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Pain catastrophizing is associated with altered EEG effective connectivity during pain-related mental imagery

INTRODUCTION The subjective experience of pain depends on various biopsychological factors, including pain catastrophizing (Melzack and Wall, 1965; Turk and Rudy, 1992). The tendency to catastrophize about pain was found to be one of the strongest predictors of negative pain-related outcomes leading to heightened pain intensity or lowered pain threshold (Beneciuk et al., 2010; Kjøgx et al., 2016), increased psychological distress in response to pain (Kjogx, 2016), inefficient disengagement from

Magdalena A. Ferdek, Agnieszka K. Adamczyk, Clementina M. van Rijn, Joukje M. Oosterman, Miroslaw Wyczesany

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 53–72


The diagnosis and management of shoulder pain

Diagnosis is crucial in decision-making when treating a patient with shoulder pain. Ultrasound is also very important in the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway, especially when surgery is being considered. This article outlines the diagnostic pathway using the patient’s history, physical examination and ultrasound examination. It is important to correlate the clinical assessment with the imaging signs. It is also important to treat the patient and not the images as there may be abnormalities

Gina M. Allen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 234–239

Research Article

The sonoanatomy of lumbar erector spinae and its iliac attachment – the potential substrate of the iliac crest pain syndrome, an ultrasound study in healthy subjects

BackgroundIliac crest pain syndrome is a regional pain syndrome that has been identified in many patients with low back pain. Based on anatomical studies, it was suggested that the potential substrate of this syndrome might be the enthesis of the erector spinae muscle at the posterior medial iliac crest. As there have been no imaging studies of this important enthesis, our aim was to assess its characteristics by ultrasound.MethodsErector spinae enthesis was first studied in a cadaver. Then its

Plamen Todorov, Rodina Nestorova, Anastas Batalov

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 16–21

Research paper

Antiallodynic effect of intrathecal resiniferatoxin on neuropathic pain model of chronic constriction injury

Introduction: Injuries and/or dysfunctions in the somatosensory system can lead to neuropathic pain. Transient receptor potential vanilloid sub-type 1 (TRPV1) play an important role in the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia following injury and the ensuing inflammatory conditions. Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is an ultrapotent synthetic TRPV1 agonist and many different administration routes are available for different mechanisms and different effects. RTX is used intraperitonially as a model of

Julia Risso Parisi, Ana Laura Martins de Andrade, Josie Resende Torres Silva, Marcelo Lourenço Silva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 317–322


The quest for identity through bodily pain: Female abjection in the literary work of Igiaba Scego

Introduction A recurring aspect of contemporary migrant narratives, be they literary, cinematic or aesthetic, is the representation and problematising of such concepts as home, belonging and identity. In the present article, I focus on how three of the protagonists in the literary works of Igiaba Scego, an Italian-Somali author, undergo processes of bodily pain in order to come to terms with their identity which, in the terminology of postcolonial studies, is characterised by hybridity and in

Camilla Skalle

Borderlands , ISSUE 1, 64–87

Research paper


also measure suffering from negative symptoms, such as pain and fatigue, in 122 older adults, most of whom suffer from chronic pain. Results indicated that the method was well tolerated in this population, with over 98% of the sample providing interpretable responses. Chronic pain respondents reported spending a considerable proportion of their day suffering from pain, fatigue, and depression; a much higher proportion than reported by healthy controls (p’s < .01). Time spent suffering was

Dylan M. Smith

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 3, 429–440

Original Paper

Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

Objective: High resolution ultrasonography is a non-painful and non-invasive imaging technique which is useful for the assessment of shoulder pain causes, as clinicalexamination often does not allow an exact diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare the fi ndings of clinical examination and high resolution ultrasonographyin patients presenting with painful shoulder. Methods: Non-interventional observational study of 100 adult patients suffering from unilateral shoulder pain

Raphael Micheroli, Diego Kyburz, Adrian Ciurea, Beat Dubs, Martin Toniolo, Samuel Pascal Bisig, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 29–44

