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Article

A New Species of the Rare Genus Anguillonema Fuchs, 1938 (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) with Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study

Abstract: Anguillonema amolensis n. sp. is described and illustrated based on its morphological, morphometric, and molecular characters. The new species is characterized by its 575 to 820 mm long and wide body (body width at vulva = 30 to 59 mm), irregularly ventrally curved after fixation, five to six lines in lateral fields, 6.0 to 7.5 mm long stylet with small rounded knobs, pharynx lacking median bulb, pharyngo-intestinal junction anterior to nerve ring and excretory pore, females with

MAHYAR MOBASSERI, MAJID PEDRAM, EBRAHIM POURJAM

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 286–294

Article

Morphological and Molecular Characteristics of Pratylenchus haiduongensis sp. n., a New Species of Root–Lesion Nematodes Associated with Carrot in Vietnam

terminus observed in some specimens. The matrix code of P. haiduongensis sp. n. is: A2, B1, C4, D(1,3), E1, F(5,6), G(1,2), H(1,4); I(1,2,3,4), J1, K(1,2) according to Castillo and Vovlas (2007). The LSU–D2D3 segment and the ITS–rDNA region of this species were amplified and sequenced. The morphological characters and molecular phylogenetic analyses confirmed that this is a new species of the genus Pratylenchus in Vietnam.

THI DUYEN NGUYEN, THI MAI LINH LE, HUU TIEN NGUYEN, THI ANH DUONG NGUYEN, GRACIA LIEBANAS, QUANG PHAP TRINH

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 276–285

Research Article

Description of Xiphinema parachambersi sp. n. (Nematoda: Longidoridae) from Imported Ornamental Plants in Japan with a Key to Xiphinema Species in Group 1

Xiphinema parachambersi n. sp. recovered in Ningbo, China, from the rhizosphere of ornamental plants (Gardenia jasminoides and Euonymus hamiltonianus) imported from Japan is described. The new species is characterized by a long female body 1,830 to 2,109 μm long, odontostyle 105 to 116 μm long, reproductive system mono-opisthodelphic, vulva located anteriorly at 25.2 to 27.7% of total body, long ovary 119 to 292 μm with simple uterus and Z-organ absent, female tail elongated conoid with a

Munawar Maria, Weimin Ye, Qing Yu, Jianfeng Gu

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 369–386

Original Research

Description of Pseudacrobeles (Pseudacrobeles) curvatus sp. n. (Cephalobidae: Rhabditida) in South Korea

Abstract Pseudacrobeles (Pseudacrobeles) curvatus sp. n. was collected from potato fields in Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea. The new species shares morphological characters typical of the genus Pseudacrobeles, including three lateral incisures that fade posteriorly near the phasmid openings. The new species differs from other Pseudacrobeles species by its smaller body size and a comparatively shorter corpus relative to the isthmus length. In this study, we provide a comparison of morphometrics

Jiyeon Kim, Taeho Kim, Joong-Ki Park

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 162–167

research-article

Description of Deladenus gilanica n. sp. (Hexatylina: Neotylenchidae) isolated from wood of black pine in Northern Iran

relative to the hemizonid can be grouped into two categories: those with the hemizonid posterior to the excretory pore and species with it in anterior position. Currently, the genus Deladenus has 30 valid species. Three species have been reported from Iran: D. durus (Jahanshahi Afshar et al., 2014), D. persicus (Miraeiz et al., 2017), and D. apopkaetus (Chitambar, 1991) (Miraeiz et al., 2017). During our surveys on plant-parasitic and free-living nematodes in Northern Iran, a new species of Deladenus

Parisa Jalalinasab, Mehrab Esmaeili, Weimin Ye, Ramin Heydari

Journal of Nematology , 1–10

research-article

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Coslenchus paramaritus n. sp. and C. cancellatus (Cobb, 1925) Siddiqi, 1978 (Nematoda: Tylenchidae) from Iran

margins. Spicules slightly curved ventrally, with pointed tip. Gubernaculum simple, about one-third of spicule length. Tail elongated ending to a pointed to filiform terminus. Diagnosis and relationships The new species, Coslenchus paramaritus n. sp., can be characterized by having wide annuli, a long tail, the presence of males and the absence of sexual dimorphism in head shape of females and males. Coslenchus paramaritus n. sp. most closely resembles C. maritus Andrássy, 1991, but differs from it

Manouchehr Hosseinvand, Ali Eskandari, Reza Ghaderi

journal of nematology , 1–10

Original Research

Deladenus posteroporus n. sp. (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) Isolated from Packaging Wood from Canada and White Pine (Pinus monticola) Lumber from the United States and Intercepted in Ningbo, China

