location. These models have a number of advantages for the road authority. Jovanović et al. and Bačkalić et al. [11-12] showed the practical application of these models in analyzing the road accident frequency on rural roads.
This paper presents the results of applying the reliability theory model according to the methodology developed in [11-12] and compares traffic safety on rural roads for two periods of analysis, five years before the adaptation of the new law on road traffic safety and four after
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 115–125
BackgroundThree-dimensional (3D) ultrasound of the shoulder is characterized by a comparable accuracy to two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. No studies investigating 2D versus 3D inter-rater reliability in the detection of supraspinatus tendon tears taking into account the level of experience of the raters have been carried out so far.ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability in the analysis of 3D ultrasound image sets of the supraspinatus tendon between
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 252–259
nonstructural components in comparison to structural ones. This paper addresses the question of how to distribute nonstructural components in height of a building accounting for more reliable economic loss subjected to seismic excitation through application of fully probabilistic reliability approach. This purpose has been captured through proposing a new modified distribution of building nonstructural components in height for three typical steel moment frames and conducting comparative assessments for two
Leila HAJ NAJAFI,
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 77–98
down the data redundancy which is related to correlated sensor readings and using a probability model to efficiently compress data at the cluster heads. As in the case of sensor networks the data reliability goes down as the network resource depletes and these types of networks lacks any central synchronization making it even more a global problem to compare different reading at the central coordinator. The complexity of calibrating each sensor and using an adaptable measured threshold to correct
Garimella Ram Murthy,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 912–921
visualize the ALL with US(20). It is hypothesized that point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) of the ALL may be useful if an ACL tear is suspected. However, a standardized protocol in how to reliably visualize the ALL with US is needed.
The purpose of this study is to present a standardized protocol to visualize the ALL with US and to determine interrater reliability.
Materials and methods
Neri et al.(21) reported that the maximum length of the ALL was reached in 30° flexion with internal rotation. More
Michel De Maeseneer,
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 181–186
available in the literature is used to test the model. The partial safety factors method is employed for pile caps design and structural safety is evaluated by means of the reliability index. The small failure probability, estimated through the reliability index, demonstrates the safety of the proposed method. A numerical example of practical use of the model is also presented.
José Milton de ARAÚJO
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 65–75
reduce dropout from military training due to injuries. Therefore, we sought to determine the interrater reliability of MSU for assessing the mid-portion Achilles tendon: (1) structure (2) anteroposterior diameter and (3) neovascularization, in a cohort of asymptomatic service members.
Material and methods
This cross-sectional study was approved by the ethics committee METC Brabant, Tilburg, the Netherlands (approval number NW2018-72) and by the Joint Health Care Division of the Ministry of Defence
Michel De Maeseneer
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e6–e11
paper has better security and reliability.
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 89–94
The publication reflects the research results of the rationalization of the rolling stock use of JSC LG Lithuanian railways to increase the reliability indicators of the freight diesel locomotive exploitation reliability. The comparative evaluation of the exploited freight diesel locomotive work duration, according to the technical documentation, by using comparative test results and indirect diesel reliability criteria approved in practice. An algorithm of work duration forecasting methodology
Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 45–55
Reliability of vehicles is characterized not only by the quality of production but also by the quality of subsequent maintenance. In this paper, we consider the possible spare parts logistics risks, as they have a huge influence on vehicles’ maintenance. One of the widespread methods to analyze the reliability of complex systems is Fault Tree Analysis (FTA). To identify and systematize all possible risks in spare parts logistics, we have built the Problem Tree. For managing identified
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 105–116
application environment and does not guarantee the integrity and confidentiality of cloud data. In other words, the cloud storage service does not guarantee that the data and operation of mobile users will not be lost, damaged, leaked, or illegally exploited by malicious or nonmalicious. Therefore, it's very dangerous for sensitive data to be stored directly in the cloud. The reliability of the mobile cloud storage depends on the extent of the impact on system storage efficiency while the storage solution
Wang Zhong Sheng,
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 29–46
formed warranty package that will optimize the planning and organization of activity centers to improve operational reliability of commercial trucks. A basis for acceptance of the scientifically-proved decisions is the statistical data analysis of requests monitoring that allows organizing duly replacement of parts with expired service life, and also promotes customer servicing quality improvement and reliability of trucks by prevention of its failures.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 63–78
the alarm, then the operators could send control signals through the monitoring software to implement manual intervention. The experiment showed that the system improved the reliability of the navigation.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 466–481
system to compete on basic dimensions, such as quality, cost, flexibility, and time . Furthermore, the speedy delivery, reliability and outstanding quality of the products, trustworthy delivery promises and the ability to produce new products speedily are performance areas which can be a source of a high level of competitiveness for manufacturing companies .