Original Paper

Comparison of high resolution ultrasonography with clinical findings in patients with ankle pain

Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of high resolution ultrasonography for the assessment of painful ankle joint as compared with the clinical findings. Material and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 136 patients having history of ankle pain and referred to the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging for ultrasonography. Statistical analysis: Comparison of ultrasonography findings and clinical findings was done using McNemar Test. Results

Kunwarpal Singh, Chuni Lal Thukral, Kamlesh Gupta, Avtar Singh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 316–324

Research paper

Acute cold allodynia induced by oxaliplatin is attenuated by amitriptyline

Oxaliplatin is a third-generation, platinum-based antitumor drug used to treat colorectal cancer. Since its main adverse effect is neuropathic pain resulting from chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), this drug is used to study the neurobiology of CIPN in rodents and to search for analgesics that could attenuate neuropathic pain symptoms – cold and tactile allodynia that develop in most of the oxaliplatin-treated subjects. In this research, testing across various temperatures, we

Anna Furgała, Robert Sałat, Kinga Sałat

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 315–321

Research paper

Inhibition of neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthase does not affect the analgesic effects of NMDA antagonists in visceral inflammatory pain

Previously we described the antinociceptive effect of magnesium sulfate and dizocilpine (MK-801) in the visceral and somatic rat models of pain. In the somatic model of pain, we established the influence of selective inhibitors of neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthase on the antihyperalgesic effects of magnesium sulfate and dizocilpine. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine in the rat model of visceral pain whether same mechanisms are involved in the

Dragana Srebro, Sonja Vučković, Milica Prostran

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 110–116


Neurobiological Findings in Youth with Borderline Personality Disorder

, neuropsychology, neuroendocrinology, genetics, and pain perception, and it aims to integrate these findings in a developmental psychopathology model of BPD. In studies of clinical samples of adults with BPD, structural imaging studies revealed abnormalities predominantly in the frontolimbic areas. Disturbances in emotional information processing—particularly involving negative stimuli—may mediate affective dysregulation as a core feature of BPD. Genetic studies could reveal that the stability of BPD traits in

Romuald Brunner, Romy Henze, Julia Richter, Michael Kaess

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 22–30


The use of a probe stabilizer to reduce musculoskeletal overload of ultrasound operators in routine diagnostic echocardiographic imaging

, this was a pilot study with a short follow-up which not registered the number of actual work-related injuries. Secondly, we only collected data on movements of shoulder and wrist because these are the body parts most prone for injuries(5,6). In future studies it should be considered to also analyse the effect on the neck, back, and hands, since these are also often mentioned locations of pain and discomfort(3,17). Moreover, our study included only men with a good apical acoustic window. Therefore

Sjoerd Bouwmeester, Marloes de Kleijn, Jan van Wijngaarden, Patrick Houthuizen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 193–197

Case report

Ultrasound findings in extragenital endometriosis

We present a report on ultrasound findings in extragenital endometriosis and a literature review accompanied by illustrations. Intestinal endometriosis should be considered in female patients of reproductive age who present with constipation, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, cramp-like abdominal pain, diarrhoea and pelvic pain. Although definitive preoperative diagnosis of endometriosis is difficult, clinical suspicion and appropriate imaging might prevent extensive surgical

Yi Dong, Barbara Braden, Christoph Klinger, Tomás Ripolles, Christoph F. Dietrich

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 247–254


A case of ultrasound diagnosis of retroperitoneal lesion caused by unnoticed foreign body ingestion

admission, the patient was hospitalized in the Surgery Ward of a district hospital because of strong abdominal pain. On the first day of admission, laboratory tests were performed, showing a high serum CRP level (193 mg/l) and an elevated WBC count with accompanying normal serum pancreatic enzyme activity, bilirubin, AST, ALT and GGTP levels. An US (ultrasound) examination showed a hypoechoic, polycyclic lesion of unknown origin, adjacent to the pancreatic body and tail, measuring 35 × 28 × 50 mm