Abstract Deladenus posteroporus n. sp. isolated from packaging wood originated from Canada and from white pine lumber from the United States, both intercepted in the port of Ningbo, China, is described and illustrated. Both mycetophagous and infective forms were recovered from the Canadian sample, whereas only the mycetophagous form was found in the U.S. sample. The new species is characterized by the posteriorly positioned excretory pore relative to the hemizonid in both mycetophagous and

Qing Yu, Jianfeng Gu, Weimin Ye, Rusong Li, Jie He

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 168–176

research-article

Molecular and morphological characterization of Paurodontella composticola n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerulariidae) from Iran

diverticulum. Due to the presence of a relatively long body, short PUS, shape of posterior body and a non-branching oviduct to form uterine diverticulum, the new species P. composticola n. sp. is closely related to five known species in the genus: P. asymmetrica, P. balochistanica, P. densa, P. iranica and P. niger. Compared to Paurodontella asymmetrica, the new species has a shorter stylet, 8 to 9 vs 13 to 14 μ m, a longer body length, 803 to 1,053 vs 330 to 380 μ m, a greater a-ratio, 18.6 to 31.5 vs 16

Mehrab Esmaeili, Ramin Heydari, Ahmad Kheiri, Weimin Ye

Journal of Nematology , 1–12

Research Article

Description of Gracilacus paralatescens n. sp. (Nematoda:Paratylenchinae) found from the rhizosphere of Bamboo in Zhejiang, China

Gracilacus paralatescens n. sp., isolated in Anji County, Zhejiang Province, China from the rhizospheric soil of bamboo. The new species can be characterized by the female lateral field with three incisures, stylet 71.5 to 78.8 µm long, lip region truncated, excretory pore located anterior to basal knobs. Vulval lips non-protruding and without vulval flap, spermatheca large, elongated squarish shaped filled with sperms. Tail slender, relatively straight having wedge shape terminus. The spicule

Munawar Maria, Ruihang Cai, Weimin Ye, Thomas O. Powers, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 611–622

Article

Description of Enchodorus yeatsi n. sp. (Dorylaimida, Nordiidae) from Southern Iran and Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study

Enchodorus yeatsi n. sp., a new species of the rare genus Enchodorus is described and illustrated based on its morphological and molecular characters. It was recovered from southern Iran. Females of the new species are characterized by having 1,511.3- to 1,792.5-mm long slender body, angular lip region having prominent papillae, 12- to 13-mm long odontostyle, double guiding ring, simple rod-like odontophore, didelphic–amphidelphic reproductive system, and 102- to 160-mm

MAJID PEDRAM

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 21–26

Research Article

Description of Longidorus azarbaijanensis n. sp. (Dorylaimida: Longidoridae) from Iran

Longidorus azarbaijanensis n. sp. is described and illustrated using morphological and molecular data. It was recovered in West Azarbaijan province, northwestern Iran, from the rhizospheric soil of foxtail weed. The new species is characterized by having 5.4 to 6.8 mm long females, offset, anteriorly flat lip region and separated from the rest of the body by a shallow constriction, funnel-shaped amphidial pouches, the guiding ring at 23 to 27 µm from the anterior end, 73 to 81 and 44 to 50 µm

Farshad Gharibzadeh, Ebrahim Pourjam, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 207–218

research-article

Description of Hirschmanniella dicksoni n. sp. (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae) from rhizosphere soil of limpograss from Florida, USA

). Although it was not identified at the species level, one Hirschmanniella sp. was isolated from cattail (Typha spp.) along the Colorado River in Yuma, Arizona (Tandingan De Ley et al., 2007). In this study, we report the results of our morphological, morphometric, and molecular characterization of the new species Hirchmanniella dicksoni n. sp. from the rhizosphere soil of limpograss (Hemarthria altissima) from Florida. Materials and methods Nematode extraction Soil samples were collected from Beef

Alemayehu W. Habteweld, Faruk Akyazi, Soumi Joseph, William T. Crow, Eyualem Abebe, Tesfamariam Mekete

Journal of Nematology , 1–15

Article

Paurodontella parapitica n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) from Kermanshah Province, Western Iran

Paurodontella parapitica n. sp., collected from the rhizosphere of an apple tree in Kermanshah province, western Iran, is described. The new species is characterized by a body length of 505 to 723 mm (females) and 480 to 600 mm (males), lip region continuous by depression; 7 to 8 mm broad, 3 to 4 mm high, stylet length 7 to 9 mm or 1 to 1.3 times the lip region diameter, short postuterine sac of 4 to 6 mm long, lateral fields with five to six incisures; outer incisures crenated and

MEHRAB ESMAEILI, RAMIN HEYDARI, WEIMIN YE

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 109–115

Article

Molecular and Morphological Characterization of Aphelenchoides fuchsi sp. n. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) Isolated from Pinus eldarica in Western Iran