The main assumption of this research is that companies have a higher chance of achieving supply chain agility (SCA) and enhancing
Omer Abdalla SIDDIG,
Abdel Hafiez Ali HASABALLAH,
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 141–154
The aim of this paper is to introduce a new quasi Sujatha distribution (NQSD), of which the following are particular cases: the Sujatha distribution devised by Shanker (2016 a), the sizebiased Lindley distribution, and the exponential distribution. Its moments and momentsbased measures are derived and discussed. Statistical properties, including the hazard rate and mean residual life functions, stochastic ordering, mean deviations, Bonferroni and Lorenz curves and stress-strength reliability
Kamlesh Kumar Shukla
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 3, 53–71
Reliability and validity are key concerns for any researcher. We investigate these concerns as they apply to social network analysis programs. Six well-used and trusted programs were compared on four common centrality measures (degree, betweenness, closeness, and eigenvector) under a variety of network topographies. We identify notable inconsistencies between programs that may not be apparent to the average user of these programs. Specifically, each program may have implemented a variant of a
Philip J. Murphy,
Karen T. Cuenco,
Connections , ISSUE 1-2, 23–44
, and the field intensity distribution was simulated by MATALAB. According to simulation of three dimensional field intensity distribution, and it had directly shown that various factors had an influence on the indoor field intensity distribution, thus indoor wireless sensor network nodes can be reasonable deployed by it, the packet loss rate of WSN transmission was reduced from information source, and it provided theoretical basis for further improving WSN information transmission reliability.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1943–1970
-life cycle four-state model of the device, and then simplified it as three-state model based on some practical considerations in this paper. On the basis of it, the paper analyzed its reliability operation characteristics as the checking items being constants, and then proposed a dynamic real-time iterative control strategy on the checking items according to the practical state of the devices under CBM, and investigated its availability and adaptability. Moreover, the paper still performed devices
H. S. Su,
Y. Q. Kang
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 967–1003
of the model evaluation are presented in the article. The experimental results revealed the increase of the probability of faultless operation by the test group of up to 0,892, whereas the faultless operation probability of a control group was 0,726. Thus, the trainee-students have statistically increased the reliability for the maintenance of attitude orientation thanks to the proposed method, and the hypothesis was confirmed.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 127–140
required in many applications in the wireless sensor networks, our study focuses on the ZigBee network which is a new industrial standard for sensor networks. Some previous related papers improved the broadcast reliability by introducing redundant transmission and increasing coverage ratio of every receiver node, but there still exists probability of packet loss and extra communication cost due to redundant broadcast. This paper proposes an efficient acknowledgement-based approach for reliable data
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 504–520
Reliability of modern power systems, in particular those use wind and solar energies, is affected by the relatively short lifetime of the associated power electronic converters (PECs). Thermal stress has been identified as one of the commonest causes for failures in PECs. However, existing thermal monitoring systems are expensive, bulky and with no intelligent capabilities, which limit their full acceptance as monitoring and control tools in operational power plants. This work presents
S. H. Teay,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 407–424
boys) completed the same questionnaires three weeks later to obtain data on test-retest reliability. The mean age was 16.91 years (SD = .84). Everyone in the original sample was asked but only a subsample answered (49%).
The Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales Youth – Swedish version (CEASY-SE)
The 30-item CEASY-SE measures compassion in adolescents in three subscales with 10 items each (see Supplementary 1) – Compassion for others, Compassion from others, and
Frida Carlberg Rindestig,
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 70–80
, and ratings of psychosocial problems. Approximately nine days later, the ICU was readministered in a subset of the sample (n = 40) to examine test-retest reliability.Internal consistency was satisfactory, and test-retest reliability was excellent. Concurrent validity associations with the PCL:YV ranged from moderate to high. The ICU displayed excellent discriminative validity for identifying persons who displayed high levels of psychopathic traits. CU traits were also found to be associated with
Mickey T. Kongerslev,
Adelle E. Forth,
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 80–96
Christoph F. Dietrich,
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 281–287
A 23-item difficulty with mobility questionnaire (DMQ) was piloted with 32 persons who had participated in a one-week orientation and mobility (O&M) course offered by Guide Dogs Queensland in early 2014 to determine its potential utility as an outcome measure for O&M instruction. The DMQ was assessed for reliability, validity, and sensitivity. Reliability was established using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Validity was assessed by determining the extent to which the total
Steven J. La Grow, Ed.D.,
Bashir Ebrahim, OAM, Grad. Dip. Rehab. Studies,
Andy Towers, Ph.D.
