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Research Article | 15-February-2020

Cross sensitivity of Ionic concentration on Admittance type measurement

An attempt has been made to study theoretically electrical admittance type level measurement and its cross sensitivity with ionic concentration of liquid. The analysis has been made for single and double electrodes and found there is significant cross sensitivity which varies with the ionic concentration of the liquid. This study will help further to design and develop continuous level measurement transmitter in Boiler drum.

Joyanta Kumar Roy, Bansari Deb Majumder

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 01-September-2015

SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF HIERARCHICAL HYBRID FUZZY - NEURAL NETWORK

To identify the important attributes of complex system, which is high-dimensional and contain both discrete and continuous variables, this paper proposes a sensitivity analysis method of hierarchical hybrid fuzzy - neural network. We derive the sensitivity indexes of discrete and continuous variables through the differential method. To verify the effectiveness of our method, this study employed a man-made example and a remote sensing image classification example to test the performance of our

Xing Haihua, Yu Xianchuan, Hu Dan, Dai Sha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 3, 1837–1854

Article | 01-December-2012

BALLAST FLYING MECHANISM AND SENSITIVITY FACTORS ANALYSIS

G.Q Jing, Y.D Zhou, Jian Lin, J. Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 928–939

Research Article | 13-December-2017

CO2 sensing characteristics of Sm1-xBaxCoO3 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2) nanostructured thick film

SmCoO3 gas sensor has been developed with high sensitivity for CO2 gas by doping Ba. Nanostructured SmCoO3 and Sm1-xBaxCoO3 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2) were obtained by EDTAGlycol method. The operation temperature falls and sensitivity increases from 425 to 370OC when Ba concentration in SmCoO3 changes from x = 0 to x = 0.1. Ag impregnation over Sm0.9Ba0.1CoO3 sensor, on exposure to CO2 at about 360OC showed an increased sensitivity as well as the response time also decreases. The possible CO2

G.N. Chaudhari, P.R. Padole, S.V. Jagatap, M.J. Pawar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 613–622

Research Article | 13-December-2017

REFRACTIVE INDEX SENSITIVITY IN THINNED UV AND ARC INDUCED LONG-PERIOD GRATINGS:
A COMPARATIVE STUDY

In this work, a comparative study aimed to investigate the effects of cladding stripping on the external refractive index sensitivity in tapered and UV long period gratings is presented. Here, wet chemical etching combined with microscopic analysis allow us to identify the experimental dependence of the surrounding refractive index (SRI) sensitivity on the cladding radius for both grating types. The experimental results reveal that although in both cases a sensitivity enhancement is achieved by

A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M.L. Korwin-Pawlowski, W.J. Bock, A. Cusano

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 354–369

research-article | 15-June-2020

Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in adults with obstructive jaundice

considered to be the first initial imaging procedure in obstructive jaundice(1,5,11,12). Ultrasonography could also be used for some imaging-guided hepatobiliary interventions. This study aims to determine the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound in detecting the causes of obstructive jaundice in our locality, where more sophisticated imaging modalities may not be readily available on a routine basis. Methods This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional study of eighty consecutive adult patients

Olufunke O. Fadahunsi, Bolanle O. Ibitoye, Adewale O. Adisa, Olusegun I. Alatise, Victor A. Adetiloye, Bukunmi Michael Idowu

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e100–e105

Article | 14-December-2020

The sensitivity of antibody detection testing using pooled versus unpooled reagent red cells

Because the sensitivity of antibody detection testing may be reduced when pooled reagent red blood cells (RBCs) are used, the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) prohibits the use of pooled reagent RBCs when performing pretransfusion antibody detection testing. This restriction imposed upon the use of pooled reagent RBCs is based, at least in part, on the belief that pooled reagent RBCs are less likely to detect clinically significant antibodies than are sets of unpooled reagent RBCs

Ira A. Shulman, Roland Nakayama, Cintia Calderon

Immunohematology, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 16–19

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases

disorders were target conditions. The data extracted by the two reviewers concerning selected study characteristics and results were presented in tables and figures. In total, 46 studies were found for breast masses, lymph nodes, prostate carcinoma, liver diseases, salivary and parotid gland diseases, pancreatic masses, musculoskeletal diseases and renal diseases, and the overall sensitivity of sonoelastography in diagnosing all these diseases was 83.14% while specificity was 81.41%. This literature

Iqra Manzoor, Raham Bacha, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 29–36

Review | 15-February-2020

New approaches for improving selectivity and sensitivity of resistive gas sensors: A review

Resistive gas sensors are very popular and reliable but suffer from low selectivity and sensitivity. Various methods have been suggested to improve both features without increasing the number of sensors in gas detection systems. Fluctuation enhanced gas sensing was proposed to improve gas detection efficiency by analyzing low-frequency resistance fluctuations, and noise parameters can be more informative than the single DC resistance and can advance gas detection systems by improving detection

Janusz Smulko, Maciej Trawka, Radu Ionescu, Fatima E. Annanouch, Eduard Llobe, Claes G. Granqvist, Laszlo B. Kish

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-June-2012

NANOSTRUCTURED Fe2O3 THICK FILM AS AN ETHANOL SENSOR

Thick films of AR Grade nano Fe2O3 material with n-type semiconducting properties were prepared and tested for their gas sensing performances. Thick films of the materials were prepared by screen printing technique. The gas sensing performance was studied using static gas sensing system. The material was tested for various gases such as CO, CO2, NH3, Cl2, H2, LPG, ethanol and H2S. The nano Fe2O3 film showed maximum sensitivity to ethanol gas at 350 oC temperature at 250 ppm concentration with

N. K. Pawar, D. D. Kajale, G. E. Patil, V. G. Wagh, V. B. Gaikwad, M. K. Deore, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 441–457

Research Article | 03-December-2011

EFFECTS OF PLACEMENT ERRORS ON PERFORMANCE OF VLF METAL DETECTOR HEADS

Metal-detector performance depends heavily on the sensor head. Errors in coil placement within the head can lead to degradation in detector performance. Electromagnetic modelling of typical very-low-frequency detector heads shows the effect of coil placement errors on detector sensitivity. Provided the bucking coil ‘tracks’ the receive coil, required error corrections can remain small. A correctly-aligned head could detect a gold ring target at a range of about 12 cm.

Lawrence J. Carter, Zhuoran Tang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 675–685

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings

This paper we discusses an effect of coating longperiod gratings (LPGs) with a thin titanium dioxide (TiO2) overlays on refractive index (RI) sensitivity of the LPG. The overlays have been obtained using atomic layer deposition (ALD) method. The method allows for deposition well-controlled in thickness, well defined in optical properties, high-RI and very conformal thin films as required for optical fiber sensors. For the investigated LPGs we obtained sensitivity of 3490 to 6471 nm per RI unit

Krzysztof Krogulski, Mateusz Śmietana, Bartosz Michalak, Anna K. Dębowska, Łukasz Wachnicki, Sylwia Gierałtowska, Marek Godlewski, Magdalena Szymańska, Predrag Mikulic, Wojtek J. Bock

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 27-December-2017

Pure and Cupricated BaSnO3 thick film resistor: Synthesis, Characterization and studies on its gas sensing performance

