DSS) requires the use of an optimum machine learning approach. For this purpose, this paper investigates the use of three feedforward neural networks; the Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), the Radial Basic Function Network (RBF), and the Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) for recognition of normal and abnormal heartbeats. Feature sets were based on ECG morphology and Discrete Wavelet Transformer (DWT) coefficients. Then, a

Hela Lassoued, Raouf Ketata, Slim Yacoub

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 1–15

Original Paper | 04-December-2017

Physiological Effects of Whey- and Milk-Based Probiotic Yogurt in Rats

composition and volatile fatty acid production of the intestinal microbiota and on the structure of intestinal villi. The Lactobacillus acidophilus (LA-15) strain had inadequate surviving ability in rats. Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis (BB-12) improved the composition of the intestinal microflora, whereas whey-containing product had a mild immunostimulating effect and exerted a favourable influence on the morphology of intestinal villi. The consumption of yogurts increased the depth of crypts in the

Judit Szabó-Fodor, András Bónai, Brigitta Bóta, Linda Szommerné Egyed, Ferenc Lakatos, Gréta Pápai, Attila Zsolnai, Róbert Glávits, Katalin Horvatovich, Melinda Kovács

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 4, 483–490

Article | 07-May-2018

Research on Digital Holographic 3D Reconstruction Software

Digital holography has a wide range of applications in displaying the surface morphology of three-dimensional objects. There have been many studies on the physical methods and implementation methods of digital holography. One of the main problems at present is to design a stable and fast reconfiguration software. This paper analyzes the basic principle of convolution based off-axis digital holographic reconstruction, and presents the process of 3D reconstruction of off-axis digital holography

Ma Jing, Fu Yanfang, Tian Penghui

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 62–65

Article | 21-July-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Gracilacus wuae n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematoidea) Associated with Cow Parsnip (Heracleum maximum) in Ontario, Canada


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 203–213

Article | 21-July-2017

New Cyst Nematode, Heterodera sojae n. sp. (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) from Soybean in Korea


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 4, 280–289

Original Research | 11-December-2017

Description of Pseudacrobeles (Pseudacrobeles) curvatus sp. n. (Cephalobidae: Rhabditida) in South Korea

Jiyeon Kim, Taeho Kim, Joong-Ki Park

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 162–167

research-article | 30-November-2018

First record of Aphelenchoides stammeri (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) from Turkey

major revision. Between 1894 and 2017, more than 200 nominal species belonging to the genus Aphelenchoides have been published (Shahina, 1996; Esmaeili et al., 2017). Many are poorly described on the basis of morphological and anatomical characters alone and are difficult to identify (de Jesus et al., 2016). Difficulty in morphology-based identification of Aphelenchoides species due to few discriminatory taxonomic characters is conflated by poor descriptions of the numerous nominal species (Hunt

Mehmet Dayi, Ece B. Kasapoğlu Uludamar, Süleyman Akbulut, İ. Halil Elekcioğlu

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–6

research-article | 28-April-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Pungentus sufiyanensis n. sp. and additional data on P. engadinensis (Altherr, 1950) Altherr, 1952 (Dorylaimida: Nordiidae) from northwest of Iran

and cultivated soils of northwest Iran (East–West Azarbaijan and Kurdistan provinces) to explore the dorylaimid diversity of this region. Their study revealed that they belonged to one new and one known species. The objective of this work was to report Pungentus sufiyanensis n. sp. using morphology, morphometric, and molecular methods and provide new data about P. engadinensis. Materials and methods Extraction and processing of nematodes Soil samples were collected from the rhizosphere of

Nasir Vazifeh, Gholamreza Niknam, Habibeh Jabbari, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

research-article | 30-March-2020

First report of Bursaphelenchus fungivorus (Nematoda: Aphelenchida) in Italy and an overview of nematodes associated with Crocus sativus L.

posterior vulval lips slightly protruding. In the males, tails are ventrally curved with compact spicules without cucullus (Fig. 1). The morphology of the Italian population of B. fungivorus (Table 2) agrees with the original description and with this species found in other countries (Braasch, 2001; Arias et al., 2005; Fonseca et al., 2014). Table 2. Morphometrics of Bursaphelenchus fungivorus. Character Male Female n 10 10 L 686.7 ± 31.9 735.28 ± 38.4 (645.2 – 742.0) (700.0