International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 59–69
A fuzzy model for failure rate with the consideration of the effects of uncertain factors in distribution reliability evaluation is presented. The possibility and credibility distribution analyzed on the basis of sample datum are used for quantifying effects of the uncertainty done to failure rate. Mathematically, the failure rate can be obtained in the interval integration. Moreover, aiming to make the calculating quantity of system reliability evaluation simple and easy, the fuzzy clustering
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1484–1504
THE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THE TELEMETRY DATA FORECASTING MODEL
Thought of optimal decision method is using linear transform to normalize the attribute value, and at the same time using the ideal point and negative ideal point, compared with the traditional method has more rationality and reliability. The ideal point is the best solution, and its target value is the best, the worst is the worst. The worst is the worst. The optimal solution algorithm is as follows:
Set decision matrix
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 28–34
Internet era in the context of increasing popularity of mobile terminals, network video browsing has become an indispensable feature of wireless terminals. However, in order to improve the reliability of video multicast, this paper increases the gain system from the overlapping access points in the coverage area, because of the low reliability of the inter-link interference between the wireless networks. Improve the fairness of the system, and propose and design a multi-point broadcast scheme
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 72–75
The study deals with enhancing the reliability of freight cars by improving the corporate service system. Assessing of the quality of spare parts suppliers is discussed. An algorithm for supplier selection and an evaluation method, based on cluster analysis of indicators of supplier reliability, is proposed. Alternative developments for a service network, in view of expanding of the car fleet powered by natural gas-based fuel have been considered.АннотацияВ статье рассматриваются способы
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 5–18
A credibility test method based on the features of frequency domain entropy of a phase is proposed to evaluate the blind processing results of a BPSK signal. Initially, a reference signal was constructed depending on the certain identified modulation results. By analyzing the differences of the phase of the correlation series between the observed signal and the reference signal, a reliability test problem for the BPSK signal is performed by calculating the phase spectrum entropy and comparing
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1900–1917
Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 51–62
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 93–102
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1653–1674
In this article we consider the increase of the resource of wheelsets of cars and locomotives. We give general data on present research in the field of tribotechnical systems, and offer alternative variants of development of domestic tribotechnical systems for railway transportation, which can be useful to replace foreign systems. The systems capable of increasing the reliability of a railway branch are described.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 137–146
The article proposes methodological principles for substantiating the specialization of main railway lines based on the primary types of passenger or freight traffic in order to improve the level of transport services, economic efficiency, and reliability of the transportation process. The search for a solution to the problem provides a rational distribution of transport flows and investment measures, with the subsequent finding of a compromised operation for a set of effective alternatives.
Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 35–44
As stereo matching methods are widely used in computer vision and stereo reconstruction, from the perspective of improving the matching accuracy, this paper focuses on the global optimization algorithm. An improved stereo matching method based on 8- neighbor Belief Propagation method is proposed in this paper, by involving more pixels into information transmission, our method improves the accuracy of stereo matching. The experimental results verify the efficiency and reliability of our method.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 464–479
The health management of complex equipment is crucial to ensure the reliability, maintainability and safety of complex equipment. This paper introduces the basic concept and research connotation of prognostics and health management (PHM), analyzes the significance of PHM technology in equipment maintenance. For the fault prediction architecture and method, this paper focuses on the discussion, analysis, and summarizes the current research’s hot spots and existing technical difficulties. Finally
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 115–121
Data integrity is a term used when referring to the accuracy and reliability of data. It ensures that data is not altered during operations, such as transfer, storage, or retrieval. Any changes to the data for example malicious intention, unpredicted hardware failure or human error would results in failure of data integrity. Cryptographic hash functions are generally used for the verification of data integrity. For many Internet of Things (IoT) applications, hardware implementations of
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6
In this paper, the authors proposed a novel type of inkjet where the ink is driving by maxwell stress employing the characteristic of thermalmagnetic. Different with the traditional inkjet technology like the piezo-vibration driving type or bubble driving type, in the proposed approach the moving elements or high temperature is absolutely unnecessary and having simple structure, so that high durability and reliability is promising with small size and strong pumping force. The working mechanism
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 592–604
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 61–66
Summary. Public transport priority is still a big issue in many cities. Priority measures for street public transport are the key tool to increasing the attractiveness and reliability of public transport systems. This paper contributes to this problem by introducing a detailed analysis of street public transport vehicle ride on urban roads. The ride will be divided into segments with a definition of the potential reason for possible delays. This view is the first step for a future objective
Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 43–55
In this paper we propose and test a composite generalizer of the Lomax distribution .The genesis of the beta distribution and transmuted map is used to develop the so-called beta transmuted Lomax (BTL) distribution. The properties of the distribution are discussed and explicit expressions are derived for the moments, mean deviations, quantiles, distribution of order statistics and reliability. The maximum likelihood method is used for estimating the model parameters, and the ﬁnite sample
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 13–34
parameters, and finally order statistics. Moreover, plots of the density and distribution functions of PSBTPAD are presented and a reliability analysis is considered. The Rényi entropy of PSBTPAD is proved and the application of real data is discussed. Mathematics Subject Classification: 62E10, 62F15.