, ethanol, and H2S. The pure BS film shows good response multiple gases at various operating temperature up to 5000C as NH3, CO2, CO, ethanol and, H2S for different gas concentrations, when the pure film is surface modified with aqueous solution of Cucl2 using simple dipping technique for various time intervals (5 min., 10 min., 20 min. and, 30 min.), film improves the selectivity and sensitivity. Maximum response (S=36.2) was found to H2S gas at temperature of 250 0C and S=12.1 for ethanol at 500 oC

N.U. PATIL, V.B. GAIKWAD, P.D. HIRE, R.M. CHAUDHARI, M. K. DEORE, G. H. JAIN

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 433–447

Research Article | 13-December-2017

HIGH SENSITIVITY METHANE SENSOR BY CHEMICALLY DEPOSITED NANOCRYSTALLINE ZNO THIN FILM

sensing) was found to be stable and reproducible after several thermal cyclings. Surface modification with palladium (0.01% PdCl2 for 5 seconds) was done to enhance sensitivity; so that the ZnO thin films can give significant response to target gases at the operating temperature of as low as 130oC, compared to the normal operating temperature range of 200–400oC for zinc oxide resistive gas sensors. The planar gold contacts were deposited by vacuum evaporation technique. The device was then tested for

Sunipa Roy, H. Saha, C. K. Sarkar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 605–620

Article | 09-November-2020

The gel test: sensitivity and specificity for unexpected antibodies to blood group antigens

of these (cold auto, anti-M, -Le, etc.) were considered harmless with respect to transfusion management. GEL–LISS+ tests included seven samples containing potentially significant antibodies (assumed from specificity): anti-K(4), -Jka, -Fyb, and -S. Two potentially significant antibodies (antiC and -D) were GEL+LISS–. Sensitivity and specificity for potentially significant antibodies were 92% and 96% for GEL, and 98% and 90% for LISS, respectively. The seven GEL–LISS+ samples

W. John Judd, E. Ann Steiner, Pamela C. Knaf

Immunohematology, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 132–135

Research paper | 02-November-2017

SENSITIVITY IMPROVEMENT OF WIRELESS PRESSURE SENSOR BY INCORPORATING A SAW REFLECTIVE DELAY LINE

. Sharp reflection peaks, few spurious signals, and relatively high signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio were observed. High sensitivity of 2.9 deg/kPa and good linearity were observed.

Haekwan Oh, Weng Wang, Keekeun Lee, Ikmo Park, Sang Sik Yang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 940–954

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Study of the sensitivity and stability of a landslide sensor based on magnetic amorphous wires

The paper presents a study on the measurement stability of a landslide sensor based on four magnetic amorphous wire strain gauges used in an Wheatstone bridge configuration. The sensor is aimed for in-situ monitoring using a distributed sensor network. The experiment has been performed in the lab using a test stand, while a time step progressive deformation has been applied to the sensor. Results show a good stability of the measurement and a variable sensitivity with respect to the bending

Cristian Zet, Cristian Foşalău, Daniel Petrişor

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 01-December-2016

SELECTIVE CO SENSING USING NANOSTRUCTURED TiO_2 GAS SENSORS: A REVIEW

Fabricating a sensor for a toxic gas like carbon monoxide has been a constant need in many domestic and industrial applications. Although many sensors are commercially available, research is focused on developing a selective sensor with higher sensitivity, selectivity and low operating temperature. This paper reviews the fabrication, comparison and evaluation of different nanostructured titanium dioxide sensors used in detection. After a brief description of the structural properties of , the

Roshan Castelino, Pramod N G

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 2237–2256

Research paper | 13-December-2017

High Performance Macroporous Silicon Chemical Sensor With Improved Phase Detection Electronics

In this paper, a high sensitive, stable and reproducible electrical chemical sensor system based on macroporous silicon has been developed. Screen printed metal contacts have been taken from macroporous silicon layer which result in extremely stable, quasi ohmic and reproducible contacts. Such a sensor structure has been characterized for different organic and ionic solutions commonly used for biochemical applications. The sensitivity of the reported sensor at a particular frequency has been

C. RoyChaudhuri, S. Gangopadhyay, R. DevDas, S.K. Datta, H. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 638–658

Article | 02-November-2017

An electrodynamic sensor for electrostatic charge measurement

Electrodynamic sensors are used in the process industry because they are low cost and robust. Though frequently used very little fundamental work on them has been reported. This paper describes an investigation into characteristics of hemispherically and rectangularly shaped sensors. Two parameters are investigated, the effect of sensor area on sensitivity and the spatial filtering effect of the sensor due to its finite size. Models are proposed and results obtained using them compared with

M. F. Rahmat, N.S. Kamaruddin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 200–212

Article | 01-September-2012

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ZIRCONIA BASED THICK FILM RESISTOR AS A AMMONIA GAS SENSOR

voltages and at different working temperature. X-Ray Diffraction studies confirmed that the combinations of tetragonal and monoclinic structure. The energy band gap and the thicknesses of the films were evaluated, the crystalline grain size was determined using Scherrer’s formula. The gas sensing performances of various gases were tested with working temperatures from 100oto500oc. The sensitivity and selectivity to different gases was tested and the resistive thick films showed highest

S. B. Deshmukh, R. H. Bari, G. E. Patil, D. D. Kajale, G. H. Jain, L. A. Patil

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 540–558

Research paper | 31-October-2017

MULTINOMIAL LOGISTIC REGRESSION APPROACH FOR THE EVALUATION OF BINARY DIAGNOSTIC TEST IN MEDICAL RESEARCH

Evaluating the effect of variables on diagnostic measures (sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values) is often of interest to clinical researchers. Logistic regression (LR) models can be used to predict diagnostic measures of a screening test. A marginal model framework using generalized estimating equation (GEE) with logit/log link can be used to compare the diagnostic measures between two or more screening tests. These individual modeling approaches to each diagnostic

Alok Kumar Dwivedi, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Juan B. Figueroa-Casas, Angel M. Morales, Patrick Tarwater

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 2, 203–222

Research Article | 20-February-2013

A VIABLE CAPACITIVE APPROACH FOR DAMAGE DETECTION OF AIRCRAFT COMPOSITE MATERIAL

Military and Commercial aircraft are being constructed by more and more advanced composite materials. In order to prevent catastrophic failure any damage in aircraft composite material should be detected as soon as possible. The relations of the electrode length, the electrode width, and the space between electrodes to the testing sensitivity of the uniplanar double electrodes are investigated. A three dimensions model of the uniplanar capacitive sensor with 8 electrodes is founded and the

Dong Ensheng, Jiang Yilin, Guo Wei, Yu Xiangbin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 209–228

Article | 15-May-2020

The sensitivity, specificity, and clinical relevance of gel versus tube DATs in the clinical immunology laboratory

The DAT is a test used to demonstrate in vivo antibody and/or complement coating of RBCs. Typically, the DAT is performed in test tubes; however, recently a number of commercially available tests using gel-filled microtubes have become available. Few data comparing the sensitivity of these test media are available. To compare the rate of detection of a positive DAT performed in test tubes versus in gel-filled microtubes and to assess the clinical significance of the results in patients

Na’ama Paz, Dganit Itzhaky, Martin H. Ellis

Immunohematology, Volume 20 , ISSUE 2, 118–121

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Responses of Anastrepha suspensa, Diachasmimorpha longicaudata, and Sensitivity of Guava Production to Heterorhabditis bacteriophora in Fruit Fly Integrated Pest Management

infested guavas were treated with increasing Heterorhabditis bacteriophora infective juvenile (IJ) concentration or rate (0, 25, 50, …, 1,600 IJs cm−2) in field trials to measure the optimum IJ rate and then examine sensitivity of producing guavas to inclusion of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora in Caribfly IPM plans. Relative survival of Caribfly in treatments significantly decreased with increasing IJ rate from 0 to 100 IJs cm−2. Similarly, probability of observing large numbers of parasitoid wasps