Giulia Torrini, Agostino Strangi, Stefania Simoncini, Maria Luppino, Pio Federico Roversi, Leonardo Marianelli

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–11

research-article | 24-November-2020

Description of Heterodera microulae sp. n. (Nematoda: Heteroderinae) from China – a new cyst nematode in the Goettingiana group

Wenhao Li, Huixia Li, Chunhui Ni, Deliang Peng, Yonggang Liu, Ning Luo, Xuefen Xu

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–16

research-article | 11-March-2021

Morphological and molecular characters of Scutellonema brachyurus (Steiner, 1938) Andrássy, 1958 from South Africa

South Africa (Van den Berg and Heyns, 1973; Van den Berg et al., 2013). The present paper reports S. brachyurus from natural areas of South Africa. The aims of the study were (1) to study new populations of S. brachyurus using morphology, and (2) to study the phylogenetic position of South African S. brachyurus using 28 S rDNA and mtDNA. Materials and methods Nematode extraction and processing Rhizosphere soil samples were collected from the natural grass from North West and Limpopo provinces of

Ebrahim Shokoohi

journal of nematology, Volume 53 , 1–13

research-article | 30-November-2020

An interesting rare tylenchid species, Antarctenchus urmiensis n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha; Psilenchidae) from Urmia Lake islands, northwest Iran, with a discussion on the taxonomy of related genera

, each branch composed of an ovary, with oocytes in a single row, oviduct tubular, spermatheca spherical, empty, crustaformeria quadricolumellate, uterus tubular, vagina weakly sclerotized, vulva a transverse slit, its lips slightly protruding, vulval flap and epyptigma absent. Tail conical, not elongate-filiform, usually slightly ventrally bent, with a sharp or blunt tip and a small indentation at dorsal side close to tip. Male Similar to female in general morphology except for reproductive system

Mohammad Amiri Bonab, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

Article | 21-July-2017

First Report of Longidorus kuiperi and Rotylenchus eximius from Coastal Sand Dunes in Crete, Greece

Longidorus kuiperi Brinkman, Loof and Barbez, 1987, and Rotylenchus eximius Siddiqi, 1964. The morphology of L. kuiperi females (six specimens studied) was characterized by having a slender body; very broad lip region (27 6 1.5 [25 to 30] mm in width); short, hemispherical tail; body length of (7.1 6 0.8 [6.5 to 8.5] mm); vulva position at 47% to 55% of body length; odontostyle length of (105 6 6.5 [90 to 115] mm); males very common (but less frequent than females [45% vs 55%]); tail region with 15 to 20


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 135–135

Case report | 29-September-2017

Supravalvar mitral ring with a parachute mitral valve and subcoarctation of the aorta in a child with hemodynamically significant VSD. A study of the morphology, echocardiographic diagnostics and surgical therapy

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Krzysztof Grabowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 206–211

Research Article | 03-December-2018

Nematotoxic coumarins from Angelica pubescens Maxim. f. biserrata Shan et Yuan roots and their physiological effects on Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

magnetic resonance spectral data analysis. The LC50 values against B. xylophilus in 72 hr were 489.17, 406.74, 430.08, and 435.66 μM, respectively. These compounds also altered the smooth morphology of the B. xylophilus exoskeleton to a rough and pitted appearance as visualized by electron microscopy. The coumarins 1-4 possessed significant acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities but had negligible effects on amylase and cellulase. This research provides additional clues to the nematotoxic mechanism

Qun-Qun Guo, Gui-Cai Du, Yong-Xing Li, Chen-Yan Liang, Chao Wang, Ya-Nan Zhang, Rong-Gui Li

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 559–568

Research Article | 03-December-2018

Samplings of Millipedes in Japan and Scarab Beetles in Hong Kong result in five new Species of Pristionchus (Nematoda: Diplogastridae)

. fukushimae on Japanese millipedes. In addition, the authors found three new Pristionchus species on millipedes, which are described as P. riukiariae sp. n., P. degawai sp. n., and P. laevicollis, sp. n., the latter of which was also found on stag beetles. These species are most closely related to P. maxplancki, P. japonicus, and P. quartusdecimus and belong to the pacificus species-complex. The authors describe all species based on morphology, morphometrics, and genome-wide sequence analysis. Mating