Amer Ibrahim Al-Omari,
Mohd Aftar Abu Bakar
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 3, 73–91
Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 21–34
correct calculation of the speed of movement allows us to obtain the reliability of the restored co-existence, as well as data for an objective analysis of the road traffic accident.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 15–24
This study sought to assess the reliability, validity, and sensitivity of the Difficulty with Mobility Questionnaire (DMQ) to determine its applicability as an outcome measure for dog guide instruction. Forty-nine trainees receiving dog guide instruction from Leader Dogs for the Blind participated in this study. All rated their overall ability to get around (AGA) and the difficulty they experienced with 16 separate mobility related behaviours (DMQ-16) before and after training. The DMQ-16 was
Steve La Grow, Ed.D.,
Andy Towers, Ph.D.,
Dae Kim, Ph.D.,
Rod Haneline, M.A.
International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 10–21
magnetic shielding. In this study, we recorded P300 brain waves of subjects, compared our results with our past studies and other EEG and MEG data reported previously. The results confirmed the reliability of our data and indicated that the MI sensor can be applied on brain activity detection.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4
) and mean specificity was 89.50% (standard deviation 12.21). Conclusion: The current literature reveals high sensitivity and specificity in the use of ultrasonography in scaphoid fracture diagnosis. However, multiple factors including technical differences in ultrasound machines and probes, small sample sizes and variability of subsequent confirmatory tests have created a challenge in determining the ultimate reliability of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures. Considering
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 325–331
The accelerometers used for Inertial Navigation in satellite launch vehicles demand excellent performance in terms of sensitivity, noise immunity, linearity, bias and scale factor stability over time and environmental changes. Detailed and in-depth design of the microstructure by computer simulation is required to ensure structural integrity and reliability of the microstructure. The microstructure of the accelerometer consists of a proof mass suspended from the mounting frame by beam springs
M. M. Nayak,
M. Sasi Kumar
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1019–1030
This paper discusses a measurement principle for online moisture determination of wood pellets that is based on capacitive sensing. To ensure reliability and proper operation of the sensing device even under harsh industrial conditions, a robust principle based on a frequency hopping approach is required. Therefore, we investigate the impact of multiple carrier frequencies and analyze the frequency dependency of the material permittivity. Two different electrode topologies, one based on
Michael J. Moser,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 293–308
normalizing matching degree. Several BPAs provided by many sensor sources are fused by Dempster’s rule of combination. A diagnosis decision-making can be done according to the fusion results. Finally,the diagnosis examples of machine rotor system with vibration sensors show that the proposed method can enhance accuracy and reliability of data fusion-based diagnosis system.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 171–190
pressure of separated fluid into one, and finally a stable and accurate result is obtained by inputting the mixed signal through the integrating system. Thus, the applicability and reliability of the flowmeter can be greatly enhanced, which ensures the authenticity and stability of the measurement data about the fluid.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1326–1346
vision impairment (VISSIT, 2014; Pogrund et al. 2015). A national validation study on the VISSIT for TVIs was completed in May 2015, revealing that consequential validity, social validity, and content validity were all significantly valid. The internal consistency reliability proved significantly reliable.
