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research-paper | 14-June-2019

Pain catastrophizing is associated with altered EEG effective connectivity during pain-related mental imagery

INTRODUCTION The subjective experience of pain depends on various biopsychological factors, including pain catastrophizing (Melzack and Wall, 1965; Turk and Rudy, 1992). The tendency to catastrophize about pain was found to be one of the strongest predictors of negative pain-related outcomes leading to heightened pain intensity or lowered pain threshold (Beneciuk et al., 2010; Kjøgx et al., 2016), increased psychological distress in response to pain (Kjogx, 2016), inefficient disengagement from

Magdalena A. Ferdek, Agnieszka K. Adamczyk, Clementina M. van Rijn, Joukje M. Oosterman, Miroslaw Wyczesany

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 1, 53–72

Review | 25-September-2018

The diagnosis and management of shoulder pain

Diagnosis is crucial in decision-making when treating a patient with shoulder pain. Ultrasound is also very important in the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway, especially when surgery is being considered. This article outlines the diagnostic pathway using the patient’s history, physical examination and ultrasound examination. It is important to correlate the clinical assessment with the imaging signs. It is also important to treat the patient and not the images as there may be abnormalities

Gina M. Allen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 234–239

Research Article | 30-March-2018

The sonoanatomy of lumbar erector spinae and its iliac attachment – the potential substrate of the iliac crest pain syndrome, an ultrasound study in healthy subjects

BackgroundIliac crest pain syndrome is a regional pain syndrome that has been identified in many patients with low back pain. Based on anatomical studies, it was suggested that the potential substrate of this syndrome might be the enthesis of the erector spinae muscle at the posterior medial iliac crest. As there have been no imaging studies of this important enthesis, our aim was to assess its characteristics by ultrasound.MethodsErector spinae enthesis was first studied in a cadaver. Then its

Plamen Todorov, Rodina Nestorova, Anastas Batalov

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 16–21

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Antiallodynic effect of intrathecal resiniferatoxin on neuropathic pain model of chronic constriction injury

Introduction: Injuries and/or dysfunctions in the somatosensory system can lead to neuropathic pain. Transient receptor potential vanilloid sub-type 1 (TRPV1) play an important role in the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia following injury and the ensuing inflammatory conditions. Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is an ultrapotent synthetic TRPV1 agonist and many different administration routes are available for different mechanisms and different effects. RTX is used intraperitonially as a model of

Julia Risso Parisi, Ana Laura Martins de Andrade, Josie Resende Torres Silva, Marcelo Lourenço Silva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 317–322

Article | 30-November-2018

The quest for identity through bodily pain: Female abjection in the literary work of Igiaba Scego

Introduction A recurring aspect of contemporary migrant narratives, be they literary, cinematic or aesthetic, is the representation and problematising of such concepts as home, belonging and identity. In the present article, I focus on how three of the protagonists in the literary works of Igiaba Scego, an Italian-Somali author, undergo processes of bodily pain in order to come to terms with their identity which, in the terminology of postcolonial studies, is characterised by hybridity and in

Camilla Skalle

Borderlands, Volume 18 , ISSUE 1, 64–87

research-article | 30-November-2020

Intra-examiner and inter-examiner reliability of rehabilitative ultrasound imaging for lumbar multifidus and anterolateral abdominal muscles in females with recurrent low back pain: an observational, cross-sectional study

Introduction The point prevalence of activity-limiting low back pain (LBP) is 7.3 percent, indicating that about 540 million people worldwide have LBP which could be considered the first cause of disability worldwide(1). The pain source in 90% of LBP cases is unknown. It is estimated that 25% of patients with acute low back pain are more likely to have recurrent low back pain (RLBP) in the first year after total recovery(2). Some studies have reported changes in trunk muscle patterns, such as

Hamid Zamani, Mahdi Dadgoo, Mohammad Akbari, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammadreza Pourahmadi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 286–293

Article | 20-July-2021

Effectiveness of different psychological interventions in reducing fixed orthodontic pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Background/Objective: Pain induced by tooth movement is a common experience for orthodontic patients. The effectiveness of psychological intervention, as a new approach to control pain, has not been fully explored. Hence, this systematic review and meta-analysis is intended to evaluate the analgesic effect of psychological intervention within the week after fixed orthodontic initial arch wire placement. Methods: A computerised literature search was conducted in the Medline (1966-2019), Embase

Chong Feng, Chenzhou Wu, Zhaowei Jiang, Linkun Zhang, Xizhong Zhang

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 195–209

Article | 30-July-2021

The effects of blocking N/OFQ receptors on orofacial pain following experimental tooth movement in rats

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide receptor (N/OFQ receptor) antagonist on orofacial pain induced by experimental tooth movement in rats. Methods: A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200–300 g were divided into six groups: a control group, force group, force+saline intraperitoneal group, force+saline periodontal group, force+UFP-101 ([Nphe1,Arg14,Lys15]N/OFQ-NH2; antagonist for N/OFQ receptor) intraperitoneal group

Di Shan, Yuwei He, Hu Long, Yang Zhou, He Liu, Rui Xu, Renhuan Huang, Wenli Lai

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 206–210

Research paper | 01-November-2017

USING THE DAY RECONSTRUCTION METHOD TO QUANTIFY TIME SPENT SUFFERING AMONG OLDER ADULTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN

also measure suffering from negative symptoms, such as pain and fatigue, in 122 older adults, most of whom suffer from chronic pain. Results indicated that the method was well tolerated in this population, with over 98% of the sample providing interpretable responses. Chronic pain respondents reported spending a considerable proportion of their day suffering from pain, fatigue, and depression; a much higher proportion than reported by healthy controls (p’s < .01). Time spent suffering was

Dylan M. Smith

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 429–440

Article | 30-July-2021

The effect of benzocaine and ketoprofen gels on pain during fixed orthodontic appliance treatment: a randomised, double-blind, crossover trial

Aims: To compare the analgesic effect of topical benzocaine (5%) and ketoprofen (1.60 mg/mL) after 2 mm activation of 7 mm long delta loops used for maxillary en-masse orthodontic space closure. Subjects and methods: Twenty patients (seven males, 13 females, 15–25 years of age, mean age of 19.5 years) participated in a randomised crossover, double-blind trial. After appliance activation, participants were instructed to use analgesic gels and record pain perception at 2, 6, 24 hours and 2

Ladan Eslamian, Ali Borzabadi-Farahani, Hadi Gholami

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 64–72

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

Objective: High resolution ultrasonography is a non-painful and non-invasive imaging technique which is useful for the assessment of shoulder pain causes, as clinicalexamination often does not allow an exact diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare the fi ndings of clinical examination and high resolution ultrasonographyin patients presenting with painful shoulder. Methods: Non-interventional observational study of 100 adult patients suffering from unilateral shoulder pain