Natsumi Kanzaki, Matthias Herrmann, Kohta Yoshida, Christian Weiler, Christian Rödelsperger, Ralf J. Sommer

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 587–610

Research Article | 03-December-2018

First report of Bursaphelenchus antoniae from Pinus strobus in the U.S.

only 95% similarity with PWN B. xylophilus. Compared to the previously described Portuguese population of B. antoniae, the sequences generated for the MA population were 98.3% similar in the ITS1, 2 rDNA and 99.9% similar for 28S rDNA. There was 99.2% similarity between the COI sequences of the US and Portuguese isolates of B. antoniae. This population has morphology consistent with that of Penas et al., 2006; however, the female tail on this MA pine population is mucronate and more attenuated than

Lynn K. Carta, R. L. Wick

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 473–478

Article | 01-September-2016


In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a method which is used to help couples who have a fertility problem. One of the problems of IVF is the success rate, which is only about 30%. One cause of the problem is the embryo morphology observation done by embryologist manually. Morphologically normal embryo does not mean the embryos are genetically normal. The aforementioned phenomena can be tested by using time lapse recording in which unavailable in the manual observation. Therefore it is very important

Arie Rachmad Syulistyo, Aprinaldi, Anom Bowolaksono, Budi Wiweko, Andrea Prati, Dwi M. J. Purnomo, Wisnu Jatmiko

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 1384–1409

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Primary and Secondary Bacteremia Caused by Proteus spp.: Epidemiology, Strains Susceptibility and Biofilm Formation

Abstract Proteus spp. is an etiological factor of urinary tract and bloodstream infections. The aim of this study was the retrospective analysis of susceptibility of Proteus spp. strains isolated from bloodstream infections (BSIs) as well as similarity evaluation of the strains isolated from different clinical samples. Proteus spp. strains were isolated in 2009–2017 from hospital patients. Identification was based on the colony’s morphology and biochemical or MALDI-TOF MS analyzes. The


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 471–478

Research Article | 22-May-2019


Prokaryotic diversity increases every year with each new described species. Since the first discoveries of microorganisms, researchers’ endeavours are dedicated to the systematisation of all known living organisms in a consistent taxonomy. Originally based on morphology, in recent years modern taxonomy develops thanks to the implemenation of new discoveries in the fields of biochemistry and genetics. In the last thirty years, ribotyping was the leading technique used to classify

Paweł Nawrotek, Bartłomiej Grygorcewicz, Adrian Augustyniak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 4, 465–469

research-article | 24-April-2020

First report of molecular characterization and phylogeny of Trichuris fossor Hall, 1916 (Nematoda: Trichuridae)

, 1993). Descriptions have been based on morphology and host preference and Trichuris from geomyid hosts have never been sequenced (Eberhardt et al., 2019). The aim of this study was to serve as the first molecular report for T. fossor. The 18S rRNA gene was sequenced for four specimens identified putatively as T. fossor collected from separate Thomomys (western pocket gophers) species hosts. Materials and methods Thomomys bulbivorus (Richardson, 1829; Brandt, 1855) were salvaged from trappers

Malorri R. Hughes, Deborah A. Duffield, Dana K. Howe, Dee R. Denver

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–6

Research Article | 13-August-2019

Castells' network concept and its connections to social, economic and political network analyses

internal dynamics of networks, but was nevertheless able to use network as a powerful metaphor that aptly portrayed his idea of the new social morphology of informational capitalism.

Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 1–18

research-article | 30-November-2019

Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with sugarcane in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

and the unidentified Rotylenchulus spp. sequences of South Africa appeared to have a sister relationship with R. macrodoratus (PP = 0.86). Remarks The morphology and morphometrics of the current immature female specimens correspond very well with that of the original description of R. parvus (=Helicotylenchus parvus), found also around sugarcane roots in Mauritius by Williams (1960a, b). Rotylenchulus parvus, in general, compared to other related species, has a slightly smaller body, 3 to 5

Phougeishangbam Rolish Singh, Beatrice E. Kashando, Marjolein Couvreur, Gerrit Karssen, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

Review | 26-October-2019

Kell and Kx blood group systems

The Kell and Kx blood group systems are expressed as covalently linked molecules on red blood cells (RBCs). The Kell blood group system is very polymorphic, with 35 antigens assigned to the system. The expression of Kell glycoprotein on RBCs is not critical to the erythrocyte function. However, the expression of Kx is critical to normal morphology, and null mutations are associated with the McLeod neuroacanthocytosis syndrome. The immunogenicity of the K antigen is second only to the D antigen

Gregory A. Denomme

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 14–19

research-article | 30-November-2020

Phylogenetics and genetic variation of Heligmosomoides thomomyos in Western pocket gophers (Thomomys spp.)

knowledge, nematodes parasitizing western pocket gophers (Rodentia: Geomyidae), Thomomys (Wied-Neuwied, 1839) species, from Oregon have been described only using morphology (see Gardner, 1985 for a review) except for a molecular report for one species, Trichuris fossor (Hall, 1916) (Trichuridae) (Hughes et al., 2020). Jasmer (1980) reported the presence of an unidentified Heligmosomoides species (Heligmosomidae) in 23% of Botta’s pocket gophers, Thomomys bottae (Eydoux and Gervais, 1836), from

Malorri R. Hughes, Alexandra A. Gibson, Emily R. Wolfe, Cecily D. Bronson, Deborah A. Duffield

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–11

research-article | 03-June-2019

Morphological and molecular characterization of Labronema montanum sp. n. (Dorylaimida, Dorylaimidae) from Spain

with hiatus. Relationships In its general morphology and morphometry, L. montanum sp. n. much resembles three Mediterranean species recently re-described by Peña-Santiago and Vinciguerra (2019), namely, L. angeloi Vinciguerra and Clausi, 1994, L. carusoi Vinciguerra & Orselli, 1998, and L. duhouxi (Altherr, 1963) Álvarez-Ortega & Peña-Santiago, 2013 (=L. pulchrum Vinciguerra and Zullini, 1980), from which it can be distinguished by small but significant differences. Thus, it differs from L

R. Peña-Santiago, J. Abolafia

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–11

research-article | 30-November-2018

Molecular and morphological characterization of Paurodontella composticola n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerulariidae) from Iran

cells 2.2 to 3.2 μ m in diam.; in young females, it is empty. Oocytes are present in a single and two rows at the proximal end. Ovary is reflexed at the tip in some individuals, in young females, it is outstretched. A short PUS is present. The tail is short, sub-cylindrical with broadly rounded tip, ventrally curved. Phasmids are not observed. Male They are rarely found (ratio of 1:5 females). They are very similar to females in general morphology, except for the reproductive system. Cuticle is

Mehrab Esmaeili, Ramin Heydari, Ahmad Kheiri, Weimin Ye

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–12

research-article | 24-April-2020

Cephalenchus driekieae n. sp. (Nematoda: Tylenchidae) from South Africa, a new member of the genus with a long pharyngeal overlap

phylogenetic studies have focused specifically on Cephalenchus, investigating several aspects of its evolution including inter- and intraspecies and intragenomic variations, correlation of morphology and phylogeny and biogeography (Pereira and Baldwin, 2016; Pereira et al., 2017). During our recent surveys in South Africa, a population of Cephalenchus with a remarkably short stylet, long pharyngeal overlap, and four lines in the lateral field was recovered from the rhizosphere of grasses near a maize field

Milad Rashidifard, Gerhard Du Preez, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2019

Aphelenchus yinyuensis n. sp. (Tylenchina: Aphelenchoididae) found in Terminalia sp. in China

Gu Jianfeng, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Liu Lele, Xianfeng Chen, Bo Cai

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

research-article | 19-February-2021

First morphological and molecular identification of third-stage larvae of Anisakis typica (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from marine fishes in Vietnamese water