Wojciech Tynecki, Andrzej Tynecki, Agata Grobelna, Tomasz Baranowski, Grzegorz Siemiaszko, Tomasz Łapiński, Julia Wilczek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e151–e153


Physical activity and environmental enrichment: Behavioural effects of exposure to different housing conditions in mice

after stroke in young male Sprague-Dawley rats (Buchhold et al., 2007). In male Wistar rats, these complex environments have also been shown to attenuate the impairment in cognitive flexibility induced by basal forebrain lesions (De Bartolo et al., 2008), and improve spatial learning in rats with subicular lesion-induced neurodegeneration (Dhanushkodi et al., 2007). Different enriched environments can also have differential effects on pain sensitivity in rats; in particular, more complex enriched

Raisa Rabadán, Marta Ramos-Campos, Rosa Redolat, Patricia Mesa-Gresa

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 374–385


Ultrasound features of sole of foot pathology: a review

Introduction This review aims to provide an overview of common pathologies affecting the sole and their ultrasound and MRI correlates. Specifically, it will consider abnormalities of the plantar fascia, including plantar fasciitis, plantar fascia tears and plantar fibromatosis, in addition to Baxter’s neuropathy, epidermal inclusion cysts, foreign bodies and adventitial bursitis. Together, these encompass significant sources of foot pain(1). Familiarity with these pathologies and their

Claire Filippini, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 145–151

Research paper

The false-positive responses of analgesic drugs to the intradermal serotonin- and compound 48/80-induced scratches as an animal model of itch

Intradermal injection of pruritogens such as serotonin, histamine and compound 48/80 into the skin and then, the evaluation of the scratching behavior is the commonly used animal model to advance pruritic research and drug development. However, predictive validity of this model is poorly documented. There is a close interaction between itch and pain sensations with regard to mediation through an anatomically and functionally identical neuronal pathway. One approach is whether the existing

Fatih Ilkaya, Ozgur Yesilyurt, Melik Seyrek, Ozgur Gunduz, Tayfun Ide, Ahmet Akar, Ahmet Ulugol, Hasan Guzel, Ahmet Dogrul, Durmus Ucar, Caner Gunaydin

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 234–243

Research paper

Additive and antagonistic antinociceptive interactions between magnesium sulfate and ketamine in the rat formalin test

Because ketamine and magnesium block NMDA receptor activation by distinct mechanisms of action, we hypothesized that in a model of inflammatory pain in rats the combination of ketamine and magnesium might be more effective than ketamine alone. Antinociceptive activity was assessed by the formalin test in male Wistar rats (200–250 g). Animals were injected with 100 μL of 2.5% formalin to the plantar surface of the right hind paw. Data were recorded as the total time spent in pain-related

Katarina Savić Vujović, Sonja Vučković, Dolika Vasović, Branislava Medić, Nick Knežević, Milica Prostran

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 137–146

Case report

Portal vein tumor thrombus from gastric cancer

Abstract A 53-year-old woman presented with left-sided abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting for the past 3 months with associated loss of appetite and weight. On physical examination, there was a large, ill-defined, firm mass at the epigastrium. Ultrasonography showed heterogeneously hypoechoic filling defect within the dilated main portal vein. The filling defect showed florid signals on Doppler mode and it appeared to be an extension of a larger periportal mass. Contrast enhanced abdominal

Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Santha Kumari Batumaly, Suryani Md Jusoh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 365–368


Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: an overview

production (Wilson et al., 2018). Th17 cytokines – the disease accelerators Cytokines, which are proteins secreted by certain immune cells like macrophages etc. play a key role in inflammation and the development of pathological pain states (Zhang and An, 2007). Since NMOSD is an autoimmune disorder, cytokines play essential roles in disease progression. Several researchers who have analysed the cytokine levels in NMOSD found IL-6, IL-17, IL-21 and IL-1β, the Th17 cytokines to be elevated in majority