William K. Heve, Fahiem E. El-Borai, Evan G. Johnson, Daniel Carrillo, William T. Crow, Larry W. Duncan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 261–272

Article | 03-November-2017

POLYMER OPTICAL FIBRE FOR IN SITU MONITORING OF GAMMA RADIATION PROCESSES

Poly Methyl MethAcrylate (PMMA) based plastic optical fibres offer a low cost radiation monitoring solution with a wide dose range, capable of providing real-time, online information. The sensitivity of the fibre to ionising radiation is shown to be dependant on wavelength, with the sensitivity increasing with decreasing wavelength, and so by carefully selecting the monitoring wavelength, the desired sensitivity and dose range can be achieved. The fibres exhibit high sensitivity, up to 0.6dBm

S. O’Keeffe, E. Lewis

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 490–502

Case report | 22-November-2020

Case reports: use of a polyethylene glycol additive to enhance eluate sensitivity

Nancy A. Lang

Immunohematology, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 19–21

Research Article | 13-December-2017

SENSOR TECHNOLOGY AT SUBMILLIMETER WAVELENGTHS FOR SPACE APPLICATIONS

planets and comets and tracers for global monitoring and the ultimate health of the Earth. Sensors at far-infrared and submillimeter wavelengths provide unprecedented sensitivity for astrophysical, planetary, and earth observing instruments. Very often, for a spaced based platform where the instruments are not limited by atmospheric losses and absorption, the overall instrument sensitivity is dictated by the sensitivity of the sensors themselves. Moreover, some of the cryogenic sensors at

Goutam Chattopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 1–20

Research Article | 13-December-2017

HIGHLY SENSITIVE POROUS SILICON SENSOR: DETECTION OF ORGANIC VAPOURS USING PHOTOLUMINESCENCE QUENCHING TECHNIQUE

Porous silicon based sensors were tested in the presence of various linear aliphatic alcohols (methanol to n-hexanol) and water in the range of 10-100 ppm by photoluminescence quenching technique. An increasing trend in the degree of quenching was observed with the chain length of alcohols while minimum response was given to water. Sensitivity as high as 80-90% and nearly instant response time has proven the sensors to be highly efficient. Photoluminescence quenching phenomena is discussed on

Saakshi Dhanekar, S.S. Islam, T. Islam, Harsh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 1–13

Article | 17-November-2020

A comparison of two solid phase systems for antibody detection

samples. The sensitivity and specificity of CR, based on the 96 previously screened samples, was 95 percent and 90 percent, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity of RS was 90 percent and 89 percent, respectively. Antibodies detected only by CR included anti-K(1), -Ch(2), -Jka(1), -Lea(1), -Fya(1), -Mca(1), and -e(1). Antibodies detected only by RS included anti-Jka(5) and -E(1). The sensitivity and specificity of CR for the 648 prenatal samples was 100 percent for each, while the

Gwen M. Haslam, Margaret Persaud, Yvette Fournier, Joanne Sajur, Janice Aulph, Nancy Heddle

Immunohematology, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 8–10

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

. Exclusioncriteria were shoulder fractures, prior shoulder joint surgery and shoulder injections in the past month. The physicians performing the most common clinical shoulderexaminations were blinded to the results of the high resolution ultrasonography and vice versa. Results: In order to detect pathology of the m. supraspinatus tendon, theHawkins and Kennedy impingement test showed the highest sensitivity (0.86) whereas the Jobe supraspinatus test showed the highest specifi city (0.55). To identify m

Raphael Micheroli, Diego Kyburz, Adrian Ciurea, Beat Dubs, Martin Toniolo, Samuel Pascal Bisig, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 29–44

Article | 16-April-2018

Development of the Difficulty with Mobility Questionnaire: A Pilot Study

A 23-item difficulty with mobility questionnaire (DMQ) was piloted with 32 persons who had participated in a one-week orientation and mobility (O&M) course offered by Guide Dogs Queensland in early 2014 to determine its potential utility as an outcome measure for O&M instruction. The DMQ was assessed for reliability, validity, and sensitivity. Reliability was established using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Validity was assessed by determining the extent to which the total

Steven J. La Grow, Ed.D., Bashir Ebrahim, OAM, Grad. Dip. Rehab. Studies, Andy Towers, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 59–69

Research Article | 31-March-2017

Comparison of scintigraphy and ultrasound imaging in patients with primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism – own experience

patients with documented primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent a 99mTc hexakis-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile scintigraphy of the neck with the use of subtraction and two-phase examinations. Ultrasonography of the neck was performed in all the patients in B mode 2D presentation. A total number of 172 parathyroid glands were analyzed. Results Results The sensitivity and specificity of scintigraphy was 68% and 60%, respectively. The

Małgorzata Kobylecka, Maria Teresa Płazińska, Witold Chudziński, Katarzyna Fronczewska-Wieniawska, Joanna Mączewska, Adam Bajera, Maria Karlińska, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 17–22

research-article | 30-November-2019

Effects of HTR1A rs6295 polymorphism on emotional attentional blink

variability of the genes influencing 5-HT dependent brain processes (Le Francois et al., 2008; Harro et al., 2009; Homberg and Lesch, 2011; Lesch, 2011; Newman-Tancredi and Albert, 2012; Asan et al., 2013; Fabbri et al., 2013; De Deurwaerdere and Giovanni, 2017; Lörincz and Adamantidis, 2017; Wilson et al., 2018; Albert et al., 2019). From animal as well as human studies it has become clear that individuals characterized by affective disorders show heightened sensitivity to real or contextually forecast

Kadi Tulver, Madis Bachmann, Mariliis Vaht, Jaanus Harro, Talis Bachmann

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 4, 389–399

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Performance Study of Virtual Fence Unit Using Wireless Sensor Network

This paper presents the experiments and performance analysis of virtual fence unit consists of microwave motion detector and IEEE 802.15.4 wireless sensor network (WSN) for maximum sensing range. In particular, the analysis is focusing on the maximum sensing range in terms of azimuth angle, height, sensitivity level for indoor and outdoor implementation. The WSN platform is developed using Octopus II sensor nodes while the microwave motion detector is HB100 which detects the movement using

H.T Chan, T.A Rahman, A. Arsad

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 06-December-2020

Antibody screening and direct antiglobulin testing using BioVueTM column agglutination technology versus standard tube tests

The BioVue™ column agglutination technology (CAT) was evaluated simultaneously with standard tube test (STT) methodology for use in indirect antiglobulin testing (IAT) and direct antiglobulin testing (DAT). One thousand thirty-five blood specimens were used for the IAT comparison, and 44 blood specimens were used for the DAT comparison. Both polyspecific antiglobulin and anti-IgG antiglobulin reagents were used in the tube testing and the CAT testing. For IAT, sensitivity was 100 percent

Susan F. South

Immunohematology, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 78–80

research-article | 30-November-2019

Physical activity and environmental enrichment: Behavioural effects of exposure to different housing conditions in mice

after stroke in young male Sprague-Dawley rats (Buchhold et al., 2007). In male Wistar rats, these complex environments have also been shown to attenuate the impairment in cognitive flexibility induced by basal forebrain lesions (De Bartolo et al., 2008), and improve spatial learning in rats with subicular lesion-induced neurodegeneration (Dhanushkodi et al., 2007). Different enriched environments can also have differential effects on pain sensitivity in rats; in particular, more complex enriched