Hoang Van Hien, Bui Thi Dung, Ha Duy Ngo, Pham Ngoc Doanh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–9

research-article | 30-November-2020

New insights into the identity of Discolaimium dubium Das, Khan and Loof, 1969 (Dorylaimida) as derived from its morphological and molecular characterization, with the proposal of its transference to Aporcella Andrássy, 2002

from at least three European enclaves, see above) are nearly identical, with totally coincident or widely overlapping ranges. General description, in particular the morphology of pharynx, genital system, and caudal region, are identical, as well. Thus, there is no doubt that the Iranian material belongs to the species. The above mentioned description therefor confirms the original one and provides an updated morphometric and morphological characterization of the species. Morphometrical characters

Nasir Vazifeh, Gholamreza Niknam, Habibeh Jabbari, Arezoo Naghavi, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–12

research-article | 30-November-2020

Introduction to Pristionchus pacificus anatomy

species, two of the coelomocytes are generated post-embryonically (Photos et al., 2006). The alimentary system The stoma of P. pacificus comprises a cuticular lined cavity. Consistent with many nematodes in the Diplogastridae family, the P. pacificus stoma contains teeth used for predatory feeding of other nematodes (Fig. 7). The morphology of the stoma varies between two morphotypes called eurystomatous and stenostomatous that are specialized for predatory vs. microbial feeding, respectively

Nathan E. Schroeder

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–9

research-article | 24-April-2019

Two new Species of Pristionchus (Nematoda: Diplogastridae) include the Gonochoristic Sister Species of P. fissidentatus

sister group to all described beetle-associated Pristionchus species. Thus, the gonochorist P. paulseni sp. n. has a crucial position in the phylogeny of Pristionchus. In order to characterize both species, morphology, morphometrics, mating experiments and genome-wide transcriptome sequencing are used. Materials and methods Nematode cultivation One strain of P. paulseni sp. n. was isolated from an adult of Lucanus dybowski taiwanus (Miwa, 1937) (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) collected at Pilu sacred tree

Matthias Herrmann, Natsumi Kanzaki, Christian Weiler, Kohta Yoshida, Christian RÖdelsperger, Ralf J. Sommer

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–14

research-article | 31-December-2019

The usefulness of high-frequency ultrasonography in the preoperative evaluation of vulvar cancer – a case series

referred to our center at an advanced stage of the disease. Thirdly, HFUS is a mechanical probe, allowing only a gray scale assessment. In our opinion, additional options like Doppler ultrasound, micro-flow imaging, elastography would bring useful information about vulvar cancer. Conclusion HFUS seems a promising tool for the preoperative assessment of BCC and SCC. High-frequency probes can provide some important information, such as morphology, margins, and internal echo, contributing to the choice

Michał Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Bartosz Migda, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 305–310

Article | 24-June-2021


In this work, an attempt was made to apply laser surface technology for enhancement of the properties and strengthening the material with addition of ceramic phases in the form of silicon and tungsten carbide particles, leading to a remarkable increase in hardness. Thanks to rapid cooling caused by heat being transferred to the cold substrate, an advantageous, fine-grained structure develops, showing higher gradient morphology; furthermore, the surface layers obtained with laser alloying offer

Jarosław KONIECZNY, Krzysztof LABISZ

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 2, 5–18

Article | 20-July-2021

The effect of electro-thermal treatment of stainless steel arch wire on mechanical properties and cell proliferation

morphology, coefficient of friction (COF), flexural modulus, cytotoxicity, austenitic content, colour change and arch width of the samples were subsequently analysed. Results: The COF, flexural modulus and austenitic content of the orthodontic SS arch wires increased after heat treatment. SS wires appearing brownish-yellow and blue exhibited higher flexural moduli. The heat treatment of the SS wires did not significantly increase arch wire width or cause cytotoxicity. Conclusions: Electric resistance

Yingzhi Gu, Xianju Xie, Hongmei Wang, Rui Zhuang, Yuxing Bai

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 75–86

Article | 30-July-2021

Three-dimensional computed tomographic assessment of mandibular muscles in growing subjects with different vertical facial patterns

Aim: The present study was undertaken to assess the relationship between the mandibular muscles and dentofacial skeletal morphology in children with different underlying vertical facial patterns, using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). Method: Thirty children (mean age 12.24 ± 1.57 years) underwent cranial CT examination for diagnostic purposes. 3D-CT images were reconstructed for the evaluation of the cross-sectional size, volume, and spatial orientation of the masseter and

Alwyn Wong, Michael G. Woods, Damien Stella

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 2–17

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