Raphael Micheroli, Diego Kyburz, Adrian Ciurea, Beat Dubs, Martin Toniolo, Samuel Pascal Bisig, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 29–44

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Acute cold allodynia induced by oxaliplatin is attenuated by amitriptyline

Oxaliplatin is a third-generation, platinum-based antitumor drug used to treat colorectal cancer. Since its main adverse effect is neuropathic pain resulting from chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), this drug is used to study the neurobiology of CIPN in rodents and to search for analgesics that could attenuate neuropathic pain symptoms – cold and tactile allodynia that develop in most of the oxaliplatin-treated subjects. In this research, testing across various temperatures, we

Anna Furgała, Robert Sałat, Kinga Sałat

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 315–321

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Comparison of high resolution ultrasonography with clinical findings in patients with ankle pain

Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of high resolution ultrasonography for the assessment of painful ankle joint as compared with the clinical findings. Material and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 136 patients having history of ankle pain and referred to the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging for ultrasonography. Statistical analysis: Comparison of ultrasonography findings and clinical findings was done using McNemar Test. Results

Kunwarpal Singh, Chuni Lal Thukral, Kamlesh Gupta, Avtar Singh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 316–324

research-article | 08-March-2021

Role of ultrasound in the diagnosis of paediatric acute osteomyelitis

Introduction Acute limb pain and swelling are a common entity in the paediatric setting, caused by various aetiologies, however in certain circumstances – such as acute osteomyelitis (AOM) – early diagnosis and management are essential to prevent serious sequelae(1). Acute osteomyelitis refers to acute infection of the bone and/or bone marrow with a duration of infection prior to treatment of less than 2 weeks. In subacute osteomyelitis, the duration of infection prior to treatment is 2 weeks

Amit Kumar Paliwal, Ravinder Sahdev, Ankur Deshwal, Birma Ram

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 34–40

Article | 20-July-2021

Comparison of chewing gum and ibuprofen in alleviating orthodontic pain: a single centre, randomised clinical trial

Background: The aim of the present three-arm parallel trial was to compare the effectiveness of chewing gum and ibuprofen in the control of orthodontic pain. Methods: Patients to undergo orthodontic treatment at a private orthodontic clinic were randomly divided into three parallel groups, each of which took either a placebo, ibuprofen or chewing gum. The eligibility criteria included patients in the full permanent dentition with moderate crowding requiring the extraction of two mandibular and

Mohadeseh Delavarian, Mohammad Moslem Imani, Fatemeh Delavarian, Shahin Bayani

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 38–44

Review | 30-November-2014

Neurobiological Findings in Youth with Borderline Personality Disorder

, neuropsychology, neuroendocrinology, genetics, and pain perception, and it aims to integrate these findings in a developmental psychopathology model of BPD. In studies of clinical samples of adults with BPD, structural imaging studies revealed abnormalities predominantly in the frontolimbic areas. Disturbances in emotional information processing—particularly involving negative stimuli—may mediate affective dysregulation as a core feature of BPD. Genetic studies could reveal that the stability of BPD traits in

Romuald Brunner, Romy Henze, Julia Richter, Michael Kaess

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 22–30

Research paper | 25-July-2017

Inhibition of neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthase does not affect the analgesic effects of NMDA antagonists in visceral inflammatory pain

Previously we described the antinociceptive effect of magnesium sulfate and dizocilpine (MK-801) in the visceral and somatic rat models of pain. In the somatic model of pain, we established the influence of selective inhibitors of neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthase on the antihyperalgesic effects of magnesium sulfate and dizocilpine. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine in the rat model of visceral pain whether same mechanisms are involved in the

Dragana Srebro, Sonja Vučković, Milica Prostran

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 2, 110–116

research-article | 30-November-2019

The modulatory role of β-amyloid in the regulation of nociception in mice

tangles, which also contain β-amyloid peptide (Sojkova and Resnick, 2011). Several lines of clinical evidence have demonstrated nociceptive changes in patients with AD. For example, Benedetti et al. (1999) reported that pain tolerance was increased in Alzheimer’s patients. However, the relationship between AD pathology and pain perception is still rather unclear (Monroe et al., 2012). An earlier study demonstrated that β-amyloid acts as a blocking mediator in amyloid precursor protein (APP) over

Jing Hui Feng, Hee Jung Lee, Su Min Sim, Madhuri Shende, Hong Won Suh

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 4, 358–363

research-article | 08-March-2021

Shear wave elastography detects novel imaging biomarkers of aromatase inhibitor–induced joint pain: a pilot study

patients on AI therapy are musculoskeletal-related symptoms including joint pain and joint stiffness, with up to 50% of women reporting joint-related symptoms(4,5). Musculoskeletal-related symptoms manifest early after initiation of AI therapy and worsen for up to 1 year(6,7). A number of studies have revealed high discontinuation of AIs (31–73%) and low adherence (41–72%) after 5 years(8). A large observational study (n = 12,391) showed that 32–50% of women were considered nonadherent to the AI

Jessica A. Martinez, Mihra S. Taljanovic, Russell S. Witte, Andres A. Nuncio Zuniga, Betsy C. Wertheim, C. Kent Kwoh, Brian A. Goldstein, Denise J. Roe, Pavani Chalasani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 1–6

research-article | 30-September-2019

The use of a probe stabilizer to reduce musculoskeletal overload of ultrasound operators in routine diagnostic echocardiographic imaging

, this was a pilot study with a short follow-up which not registered the number of actual work-related injuries. Secondly, we only collected data on movements of shoulder and wrist because these are the body parts most prone for injuries(5,6). In future studies it should be considered to also analyse the effect on the neck, back, and hands, since these are also often mentioned locations of pain and discomfort(3,17). Moreover, our study included only men with a good apical acoustic window. Therefore

Sjoerd Bouwmeester, Marloes de Kleijn, Jan van Wijngaarden, Patrick Houthuizen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 193–197

case-report | 08-March-2021

Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy managed by ultrasound-guided hydrodissection – a case report

Introduction There are a myriad of causes for upper thoracic and medial scapular pain. Dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy (DSNEN) is a rare cause of this symptom(1,2). We report a case of dorsal scapular nerve entrapment neuropathy that was managed successfully with ultrasound-guided hydrodissection. Based on our knowledge, we believe this to be the first such case reported in the literature. Case report A 40-year-old male presented with 3 years’ history of unilateral localised pain

Gaurav Kant Sharma, Rajesh Botchu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 74–76

Case report | 25-September-2018

Ultrasound findings in extragenital endometriosis

We present a report on ultrasound findings in extragenital endometriosis and a literature review accompanied by illustrations. Intestinal endometriosis should be considered in female patients of reproductive age who present with constipation, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, cramp-like abdominal pain, diarrhoea and pelvic pain. Although definitive preoperative diagnosis of endometriosis is difficult, clinical suspicion and appropriate imaging might prevent extensive surgical