Raisa Rabadán, Marta Ramos-Campos, Rosa Redolat, Patricia Mesa-Gresa

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 4, 374–385

Research Article | 30-April-2018

A new HGA-FLVQ model for Mycobacterium Tuberculosis detection

Abstract This research aims at develop an MTB detection model from the FLVQ neural network to HGA-FLVQ model. In this research, the FLVQ method was developed through strengthening its initiation, in which the first cluster centers used as FLVQ input were optimized first by HGA. The results show that sensitivity and specificity of the HGA-FLVQ model reach 96.30 and 95.65%, whereas the sensitivity of an FLVQ method is 70.83%, and the sensitivity of an LVQ method is 87.50%. The specificity of an

N. Charibaldi, A. Harjoko, B. Hisyam

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 1–13

Research Article | 15-February-2020

An Improved Capacitance-Based Intentionally Imperfect Sensor for Measuring Mechanical Parameters

in capacitance. As all the conductive balls are randomly distributed, an Interdigitated Electrode (IDE) structure offers less sensitivity. An improved electrode structure is also proposed. The performance of the improved electrode is compared with IDE for pressure, tilt and acceleration. Simulation and test results showed that the improved electrode offers higher sensitivity compared to the IDE. Further more, the improved electrode also improves the directional sensitivity. A ground plane is

Cyril Baby K., Norbert Schwesingerv

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article | 06-December-2011

Copper (II) oxide thin film for methanol and ethanol sensing

A nanostructured copper (II) oxide film deposited by reactive DC-magnetron sputtering technique, has been studied for static sensor response towards methanol and ethanol by operating temperature and analyte concentration modulations. The optimum operating temperature (Topt) for the sensing of methanol and ethanol is observed to be 350 ˚C and 400 ˚C, respectively. The maximum sensitivity observed for 2500 ppm methanol and ethanol is 29% and 15.4% respectively. Another important observation is

Mitesh Parmar, K. Rajanna

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 710–725

Research Article | 15-February-2020

An Experimental Assessment of PZT Patches for Impedance-Based SHM Applications

In this paper, we present an alternative method for assessing the sensitivity of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezoceramics for damage detection in structural health monitoring (SHM) systems based on the electromechanical impedance (EMI) principle. An assessment of the sensitivity is obtained experimentally using the pencil lead break (PLB) method, which is frequently used in acoustic emission (AE) systems. Tests were carried out on an aluminum beam, and the results show a clear relationship

Vinicius Augusto Dare de Almeida, Fabricio Guimarães Baptista

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Neurological improvement in patients with chronic spinal cord injury treated with leuprolide acetate, an agonist of GnRH

It has been reported that gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), and its analogue leuprolide acetate (LA), have neurotrophic properties; particularly in the regeneration of injured spinal cord in animal models and in the case of a patient with spinal cord injury (SCI). The aim of this study was to establish whether treatment with LA improves sensitivity, motor activity and independence in patients with chronic SCI. Patients were treated LA once a month for six months. They were evaluated at the

José Luis Quintanar, Carmen Díaz-Galindo, Denisse Calderón-Vallejo, Irma Hernández-Jasso, Froylán Rojas, Daniel Medina-Aguiñaga, Carlos Olvera-Sandoval

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 352–357

Original Paper | 09-March-2018

Non-invasive Diagnostic of Helicobacter pylori in Stools by Nested-qPCR

followed by qPCR of the ureC gene of H. pylori was carried out. We evaluated the presence of H. pylori, in 103 females and 40 males, mean (± SD) age of 56.5 ± 14.18. The sensitivity of RUT to detect the infection was 67.0% (95% C.I.: 57.2 – 75.8) and specificity was 92.3% (95% C.I.: 76.5 – 99.1). Histology by Giemsa stain, commonly used as a reference for H. pylori detection, showed a sensitivity of 98.6% (95% C.I.: 92.5 – 100.0) and a specificity of 89.7% (95% C.I.: 72.7 – 97.8). In contrast

María I. Taborda, Gisela Aquea, Yenny Nilo, Karla Salvatierra, Nicolás López, Sergio López, Gustavo Bresky, Juan A. Madariaga, Vittorio Zaffiri, Sergio Häberle, Giuliano Bernal

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 11–18

Article | 01-March-2012

SYNTHESIS OF ZnO NANORODS BY HYDROTHERMAL METHOD FOR GAS SENSOR APPLICATIONS

interfering gases such as CO2, CO, Ethanol, NH3 and H2S etc at operating temperature from 30o (room temperature) to 300oC. The results indicate that the ZnO nanorod thick films showed much better sensitivity and stability than the conventional materials to H2S gas at 30oC. The nanoshaped pillar can improve the sensitivity and selectivity of the sensors. ZnO nanorods are excellent potential candidates for gas sensors.

Sarika D. Shinde, G. E. Patil, D. D. Kajale, D. V. Ahire, V. B. Gaikwad, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 57–70

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Ammonia sensing properties of ZnO nanoparticles on flexible substrate

nm and the gas sensing properties towards ammonia have been studied. The physical properties obtained by both processes have been observed and theirs effects on the gas sensitivity have been discussed. Despite there are small variations in the physical characteristics between the samples fabricated by different patterning processes, both devices present high sensitivity and reproducibility to different ammonia concentrations from 5 ppm to 100 ppm at 300 °C.

M. Acuautla, Sandrine Bernardini, Marc Bendahan, L. Gallais

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Multifocal fatty liver disease, insulin resistance and carotid atherosclerosis: exploring the interrelated relationship

fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, transaminases, serum insulin, glycated hemoglobin, Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and liver stiffness in Fibroscan. Results: Patients with multifocal fatty liver showed a statistically significant higher values of serum transaminases, markers of insulin resistance, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (p <0.05). Lipid profile parameters were significantly higher (p <0.05

Amr Shaaban Hanafy, Sherief Abd-Elsalam, Ayman F. Ahmed, Mohammed M. Dawoud

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 302–309

Original Paper | 09-March-2018

Detection of Acinetobacter spp. in Blood Cultures by an Improved Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization Assay

Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) allows rapid detection of microorganisms. We aimed (i) to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of FISH for the detection of Acinetobacter spp. in blood culture specimens and (ii) to test the simultaneous application of two genus-specific probes labeled with the same fluorochrome to increase the fluorescent signal intensity and improve the detection of Acinetobacter spp. Three hundred and twenty blood culture specimens were tested via both the

Hanieh Asaadi, Behrouz Naeimi, Somayyeh Gharibi, Abdalnaser Khosravi, Sina Dobaradaran, Reza Taherkhani, Saeed Tajbakhsh

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 3–10

Article | 01-June-2012

SYNTHESIS OF SrTiO3 NANOPOWDER BY SOL-GEL- HYDROTHEMAL METHOD FOR GAS SENSING APPLICATION

. The transmission electron microscopic investigations have shown that the particle size of the as-prepared powder has a mean size of 34 nm. Then highly sensitive and selective sensors to H2S based on glass substrate were fabricated successfully by screen-printing technique. Sensitivity, selectivity, response time, and recovery time of the sensors were systematically investigated as a function of operating temperature, using H2S, CO, CO2, H2, Cl2, LPG, C2H5OH, O2, NH3 and NO2 as test gases. The