Following the success of the VISSIT, the subcommittee received numerous requests for an equivalent tool for O&M specialists. These requests called for a tool that uses complete evaluation of
Heather R. Munro,
Rona L. Pogrund
International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–11
The Weibull distribution is used to describe various observed failures of phenomena and widely used in survival analysis and reliability theory. Sometimes it is very difficult to compute moments of such distributions due to various reasons for e.g. analytical issues, multi parameter cases etc. This study presents the computation of the moments and the expected value of the product of order statistics in the sample from the one-parameter Weibull distribution. An alternative approach in
Piyush Kant Rai,
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 1, 169–178
In this study, a methodology was developed for transport plan selection of intercity trains in railway network using the method of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). For studying the transport plan, the following indicators have been chosen: the transport satisfaction, average number of train stops, average distance travelled, average speed, reliability, availability of service with direct transport and transport capacity. The methodology includes determination of variant schemes of
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 37–48
, stochastic ordering, mean deviations, Bonferroni and Lorenz curves, and stress-strength reliability have been discussed. Estimation of its parameter has been discussed using the method of maximum likelihood and the method of moments. The applications and goodness of fit of the distribution have been discussed with three real lifetime data sets and the fit has been compared with one-parameter lifetime distributions including Akash, Shanker, Lindley and exponential distributions.
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 3, 391–410
protocol with those of using CSMA and TDMA individually. It is verified that in terms of flexibility and reliability in channel utilization, packet loss ratio and fairness index, the hybrid MAC protocol is superior. The hybrid mechanism makes the MAC layer self-adaptively switch between TDMA and CSMA according to the data traffic load.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 662–674
According to EGTS proposal, an adaptive channel hopping algorithm that can be used in wireless mesh sensor networks was is designed in this paper. The nodes select proper channels independently and use them to communicate with their neighbors. Once a pair of nodes find their current channel has been deteriorated, they abandoned the current channel and enable the reserved channel, so that the reliability of the network is improved. The algorithm is compatible with the primitives and the frame
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, –
experiences which may support other researchers to achieve success without wasting resources are reported. Moreover, presented research analyses of some unusual observations made in a proto-typed smart home monitoring system have been discussed. Packet delivery ratio (PDR) and latency are among a few reliability issues that have been analysed and addressed in this article to make the system more robust.
N. K. Suryadevara,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1997–2013
The requirements for the inspection of heating systems have been introduced in the Energy Performance Act. Thermal diagnostics of the system is an evaluation of the technical conditions of the heating and hot water installations, due to their energy efficiency and reliability of obtaining the required internal temperature in the building and delivery of the right amount of domestic hot water at the proper temperature. Data obtained from the diagnostics are useful for proper energy-efficient
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 165–173
sensor reliability and the possibility to clean it. Measurements confirm it ability to detect and characterize each cell and particle in less than 1ms during their passage in a microchannel, allowing high speed diagnosis of a large amount of cells. Calibrated particles were used to check the proper functioning of the sensor and the possibility to detect and measure few variation induce by the passage of cells.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5
of dispersion have been derived and discussed. The reliability properties, including hazard rate function and mean residual life function, have been discussed. The estimation of its parameters has been discussed using the maximum likelihood method and the applications of the distribution have been explained through some survival time data of a group of patients suffering from head and neck cancer, and the fit has been compared with a one-parameter Lindley distribution and a two-parameter weighted
Kamlesh Kumar Shukla,
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 291–310
Fixed-power wireless sensor networks are prevalent and cost-effective. However, they face mote failures, RF interference from environmental noise and energy constraints. Routing protocols for such networks must overcome these problems to achieve reliability, energy efficiency and scalability in message delivery. Achievement of these requirements, however, poses conflicting demands. In this work, we propose an efficient and reliable routing protocol (EAR) that achieves reliable and scalable
Dr. P. Senthil Kumar,
R. Jaishree Bai,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 358–373
group of sensor nodes, some sink nodes, and a data centre. The sensor nodes are connected to the sink node, which is connected to a data centre through CDMA or General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) technologies. In order to improve the reliability of wireless transmission, retransmission and redundant path are discussed. The system has been tested for half a year and satisfactory results have been observed, which indicate that this system is useful for urban rail vehicle monitoring.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1822–1839
problems caused by Camshift in such scenes. Because the SURF algorithm has the advantage of good object recognition, the implementation of the SpeedUp Robust Features (SURF) in the Camshift algorithm will greatly improve the tracking accuracy and the tracking reliability of the object. The improved method ensures the good real-time performance of the tracking, greatly improves the tracking accuracy of the object by UAV, and eventually achieves a better tracking effect of the moving object.