Aphelenchoides fuchsi sp. n. is described and illustrated from bark and wood samples of a weakened Mondell pine in Kermanshah Province, western Iran. The new species has body length of 332 to 400 mm (females) and 365 to 395 mm (males). Lip region set off from body contour. The cuticle is weakly annulated, and there are four lines in the lateral field. The stylet is 8 to 10 mm long and has small basal swellings. The excretory pore is located ca one body diam. posterior to metacorpus valve or 51

MEHRAB ESMAEILI, RAMIN HEYDARI, MOZHGAN ZIAIE, JIANFENG GU

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 34–42

research-article

Morphological and molecular characterization of Labronema montanum sp. n. (Dorylaimida, Dorylaimidae) from Spain

% identical. Their analysis has facilitated a study of the evolutionary relationships of the new species. The results are presented in Figure 5. Figure 5: The Bayesian tree inferred from known and the newly sequenced Labronema montanum sp. n. based on sequences of the 28S rRNA region. Diagnosis The new species is characterized by its 1.56 to 2.08 mm long body, with lip region being offset by constriction and 19 to 24 µm broad, and with low perioral liplets, odontostyle 21 to 29 µm long at its

R. Peña-Santiago, J. Abolafia

Journal of Nematology , 1–11

Article

Description of a New Anguinid Nematode, Nothotylenchus phoenixae n. sp. (Nematoda: Anguinidae) Associated with Palm Date Trees and Its Phylogenetic Relations within the Family Anguinidae

Abstract: Nothotylenchus phoenixae n. sp. is described and illustrated from soil samples of palm trees in Kermanshah Province, western Iran. The new species is characterized by a body length of 784 (663 to 925) mmin females and 677 to 715 mmin males; a delicate stylet 6 (5 to 7) mmlong and six lines in the lateral field; median bulb of pharynx fusiform, nonmuscular, and nonvalvate; isthmus elongate, slender ending to a pyriform basal pharyngeal bulb not overlapping intestine; postvulval uterine

MEHRAB ESMAEILI, RAMIN HEYDARI, WEIMIN YE

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 268–275

Article

Steinernema biddulphi n. sp., a New Entomopathogenic Nematode (Nematoda: Steinernematidae) from South Africa

A new species of entomopathogenic nematode (EPN), Steinernema biddulphi n. sp., was isolated from a maize field in Senekal, Free State Province of South Africa. Morphological and molecular studies indicated the distinctness of S. biddulphi n. sp. from other Steinernema species. Steinernema biddulphi n. sp. is characterized IJs with average body length of 663 mm (606–778 mm), lateral fields with six ridges in mid-body region forming the formula 2,6,2. Excretory pore located anterior to mid

HARUN CIMEN, VLADIMI´R PU°zA, JIRI NERMUT, JUSTIN HATTING, TSHIMA RAMAKUWELA, SELCUK HAZIR

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 148–158

Research Article

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Labrys filiformis n. sp. (Rhabditida: Tylenchidae) from Iran

Labrys filiformis n. sp., the second species of the rare genus Labrys, was recovered from natural forests of Gilan province and is described based upon morphological and molecular characters. The new species is characterized by its smooth cuticle under light microscopy, lateral field with two incisures forming a single plain band, lip region continuous with body contour, dorso-ventrally flattened and forming four poorly prominent lobes, having a dorso-ventrally narrower protuberant labial plate

Yousef Panahandeh, Joaquín Abolafia, Ebrahim Pourjam, Robin M. Giblin-Davis, Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 343–354

Research Article

Xiphinema japonicum n. sp. (Nematoda: Longidorinae) from the Rhizosphere of Japanese Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.), a Cryptic Species Related to Xiphinema bakeri Williams, 1961

Xiphinema japonicum n. sp., isolated in Ningbo, China, from the rhizosphere of Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) imported from Japan is described. The new species belongs to Xiphinema non-americanum group 7 and is characterized by medium body length (3.0–3.7 mm), total stylet length 190–201 μm, vulva located anteriorly (V = 30.5%–35.3%), two equally developed female genital branches without uterine differentiation (no Z or pseudo-Z organ and/or spines in the uteri), short tail, convex-conoid

LIRONG ZHAO, WEIMIN YE, MUNAWAR MARIA, MAJID PEDRAM, JIANFENG GU

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 404–417

research-article

Description and molecular phylogeny of Mesocriconema abolafiai n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematidae) from Iran

) analysis (Powers et al., 2016). Mesocriconema nebraskense (Olson et al., 2017) was described as a monosexual, cryptic species sympatrically distributed with its cryptic counterpart, M. curvatum (Raski, 1952; Loof and De Grisse, 1989; Olson et al., 2017). In this paper, we describe the new species M. abolafiai n. sp., based on morphological and molecular characteristics. Material and methods Nematode populations and morphological characterization The specimens were recovered from two localities in