D. D. Kajale, G. E. Patil, V. B. Gaikwad, S. D. Shinde, D. N. Chavan, N. K. Pawar, S. R. Shirsath, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 382–400

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Dopamine D2 receptor blockade differentially affects the light-adapted turtle and frog electroretinogram

obtained with 40 μM and 240 μM sulpiride. In both species, 240 μM sulpiride significantly affected the maximal voltage range of the ERG responses without altering their relative sensitivity (determined by the semi-saturation point). The absolute sensitivity of the ON and OFF responses (evaluated by threshold estimation) was not significantly altered for turtle ERG, but it was decreased for frog ERG. The time characteristics of the ERG responses were unchanged in both species. Our results show important

Elka Popova, Petia Kupenova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 332–342

Article | 29-December-2020

Micropool procedure for routine donor antibody detection

to a pooled-tube method. The stream-micropool method proved superior in overall detection of the antibodies (85%) and in detection of the macroscopically reactive antibodies (96%). Special formulas were used to calculate sensitivity, specificity, and efficiency of each micropool method. The sensitivity of the stream­-micropool method was 96 percent and that of the mix-micropool, 87 percent. For both methods, specificity and efficiency were ≥ 99 percent. In a separate study, there was

Denzil Smith

Immunohematology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 53–58

Article | 01-December-2015

UNIVERSAL INTELLIGENT SENSOR INTERFACE

D. Bhattacharjee, G. Sharma, R. Bera

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 2307–2327

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Detection of adsorbed cytochrome c on hydroxyapatite thick films using a microwave sensor

An interdigitated microwave sensor was used to detect the adsorption of cytochrome c on hydroxyapatite thick films. Changes in the microwave spectral response were indicative of the presence of adsorbed cytochrome c. The sensitivity of the system was also evaluated using different protein loadings on the e films. The results suggest that the microwave sensor can be utilized to detect protein.

M. Salazar-Alvarez, S.A.M. Tofail, E. Magner, O. Korostynska, A. Mason, A. Al-Shamma'a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 01-June-2015

A COMPARATIVE STUDY IN THE SENSITIVITY OF OPTICAL FIBER REFRACTOMETERS BASED ON THE INCORPORATION OF GOLD NANOPARTICLES INTO LAYERBY-  LAYER FILMS

Pedro J. Rivero, Miguel Hernaez, Javier Goicoechea, Ignacio R. Matías, Francisco J. Arregui

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 822–841

Research paper | 13-December-2017

NANOSENSORS ENGINEERING:II. SUPERFICIAL FUNCTIONALIZATION OF SnO2 NANOWIRE FOR SENSING PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT

Paper presents results of study aimed the tin dioxide nanowire gas sensing performance improvement via in situ functionalization with NiO. Developed nanostructures have demonstrated improved by order gas sensitivity toward H2 and CO and drastic increase of selectivity to H2 against CO. Obtained results are discussed from the point of view of NiO/SnO2 heterojunction formation and its influence on electrical transport through nanowire and nanowire interaction with target gases.

Serghei Dmitriev

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 807–819

Research Article | 17-September-2018

Calibration Method for the Wavelength and Uniformity of Pixel Response in Photodetector Arrays

to obtain optical measurements with this cameras. However, digital cameras can also be used as optical measuring instruments knowing their features in depth. Therefore, in this paper is proposed a calibration method for monochrome digital camera using a monochromator and an automatic rotation system. In this way, the uniformity of the pixels response is verified, bad pixels are detected, and the sensitivity curve is obtained. The results show the advantages of the method to find regions of pixels

J.-S. Botero-Valencia, J. Valencia-Aguirre, D.A. Marquez-Viloria, J.-F. Vargas-Bonilla, A. Gallardo-del Angel

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 1–8

Original Paper | 09-March-2018

Comparison of Methods Used for the Diagnosis of Epstein-Barr Virus Infections in Children

IFA were found as 100% for seronegative, 100% for acute primary infection, 22.2% for late primary infection, 92.1% for past infection. The rates of agreement between immunoblotting and IFA were found as 80.8% for seronegative, 68.8% for acute primary infection, 55.6% for late primary infection, 86.6% for past infection. The sensitivity of immunoblotting for anti-VCA IgM was identical with ELISA, and higher for anti-VCA IgG, anti-EBNA IgG, anti-EA antibodies, while the specificity of immunoblotting

Nilgun Kasifoglu, Semra Oz, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Tercan Us, Ozcan Bor, Gul Durmaz, Yurdanur Akgun

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 81–88

Article | 03-November-2020

Comparison of gel technology and red cell affinity column technology in antibody detection

Both column (gel) agglutination technology and red cell affinity column technology (ReACT™) have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for antibody detection and identification. Parallel studies using these two methods were performed on 100 samples to evaluate their sensitivity, advantages, and disadvantages. Sixteen significant antibodies, anti-D(2), -C(1), -E(1), -c(1), -C,D(1), -K(4), -S(1), -Fya(3), -Jka(1), and -Jkb(1), were found during the study. MTS-Gel detected one

Sauvai I. Chanfong, Sherri Hill

Immunohematology, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 152–154

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Porous Silicon Sensors- Elusive and Erudite

Porous Silicon Sensors have been fabricated and tested successfully over the last few years as humidity sensors, vapour sensors, gas sensors, piezoresistive pressure sensors and bio- sensors. In each case it has displayed remarkably sensitivity, relatively low temperature operation and ease of fabrication. Brief description of fabrication and properties of all these types of different sensors is reported in this paper. The barriers of porous silicon like contact, non- uniformity, instability

Prof. H. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 34–56

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Development of thermostable FBG optical sensor for oil and gas applications

Important progress has been made towards the expanding of the limits of applicability of Fiber Bragg Grating optical sensors. The development of new thermostable coatings has opened up the possibility towards the use of this technology under extreme conditions, i.e. at high temperatures and pressures. The developed sensors have been tested for adsorption of a range of gaseous analytes and exhibit a sensitivity towards linear alkanes. Preliminary tests at high temperature in liquid phase

Dennis J. M. Snelders, Arjen Boersma

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 29-December-2017

Uterine artery Doppler velocimetry in hypertensive disorder of pregnancy in Nigeria

using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) while the presence of prediastolic notch was analyzed with the Chi Square test.ResultsFor the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy group, resistivity index > 0.66 had a sensitivity of 50.0%, specificity of 69.1% and a positive predictive value of 22.2% for predicting intrauterine growth restriction. The odds ratio was 2.2 with a 95% confidence interval of 0.6–7.8. The presence of prediastolic notching had a sensitivity of 100.0%, specificity of 96.0% and a

Ibukun A. Abidoye, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Bukunmi M. Idowu, Adeniyi S. Aderibigbe, Olabisi M. Loto

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 253–258

Research paper | 31-October-2017

A MEASURE FOR REGIONAL RESILIENCE TO ECONOMIC CRISIS

The purpose of the study (presented in this article) was to develop a measure of resilience to crisis, one that may be applied to regional data. In principle, such measure can take either positive or negative values. A positive value confirms resilience to crisis, whereas a negative one confirms the absence of resilience (sensitivity/vulnerability). The measure uses growth rates referred to the previous year under the assumption that crisis results in a slowdown in growth, or even in a decline