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 97–101
Auditors need information on the performance of different statistical methods when applied to audit populations. The aim of the study was to examine the reliability and efficiency of a strategy combining systematic Monetary Unit Sampling and confidence intervals for the total error based on the Horvitz-Thompson estimator with normality assumption. This strategy is a possible alternative for testing audit populations with high error rates. Using real and simulated data sets, for the majority of
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 85–106
This study aims to evaluate the intercity bus terminals in metropolitan Lahore, Pakistan. In this regard eleven intercity bus terminals of Lahore (three government-owned & eight privately owned) were selected. Evaluation of performance indicators (PIs) for a sustainable design of intercity bus terminals was conducted with the help of different surveys. Six PIs on user perception were evaluated, i.e., safety and security, access, information, connection and reliability, environment and allied
Muhammad Ashraf JAVID,
Tanvir Iqbal QAYYUM
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 123–136
Spatial analyses suffer from modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP). This occurs while operating on aggregated data determined for high-level territorial units, e.g. official statistics for countries. Generalization process deprives the data of variation. Carrying out research excluding territorial distribution of a phenomenon affects the analysis results and reduces their reliability. The paper proposes to use symbolic data analysis (SDA) to reduce MAUP. SDA proposes an alternative form of
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 243–264
the reliability, applicability and effectiveness of the present method.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 927–952
in accident scenarios with bicycles and PTW, with a special focus on causation by Driving Reliability and Error Analysis Method and injuries coded by the Abbreviated Injury Scale, conducted for these road users across Europe for the first time. Medical data, police records, and jurisdiction files about crashes of PTW and cyclist were collected and analyzed in EU to define the most common accident scenarios and other threats to this group of unprotected road users. The articles present
Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 77–88
NTC thermistors of Y-Al-Mn-Fe-Ni-Cr-O systems were fabricated by using normal ceramic processing for wide temperature range measurement. Pt-Rh alloy as electrodes was inserted into the body during the forming process to increase the reliability of high temperature and to decrease the contact resistance. The properties were analyzed by XRD, SEM and resistance measurement. There are no distinct XRD patterns between Y0.2Al0.1Mn0.27Fe0.16Ni0.27Ox and Y0.2Al0.1Mn0.264Fe0.16 Ni0.264Cr0.012Ox because
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4
achieve the accuracy, repeatability and reliability needed in industrial applications.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 48–71
Object detecting and tracking is an important technique used in diverse applications of machine vision, and has made great progress with the prevalence of artificial intelligence technology, among which the detecting and tracking moving object under dynamic scenes is more challenging for high requirements on real-time performance and reliability. Essentially analyzing, object detecting and tracking need to classify the objects and background into two different categories according to different
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1130–1155
Wearable equipment in recent years has been rapid development. But the hardware manufacturing complexity and the high cost is a real problem. This paper introduces a microprocessor cluster with both hardware design principle and related distributed software design methods. This cluster has the characteristics of low cost, high reliability, flexible hardware and software system structure, low power consumption, simple equipment manufacturing process and so on, especially suitable for wearable
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 27–32
solutions, which make the work with weak soils easier and, at the same time, increase the reliability of the results, are suggested e.g.: the paraffin method or the use of a special frame enabling repositioning of local microdisplacement sensors during the triaxial test. The issues connected with soil sampling and forming of triaxial specimens have been included in part 1/2 of this article. In the Authors opinion, the text (parts 1 and 2) may constitute an important hint for researchers completing a
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 81–93
to conduct the first assessment of this instruments construct validity using confirmatory factor analysis, and a detailed examination of scale reliability and validity.