Yi Dong, Barbara Braden, Christoph Klinger, Tomás Ripolles, Christoph F. Dietrich

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 247–254

research-article | 15-June-2020

A case of ultrasound diagnosis of retroperitoneal lesion caused by unnoticed foreign body ingestion

admission, the patient was hospitalized in the Surgery Ward of a district hospital because of strong abdominal pain. On the first day of admission, laboratory tests were performed, showing a high serum CRP level (193 mg/l) and an elevated WBC count with accompanying normal serum pancreatic enzyme activity, bilirubin, AST, ALT and GGTP levels. An US (ultrasound) examination showed a hypoechoic, polycyclic lesion of unknown origin, adjacent to the pancreatic body and tail, measuring 35 × 28 × 50 mm

Wojciech Tynecki, Andrzej Tynecki, Agata Grobelna, Tomasz Baranowski, Grzegorz Siemiaszko, Tomasz Łapiński, Julia Wilczek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e151–e153

research-article | 30-November-2019

Physical activity and environmental enrichment: Behavioural effects of exposure to different housing conditions in mice

after stroke in young male Sprague-Dawley rats (Buchhold et al., 2007). In male Wistar rats, these complex environments have also been shown to attenuate the impairment in cognitive flexibility induced by basal forebrain lesions (De Bartolo et al., 2008), and improve spatial learning in rats with subicular lesion-induced neurodegeneration (Dhanushkodi et al., 2007). Different enriched environments can also have differential effects on pain sensitivity in rats; in particular, more complex enriched

Raisa Rabadán, Marta Ramos-Campos, Rosa Redolat, Patricia Mesa-Gresa

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 4, 374–385

research-article | 18-December-2020

Elasticity of the coracohumeral ligament in patients with frozen shoulder following rotator interval injection: a case series

roof of the rotator interval, and the long head of biceps tendon sheath below Fig. 5. Shoulder manipulation technique. The patient is asked to demonstrate their range of motion before the injection is performed, and following the procedure is gently helped into elevation, external rotation and internal rotation using a gentle stretching motion Patients were assessed pre-injection with documented pain scores from 0 to 10 on a visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS

David McKean, Siok Li Chung, Rebecca te Water Naudé, Bernard McElroy, Jonathan Baxter, Aniruddha Pendse, Joseph Papanikitas, James Teh, Richard Hughes

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 300–306

case-report | 18-June-2021

Infraspinatus atrophy due to Bennett lesion causing suprascapular nerve palsy

Case report A 19-year-old professional volleyball player presented to the emergency department complaining of long-standing and progressively worsening right shoulder pain, which exacerbated during sports activity. Physical examination revealed right subtle supraspinatus and obvious infraspinatus muscle atrophy. The range of motion was preserved, and there were no signs of instability or muscle weakness. There was no neck pain, numbness, or tingling in her arm or any previous shoulder

Juan Miranda Bautista, Javier Fernández-Jara, Santiago Miranda Bautista, Pablo Menéndez Fernández-Miranda, María Valencia Mora, Begoña Gutiérrez San José, Mateo González Estévez, Blanca Mur Molina, Patricia Patilla Vázquez

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e177–e181

Review | 28-June-2019

Ultrasound features of sole of foot pathology: a review

Introduction This review aims to provide an overview of common pathologies affecting the sole and their ultrasound and MRI correlates. Specifically, it will consider abnormalities of the plantar fascia, including plantar fasciitis, plantar fascia tears and plantar fibromatosis, in addition to Baxter’s neuropathy, epidermal inclusion cysts, foreign bodies and adventitial bursitis. Together, these encompass significant sources of foot pain(1). Familiarity with these pathologies and their

Claire Filippini, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 145–151

Research paper | 01-August-2017

The false-positive responses of analgesic drugs to the intradermal serotonin- and compound 48/80-induced scratches as an animal model of itch

Intradermal injection of pruritogens such as serotonin, histamine and compound 48/80 into the skin and then, the evaluation of the scratching behavior is the commonly used animal model to advance pruritic research and drug development. However, predictive validity of this model is poorly documented. There is a close interaction between itch and pain sensations with regard to mediation through an anatomically and functionally identical neuronal pathway. One approach is whether the existing

Fatih Ilkaya, Ozgur Yesilyurt, Melik Seyrek, Ozgur Gunduz, Tayfun Ide, Ahmet Akar, Ahmet Ulugol, Hasan Guzel, Ahmet Dogrul, Durmus Ucar, Caner Gunaydin

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 234–243

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Additive and antagonistic antinociceptive interactions between magnesium sulfate and ketamine in the rat formalin test

Because ketamine and magnesium block NMDA receptor activation by distinct mechanisms of action, we hypothesized that in a model of inflammatory pain in rats the combination of ketamine and magnesium might be more effective than ketamine alone. Antinociceptive activity was assessed by the formalin test in male Wistar rats (200–250 g). Animals were injected with 100 μL of 2.5% formalin to the plantar surface of the right hind paw. Data were recorded as the total time spent in pain-related

Katarina Savić Vujović, Sonja Vučković, Dolika Vasović, Branislava Medić, Nick Knežević, Milica Prostran

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 2, 137–146

Case report | 31-January-2019

Portal vein tumor thrombus from gastric cancer

Abstract A 53-year-old woman presented with left-sided abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting for the past 3 months with associated loss of appetite and weight. On physical examination, there was a large, ill-defined, firm mass at the epigastrium. Ultrasonography showed heterogeneously hypoechoic filling defect within the dilated main portal vein. The filling defect showed florid signals on Doppler mode and it appeared to be an extension of a larger periportal mass. Contrast enhanced abdominal

Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Santha Kumari Batumaly, Suryani Md Jusoh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 365–368

review-article | 15-October-2020

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: an overview

production (Wilson et al., 2018). Th17 cytokines – the disease accelerators Cytokines, which are proteins secreted by certain immune cells like macrophages etc. play a key role in inflammation and the development of pathological pain states (Zhang and An, 2007). Since NMOSD is an autoimmune disorder, cytokines play essential roles in disease progression. Several researchers who have analysed the cytokine levels in NMOSD found IL-6, IL-17, IL-21 and IL-1β, the Th17 cytokines to be elevated in majority

Pooja Ramakrishnan, Devipriya Nagarajan

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 256–272

research-article | 09-September-2021

Ultrasonography-guided sialolithotomy and stricture dilations of the major salivary glands: a preliminary study