Małgorzata Markowska

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 2, 293–308

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Comparison of PCR, Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization and Blood Cultures for Detection of Bacteremia in Children and Adolescents During Antibiotic Therapy

Abstract The gold standard in microbiological diagnostics of bacteremia is a blood culture in automated systems. This method may take several days and has low sensitivity. New screening methods that could quickly reveal the presence of bacteria would be extremely useful. The objective of this study was to estimate the effectiveness of these methods with respect to blood cultures in the context of antibiotic therapy. Blood samples from 92 children with sepsis were analyzed. Blood cultures were

TOMASZ W. ŹRÓDŁOWSKI, DANUTA JURKIEWICZ-BADACZ, AGNIESZKA SROKA-OLEKSIAK, DOMINIKA SALAMON, MAŁGORZATA BULANDA, TOMASZ GOSIEWSKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 479–486

research-article | 30-November-2018

Influence of rhythmic light stimulation on orientation signal within visual cortex columns in the cat

reflection x 104 (Cang et al., 2005). The functional signal from the orientation columns was analyzed using custom made scripts in Matlab 7.0.4 (MathWorks, USA). A threshold value (mean–SD) was then established. This threshold value allowed for the identification of the singularity areas (SING) and the loci of the orientation (ORI) sensitivity on the functional maps (Fig. 1D-1F). The data are presented as mean ± SD. Statistical significance was determined using the Mann-Whitney (M-W) test, with group as

Natalia Merkulyeva, Aleksandr Mikhalkin, Igor Bondar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 225–231

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Polypyrrole Based Nano-Biosensor for Sensing Low Concentrations of Hydrogen Peroxide

sensitivity of 6.5Acm-2M-1.

D.M.G. Preethichandra, M. Onoda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 01-March-2012

Humidity sensor based on silver nanoparticles embedded in a polymeric coating

sensitivity to Relative Humidity (RH) variations, suitable for high performance applications such as human breathing monitoring.

Pedro J. Rivero, Aitor Urrutia, Javier Goicoechea, Francisco J. Arregui, Ignacio R. Matías

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 71–83

Research Article | 12-December-2017

A LOW COST THREE-DIRECTIONAL FORCE SENSOR

In this work a low cost sensor has been developed to measure three-directional forces. The theory, design and sensor construction details are presented. It was constructed by using commercial strain gauges. Finite element method was adopted to optimize the structure dimensions, and improve the sensitivity of force sensor by distributing the sensing stress on the maximum strain positions. A hardware conditioning circuits was developed for the 3D force sensor. The calibration experiments were

S. Boukhenous

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 21–34

Article | 01-September-2012

PREPARATION OF MoO3 THIN FILMS BY SPRAY PYROLYSIS AND ITS GAS SENSING PERFORMANCE

MoO3 thin films have been prepared by a simple spray pyrolysis technique at substrate temperature 250oC. The structure and morphology of thin films are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and UV-vis spectroscopy. The gas sensing properties of MoO3 thin film is studied at gas concentration 400 ppm and working temperature of 100–400 oC. It was found that the sensitivity depended on the working temperatures and also H2S gas concentration. The results show

D. V. Ahire, S. D. Shinde, G. E. Patil, K. K. Thakur, V. B. Gaikwad, V. G. Wagh, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 592–605

Short Communication | 28-December-2016

Detection of Polioviruses in Sewage Using Cell Culture and Molecular Methods

The work presented here demonstrates the utility of a two-step algorithm for environmental poliovirus surveillance based on: preselection of sewage samples tested for the presence of enteroviral genetic material-RT-PCR assay and detection of infectious viruses by cell culture technique (L20B for polioviruses and RD for polio and other non-polio enteroviruses). RD and L20B cell lines were tested to determine their sensitivity for isolation of viruses from environmental samples (sewage). Finally

Agnieszka Figas, Magdalena Wieczorek, Bogumiła Litwińska, Włodzimierz Gut

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 479–483

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A New Landslide Inclinometer Using  Highly Sensitive Gauges

The paper presents a device devoted to detect and measure earth displacements produced by landslides. It is part of inclinometer type geotechnical instruments and is based on measuring the deformation produced to a rod vertically mounted into the ground during soil layers sliding. With respect to other commercial devices, our inclinometer is characterized by high sensitivity to very small deformations owing to special strain gauges utilized in its construction, and also by possibility of 3D

Cristian Fosalau, Cristian Zet, Daniel Petrisor

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Original Paper | 15-February-2020

Fluctuation enhanced gas sensing using UV irradiated Au-nanoparticle-decorated WO3-nanowire films

WO3 nanowires (WO3-NWs) decorated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were utilized in resistive gas sensor devices to detect ethanol by use of fluctuation enhanced sensing (FES).  The experimental system records both DC resistance and fluctuations of the sensing film. Our data verify that the sensitivity and selectivity of the gas sensor are improved by applying FES when the sensor is stimulated with a combination of UV light and heating. We conclude that UV light can produce improved gas

Maciej Trawka, Janusz Smulko, Lech Hasse, Radu Ionescu, Fatima E. Annanouch, Eduard Llobet, Claes G. Granqvist, Laszlo B. Kish

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 01-March-2012

Capacitive Sensor Design Utilizing Conformal Mapping Methods

N. Eidenberger, B. G. Zagar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 36–56

Article | 01-March-2015

CHARACTERIZATION OF A NEEDLE-TYPE GIANT MAGNETORESISTANCE SENSOR FOR DETECTION OF ESCHERICHIA COLI’S MAGNETIC MARKER

Hamidreza Shirzadfar, Mustapha Nadi, Djilali Kourtiche, Sotoshi Yamada, Payman Shahabi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 220–234

Article | 30-November-2018

Application of Chaotic Encryption in RFID Data Transmission Security

based on cryptography may generally include a security protocol based on a hash function, an encryption algorithm, read and write access control and so on. Chaos is a complex behavior controlled by nonlinear dynamic laws and is a similar random phenomenon that appears in deterministic systems. It has the characteristics of extreme sensitivity of initial values, long-term unpredictability, randomness, and similar broadband spectral noise. These characteristics make chaotic systems very suitable for

Jianfang Yang, Baolong Liu, Huimin Yao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 90–96

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A New Scheme for Determination of Respiration Rate in Human Being using MEMS Based Capacitive Pressure Sensor: Simulation Study

Madhurima Chattopadhyay, Deborshi Chakraborty

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Microbiology and Drug Resistance of Pathogens in Patients Hospitalized at the Nephrology Department in the South of Poland

(8.0%) can produce extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL). E. coli was highly sensitive to imipenem (100.0%), gentamicin (91.0%), nitrofurantoin (89.4%), amikacin (88.2%), piperacillin/ tazobactam (87.0%) and cephalosporins (79.7–89.5%). Low sensitivity was found in relation to fluoroquinolones (60.3–70.4%). E. coli was least sensitive to ampicillin (30.2%) and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (49.9%). We observed a significant fall in susceptibility level to piperacillin/tazobactam (68.4% vs. 88.8%; p

MIKOŁAJ MICHNO, ANTONI SYDOR, MARTA WAŁASZEK, WŁADYSŁAW SUŁOWICZ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 517–524

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Polymer Optical Fibre Sensor for Measuring Breathing Rate of Lying Person

increase in 30 % bending losses from the standard (FX 1000) commercial fibre. A 640 nm light-emitting diode was used to illuminate the fibre, with its sensitivity to bending increased by cutting transversal grooves along the fibre and then by applying plastic rods along the fibre to increase bending loss. Although both methods increased the bending loss of the fibre, grooving reduced POF durability and integrity, whereas use of the plastic rods enhanced bending losses without damaging the fibre