Our sample consisted of 1,344 adolescents, recruited from four schools in the north of Portugal. The vast majority of students (99%) were Portuguese by nationality, and all were fluent Portuguese speakers. A total of 47% of the sample were male and 53% were female. The sample was predominantly from the 9th
Richard A. Inman,
Ana Margarida Sousa,
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 20–28
Electronic systems are very important part of the automotive industry. Electronic products have high reliability due to the critical functions performed by some of the modern modules. Cyclic mechanical load and vibration are main of the conditions, that the electronic modules are subjected during the transport. In this paper, the main incompatibilities in the internal transport processes of soldering of selected elements for automotive company are presented. The main purpose of the article is
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 19–28
In recent times, number of researchers have investigated vehicle tracking applications by fusing the measurements done by accelerometers, as part of inertial navigation system (INS), and GPS (Global Positioning System). However, the sensors in recreational devices like mobile phone have limitations in measurement accuracy and reliability. Usually, sudden changes in vehicle speed are not always captured well by GPS. Accelerometers, on the other hand, suffer from multiple noise sources. In this
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6
pipeline operational failure and the investigation of the consequences of an emergency in sewer tunnels; to achieve this, typically, a deterministic method of life factor is used, the basis of which is the assessment of factors that reduce the reliability of sewer facilities [1, 2]. In the works [1–3], when studying the factors affecting the operational life of distribution networks and technical and economic performance of carrying out of works, particular attention was paid to the protection of
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 65–73
, and reliability analysis were conducted. The research results show that there are three dimensions of perceived service quality of youth public transport passengers. The dimensions are comfort, performance, and assurance.ZusammenfassungDiese Untersuchung zielt darauf Dimensionen der wahrgenommenen Servicequalität jugendlicher Passagiere im öffentlichen Nahverkehr zu bestimmen. Diese Untersuchung ist aufgrund der mangelnden Forschung, die auf die wahrgenommene Servicequalität jugentlicher Fahrgäste
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 99–111
. Dependencies for determination of the optimum length of the module of bridge overcrossing are identified. The calculation of the constructive-orthotropic plate for the carriageway of the bridge overcrossing using numerical methods of finite differences and finite elements is performed; the reliability of results is confirmed with coincidence of deflection values. The solution matrix of the method of finite differences developed in this work allows calculation of arbitrary plates with a wide variety of
Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 59–69
Sampling from three wealthy counties in Shandong province (n = 855), this research examined the characteristics of an output well-being index, and the index shows good internal consistency reliability and ideal construct validity. It could be used as an instrument to evaluate the quality of life of Chinese citizens. The index was applied to an analysis of the quality of life of the residents from three wealthy counties. It shows that the level of the quality of life of the rural residents is
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 3, 441–460
the software part. The forward are fixed in the variety of appliances based on CC2530 chip and sensors. The connection between different devices can be finished by the standard interfaces RS232 and RS485. The software can be installed in the tablet PC, the personal computer or smart telephones. It can be realized on the open Android platform or Eclipse. The system has been applied in the actual intelligent house. Results are encouraging as the reliability of sensing information transmission is
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1095–1113
, there is a fatal limitation i. e. long recovery time after the exposure of the target gas. It definitely causes robots to fail in gas/odour plume searching tasks due to delay of responses during the absent of gas plume. This paper proposes a sensing algorithm based on evidential theory which is using certainty factors and evidential reasoning to overcome the long recovery problem. Based on the conducted experiments, the proposed algorithm has improved the accuracy and reliability while maintaining
Kok Seng Eu,
Kian Meng Yap
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6
containment building and the cooling of the core meltdown in the reactor. Confirming the progressive state of diagnosis and the cooling of the reactor core when the serious accident occurs is a very important factor in the development of response strategies after the accident. Japan has taken various measures to deal with accidents after the nuclear accident of Fukushima. Strengthening the reliability of the instrumentation system is also included in the counterstrategies. Therefore, this paper presents
Song Hae Ye,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4
Summary. Currently used criteria for determining car operating efficiency in road traffic are, among others, emission of harmful substances, consumption of engine driving fuels, technical service and reliability of operation, safety of use. The operational characteristics of the car in terms of engine driving fuel consumption data is usually recognised as so-called road specific fuel consumption. An important deficiency of this approach is the failure to take into
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 91–101
span. The research has identified self-diagnosis methods for the SMCV system to ensure the reliability and the quality of the measurements and to extend the knowledge of the system. The recorded signals have been processed and converted into easily interpretable physical quantities by means of MATLAB® algorithm.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 91–100
availability of magnetic resonance imaging, cranial ultrasound is the first imaging procedure to be performed (if the anterior fontanelle is preserved providing an adequate acoustic window). The safety and reliability of ultrasound examination, possibility to perform the examination at bedside without the need for sedation make cranial ultrasound a useful tool both for preliminary diagnostic investigation and for the monitoring of both treatment and long-term complications. Sonographic findings in patients
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 63–70
(DAPP-BQ-A), which has been denoted as the DAPP - Short Form for Adolescents (DAPP-SF-A), were examined.The factorial structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, discriminative validity, and classification accuracy of the DAPP-SF-A scales were examined in three samples: 1596 non-referred adolescents; 166 adolescents referred to inpatient and outpatient mental health services; and 58 referred and general population adolescents.Despite a reduction in the number of items by 50% (from 290
Noor B. Tromp,
Hans M. Koot
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 71–79
2 mg a.i./kg soil). The data were analyzed using a custom response surface regression model and the response surface curve and contour plots were drawn. Reliability of the model was examined by comparing the result of new experimental treatments with the predicted results. The optimal levels of these two variables also were calculated. The interactive effects of concentrations of Trichoderma and cadusafos were insignificant for several responses such as the total number of eggs per gram soil
MOHAMMAD REZA MOOSAVI,
Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 54–63
variables are suggested. Measures used in this study demonstrated reliability, supporting their use in Thailand. Providing health education and printed information regarding outcomes and disability after mTBI is recommended. Further study of the small but clinically important percentage of subjects who experience ongoing disability after mTBI is needed.