(black arrow indicates the sialolith, white arrow indicates the retrieval basket) Fig. 4. Insertion of the guide wire under USG guidance with extraoral transducer (A), Insertion of the guide wire under USG guidance with intraoral transducer (B), advancing the retrieval basket through the submandibular duct (C), clinical appearance of retrieved sialoliths (D) No local anesthesia was needed for the procedures. The patients were instructed to alert the operator if pain occurred, although none

Kaan Orhan, Poyzan Bozkurt, Zeynep Serap Berktaş, Mehmet Hakan Kurt

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 237–243

Article | 01-June-2016

DESIGN OF SMART ROBOT FOR WRIST REHABILITATION

for wrist rehabilitation is designed. This robot is intended for repetitive exercises without therapist intervention. Hold the two sets of wrist movement: flexion/extension and radial/ulnar derivation. Distinguished by its compact mechanism design, the developed wrist rehabilitation robot (HRR) offers high stiffness with a total absence of any friction and backlash. Based on EMG signal, the smart robot can understand the patient pain degree. Two features extractions are used to estimate the pain

Ismail Ben Aabdallah, Yassine Bouteraa, Chokri Rekik

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 1029–1053

Case report | 09-October-2019

Hemolytic transfusion reaction attributable to anti-Dia  

(RBCs) in the apheresis unit as part of her regular treatment. When the patient started receiving the implicated unit, she reported back pain, chest pain, and a feeling of anxiety, suggestive of an acute transfusion reaction. The transfusion was ceased and an investigation of an adverse event was commenced. This case illustrates that the presence of antibodies to low-prevalence antigens remains a significant issue for transfusion-dependent individuals. To prevent other transfusion reactions by anti

Arthur J. Joyce, Kelli M Quantock, Ray Banh, Yew-Wah Liew

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 6–8

research-article | 30-November-2021

Aligner treatment: patient experience and influencing factors

Introduction Clear aligner treatment has become increasingly popular due to its advantages of aesthetics, periodontal health,1 and chair time efficiency.2 It has been reported that the major reason for patients who chose aligners over traditional fixed appliances was for aesthetics.3 Patient experience of aligner treatment and influencing factors are still poorly understood and controversial. For example, patients treated with clear aligners have reported a relatively lower level of pain and

Lin Xu, Hanshi Li, Li Mei, Yuan Li, Pokam Wo, Yu Li

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 38 , ISSUE 1, 88–95

review-article | 18-June-2021

US-guided high-volume injection for Achilles tendinopathy

physical activity(5). Achilles tendinopathy as a clinical syndrome is characterized by a combination of pain, swelling, and impaired performance(6). Conservative or physical therapies are established as first-line management, with eccentric loading exercises considered as the gold standard in the initial treatment(7). Despite the initiation of therapy, a significant proportion of patients continue to have symptoms even after ten years(8). About one-third of these non-responders eventually require

George A. Kakkos, Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e127–e133

Article | 21-April-2020

Severe hemolytic anemia due to auto anti-N

Auto anti-N is infrequently encountered and, in most reported cases,does not cause clinical hemolysis. This case reports an auto anti-N associated with severe hemolytic anemia (Hb = 2.7 g/dL) in a 6-year-old Caucasian girl with a history of vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. Upon admission, she was found to have a metabolic acidosis,secondary to her severe anemia,with abnormal liver function tests. As in three other case reports,the autoimmune hemolytic anemia resolved,with disappearance of

Caroline C. Immel, Myra McPherson, Shauna N. Hay, Linda R. Braddy, Mark E. Brecher

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 63–65

research-article | 28-September-2020

Perianal lesions as an unusual first manifestation of Crohn’s disease in pediatric patients – case series

patient’s immune response. The disease develops when impairment of the mechanisms underlying the immune response to internal microorganisms occurs in susceptible persons. Typical primary symptoms of the disease usually include abdominal pain and cramping, recurrent diarrhea, fever and weight loss. Fatigue and anorexia are sometimes also present, as well as rectal bleeding or bloody diarrhea, especially in patients with colonic involvement. Clinical forms of the disease depend on the location of the

Monika Zbroja, Weronika Cyranka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Agnieszka Brodzisz, Magdalena Maria Woźniak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 222–225

Case report | 25-January-2018

Clinical and health economic benefits of out-patient lumbar microdiscectomies in Australia.

, demographical, surgical and economic measures were collected including a 10-point visual analogue pain scale (VAS), patient satisfaction, direct and indirect costs of treatment. Patients included had a single level lumbar disc prolapse with persistent disabling sciatica of more than 8 weeks consistent with failure of conservative measures. Results: Twenty-one out-patient and forty-one in-patient microdiscectomy patients were treated over this period. Post operatively pain levels showed a significant

Alison Magee, Ivan P Bhaskar, Paul Ilett, Michael A Murphy, Yi-Yuen Wang

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 2, –

research-article | 28-September-2020

Gallbladder-duodenal fistula detected by ultrasound – a case report

Introduction Intestinal fistulas involving the gallbladder are a rare complication of cholelithiasis, occurring in 5% (or less) of patients who presented with cholelithiasis(1). The most common biliary-enteric fistula is, however, cholecystoduodenal fistula(2). The reported case concerns a 54-year-old female patient who presented to the emergency department with pain in the epigastric region and no signs of peritonitis. An ultrasound (US) scan suggested chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis

Dominika Jaguś, Aakanksha Karthik, Zhi Ying Tan, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Ewa Białek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 214–217

Case report | 29-September-2017

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous aspiration of adventitial cysts in the occluded popliteal artery – clinical results and MR findings at 5-year follow-up

resolution of symptoms and no calf pain 5 years after the proce­dure. MR findings and resolution of symptoms in these two patients show the efficacy of percutaneous adventitial cyst aspiration in a 5-year follow-up.

Grzegorz Rosiak, Krzysztof Milczarek, Andrzej Cieszanowski, Olgierd Rowiński

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 212–216

case-report | 28-June-2019

A developmental variant of the thyroid cartilage

Case report A 32 year-old woman was referred for a neck sonography (US) due to a history of pain in the right submandibular area. Her past medical history was negative. On ultrasound, the thyroid gland, the parotid and sub-mandibular glands were normal. We noted three homogenously hypoechoic well-defined avascular foci of up to 4 mm: two right-sided and one left-sided in the thyroid cartilage (Fig. 1). Fig. 1. Sagittal ultrasound images of the neck demonstrating hypoechoic well-defined

Sanaa Jamali, Etienne Danse

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 171–172

Case report | 29-June-2016

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

This article presents a patient with a long history of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy and Charcot disease. The most common cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy, called Charcot osteoarthropathy, is poorly controlled diabetes. The clinical picture is characterized by considerable edema, redness and increased skin temperature with relatively slight pain due to injury to nerve fibers responsible for pain sensation. The differential diagnosis should include bacterial or

