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The Resurgence of Measles Infection and its Associated Complications in Early Childhood at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan

infections (LRTI) like bronchial pneumonia, are the leading cause of death in measles cases, particularly among children under 5 years of age (Li et al. 2015). Other serious complications, particularly among immunocompromised and malnourished children, include blindness, acute diarrhea, otitis media, encephalitis, and myocarditis (WHO 2016). One of the fatal complications related to measles is sub-acute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), which is a progressive, disabling, and deadly brain disorder of the


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 177–184

Research Article


In this article, the characteristics of human coronaviruses (HCoV) are presented. Currently, six human coronaviruses are known: HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-HKU1, HCoV-SARS and HCoV-MERS. The first human coronaviruses were described in the sixties of the twentieth century, the last one, HCoV-MERS, in 2012 y. Coronaviruses can cause mild, asymptomatic infections as well as severe respiratory diseases, like pneumonia and bronchiolitis. The symptoms of HCoV infection are mainly: fever

Edyta Abramczuk, Katarzyna Pancer, Włodzimierz Gut, Bogumiła Litwińska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 205–213

Case report

Concomitant treatment with imipenem causes a rapid and extensive decrease in the plasma concentrations of valproic acid

Background. Valproic acid (VPA) is a wide-spectrum antiepileptic drug used both in children and in adults. We describe a clinically important interaction between VPA and imipenem, a carbapenem antimicrobial. Case presentation. Our patient was a 19-year-old man with childhood onset of mental retardation and severe epilepsy. He was hospitalized due to pneumonia. His antiepileptic drugs, including VPA, were administered intravenously. Due to pneumonia, intravenously administered imipenem was

Tapani Keränen, Hanna Kuusisto

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1, 63–66

Case report

Fortuitous diagnosis of “full stomach” made by using ultrasonographic examination of the antrum in two elective patients

Lionel Bouvet, Caroline Augris, Clémence Aubergy, Dominique Chassard

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 317–321


Improving oral hygiene for stroke patients

(Cohn & Fulton, 2006; Prendergast et al, 2013). Cohn and Fulton (2006) report the build up of plaque from poor oral hygiene leads to a reduction in saliva flow, resulting in a reduced clearance of debris. This causes inflammation and a weakening of the mucosal lining. As a result, bacteria can pass into the tissues and increase the risk of local, systemic infection or pneumonia (Cohn & Fulton, 2006; Chan & Hui-Ling, 2012; Kwok et al, 2015). If these complications exist, patients experience an

Caroline Woon

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 1, 11–13


Lung ultrasound in a Singapore COVID-19 intensive care unit patient and a review of its potential clinical utility in pandemic

Background On 31 December 2019, China informed the World Health Organization (WHO) of a novel viral pneumonia in the city of Wuhan (Hubei). The WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020. Subsequently, on 12 March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic(1). Point-of-care lung ultrasound is performed at the patient’s bedside, and offers the trained clinician a rapid imaging adjunct to the chest X-ray

Wee Ming Peh, Steffi Kang Ting Chan, Yi Lin Lee, Pravin Shivaji Gare, Vui Kian Ho

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e154–e158

Research Article


The Orthomyxoviruses is a family of viruses with its most common representatives being the influenza viruses (A, B, C and D types), which constitute a significant clinical problem. Influenza is a disease affecting animals and people. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and manifestes itself with such symptoms as coughing, sneezing, muscle pain or fever. Influenza often leads to complications, including pneumonia and myocarditis. In the past, influenza viruses were responsible for pandemics

Michał Wiciński, Kamil Leis, Bartosz Malinowski, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Elżbieta Grześk, Grzegorz Grześk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 138–144


Polish recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine (POLLUS-IM)

voting. Results: Thirty-eight recommendations for the use of lung ultrasound in internal medicine were established as well as discussed and subjected to secret voting in three rounds. The first 31 recommendations concerned the use of ultrasound in the diagnosis of the following conditions: pneumothorax, pulmonary consolidation, pneumonia, atelectasis, pulmonary embolism, malignant neoplastic lesions, interstitial lung lesions, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, interstitial lung diseases with fibrosis

Natalia Buda, Wojciech Kosiak, Elżbieta Radzikowska, Robert Olszewski, Ewa Jassem, Elżbieta Magdalena Grabczak, Andrzej Pomiecko, Jakub Piotrkowski, Maciej Piskunowicz, Malwina Sołtysiak, Szymon Skoczyński, Grzegorz Jaczewski, Jolanta Odrowska, Agnieszka Skoczylas, Marcin Wełnicki, Jakub Wiśniewski, Anna Zamojska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 198–206


Ultrasound screening for pyelectasis in pregnant women. Clinical necessity or “art for art’s sake”?

pregnant woman and to prematurity, anemia, congenital pneumonia or sepsis in the child. In a study conducted at the 3rd Department of Gynecology of the Medical University of Lublin it was concluded that unilateral pyelectasis of more than 20 cm3 is associated with a significant increase in the risk of asymptomatic bacteriuria. This volume corresponds to grade 3 and/or 4 pelvicalyceal dilatation according to the Society for Fetal Urology/European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and

Piotr Szkodziak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 152–157



-associated infections, including pneumonia and infections of the bloodstream, urinary tract, and surgicalsite infections. Generally, more than 6,000 (13%) of the 51,000 health care-associated P. aeruginosa infections occurring in the United States each year are multi-drug resistant. Thus, infections caused by P. aeruginosa are responsible for 400 deaths per year [52]. In Europe, it is estimated that P. aeruginosa is responsible for 10% of all hospital-acquired infections, but this number is constantly on

Katarzyna Leja, Kamila Szudera-Kończal, Kamila Myszka, Katarzyna Czaczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 177–190

Research Article

Usefulness of ultrasound examination in the evaluation of a neonate's body fluid status

Material and methodsThe study included 50 neonates from two hospitals in the Lower Silesia region of Poland; 25 of them were healthy patients (full-term newborns with no perinatal complications) and 25 were sick patients (newborns with heart defects such as ostium secundum atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, permanent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus as well as newborns with neonatal jaundice or pneumonia that occurred during the first days of life). The ultrasound scans

Joanna Kieliszczyk, Wojciech Baranowski, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 125–134

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