Hossein Mirbabaei Karani, Ali Eskandari, Reza Ghaderi, Akbar Karegar

Journal of Nematology , 1–17

research-article

Description of Ektaphelenchus koreanus n. sp. (Nematoda: Ektaphelenchidae) with morphometrical notes on the Ektaphelenchus species

status of this species as a new species and it is described herein E. koreanus n. sp. Materials and methods Nematode isolation and morphological study Sawn samples taken from logs were cut into small pieces ca 1 cm wide and 10 cm long. Nematodes were extracted by a modified Baermann funnel technique for 24 hr. For morphometric studies, the extracted individuals were killed by heat, fixed with FA 4:1, and processed via ethanol-glycerin dehydration, according to Seinhorst (1959), as modified by De

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Lele Liu

Journal of Nematology , 1–13

research-article

Description of Oscheius indicus n. sp. (Rhabditidae: Nematoda) from India

showed O. chongmingensis to be the closest relative. The ITS sequence-based tree also grouped O. rugaonensis along with O. indicus and O. chongmingensis. In summary, the sequences of ITS and 28S D2/D3 expansion segment of the 28s rDNA gene of O. indicus were sufficiently divergent from any other Oscheius species for which these marker sequences are available, and suggest that our species might be a new species within insectivora group (Figs 4 and 5). Figure 4 Molecular phylogenetic relationship of

Puneet Kumar, Wajih Jamal, Vishal S. Somvanshi, Khushbu Chauhan, Sabia Mumtaz

Journal of Nematology , 1–11

Article

Description of Aphelenchoides macrospica n. sp. (Nematoda:Aphelenchoididae) from Northwestern Iran

based on sequences of D2-D3 expansion region of 28S and 18S rDNA, confirmed its status as a new species.

BEHROUZ GOLHASAN, RAMIN HEYDARI, MEHRAB ESMAEILI, ESMAEIL MIRAEIZ

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 67–76

research-article

Description of Geocenamus vietnamensis sp. n. (Nematoda: Merliniidae) from Vietnam

). Therefore, Sturhan (2012) agreed with Brzeski (1991) in synonymizing Scutylenchus with the “senior” genus Geocenamus, but he considered Merlinius as a valid genus. Following the classification of Sturhan (2012), this study provides morphological and molecular characterizations of a new species of the genus Geocenamus in Vietnam. Materials and methods Nematode population sampling Soil and root samples were collected from the rhizosphere of Casuarina equisetifolia (Casuarinaceae) in Quang Nam province

Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Thi Duyen Nguyen, Gracia Liebanas, Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh

Journal of Nematology , 1–12

research-article

Description of a new dagger nematode, Xiphinema barooghii n. sp. (Nematoda: Longidoridae) and additional data on the three known species of the genus from northwest of Iran

recent nematological survey on longidorids in Roodghat area, Sufiyan, East-Azarbaijan province in northwest of Iran, three known and one new species of the genus Xiphinema were found in several agroecosystems. The new species belonging to morphospecies group 6 of the genus was recovered from soil samples collected from the rhizosphere of common wheat and is described herein as X. barooghii n. sp. This is the fifth species belonging to morphospecies group 6 originally described from Iran, the other

Nasir Vazifeh, Gholamreza Niknam, Habibeh Jabbari, Arezoo Naghavi

Journal of Nematology , 1–17

research-article

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Oscheius saproxylicus sp. n. (Rhabditida, Rhabditidae) From Decaying Wood in Spain, With New Insights into the Phylogeny of the Genus and a Revision of its Taxonomy

bp) show one change. Diagnosis The new species is characterized by its 0.67 to 0.99 mm long body, cuticle with very fine transverse striation, lateral field with three longitudinal alae, lip region 9 to 10 µm broad and consisting of six separated lips, stoma 17–21 × 5–7 µm with barrel-shaped gymnoprostegostom, neck 131 to 182 µm long, pharynx cylindrical with metacorpus not swollen and broad isthmus, excretory pore and deirids at isthmus level, female reproductive system didelphic-amphidelphic

Joaquín Abolafia, Reyes Peña-Santiago

journal of nematology , 1–21

Research Article

Two New Species of Pristionchus (Nematoda: Diplogastridae) from Taiwan and the Definition of the pacificus Species-Complex Sensu Stricto

Asia has emerged as a hotspot of Pristionchus speciation and recent samplings have therefore focused on Islands and mainland settings in East Asia. Here, we describe in a series of three publications the results of our sampling efforts in Taiwan, Japan, and Hongkong in 2016 and 2017. We describe a total of nine new species that cover different phylogenetic species-complexes of the Pristionchus genus. In this first publication, we describe two new species, Pristionchus sikae sp. n. and Pristionchus

Kohta Yoshida, Matthias Herrmann, Natsumi Kanzaki, Christian Weiler, Christian Rödelsperger, Ralf J. Sommer