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 210–215

case-report | 08-March-2021

Paediatric small-bowel intussusception on ultrasound – a case report with differentiating features from the ileocolic subtype

Introduction Intussusception is a common cause of acute abdomen in the paediatric age group. It occurs when a portion of the bowel telescopes into the adjacent bowel segment. The most common subtype in the paediatric age group is ileocolic, followed by small-bowel intussusception. Intussusception, if not promptly diagnosed and treated, may progress to bowel necrosis with its associated morbidity and mortality. Most cases present with acute pain in the abdomen, and the usual diagnostic approach

Pushkar Mendiratta, Anurav Yadav, Nitin Borse

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 70–73

Case report | 14-December-2020

Case report and review: alloimmunization, delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction, and clinically significant anti-Yta in a patient with ß-thalassemia/sickle cell anemia

A 26-year-old female with ß-thalassemia/sickle cell anemia was admitted to the hospital with symptoms of a painful crisis. During the next 4 days her hematocrit decreased to 13 percent, and there was reticulocytopenia. She was transfused with four units of red blood cells that were microscopically incompatible, and the hematocrit increased to 29 percent. Eight days later the patient was readmitted with back pain, hemoglobinuria, and a hematocrit of 27 percent. Anti-E, -c, -Jka, and -Yta

Christopher D. Hillyer, Jacquelynn M. Hall, Karen O. Tiegerman, Eugene M. Berkman

Immunohematology, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 102–106

Case report | 13-September-2016

Abnormal portal vein waveform as an indicator of constrictive pericarditis – a case report

We report a case of a 17-year-old patient referred to our outpatient Doppler Department due to clinical suspicion of liver cirrhosis. The patient presented with non-specifi c symptoms,such as malaise, pain in the right subcostal region, peripheral oedema. Until then,diagnostic imaging, including echocardiography was inconclusive. We performed the Doppler sonography of the portal system, which revealed normal diameter of the portal vein with abnormal, phasic and markedly pulsatile waveform

Joanna Ścieszka, Józefa Dąbek, Paweł Cieślik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 227–230

Case report | 31-August-2018

Embolization of iatrogenic renal arteriovenous fistula – a case report

Renal artery pseudoaneurysms and arteriovenous fistulae most often occur as an iatrogenic complication. The article discusses a case of a patient diagnosed with an arteriovenous fistula and a pseudoaneurysm. A 64-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital due to nonspecific pain in the lumbar region. Imaging showed a typical picture of clear cell renal carcinoma. The patient was qualified for surgical treatment. After tumor resection, the patient developed microhematuria. Arteriovenous fistula

Ewa Kuklik, Krzysztof Pyra, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło, Maria Tsitskari, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 170–173

Research Article | 23-May-2019

ORTHOMYXOVIRUSES – INFLUENZA AND OTHER VIRUSES

The Orthomyxoviruses is a family of viruses with its most common representatives being the influenza viruses (A, B, C and D types), which constitute a significant clinical problem. Influenza is a disease affecting animals and people. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and manifestes itself with such symptoms as coughing, sneezing, muscle pain or fever. Influenza often leads to complications, including pneumonia and myocarditis. In the past, influenza viruses were responsible for pandemics

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 138–144

Article | 20-July-2021

Retreatment of a skeletal Class II postpubescent patient with a convex facial profile and temporomandibular disorders

moderate skeletal Class II relationship within a long face. The patient had bilateral pain around the temporomandibular joints and her maximum mouth opening was only 11 mm. The treatment plan was to initially relieve the temporomandibular symptoms and then to retract the upper dentition using mini implants. Results: The patient’s mouth opening ability reached 37 mm and a significantly improved harmonious facial profile was achieved. Conclusions: Cases that present with previous unsuccessful

Jia-Nan Zhang, Si Chen, Chong Zhong, Feng-Yang Yu, Hai-Ping Lu

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 218–228

Case report | 13-September-2016

The value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of limited scleroderma – a case report

rheumatologist for plain radiography and ultrasound examination of hands due to pain and swelling of the fourth fi nger of the left hand. Dermal induration affecting hands, especially fourth fi nger on the left side and the Raynaud phenomenon were observed on physical examination. Furthermore, the patient had noticed periodic discharge with a toothpaste consistency from a tiny fi stula localised in the vicinity of the fourth fi nger alterations. The paper emphasises a possible application of the twinkling

Grzegorz Pracoń, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 326–331

Review | 25-September-2018

Polish recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine (POLLUS-IM)

, dyspnea, pleural pain and acute cough. Furthermore, seven additional statements were made regarding the technical conditions of lung ultrasound examination and the need for training in the basics of lung ultrasound in a group of doctors during their specialization programs and medical students. The panel of experts established a consensus on all 38 recommendations.

Natalia Buda, Wojciech Kosiak, Elżbieta Radzikowska, Robert Olszewski, Ewa Jassem, Elżbieta Magdalena Grabczak, Andrzej Pomiecko, Jakub Piotrkowski, Maciej Piskunowicz, Malwina Sołtysiak, Szymon Skoczyński, Grzegorz Jaczewski, Jolanta Odrowska, Agnieszka Skoczylas, Marcin Wełnicki, Jakub Wiśniewski, Anna Zamojska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 198–206

Review | 25-September-2018

Classifications and imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis

differentiate juvenile spondyloarthritis from other juvenile idiopathic arthritis subtypes. Sacroiliitis, and especially spondylitis, although infrequent in childhood, may manifest as low back pain. In clinical practice, radiographs of the sacroiliac joints or pelvis are performed in most of the cases even though magnetic resonance imaging offers more accurate diagnosis of sacroiliitis. Neither disease classification criteria nor imaging recommendations have taken this advantage into account in patients

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Iris Eshed, Lennart Jans, Nele Herregods, James Teh, Jelena Vojinovic

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 224–233

Research Article | 23-May-2019

RELAPSING FEVERS

%), B. turicatae (41%), B. Parkeri (51%). Symptoms of relapsing fevers transmitted by lice and by ticks are very similar. The following symptoms are characteristic for both types of relapsing fevers: high fever with sudden onset, chills, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, drowsiness, photophobia and cough.