Pooja Ramakrishnan, Devipriya Nagarajan

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 256–272



for wrist rehabilitation is designed. This robot is intended for repetitive exercises without therapist intervention. Hold the two sets of wrist movement: flexion/extension and radial/ulnar derivation. Distinguished by its compact mechanism design, the developed wrist rehabilitation robot (HRR) offers high stiffness with a total absence of any friction and backlash. Based on EMG signal, the smart robot can understand the patient pain degree. Two features extractions are used to estimate the pain

Ismail Ben Aabdallah, Yassine Bouteraa, Chokri Rekik

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1029–1053

Case report

Hemolytic transfusion reaction attributable to anti-Dia  

(RBCs) in the apheresis unit as part of her regular treatment. When the patient started receiving the implicated unit, she reported back pain, chest pain, and a feeling of anxiety, suggestive of an acute transfusion reaction. The transfusion was ceased and an investigation of an adverse event was commenced. This case illustrates that the presence of antibodies to low-prevalence antigens remains a significant issue for transfusion-dependent individuals. To prevent other transfusion reactions by anti

Arthur J. Joyce, Kelli M Quantock, Ray Banh, Yew-Wah Liew

Immunohematology , ISSUE 1, 6–8

Case report

Clinical and health economic benefits of out-patient lumbar microdiscectomies in Australia.

, demographical, surgical and economic measures were collected including a 10-point visual analogue pain scale (VAS), patient satisfaction, direct and indirect costs of treatment. Patients included had a single level lumbar disc prolapse with persistent disabling sciatica of more than 8 weeks consistent with failure of conservative measures. Results: Twenty-one out-patient and forty-one in-patient microdiscectomy patients were treated over this period. Post operatively pain levels showed a significant

Alison Magee, Ivan P Bhaskar, Paul Ilett, Michael A Murphy, Yi-Yuen Wang

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 2, –

Case report

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous aspiration of adventitial cysts in the occluded popliteal artery – clinical results and MR findings at 5-year follow-up

resolution of symptoms and no calf pain 5 years after the proce­dure. MR findings and resolution of symptoms in these two patients show the efficacy of percutaneous adventitial cyst aspiration in a 5-year follow-up.

Grzegorz Rosiak, Krzysztof Milczarek, Andrzej Cieszanowski, Olgierd Rowiński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 212–216


A developmental variant of the thyroid cartilage

Case report A 32 year-old woman was referred for a neck sonography (US) due to a history of pain in the right submandibular area. Her past medical history was negative. On ultrasound, the thyroid gland, the parotid and sub-mandibular glands were normal. We noted three homogenously hypoechoic well-defined avascular foci of up to 4 mm: two right-sided and one left-sided in the thyroid cartilage (Fig. 1). Fig. 1. Sagittal ultrasound images of the neck demonstrating hypoechoic well-defined

Sanaa Jamali, Etienne Danse

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 171–172

Case report

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

This article presents a patient with a long history of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy and Charcot disease. The most common cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy, called Charcot osteoarthropathy, is poorly controlled diabetes. The clinical picture is characterized by considerable edema, redness and increased skin temperature with relatively slight pain due to injury to nerve fibers responsible for pain sensation. The differential diagnosis should include bacterial or

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 210–215

Case report

Abnormal portal vein waveform as an indicator of constrictive pericarditis – a case report

We report a case of a 17-year-old patient referred to our outpatient Doppler Department due to clinical suspicion of liver cirrhosis. The patient presented with non-specifi c symptoms,such as malaise, pain in the right subcostal region, peripheral oedema. Until then,diagnostic imaging, including echocardiography was inconclusive. We performed the Doppler sonography of the portal system, which revealed normal diameter of the portal vein with abnormal, phasic and markedly pulsatile waveform

Joanna Ścieszka, Józefa Dąbek, Paweł Cieślik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 227–230