Nabeel Ahmed, Patricia Scully, John Vaughan, Christine Brown Wilson, Krikor Ozanyan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

research-article | 28-September-2020

Comparison of sonographic hepatorenal ratio and the degree of hepatic steatosis in magnetic resonance imaging-proton density fat fraction

steatosis used in clinical practice and research. Despite the accuracy of the MR techniques, their use is restricted due to high operational cost and considerable time consumption. Ultrasonography (US) is often the first imaging modality used to detect hepatic steatosis. However, conventional ultrasonography can provide only qualitative or semiquantitative assessment based on liver echogenicity, vessel visibility, and beam attenuation. Overall sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography previously

Natthaporn Tanpowpong, Sineenart Panichyawat

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 169–175

Short Communication | 30-June-2018

Identification of Pathogenicity of Yersinia enterocolitica in Pig Tonsils Using the Real-Time PCR

The application of DNA-based methods enables to identify Yersinia enterocolitica carrying the ail-gene with a greater sensitivity compared to culture methods and biochemical tests used for detection of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica in animal and food samples. In this study, 100 samples of pig tonsils were examined, among which 17 were positive for the ail gene. Additionally, biochemical tests and RT-PCR showed that nine Y. enterocolitica isolates carried the ail-gene. Two Y. enterocolitica

MILENA A. STACHELSKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 2, –

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A Novel Fiber Bragg Grating Accelerometer Based on Fiber Vibrating Wire

A fiber Bragg grating (FBG) accelerometer based on fiber vibrating wire is presented. Finite element analysis has been done and experiments are carried out to demonstrate the performance of this FBG accelerometer. The seismic simulation experimental results indicate that the system has a good response to the 50–400 Hz vibration signal. What more, the accelerometer has a high sensitivity which can reach 108.6 pm/G at 100Hz. The linear responsivity and repeatability are also tested. The

Qi Jiang, Minghao Yu, Xin Zhou, Tengyun Guo, Jinxue Song

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Original Paper | 24-February-2017

Inability of shear-wave elastography to distinguish malignant from benign prostate tissue – a comparison of biopsy, whole-mount sectioning and shear-wave elastography

hardly differs from the value of 0.500 that would correspond to a complete lack of predictive power); furthermore, application of this cut-off value to the samples led to a sensitivity of only 74% and a specificity of only 43%. An analogous comparison between the results of shear-wave elastography and those of whole-mount histology, which itself is more reliable than biopsy, gave an even poorer diagnostic selectivity (sensitivity of 62%, specificity of 35%). Meaningful association with Gleason score

Markus Porsch, Claudia Görner, Johann Jakob Wendler, Uwe-Bernd Liehr, Anke Lux, Sandra Siedentopf, Martin Schostak, Maciej Pech

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 348–358

Report | 16-October-2019

Validity and reliability of serologic immunophenotyping of multiple blood group systems by ORTHO Sera with fully automated procedure

. Replicates were performed on three separate testing sessions with three consecutive repetitions within each session, thus obtaining 486 test results. Accuracy was assessed by aggregate analysis of sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC). Reliability was estimated by a cross-classified mixed-effect logistic model. All reagents tested yielded optimal accuracy (100% for sensitivity and specificity, and 1.00 for AUC), except for anti-S, for which

Ugo Salvadori, Roberto Melotti, Daniela L'Altrella, Massimo Daves, Ahmad Al-Khaffaf, Laura Milizia, Rossana Putzulu, Renata Filippi, Aurelio Carolo, Giuseppe Lippi, Ivo Gentilini

Immunohematology, Volume 34 , ISSUE 4, 140–147

Article | 03-November-2020

Improved detection of weak, clinically significant antibodies by supplementation of polyethylene glycol with a low-ionic solution

A comparative study of 164 serum samples was carried out to determine the specificity and sensitivity of the indirect antiglobulin test (IAGT) in three different formulations: physiologic saline, low-ionic solution (RAM), and RAM supplemented with polyethylene glycol (PEG). Serum samples containing mostly weak antibodies (anti-D, -C, -E, -c, -Jka, -Fya, -K, -S, -Lea, -Lua, -M, -Cob, -P1, -I, and -Kna) were used in a 10-minute IAGT in which PEG-IAGTs were compared with salineIAGTs and RAM-IAGTs

Kim Swee Low, Yew-Wah Liew, Peter M. Bradley

Immunohematology, Volume 14 , ISSUE 2, 68–71

Article | 02-November-2017

DESIGN OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SENSING NETWORKS FOR TUNNELS, TRAINS AND BUILDINGS

in compliance with the given specifications and satisfy the required system margin. Our system specifications based on TETRA (Terrestrial Trunked Radio) ensures that the received signal is at least 5 dB higher than the TETRA dynamic sensitivity level and yields 95% coverage of all the used areas.

S. K. Palit, Stuart. Bickerstaff, Chris Langmaid

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 118–134

research-article | 31-October-2020

THE ARCHITECTURAL RECONSTRUCTION OR THE RESURGENCE OF THE RUINS

sensitivity, taste, professionalism, ingenuity, etc. of the architect, like the surgeon in the operating room. Although the Romans made transfers of obelisk and others, as for buildings themselves, we may find the origins of the monumental transfers at the end of the 13th century, when in 1291 the transfer of the house of the Virgin Mary of Nazareth to Iliria was made (Croatia) and then to Loreto (Italy), in 1294. According to tradition, when the Crusaders were expelled from Palestine, they took the

Luis CORTÉS-MESEGUER, Igor FERNÁNDEZ-PLAZAOLA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 13 , ISSUE 3, 13–20

Research Article | 13-December-2017

High-Spatial-Resolution Magnetic-Field Measurement by Giant Magnetoresistance Sensor – Applications to Nondestructive Evaluation and Biomedical Engineering

Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) sensor has been developed and widely applied to use as magnetic read head in data storage industry. This paper describes new applications of magnetic-field measurement with high spatial-resolution and high sensitivity to nondestructive evaluation and biomedical engineering. For nondestructive evaluation, the GMR sensor, used as magnetic sensor based on eddy-current testing technique, was applied to the detection of micro-crack on micro-conductor for the purpose of

Sotoshi YAMADA

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 160–175

Research Article | 12-December-2017

1-5 NAPTHALENEDISULPHONIC ACID DOPED POLYPYRROLE THIN FILMS AS COATINGS TO OPTICAL FIBERS FOR ORGANOPHOSPHATE SENSING

study is conducted to monitor refractive index modulation in polypyrrole thin films upon DMMP exposure. The developed fiber optic sensor shows a sensitivity of 134ppm towards DMMP. Influence of sensing element length, sensing element diameter and input light intensity on the sensor response is investigated. The selectivity, environmental and thermal stability issues are also addressed.