Stanisława Tylewska-Wierzbanowska, Beata Fiecek, Tomasz Chmielewski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 41–46

research-article | 31-December-2019

Color Doppler ultrasound of spiral artery blood flow in mid first trimester (4–8 weeks) in cases of threatened abortion and in normal pregnancies

Introduction Threatened miscarriage is a clinical term for vaginal bleeding that occurs during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy where fetus is clinically supposed to be alive. This bleeding may or may not be associated with abdominal pain. About 1/5 of all pregnant females present with symptoms of threatened abortion in the first trimester and almost half of the women with threatened abortion result in pregnancy loss(1). Even women with threatened abortion and a living embryo have increased

Rohit Bhoil, Sushruti Kaushal, Reena Sharma, Jaswinder Kaur, Tanupriya Sharma, Rohini Thakur, Rakesh Sharma

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 255–260

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided injections in pelvic entrapment neuropathies

intermittent, but later pain usually becomes constant and more intense(3). Entrapment neuropathies in the pelvic region represent a group of chronic pain syndromes that significantly impede the quality of life and affect both genders(4). The nerves most frequently causing entrapment neuropathies in the pelvic region are the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, ischiadic nerve, genitofemoral nerve, pudendal nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, and obturator nerve (Fig. 1)(5). Entrapment neuropathies in the pelvic region

Urša Burica Matičič, Rok Šumak, Gregor Omejec, Vladka Salapura, Žiga Snoj

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e139–e146

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided treatment of Morton’s neuroma

pain reduction(2). Microscopic changes in MN include demyelination and fibrotic lesions with epineural hylinization of the interdigital nerve, vascular degeneration, and increase in sympathetic nerve fibers, typically at the third intermetatarsal space (IMS) along with interneural edema, and less frequently at the second and rarely at the fourth IMS(3–5). Patients with MN present with significant burning or sharp metatarsalgia either on the plantar or dorsal side of the foot, which can be

Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, George A. Kakkos, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e134–e138

Review Paper | 26-March-2014

Selected classical and novel antiepileptic drugs – mechanisms of action, neuroprotection, and effectiveness in epileptic and non-epileptic conditions

-gated ion channels (sodium or calcium ion channels). All reviewed AEDs possess neuroprotective activity, the weakest being carbamazepine. Apart from epilepsy, AEDs may be also used in the pharmacotherapy of migraine, neuropathic pain, spasticity, psychiatric disorders and Parkinsons’s or Alzheimer’s diseases. Conclusions. As highlighted above, around 30% of epileptic patients do not substantially benefit from AEDs. It is possible that rational combinations of AEDs, based upon

Magdalena Chrościńska-Krawczyk, Magdalena Wałek, Bożydar Tylus, Stanisław J. Czuczwar

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 1, 37–50

research-article | 30-September-2019

Differential diagnosis of fat-containing lesions in the inguinal canal using ultrasound

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 222–227

research-article | 30-November-2020

Reliability of knee joint sonography in the evaluation of gouty arthritis

Introduction The knee is a weight-bearing joint and can be affected by several pathological conditions ranging from a simple muscular sprain and strain to tendon and ligament tears, and bone fractures. Knee joint pain and disability is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders that accounts for the greatest proportion of visits to orthopedic clinics(1). >Knee joint sonography is the second common examination technique after shoulder sonography. It consumes a substantial amount of budget

Zafar Iqbal Anjum, Raham Bacha, Iqra Manzoor, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 300–305

Review | 24-February-2017

The value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of varicocele

A varicocele is described as pathologically enlarged, tortuous veins of the pampiniform plexus, leading to an increased testicular temperature and adrenal metabolite reflux into the testes. Varicocele can impair spermatogenesis and is considered to be the most common cause of male infertility. Patients may palpate a thickening in the scrotum or complain of dull scrotal or inguinal pain, which increases when standing or during erection. In the case of a sudden onset of varicocele in elderly men

Tomasz Lorenc, Leszek Krupniewski, Piotr Palczewski, Marek Gołębiowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 359–370

Review Article | 29-December-2017

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions

The chest wall is a vast and complex structure, hence the wide range of pathological conditions that may affect it. The aim of this publication is to discuss the usefulness of ultrasound for the diagnosis of benign lesions involving the thoracic wall. The most commonly encountered conditions include sternal and costal injuries and thoracic lymphadenopathy. Ultrasound is very efficient in identifying the etiology of pain experienced in the anterior chest wall following CPR interventions. Both

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 275–280

Research Article | 30-March-2018

Cartilaginous compression of the liver – clinical and ultrasonographic aspects

depends on body built and patient’s body position. The musculocartilaginous complex may cause focal or segmental compression of the hepatic parenchyma, causing pain in the right upper abdomen in some patients.

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 9–15

Case report | 21-March-2020

Hyperhemolytic transfusion reaction attributable to anti-Fy3 in a patient with sickle cell disease

possible anti-I specificity. A DAT performed on her RBCs was negative.RBC units that lacked E,C,Jkb,N,V,and S were transfused. Posttransfusion Hb was 8.9 g/dL. On day 10 she developed a fever of 103°F,and on day 11 her Hb decreased to 6.4 g/dL. She complained of severe back pain and dark urine. In addition,she became hypertensive,tachycardic,and jaundiced. The DAT indicated the presence of IgG on the patient’s RBCs. Anti-Fy3 was identified in the serum and eluate. During the next 24 hours,her

Meredith A. Reyes, Orieji C. Illoh

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 45–51

Article | 20-July-2021

Evaluation of treatment risks and the quality of information contained within the websites of specialist orthodontists

(health on the net) seal certification; and for readability, the Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) Test was applied. Results: Of the 105 websites that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 4.8% reported all nine risks. No risks were reported by 17.1%. Relapse (64.8%) was the most common risk recorded on websites, followed by ‘pain/discomfort’ (63.8%). Root resorption was reported by 5.7%. The requirement for life-long retention was indicated by 22.9% of the websites and 57.1% gave advice on

Maurice J. Meade, Craig W. Dreyer

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 35 , ISSUE 2, 143–151

Review | 30-June-2017

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

wrist ultrasound is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome. Ventral wrist evaluation is also often performed in patients with wrist pain of unclear etiology, rheumatic diseases, wrist injuries or symptoms of ulnar neuropathy. The aim of this paper is to present ultrasound images with corresponding anatomical schemes. The technique of ultrasound examination of the ventral wrist along with practical guidance to help obtain highly diagnostic

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 123–128

Review | 31-January-2019

The use of ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma injections in the treatment of hip osteoarthritis: a systematic review of the literature

significant pain reduction and functional improvement in patients with hip osteoarthritis. Larger future trials including a placebo group are required to further evaluate these promising results. Level of evidence: Level I, a systematic review of level I studies.