Case report

Embolization of iatrogenic renal arteriovenous fistula – a case report

Renal artery pseudoaneurysms and arteriovenous fistulae most often occur as an iatrogenic complication. The article discusses a case of a patient diagnosed with an arteriovenous fistula and a pseudoaneurysm. A 64-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital due to nonspecific pain in the lumbar region. Imaging showed a typical picture of clear cell renal carcinoma. The patient was qualified for surgical treatment. After tumor resection, the patient developed microhematuria. Arteriovenous fistula

Ewa Kuklik, Krzysztof Pyra, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło, Maria Tsitskari, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 170–173

Research Article


The Orthomyxoviruses is a family of viruses with its most common representatives being the influenza viruses (A, B, C and D types), which constitute a significant clinical problem. Influenza is a disease affecting animals and people. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and manifestes itself with such symptoms as coughing, sneezing, muscle pain or fever. Influenza often leads to complications, including pneumonia and myocarditis. In the past, influenza viruses were responsible for pandemics

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 138–144

Case report

The value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of limited scleroderma – a case report

rheumatologist for plain radiography and ultrasound examination of hands due to pain and swelling of the fourth fi nger of the left hand. Dermal induration affecting hands, especially fourth fi nger on the left side and the Raynaud phenomenon were observed on physical examination. Furthermore, the patient had noticed periodic discharge with a toothpaste consistency from a tiny fi stula localised in the vicinity of the fourth fi nger alterations. The paper emphasises a possible application of the twinkling

Grzegorz Pracoń, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 326–331


Polish recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine (POLLUS-IM)

, dyspnea, pleural pain and acute cough. Furthermore, seven additional statements were made regarding the technical conditions of lung ultrasound examination and the need for training in the basics of lung ultrasound in a group of doctors during their specialization programs and medical students. The panel of experts established a consensus on all 38 recommendations.

Natalia Buda, Wojciech Kosiak, Elżbieta Radzikowska, Robert Olszewski, Ewa Jassem, Elżbieta Magdalena Grabczak, Andrzej Pomiecko, Jakub Piotrkowski, Maciej Piskunowicz, Malwina Sołtysiak, Szymon Skoczyński, Grzegorz Jaczewski, Jolanta Odrowska, Agnieszka Skoczylas, Marcin Wełnicki, Jakub Wiśniewski, Anna Zamojska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 198–206


Classifications and imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis

differentiate juvenile spondyloarthritis from other juvenile idiopathic arthritis subtypes. Sacroiliitis, and especially spondylitis, although infrequent in childhood, may manifest as low back pain. In clinical practice, radiographs of the sacroiliac joints or pelvis are performed in most of the cases even though magnetic resonance imaging offers more accurate diagnosis of sacroiliitis. Neither disease classification criteria nor imaging recommendations have taken this advantage into account in patients

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Iris Eshed, Lennart Jans, Nele Herregods, James Teh, Jelena Vojinovic

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 224–233

Research Article


%), B. turicatae (41%), B. Parkeri (51%). Symptoms of relapsing fevers transmitted by lice and by ticks are very similar. The following symptoms are characteristic for both types of relapsing fevers: high fever with sudden onset, chills, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, drowsiness, photophobia and cough.

Stanisława Tylewska-Wierzbanowska, Beata Fiecek, Tomasz Chmielewski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 41–46


Color Doppler ultrasound of spiral artery blood flow in mid first trimester (4–8 weeks) in cases of threatened abortion and in normal pregnancies

Introduction Threatened miscarriage is a clinical term for vaginal bleeding that occurs during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy where fetus is clinically supposed to be alive. This bleeding may or may not be associated with abdominal pain. About 1/5 of all pregnant females present with symptoms of threatened abortion in the first trimester and almost half of the women with threatened abortion result in pregnancy loss(1). Even women with threatened abortion and a living embryo have increased

Rohit Bhoil, Sushruti Kaushal, Reena Sharma, Jaswinder Kaur, Tanupriya Sharma, Rohini Thakur, Rakesh Sharma

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 255–260

Review Paper

Selected classical and novel antiepileptic drugs – mechanisms of action, neuroprotection, and effectiveness in epileptic and non-epileptic conditions