Lalitkumar Bansal, Mahmoud. A. El-Sherif

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 230–252

Article | 16-April-2018

The Applicability of the Difficulty with Mobility Questionnaire (DMQ) as an Outcome Measure for Dog Guide Instruction

This study sought to assess the reliability, validity, and sensitivity of the Difficulty with Mobility Questionnaire (DMQ) to determine its applicability as an outcome measure for dog guide instruction. Forty-nine trainees receiving dog guide instruction from Leader Dogs for the Blind participated in this study. All rated their overall ability to get around (AGA) and the difficulty they experienced with 16 separate mobility related behaviours (DMQ-16) before and after training. The DMQ-16 was

Steve La Grow, Ed.D., Andy Towers, Ph.D., Dae Kim, Ph.D., Rod Haneline, M.A.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 10–21

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Optical Detection of Herbicides in Water using Dye- Modified Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes

detection method. Different concentrations in water ranging from 0.5 to 20 µg/L have been examined in the current work. It is revealed that the shifts in Δ(λ) spectra of SWCNT/CuPcR4 films were evidently larger than those produced by the pristine CuPcR4 films, indicating largely improved films’ sensitivity of the hybrid films.

Hikmat Banimuslem, Aseel Hassan, Tamara Basova, Asuman Dakoğlu Gülmez, Mahmut Durmuş, Ayşe Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 16-October-2019

Low-ionic-strength saline solution–antiglobulin test (LISS-AGT)

The use of low-ionic-strength saline (LISS) solution as an enhancement for antibody screening and crossmatching was first described by Löw and Messeter in 1974. This method allowed for a reduced incubation time while maintaining adequate specificity and sensitivity of the antiglobulin test (AGT). Since then, the LISS-AGT tube method has been widely used in antibody detection and identification, as well as compatibility testing. As initially described, the method used red blood cells

LeeAnn Walker

Immunohematology, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 57–60

Review | 31-January-2019

The role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures

effusion and scapho-trapezium-trapezoid effusion. Quality assessment was performed using the methodological index for non-randomized studies scoring system. Results: 6 non-randomized control studies met the inclusion criteria. Collectively, these included 236 patients with a mean age ranging from 18 to 41.2 years. The quality of these articles ranged between moderate and high based on the methodological index for non-randomized studies score. The mean sensitivity was 88.95% (standard deviation 10.03

Mohammed Ali, Mujtaba Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Syed Mannan, Farshid Fallahi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 325–331

research-article | 30-November-2017

OPEN-AIR DRAWING WORKSHOPS AND THEIR IMPORTANCE IN STUDENTS EDUCATION AT THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE AT THE SILESIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, POLAND

important place took open-air drawing and painting workshops, which in recent years as a result of program changes have been withdrawn from the learning process [4]. Reducing the number of hours of drawing studies resulted in fallback of artistic skills and aesthetic sensitivity. With having several years of experience in teaching of drawing and painting, the authors of the paper confirm their belief in the importance of teaching drawing by studying the forms of nature [9]. 3. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS

Joanna ZABAWA-KRZYPKOWSKA, Kinga PALUS

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 49–55

Research Article | 02-November-2017

DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF BULK MICROMACHINED ACCELEROMETER FOR SPACE APPLICATIONS

The accelerometers used for Inertial Navigation in satellite launch vehicles demand excellent performance in terms of sensitivity, noise immunity, linearity, bias and scale factor stability over time and environmental changes. Detailed and in-depth design of the microstructure by computer simulation is required to ensure structural integrity and reliability of the microstructure. The microstructure of the accelerometer consists of a proof mass suspended from the mounting frame by beam springs

Thampi Paul, Jaspreet Singh, M. M. Nayak, K. Rajanna, M. Sasi Kumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 1019–1030

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Model identification and Smart structural vibration Control using ∞Hcontroller

. By selecting appropriate weighting functions∞H controller were designed based on mixed sensitivity approach using singular loop shaping method. The performance of ∞H controller was compared with LQG controller based on vibration reduction. From the results it is observed that the H∞ controller is the best suited for smart structural process.

M. Sridevi, P. Madhavasarma

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 655–671

Research Article | 01-June-2011

A wireless inductive-capacitive (L-C) sensor for rotating component temperature monitoring

and performance analysis of the wireless temperature sensor has been conducted and the sensor prototype was successfully fabricated and calibrated up to 200ºC with sensitivity of 30 kHz/ºC. As a result it is confirmed that temperature monitoring of a rotating component can be carried out without requiring physical connection, power supplies or active elements in the sensor circuit.

Rogie I. Rodriguez, Yi Jia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 325–337

Research Article | 27-December-2017

NANOSTRUCTURED ZnCo2O4THICK FILM AS AN ETHANOL SENSOR

like Acetone, Ethanol and CO2. It was found that the sensors exhibited various sensing responses to these gases at different operating temperature. Furthermore, the sensor exhibited a fast response and a good recovery. The results demonstrated that ZnCo2O4 can be used as a new type of gas-sensing material which has a high sensitivity and good selectivity to Ethanol 200 ppm.

S. V. Bangale

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 178–195

research-article | 30-November-2019

Study on the suitability of ZnO thin film for dynamic pressure sensing application

piezoelectric technology are being employed for dynamic pressure sensing due to the advantages such as self-generating, faster response, higher sensitivity, higher bandwidth, and low cost (Zarfl et al., 2016; Sirohi and Chopra, 2000; Wang and Qin, 2010). Because of these attractive features, sensors based on piezoelectric technology are most widely used for dynamic pressure sensing applications. One of piezoelectric materials which attracted researchers in recent days is ZnO which is a biocompatible

Suma M. N., Venkateswarlu Gaddam, M. V. N. Prasad, M. M. Nayak, K. Rajanna

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Fabrication of gold nanopillars on gold interdigitated impedance electrodes for biological applications

dimensions together with a, relatively, low aspect ratio (  ̴50nm tall) have been chosen in the hope that cell adhesion will be promoted. Cell adhesion to these novel nanopillars is important as their ultimate use will be for cytotoxicity testing of cell cultures. This novel tool could potentially increase the sensitivity of this kind of analysis compared to its plain counterpart.

Walter Messina, Michelle Fitzgerald, Una Crowley, Eric Moore

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–7

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Schottky Diode Graphene Based Sensors

infrared sensing.  The sensors results showed ultrahigh sensitivity and high linearity in the targeted regions of interest. Moreover, the use of nanostructured materials allows for the development of a new generation of modern printed circuit antennas and will enable wide range of applications merging both technologies for a wide range of wearable and implantable sensing devices.

A. Ashour, M. Saqr, M. AbdelKarim, A. Gamal, A. Sharaf, M. Serry

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 03-November-2020

Evaluation of column technology for direct antiglobulin testing

Preliminary reports have suggested that microcolumn technology might be too sensitive for direct antiglobulin testing (DAT). We studied 228 samples from patients with autoimmune diseases and 30 samples from healthy controls to determine the sensitivity of column techniques. Both Sephadex® gel and protein A/G columns were compared with manual methods using rabbit or murine polyspecific reagents. Of the 187 samples that were negative by both manual methods, an additional 29 (15%) and 42 (22

Joann M. Moulds, Laura Diekman, T. Denise Wells

Immunohematology, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 146–148

Article | 16-February-2021

Saline–indirect antiglobulin test

the IAT, can also be informative in antibody identification studies. A saline-IAT can be made more sensitive by adding more plasma/serum to increase the serum:cell ratio, since the increased plasma/serum provides more antibody for binding to the antigen sites. This modification for increased sensitivity cannot be used in tests potentiated by commercial preparations of low-ionic-strength solution (LISS) or polyethylene glycol (PEG), which is often prepared as a low-ionic-strength reagent. Any

J.R. Hamilton

Immunohematology, Volume 35 , ISSUE 4, 156–158

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