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 355–368

Article

A Third New Species of Aporcelinus Andrassy, 2009 (Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae) from Vietnam, with the First SEM Study of a Representative of the Genus

A new species, the third one from Vietnam, of the genus Aporcelinus is described from natural areas. Aporcelinus falcicaudatus sp. n. is characterized by its 1.28 to 1.63 mm long body, lip region offset by weak constriction and 16 to 18 mm broad, odontostyle 18 to 21 mm at its ventral side, neck 354 to 406 mm long, uterus tripartite and 61 to 95 mm long, V = 50 to 55, tail strongly recurved dorsad and conical (23–31 mm, c = 43–58, c9 = 0.7–0.9) with finely rounded tip

THI ANH DUONG NGUYEN, JOAQUI´N ABOLAFIA, MICHAEL BONKOWSKI, REYES PEN A–SANTIAGO

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 104–108

Research Article

Samplings of Millipedes in Japan and Scarab Beetles in Hong Kong result in five new Species of Pristionchus (Nematoda: Diplogastridae)

The authors describe five new species of Pristionchus from Japan and Hongkong. Scarab beetle samplings in Hongkong identified P. hongkongensis sp. n. and P. neolucani sp. n., representing the first beetle-associated Pristionchus species from China. Surprisingly, samplings of millipedes in Japan revealed a previously unknown association of Pristionchus nematodes with these arthropods. Specifically, the authors found three previously known Pristionchus species, P. arcanus, P. entomophagus, and P

Natsumi Kanzaki, Matthias Herrmann, Kohta Yoshida, Christian Weiler, Christian Rödelsperger, Ralf J. Sommer

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 587–610

Article

NEW SPECIES OF BACTERIA IN HUMAN INFECTIONS

]. 4. Gram-negative rods Another group of bacteria, in which systematic changes has taken place and new species have appeared, is Gram-negative rods from the genus Pantoea belonging to the Erwiniaceae family [2]. The species Pantoea agglomerans has been reclassified from the genus Enterobacter. It is a flagellated bacterium which produces a yellow dye, capable of growth at 40°C. Often referred to as “agricultural bacterium”, due to its widespread occurrence in the natural environment (fruits

Alicja Sękowska, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 29–34

Research Article

Delatylus andersoni n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) Isolated from White Pine (Pinus monticola) Lumber from USA and Intercepted in Ningbo, China

Qing Yu, Maria Munawar, Jianfeng Gu, Weimin Ye

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 69–76

Article

Oscheius microvilli n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditidae): A Facultatively Pathogenic Nematode from Chongming Island, China

A new species, Oscheius microvilli n. sp., was found on Chongming Island (Shanghai, China). The new species is morphologically similar to the type strain of Oscheius myriophilus, but can be distinguished from it and other species of Oscheius on the basis of unique morphological characteristics of the bursa as well as male papillae. In this new species, the male bursal papillar formula is 2, 1, 3, 3 with everted tips in the first, fifth, and seventh pairs. The bursal rim is jagged

GUIXIN ZHOU, HUAN YANG, FENG WANG, HAORAN BAO, GUOXIANG WANG, XIANGLONG HOU, JIAN LIN, GABRIEL YEDID, KEYUN ZHANG

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 33–41

research-article

Description of Rotylenchus rhomboides n. sp. and a Belgian population of Rotylenchus buxophilus (Tylenchomorpha: Hoplolaimidae)

, North America, and New Zealand. Rotylenchus uniformis was found in the Netherlands and New Zealand. Rotylenchus goodeyi was recorded from several localities in the UK, the Netherlands, Belgium, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Luxemburg, and Uzbekistan (Castillo and Vovlas, 2005). Herein, the new species Rotylenchus rhomboides n. sp. is characterized and a population of R. buxophilus is reported for the first time on yam (Dioscorea tokoro Makino). Both species were described based on

Huu Tien Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh, Marjolein Couvreur, Phougeishangbam Rolish Singh, Wilfrida Decraemer, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology , 1–20

research-article

Cephalenchus driekieae n. sp. (Nematoda: Tylenchidae) from South Africa, a new member of the genus with a long pharyngeal overlap

each row, and proximal part (ovejector) swollen, with thinner walls; PUS spacious, about as long as vulval body width, vagina perpendicular to body axis, 31 to 43% of corresponding body width long and not heavily sclerotized; vulva a small transverse slit and vulval flaps visibly very small under SEM. Tail elongated and filiform, its tip finely rounded. Male Not found. Type habitat and locality The new species was recovered from soils collected in a small section of a grassland located next to a