Mohammed Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Hussam Elamin Ahmed, Ajay Malviya, Ismael Atchia

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 332–337

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Significance of Infections in Implant Loss After Breast Reconstruction in the Course of Breast Cancer Treatment

implant was defined as surgical site infection (SSI) on the basis of clinical symptoms of infection when at least one of the following criteria was met: the purulent secretion from the drain placed in the operating space; tissue infection confirmed during reoperation; isolation of microorganisms from aseptically collected exudate/operated space, the presence of local symptoms such as redness and inflammatory infiltration, pain and elevated body temperature, as well as diagnosis of infection given by a

MARIA SZYMANKIEWICZ, TOMASZ NOWIKIEWICZ, MARTA BIEDKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 343–351

research-article | 30-November-2019

The effectiveness of changes to drug policy, regulation and legislation for reducing harms associated with opioids and supporting their medicinal use in Australia, Canada and the UK: A systematic review

To address the increasing risk of dependency, overdose and other problems associated with prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) opioids, and to continue to support their medicinal use, such as morphine for acute pain management (Schug et al., 2015), Australian, Canadian and United Kingdom (UK) governments and health organisations have implemented a number of changes to drug policy, legislation and/or regulation. Changes include increasing the availability of opioid agonist treatment in the UK

Ben O’Mara

Evidence Base, Volume 2020 , ISSUE 2, 79–110

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided musculoskeletal interventional procedures around the shoulder

(ACJ) osteoarthritis is the most common disorder involving this joint(6), and one of the main sources of chronic shoulder pain(7). Even though physiotherapy still represents the first treatment option(8), the injection of medications including anesthetics, corticosteroids, and hyaluronic acid may be considered in patients with persisting pain. In this setting, Aly et al. demonstrated that ACJ injections are significantly more accurate than palpation-guided injections, with an accuracy rate of 93.6

Silvia Tortora, Carmelo Messina, Salvatore Gitto, Vito Chianca, Francesca Serpi, Angelo Gambino, Luigi Pedone, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Domenico Albano

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e162–e168

Review | 20-July-2021

Clinical use of orthodontic mini-implants for intrusion and retraction: a systematic review

Background: Bimaxillary dental protrusion is common in many ethnic groups and is generally treated by the extraction of all first premolars. However, temporary anchorage devices (TADs) are currently gaining popularity and most studies have focused on anchorage loss, treatment duration, mini-implant success and failure rates, pain, discomfort and root resorption. Few studies have focused on the clinical effectiveness of implants for the intrusion and retraction of anterior teeth. Objectives: To

Sanjam Oswal, Sanket S. Agarkar, Sandeep Jethe, Sujata Yerawadekar, Pradeep Kawale, Sonali Deshmukh, Jayesh S. Rahalkar

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 36 , ISSUE 1, 87–100

Review | 13-September-2016

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 1: Dorsal wrist

. However, the knowledge of anatomy is crucial to establish a correct ultrasound diagnosis, also in wrist assessment. An ultrasound examination of the wrist is one of the most common US examinations conducted in patients with rheumatological diseases. Ultrasonographic signs depend on the advancement of the disease. The examination is equally frequently conducted in patients with pain or swelling of the wrist due to non-rheumatological causes. The aim of this publication was to present ultrasound images

Cyprian Olchowy, Mateusz Łasecki, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 172–188

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

Evaluation of musculoskeletal symptoms among physicians performing ultrasound

, and determining additional contributing factors. Results: 83% of the respondents have experienced work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSD). The study presents the detailed characteristics of the symptoms experienced by sonogra­phers in their work, and their professional profile. Conclusions: A majority of physicians performing ultrasound experience musculoskeletal pain. Deeper analysis of the underly­ing causes and potential correlations with given contributing factors (variables

Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 154–159

Original Paper | 25-September-2018

Ultrasonographic assessment of articular cartilage of the femoral condyle in patients with an increased Q-angle

Introduction: The patella is a sesamoid for the quadriceps, which increases its power during knee extension and thus transfers considerable forces. The etiology of patellofemoral pain is multifactorial. In the absence of injury, the commonly accepted hypothesis is associated with increased compression of articulating surfaces. Aim: The aim of the study was to perform an ultrasound evaluation of the thickness of articular cartilage covering the medial and lateral femoral condyle in patients with

Maciej Kusiak, Adam Kawczyński

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 181–185

Research Article | 26-September-2018

Pathogenic Potential of Fresh, Frozen, and Thermally Treated Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) (Nematoda: Anisakidae) after Oral Inoculation into Wistar Rats: A Histopathological Study

The third-stage (L3) larvae of Anisakis are the etiological agents of human anisakiasis caused by consumption of raw or undercooked seafood infected with anisakid nematodes. Infection with these worms is associated with abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea and can lead to massive infiltration of eosinophils and the formation of granulomas in the gastrointestinal tract if the larvae are not removed. Food allergy affects populations worldwide, and despite several reports on the presence of the

KAREEM MORSY, ABEER MAHMOUD BADR, FATHY ABDEL-GHAFFAR, SOMAYA EL DEEB, SAMAR EBEAD

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 4, 427–436

Review | 30-November-2018

Stress echocardiography. Part I: Stress echocardiography in coronary heart disease

programmer for the implanted permanent pacemaker. Stress echo protocols Exercise tests Stress test may be performed on a treadmill or a cycle ergometer in a sitting or semi-recumbent position on the left side. Bruce protocol is used for treadmill: step increments by 25 W every 3 minutes until termination criteria are reached (85% of max heart rate, contractility disorders, severe anginal pain, ST elevation in ECG, and maximum stress load). Pharmacological stress echo Dobutamine tests Dobutamine is

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Andrzej Gackowski, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Andrzej Szyszka, Wojciech Braksator, Zbigniew Gąsior, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Piotr Pysz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 45–48

Case report | 16-March-2020

Autoantibody formation after alloimmunization inducing bystander immune hemolysis

pregnancies 40 years before, but no history of RBC transfusion, and her antibody screen was negative. On the tenth day after transfusion her hemoglobin dropped, and alloanti-c was identified in her serum and eluate. At this time she received another two units of compatible blood according to her phenotype (group O, R1R1, K:-1). After 48 hours, she developed joint pain, pyrexia, and hemoglobinuria, and her Hb dropped from 9.2 g/dL to 5.3 g/ dL. The direct antiglobulin test was positive, an IgG autoantibody

Mariza Mota, C. Bley, M.G. Aravechia, N. Hamerschlak, A. Sakashita, J.M. Kutner, L. Castilho

Immunohematology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 9–12

Article | 15-August-2021

A multi-centre evaluation of multiple supernumerary premolar prevalence

type in a Turkish population. Materials and methods: The clinical records and panoramic radiographs of 10,700 patients (referred to three different university hospitals) were retrospectively examined for the presence of supernumerary premolars. Age, gender, orthodontic malocclusion type, the number of supernumerary premolars (two or more), the distribution, location, position (vertical, horizontal, inverted, mesio-angular), surgical approach, and related complications (pain, cystic changes, root

Kaan Gunduz, Hakan Avsever, Kaan Orhan, Gözde Canıtezer, Aydan Acikgoz, Ulas Oz, Muhammet Midilli

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 149–156

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of postoperative neuropathies