-gated ion channels (sodium or calcium ion channels). All reviewed AEDs possess neuroprotective activity, the weakest being carbamazepine. Apart from epilepsy, AEDs may be also used in the pharmacotherapy of migraine, neuropathic pain, spasticity, psychiatric disorders and Parkinsons’s or Alzheimer’s diseases. Conclusions. As highlighted above, around 30% of epileptic patients do not substantially benefit from AEDs. It is possible that rational combinations of AEDs, based upon

Magdalena Chrościńska-Krawczyk, Magdalena Wałek, Bożydar Tylus, Stanisław J. Czuczwar

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1, 37–50


Differential diagnosis of fat-containing lesions in the inguinal canal using ultrasound

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 222–227


The value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of varicocele

A varicocele is described as pathologically enlarged, tortuous veins of the pampiniform plexus, leading to an increased testicular temperature and adrenal metabolite reflux into the testes. Varicocele can impair spermatogenesis and is considered to be the most common cause of male infertility. Patients may palpate a thickening in the scrotum or complain of dull scrotal or inguinal pain, which increases when standing or during erection. In the case of a sudden onset of varicocele in elderly men

Tomasz Lorenc, Leszek Krupniewski, Piotr Palczewski, Marek Gołębiowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 359–370

Review Article

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions

The chest wall is a vast and complex structure, hence the wide range of pathological conditions that may affect it. The aim of this publication is to discuss the usefulness of ultrasound for the diagnosis of benign lesions involving the thoracic wall. The most commonly encountered conditions include sternal and costal injuries and thoracic lymphadenopathy. Ultrasound is very efficient in identifying the etiology of pain experienced in the anterior chest wall following CPR interventions. Both

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 275–280

Research Article

Cartilaginous compression of the liver – clinical and ultrasonographic aspects

depends on body built and patient’s body position. The musculocartilaginous complex may cause focal or segmental compression of the hepatic parenchyma, causing pain in the right upper abdomen in some patients.

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 9–15


Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

wrist ultrasound is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome. Ventral wrist evaluation is also often performed in patients with wrist pain of unclear etiology, rheumatic diseases, wrist injuries or symptoms of ulnar neuropathy. The aim of this paper is to present ultrasound images with corresponding anatomical schemes. The technique of ultrasound examination of the ventral wrist along with practical guidance to help obtain highly diagnostic

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 123–128


The use of ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma injections in the treatment of hip osteoarthritis: a systematic review of the literature

significant pain reduction and functional improvement in patients with hip osteoarthritis. Larger future trials including a placebo group are required to further evaluate these promising results. Level of evidence: Level I, a systematic review of level I studies.

Mohammed Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Hussam Elamin Ahmed, Ajay Malviya, Ismael Atchia

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 332–337


Significance of Infections in Implant Loss After Breast Reconstruction in the Course of Breast Cancer Treatment

implant was defined as surgical site infection (SSI) on the basis of clinical symptoms of infection when at least one of the following criteria was met: the purulent secretion from the drain placed in the operating space; tissue infection confirmed during reoperation; isolation of microorganisms from aseptically collected exudate/operated space, the presence of local symptoms such as redness and inflammatory infiltration, pain and elevated body temperature, as well as diagnosis of infection given by a


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 343–351


Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 1: Dorsal wrist

. However, the knowledge of anatomy is crucial to establish a correct ultrasound diagnosis, also in wrist assessment. An ultrasound examination of the wrist is one of the most common US examinations conducted in patients with rheumatological diseases. Ultrasonographic signs depend on the advancement of the disease. The examination is equally frequently conducted in patients with pain or swelling of the wrist due to non-rheumatological causes. The aim of this publication was to present ultrasound images

Cyprian Olchowy, Mateusz Łasecki, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 172–188

Original Paper

Evaluation of musculoskeletal symptoms among physicians performing ultrasound

, and determining additional contributing factors. Results: 83% of the respondents have experienced work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSD). The study presents the detailed characteristics of the symptoms experienced by sonogra­phers in their work, and their professional profile. Conclusions: A majority of physicians performing ultrasound experience musculoskeletal pain. Deeper analysis of the underly­ing causes and potential correlations with given contributing factors (variables

Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 154–159

Original Paper

Ultrasonographic assessment of articular cartilage of the femoral condyle in patients with an increased Q-angle

Introduction: The patella is a sesamoid for the quadriceps, which increases its power during knee extension and thus transfers considerable forces. The etiology of patellofemoral pain is multifactorial. In the absence of injury, the commonly accepted hypothesis is associated with increased compression of articulating surfaces. Aim: The aim of the study was to perform an ultrasound evaluation of the thickness of articular cartilage covering the medial and lateral femoral condyle in patients with

Maciej Kusiak, Adam Kawczyński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 181–185

Research Article

Pathogenic Potential of Fresh, Frozen, and Thermally Treated Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) (Nematoda: Anisakidae) after Oral Inoculation into Wistar Rats: A Histopathological Study

The third-stage (L3) larvae of Anisakis are the etiological agents of human anisakiasis caused by consumption of raw or undercooked seafood infected with anisakid nematodes. Infection with these worms is associated with abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea and can lead to massive infiltration of eosinophils and the formation of granulomas in the gastrointestinal tract if the larvae are not removed. Food allergy affects populations worldwide, and despite several reports on the presence of the


Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 427–436


Stress echocardiography. Part I: Stress echocardiography in coronary heart disease

programmer for the implanted permanent pacemaker. Stress echo protocols Exercise tests Stress test may be performed on a treadmill or a cycle ergometer in a sitting or semi-recumbent position on the left side. Bruce protocol is used for treadmill: step increments by 25 W every 3 minutes until termination criteria are reached (85% of max heart rate, contractility disorders, severe anginal pain, ST elevation in ECG, and maximum stress load). Pharmacological stress echo Dobutamine tests Dobutamine is

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Andrzej Gackowski, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Andrzej Szyszka, Wojciech Braksator, Zbigniew Gąsior, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Piotr Pysz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 45–48

Original Paper

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of postoperative neuropathies

). Mean values of cross-sectional areas and diameters of the nerve trunks were calculated in individual pathology groups. The ultrasound features of the peripheral nerves analyzed in the study, such as echostructure, notch sign, hyperemia and continuity of the transverse ligament, were divided into subgroups. Moreover, the frequency of adhesions between the nerve trunks and adjacent tissues, occurrence of pain on compression with a transducer and instability of the ulnar nerve as well as angulation of

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 151–163


Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part I: Examination methodology and ultrasound anatomy

patients. Doppler and panoramic imaging options are essential. The indications for chest wall ultrasound include localized pain or lesions found or suspected on imaging with other modalities (conventional radiography, CT, MR or scintigraphy). The investigated pathological condition should be scanned in at least two planes. Sometimes, evaluation during deep breathing permits identification of pathologi­cal mobility (e.g. in rib or sternum fractures, slipping rib syndrome). Several structures

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 197–205

Research paper

Effects of social stress and clomipramine on emotional memory in mice

conclusion, CSDS induces anxiety and impairs emotional memory in mice; the negative effects of CSDS on memory appear to be attenuated by clomipramine, and these detrimental effects do not seem to be secondary to the effects of CSDS on locomotor activity, emotionality or pain sensitivity.

Aranzazu Duque, Concepción Vinader-Caerols, Santiago Monleón

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 225–233



. Moreover, the paper discusses the Polish guidelines for the selection of building materials suitable for interior arrangements of this type of units. A hospital is a traumatic place for children. Regardless of the situation, whether the youngest patients had prior experiences with staying at a medical facility, or if it is their first visit, the hospital is an environment associated with pain and fear, implying a potential separation from family as well as remoteness from the everyday habitat. The


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 13–24


Do ankle, hindfoot, and heel ultrasound findings predict the symptomatology and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis patients?