Milad Rashidifard, Gerhard Du Preez, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology , 1–10

research-article

Description of Seinura italiensis n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) found in the medium soil imported from Italy

position of excretory pore); (F): vulval region; (G): female posterior region showing vulva and post-uterine sac; (H-J): female tail; (K, L): male tail (arrows showing position of caudal papillae); (M, N): spicules (Scale bars = A, B = 20 μm; C-N = 10 μm). exp = excretory pore; a = anus; P1 + P2 + P3 + P4 = caudal papillae. Measurements Measurements of the new species are given in Table 1. Table 1. Morphometrics of Seinura italiensis n. sp. Female Male Character Holotype

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Lele Liu, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology , 1–11

Article

Cryptaphelenchus varicaudatus n. sp. (Rhabditida: Ektaphelenchinae) from Tehran Province, Iran

Cryptaphelenchus varicaudatus n. sp. is described and illustrated. It was isolated from bark samples of dead or dying pine (Pinus spp.) trees with bark beetle frass and galleries, in Tehran province. The new species has 275- to 367-mm-long females (amedium-sized species) with distinctly annulated cuticle having three bands in lateral fields, lip region continuous with body contour, delicate knobbed stylet, monodelphic–prodelphic reproductive system with distinct spermatheca, short

MAJID PEDRAM

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 223–230

research-article

A new rare nematode Nothocriconemoides hangzhouensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematidae) from Hangzhou, China

following objectives: to provide a morphological and molecular characterization of the new species; to elucidate important morphological details through SEM observations; and to study the phylogenetic relationships of these species with other related criconematids species. Materials and methods Nematode samplings, extraction and morphological study Nematodes were extracted from soil and root samples using the modified Cobb sieving and flotation-centrifugation method (Jenkins, 1964). For morphometric

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Ruihang Cai, Pablo Castillo, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology , 1–14

research-article

Two new Species of Pristionchus (Nematoda: Diplogastridae) include the Gonochoristic Sister Species of P. fissidentatus

of the seven hermaphroditic species in the genus have evolved independently of one another, they allow the detailed analysis of parallel evolution, e.g., the influence of mating-type transitions on longevity (Weadick and Sommer, 2016; Rödelsperger et al., 2018). P. fissidentatus is of particular interest, given its phylogenetic position; however, it is a hermaphroditic species that has no sister group relationship with any particular species. Here, we describe two new species. P. yamagatae sp. n

Matthias Herrmann, Natsumi Kanzaki, Christian Weiler, Kohta Yoshida, Christian RÖdelsperger, Ralf J. Sommer

Journal of Nematology , 1–14

Research Article

Nothotylenchus andrassy n. sp. (Nematoda: Anguinidae) from Northern Iran

Nothotylenchus andrassy n. sp. is described and illustrated from moss (Sphagnum sp.) based on morphology and molecular analyses. Morphologically, this new species is characterized by a medium body size, six incisures in the lateral fields, and a delicate stylet (8–9 µm long) with clearly defined knobs. Pharynx with fusiform, valveless, non-muscular and sometimes indistinct median bulb. Basal pharyngeal bulb elongated and offset from the intestine; a long post-vulval uterine sac (55% of vulva to

Parisa Jalalinasab, Mohsen Nassaj Hosseini, Ramin Heydari

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 219–228

research-article

Description of Laimaphelenchus sinensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) from declining Chinese pine, Pinus tabuliformis in Beijing, China

Newcombe, 2013), although their possible association with oak decline syndrome was suggested by Pedram et al. (2018). During the present study, a population of Laimaphelenchus species was isolated from declining Chinese pine, Pinus tabuliformis Carrière, in Beijing, China, in November, 2018. The population was examined carefully and preliminary studies reveal the status of this species as a new species. Therefore, the objectives of the study are: to provide morphological and molecular characterization

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Lele Liu, Yong Bian, Xianfeng Chen

Journal of Nematology , 1–1

Research Article

Description of Aphelenchoides giblindavisi n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae), and Proposal for a New Combination

One new and one known species of the genus Aphelenchoides from Iran are studied. Aphelenchoides giblindavisi n. sp. is mainly characterized by having five lines in the lateral fields at mid-body, and a single mucro with several tiny nodular protuberances, giving a warty appearance to it, as revealed by detailed scanning electron microscopic (SEM) studies. The new species is further characterized by having a body length of 546 to 795 μm in females and 523 to 679 μm in males, rounded lip region

Farzad Aliramaji, Ebrahim Pourjam, Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 437–452

research-article

Aphelenchus yinyuensis n. sp. (Tylenchina: Aphelenchoididae) found in Terminalia sp. in China

-molecular characterization was performed. Our results confirmed that this population has unique characters and belonged to a new species; therefore, it is describe herein as Aphelenchus yinyuensis n. sp. Materials and methods Isolation and morphological observation of nematodes Nematodes were extracted from soil and root samples using the modified Cobb sieving and flotation-centrifugation method (Jenkins, 1964). For morphometric studies, nematodes were killed and fixed in hot formalin (4% formaldehyde