). Mean values of cross-sectional areas and diameters of the nerve trunks were calculated in individual pathology groups. The ultrasound features of the peripheral nerves analyzed in the study, such as echostructure, notch sign, hyperemia and continuity of the transverse ligament, were divided into subgroups. Moreover, the frequency of adhesions between the nerve trunks and adjacent tissues, occurrence of pain on compression with a transducer and instability of the ulnar nerve as well as angulation of

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 151–163

Review | 29-September-2017

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part I: Examination methodology and ultrasound anatomy

patients. Doppler and panoramic imaging options are essential. The indications for chest wall ultrasound include localized pain or lesions found or suspected on imaging with other modalities (conventional radiography, CT, MR or scintigraphy). The investigated pathological condition should be scanned in at least two planes. Sometimes, evaluation during deep breathing permits identification of pathologi­cal mobility (e.g. in rib or sternum fractures, slipping rib syndrome). Several structures

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 197–205

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Effects of social stress and clomipramine on emotional memory in mice

conclusion, CSDS induces anxiety and impairs emotional memory in mice; the negative effects of CSDS on memory appear to be attenuated by clomipramine, and these detrimental effects do not seem to be secondary to the effects of CSDS on locomotor activity, emotionality or pain sensitivity.

Aranzazu Duque, Concepción Vinader-Caerols, Santiago Monleón

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 225–233

research-article | 30-November-2017

MODERN MATERIAL SOLUTIONS APPLIED IN PEDIATRIC FACILITIES

. Moreover, the paper discusses the Polish guidelines for the selection of building materials suitable for interior arrangements of this type of units. A hospital is a traumatic place for children. Regardless of the situation, whether the youngest patients had prior experiences with staying at a medical facility, or if it is their first visit, the hospital is an environment associated with pain and fear, implying a potential separation from family as well as remoteness from the everyday habitat. The

Agnieszka GĘBCZYŃSKA-JANOWICZ, Bogusława KONARZEWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 13–24

research-article | 15-June-2020

Do ankle, hindfoot, and heel ultrasound findings predict the symptomatology and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis patients?

were examined by a rheumatologist with 4 years’ experience in rheumatology (IP) following a pre-established protocol. Demographic data and the presence of pain at the level of each ankle, quantified by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), were recorded. The status of symptomatic ankle was established by the presence of pain at the level of the ankle (patient’s personal assessment) at the time of enrollment in the study. The swollen and tender joints were counted. The postural deformities of the arches of

Oana Șerban, Iulia Papp, Corina Delia Bocșa, Mihaela Cosmina Micu, Maria Bădărînză, Adriana Albu, Daniela Fodor

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e70–e82

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound evaluation of the scapholunate ligament and scapholunate joint space in patients with wrist complaints in a rheumatologic setting

the wrist(5). Both calcium pyrophosphate dihydrates (CPPD) crystal deposition disease (CPDD) arthropathy and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are rheumatologic conditions associated with wrist instability and SLAC(6–9). In case of nontraumatic wrist pain, and especially in the suspicion of rheumatologic diseases, the evaluation of internal wrist derangement is often neglected, as the majority of clinical and imaging studies are focused on synovitis(10). Moreover, even if ultrasound (US) and power Doppler

Paolo Falsetti, Edoardo Conticini, Caterina Baldi, Marco Bardelli, Suhel Gabriele Al Khayyat, Roberto D’Alessandro, Luca Cantarini, Bruno Frediani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e105–e111

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of posttraumatic neuropathies

dynamic examination was performed, and it was attempted to induce pain or paresthesia by palpation at the site of the visualized pathology. Additionally, the motor and sensory–motor nerves were assessed indirectly based on the images of the skeletal muscles innervated by these nerves. The analyses of the collected material were performed by means of descriptive statistics. The results of clinical and surgical verifi cation were consistent with ultrasound fi ndings in 100% of cases. The results

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 15–28

Review Article | 31-March-2017

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 2

to pain ailments. The indication for performing the examination in acute inflammation is the suspicion of prostate abscess. In chronic, exacerbating prostatitis it is possible to perform an intraprostatic antibiotic injection. In the recent years increased morbidity and detectability of prostate gland cancer is observed among men. In Poland it ranks second (13%) among diseases occurring in men. The indication for an endorectal examination is the necessity to assess the size of the prostate gland

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 43–58

case-report | 23-November-2017

Lubag Syndrome (X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism) Case Study of Mr G. Infante

back pain, decline in gait with frequent falls, dysphagia that progressed to the point of significant dietary modification and weight loss from 85.7 kilograms to 68 kilograms in three months. When Mr Infante came to Australia for treatment he was wheelchair bound and required maximum assistance for his everyday needs. The story of how Mr Infante came to the Mater Centre of Neurosciences is quite remarkable. Following successful DBS implantation for XDP, Mr Infante’s uncle discussed his case with

Vincent Cheah

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 7–10

Case report | 09-October-2019

A suspected delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction mediated by anti-Joa

-Joa and anti-Jkb. Fortunately, the transfused RBC unit was Jk(b–). Therefore, the crossmatch incompatibility was attributed to anti-Joa, which targets a highprevalence antigen found in 100 percent of most populations. Two weeks after discharge, the patient returned in sickle vasoocclusive pain crisis. The patient was clinically stable, but her Hb was 6.7 g/dL.  One unit of Fy(a–), Jk(b–), C–, E–, K–, HbS– RBCs, which was weakly crossmatch-incompatible

Ryan P. Jajosky, Wendy C. Lumm, Scott C. Wise, Roni J. Bollag, James F. Shikle

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 73–75

Review | 07-September-2016

Internal snapping hip syndrome in dynamic ultrasonography

Snapping hip syndrome is an audible or palpable snap in a hip joint during movement which may be accompanied by pain or locking. It is typically seen in young athletes performing activities requiring repeated extreme movements of the hip. It may also follow a physical trauma, intramuscular injections or surgeries. There are two main forms of snapping hip: extra- or intra-articular. Extra-articular snapping hip is elicited by an abnormal movement of specific tendons and is divided into two forms

Małgorzata Piechota, Jarosław Maczuch, Jarosław Skupiński, Karolina Kukawska-Sysio, Wojciech Wawrzynek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 296–303

Original Paper | 07-September-2016

Inter-rater reliability in the classification of supraspinatus tendon tears using 3D ultrasound – a question of experience?

sonographer with different levels of experience.Patients and methodsNon-interventional, prospective, observational pilot study of 2309 images of 127 adult patients suffering from unilateral shoulder pain. 3D ultrasound image sets were scored by three raters independently. The intra-and interrater reliabilities were calculated.ResultsThere was an excellent intra-rater reliability of rater A in the overall classification of supraspinatus tendon tears (2D vs 3D κ = 0.892, pairwise reliability 93.81%, 3D

Giorgio Tamborrini, Christian Marx, Raphael Micheroli

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 252–259

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