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 2, 12–19
horizontal, vertical and diagonal can be utilized. Based on the results, plaque is distinguishable with guttate and erythroderma by using standard deviation vertical sub-images parameter. Results of Daubechies D8 is compared with study done previously by using Daubechies D4 and Daubechies D12 in order to observe the reliability of the results in Daubechies families. The resultant parameters can be used to design computer-aided system in diagnosis the skin lesion of psoriasis.
M. S. Sulaiman,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 711–732
) presents detailed description and discussion of the issues related to weak soil sampling and forming of triaxial specimens, based on the Authors’ own experience and literature review. Some solutions, which make the work with weak soils easier and, at the same time, increase the reliability of the results, are suggested e.g.: an “extra consolidation” in a sampler or alternative preparation of the specimen from slurry. Due to the ampleness of the problems related to testing of weak
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 71–80
Cesare Maria Cornaggia,
Journal of Epileptology , 27–32
criteria of safety, reliability analysis, and the continuous research of passenger processing. For any modern marine passenger terminal, it is necessary to use the tool to simulate passenger flows in dynamics. Only in this way it is possible to obtain the analytical information and use it for decision making when solving the problem of the amount of personnel required for passenger service, transport safety, some forecasting tasks and so on. Of particular relevance is the choice of the mathematical
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 27–36
This research work regards the design and realization of an absorption spectrophotometer based on a LED light source in place of the usually employed Xenon lamp. The advantage of the use of LED technology resides in several factors such as the reducing of the analyte temperature variations and thus noise generation, which occur if a Xenon light source is used, beside of the high luminous efficiency, reliability, operating duration, lower maintenance and a lower power consumption. This last
R. de Fazio,
A. Lay Ekuakille
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 18–48
respectively, which proved the machine reliability within application range. Furthermore, the evaluation method was performed experimentally to establish reference data sets for circular, cylindrical and spherical objects. The sets of established data at different strategic parameters have been postulated to satisfy the ability of the proposed method to correlate the roundness measurements within the application range. The experimental result ensures that the proposed evaluation method is reliable and
Salah H. R. Ali
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 896–920
cluster environment. In this research work we represent K-centroids clustering in big data mechanism for Hadoop cluster. This approach is mainly focused on the energy consumption in The Hadoop cluster, which helps to increase the system reliability. The Hadoop cluster consists of resources which are categorized for minimizing the scheduling delay in the Hadoop cluster using the K-Centroids clustering algorithm. A novel provisioning mechanism is introduced along with the consideration of load, energy
E. Laxmi Lydia,
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 34–46
particular data communication, the sender may require special processing of these data streams, such as non-default quality of service or real-time service, such as using virtual circuits to achieve the purpose of circuit communication.
High safety and reliability
To get security and reliability, the new datagram added expansionary support for IP address encryption and authentication, data integrity, and data security (optional) in IPV9 designing. It extension headers and options take into account
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 10–28
for the early identification and therapeutic treatment of BPD. Although findings are far from conclusive, the inter-rater reliability and internal consistency of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders symptom criteria for BPD during adolescence seem adequate. Recent studies based on a rigorous methodology of BPD assessment and large community samples reported prevalence rates for BPD diagnosis during adolescence that were less suspect than previous findings. A number of research
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 5–21