Gu Jianfeng, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Liu Lele, Xianfeng Chen, Bo Cai

Journal of Nematology , 1–12

research-article

A draft genome for a species of Halicephalobus (Panagrolaimidae)

evolutionary fate (sensu Wiley, 1978) separate from other nominal species. Therefore, we anticipate that molecular comparisons of Halicephalobus strains from both Europe and East Asia will support and delimit Halicephalobus sp. NKZ332 as a new species. To sequence the genome of Halicephalobus sp. NKZ332, which we collected from xenic bacterial culture, we used the Illumina NextSeq platform to generate 75 million, 300-bp, paired-end reads of 150-bp and 500-bp insert sizes. Reads were trimmed with Cutadapt

Erik J. Ragsdale, Georgios Koutsovoulos, Joseph F. Biddle

journal of nematology , 1–4

research-article

Description of Deladenus brevis n. sp. (Sphaerularioidea: Neotylenchidae) from Iran: a morphological and molecular phylogenetic study

., 2018) were retrieved from the database, updated by adding extra sequences and the newly generated sequences of the new species. Three independent SSU, LSU, and COI mtDNA data sets were prepared. The sequences were aligned using the Q-INS-i algorithm of the online version of MAFFT version 7 (http://mafft.cbrc.jp/alignment/server/) (Katoh and Standley, 2013). The poorly aligned positions and divergent regions of SSU and LSU data sets were eliminated using the online version of Gblocks 0.91b

Fariba Heydari, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology , 1–13

research-article

A new stunt nematode, Geocenamus chengi n. sp. (Nematoda: Merliniinae) in the rhizosphere of tea (Camellia sinensis) from Zhejiang Province, China

possesses unique characters and needs to be considered as a new member of the genus. Therefore, this study describes a new Geocenamus species with the following objectives: to provide an integrative morphological and molecular characterization of the new species; to elucidate important morphological details through SEM observations; and to study the phylogenetic relationships of these species with other merlinid and related nematodes. Materials and methods Nematode extraction and morphological study

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Pablo Castillo, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology , 1–13

Article

Discopersicus n. gen., a New Member of the Family Tylenchidae Örley, 1880 with Detailed SEM Study on Two Known Species of the Genus Discotylenchus Siddiqi, 1980 (Nematoda; Tylenchidae) from Iran

Discopersicus iranicus n. gen., n. comb., previously described from Iran as a new species under the genus Discotylenchus, is illustrated using light microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations and further studied using molecular characters. SEM studies revealed the newly proposed genus has oblique amphidial apertures on the lateral sides of the lip region. SEM images are also provided for two species of Discotylenchus, namely D. discretus and D. brevicaudatus, as the first

ALI YAGHOUBI, EBRAHIM POURJAM, SERGIO A LVAREZ-ORTEGA, GRACIA LIE´BANAS, MOHAMMAD REZA ATIGHI, MAJID PEDRAM

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 214–221

Research Article

FRUCTOPHILIC LACTIC ACID BACTERIA (FLAB) – A NEW GROUP OF HETEROFERMENTATIVE MICROORGANISMS FROM THE PLANT ENVIRONMENT

communities inhabiting intestinal tracts of honeybees, bumblebees, Camponotus ants and tropical fruit flies were examined. At present FLAB includes six species: Fructobacillus fructosus, Fructobacillus durionis, Fructobacillus ficulneus, Fructobacillus pseudoficulneus, Fructobacillus tropaeoli and Lactobacillus kunkeei classified by Endo as obligatorily fructophilic, and only one species, namely Lactobacillus florum, as facultatively fructophilic. Latest publications describe new species of potential

Klaudia Gustaw, Magdalena Michalak, Magdalena Polak-Berecka, Adam Waśko

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 56–66

Research Article

Discovery and Identification of Meloidogyne Species Using COI DNA Barcoding

. The addition of these DNA sequences to GenBank and the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD) should stimulate and facilitate root-knot nematode identification and provide a first step in new species discovery.

Thomas Powers, Timothy Harris, Rebecca Higgins, Peter Mullin, Kirsten Powers

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 399–412

Research Article

ORTHOMYXOVIRUSES – INFLUENZA AND OTHER VIRUSES

less known. New species are still discovered.