were examined by a rheumatologist with 4 years’ experience in rheumatology (IP) following a pre-established protocol. Demographic data and the presence of pain at the level of each ankle, quantified by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), were recorded. The status of symptomatic ankle was established by the presence of pain at the level of the ankle (patient’s personal assessment) at the time of enrollment in the study. The swollen and tender joints were counted. The postural deformities of the arches of

Oana Șerban, Iulia Papp, Corina Delia Bocșa, Mihaela Cosmina Micu, Maria Bădărînză, Adriana Albu, Daniela Fodor

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e70–e82

Original Paper

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of posttraumatic neuropathies

dynamic examination was performed, and it was attempted to induce pain or paresthesia by palpation at the site of the visualized pathology. Additionally, the motor and sensory–motor nerves were assessed indirectly based on the images of the skeletal muscles innervated by these nerves. The analyses of the collected material were performed by means of descriptive statistics. The results of clinical and surgical verifi cation were consistent with ultrasound fi ndings in 100% of cases. The results

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 15–28

Review Article

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 2

to pain ailments. The indication for performing the examination in acute inflammation is the suspicion of prostate abscess. In chronic, exacerbating prostatitis it is possible to perform an intraprostatic antibiotic injection. In the recent years increased morbidity and detectability of prostate gland cancer is observed among men. In Poland it ranks second (13%) among diseases occurring in men. The indication for an endorectal examination is the necessity to assess the size of the prostate gland

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 43–58


Lubag Syndrome (X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism) Case Study of Mr G. Infante

back pain, decline in gait with frequent falls, dysphagia that progressed to the point of significant dietary modification and weight loss from 85.7 kilograms to 68 kilograms in three months. When Mr Infante came to Australia for treatment he was wheelchair bound and required maximum assistance for his everyday needs. The story of how Mr Infante came to the Mater Centre of Neurosciences is quite remarkable. Following successful DBS implantation for XDP, Mr Infante’s uncle discussed his case with

Vincent Cheah

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 1, 7–10

Case report

A suspected delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction mediated by anti-Joa

-Joa and anti-Jkb. Fortunately, the transfused RBC unit was Jk(b–). Therefore, the crossmatch incompatibility was attributed to anti-Joa, which targets a highprevalence antigen found in 100 percent of most populations. Two weeks after discharge, the patient returned in sickle vasoocclusive pain crisis. The patient was clinically stable, but her Hb was 6.7 g/dL.  One unit of Fy(a–), Jk(b–), C–, E–, K–, HbS– RBCs, which was weakly crossmatch-incompatible

Ryan P. Jajosky, Wendy C. Lumm, Scott C. Wise, Roni J. Bollag, James F. Shikle

Immunohematology , ISSUE 2, 73–75


Internal snapping hip syndrome in dynamic ultrasonography

Snapping hip syndrome is an audible or palpable snap in a hip joint during movement which may be accompanied by pain or locking. It is typically seen in young athletes performing activities requiring repeated extreme movements of the hip. It may also follow a physical trauma, intramuscular injections or surgeries. There are two main forms of snapping hip: extra- or intra-articular. Extra-articular snapping hip is elicited by an abnormal movement of specific tendons and is divided into two forms

Małgorzata Piechota, Jarosław Maczuch, Jarosław Skupiński, Karolina Kukawska-Sysio, Wojciech Wawrzynek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 296–303

Original Paper

Inter-rater reliability in the classification of supraspinatus tendon tears using 3D ultrasound – a question of experience?

sonographer with different levels of experience.Patients and methodsNon-interventional, prospective, observational pilot study of 2309 images of 127 adult patients suffering from unilateral shoulder pain. 3D ultrasound image sets were scored by three raters independently. The intra-and interrater reliabilities were calculated.ResultsThere was an excellent intra-rater reliability of rater A in the overall classification of supraspinatus tendon tears (2D vs 3D κ = 0.892, pairwise reliability 93.81%, 3D

Giorgio Tamborrini, Christian Marx, Raphael Micheroli

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 252–259

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