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 138–144

research-article

Morphological and molecular characterization of Pungentus sufiyanensis n. sp. and additional data on P. engadinensis (Altherr, 1950) Altherr, 1952 (Dorylaimida: Nordiidae) from northwest of Iran

. (2010) recorded P. engadinensis (Altherr, 1950) Altherr, 1952 and P. silvestris (de Man, 1912) Coomans and Geraert (1962) in [Uremia (West Azarbaijan) and Marand (East Azarbaijan) provinces, respectively], whereas, very recently, Heydari et al. (2019) described a new species, P. azarbaijanensis, associated with grass in West Azarbaijan, and P. engadinensis in several locations of the country. Several Pungentus populations were collected in the course of a nematological survey conducted in natural

Nasir Vazifeh, Gholamreza Niknam, Habibeh Jabbari, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology , 1–12

Article

Sectonema caobangense sp. n. from Vietnam (Nematoda, Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae)

Sectonema caobangense sp. n. from evergreen forest soil in Vietnam is described, including scanning electron micrograph (SEM) observations and D2-D3 LSU rDNA analysis. The new species is characterized by its 3.12 to 5.80mmlong body, lip region offset by deep constriction and 21 to 23 mm broad, mural tooth 13 to 14 mm long at its ventral side, 940 to 1,112 mm long neck, pharyngeal expansion occupying 61% to 69% of total neck length, uterus a long simple tube-like structure 292 to 363

SERGIO ALVAREZ-ORTEGA, THI ANH DUONG NGUYEN, JOAQUI´N ABOLAFIA, MICHAEL BONKOWSKI, REYES PEN˜A-SANTIAGO

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 95–103

Research Article

ALICYCLOBACILLUS – BACTERIA STILL NOT UNDERSTOOD

bacteria, the typical juice pasteurization conditions can stimulate spore germination. This is the reason why they can proliferate in juice and ipso facto cause fruit products spoilage. The family of Alicyclobacillaceae has continuously been modified and each successive year brings new species. Additionally, A. acidoterrestris is recognized as bacterium with a high evolution rate due to its rapid adaptation to changing environmental conditions.

Justyna Dąbrowska, Alina Kunicka-Styczyńska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 117–124

Research Article

CURRENT CHALLENGES OF VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS CONCERNING THE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF STAPHYLOCOCCI TO ANTIBIOTICS

Staphylococci are pathogenic bacteria often isolated from clinical material obtained from animals. Unlike in human medicine, in veterinary sciences various species of coagulase-positive staphylococci have been isolated from clinical specimens. In addition to Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, other species are also often identified. Recently, the taxonomy of staphylococci has been updated, therefore, it is now important to recognize also the new species. Currently

Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Magdalena Rzewuska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 270–277

original-paper

Yeasts Associated with Various Amazonian Native Fruits

), umbu (Spondias tuberosa), and acerola (Malpighia glabra) (Trindade et al. 2002; Da Silva et al. 2005; Grondin et al. 2015). The Amazonian rainforest’s environmental characteristics suggest the possibility of finding diverse yeast communities, including new species or strains with new characteristics of biotechnological interest (Morais et al. 1995; Da Silva et al. 2005). Yeasts represent a promising source for obtaining microbial enzymes (Trindade et al. 2002; Da Silva et al. 2005; Raveendran et al

CARLOS VEGAS, AMPARO I. ZAVALETA, PAMELA E. CANALES, BRAULIO ESTEVE-ZARZOSO

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 251–261

original-paper

Prevalence and Antifungal Susceptibility of the Emerging Fungal Species, Candida nivariensis, Isolated in a Teaching Hospital in Poland

attributable to unreasonable antifungal prevention (Basetti et al. 2009; Gołaś et al. 2014). C. glabrata candidemias are on the increase (Quindós 2014). In ten years (since 1989) C. glabrata candidemias have increased from the fourth to the second most common cause of ICU infections (Lockhart et al. 2012). Nowadays, the C. glabrata species complex has been identified including three closely related new species: C. glabrata sensu stricto, C. nivariensis, and C. bracarensis (Alcoba-Flórez et al. 2005

MAGDALENA SIKORA, ROBERT KUTHAN, KATARZYNA PISKORSKA-MALOLEPSZA, MARLENA GOLAS-PRADZYNSKA, DARIUSZ DOMAŃSKI, EWA AUGUSTYNOWICZ-KOPEĆ, EWA SWOBODA-KOPEC

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 303–308

research-article

Cryphodera gayae n. sp. (Nematoda: Heteroderidae), from root of Lagerstroemia indica in Korea

Cryphodera (Colbran, 1966) is a thick-cuticled non-cyst forming nematodes in the group of Heteroderinae. There are seven species of Cryphodera, all parasitic to various species of trees; they are C. brinkmani (Karssen and Van Aelst, 1999), C. coxi, C. nothophagi, C. podocarpi (Wouts, 1973), C. eucalypti (Colbran, 1966), C. kalesari (Bajaj et al., 1989) and C. sinensis (Zhuo et al., 2014). During a survey of plant-parasitic nematodes in Korea, a new species of the non-cyst forming nematode was

Heonil Kang, Jongmin Seo, Garam Han, Donggeun Kim, Insoo Choi

Journal of Nematology , 1–12

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