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  • In Jour Smart Sensing And Intelligent Systems
  • International Journal Advanced Network Monitoring Controls

 

Article | 01-October-2019

Cheap and Simple Slip Sensor Based on the Optical Sensor

I. INTRODUCTION When humans try to grasp an object, they do not need to know the parameters (like mass) of the object. They just control the force of the hand which ensures the object will not fall by human ‘feeling’. For the robot hand, the slip sensors which fix on the fingertips could give the feedback (it is like human’s feeling) to the CPU which could control the force of the robot hand [1]. In a sense, the slip sensor is a kind of the force sensor, because the feedback of the slip sensor

Feibi Liu

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 93–99

Article | 01-December-2015

UNIVERSAL INTELLIGENT SENSOR INTERFACE

This paper deals with the design of the universal intelligent sensor interface. Incorporating UISI makes the system highly flexible because it gives the freedom of either attaching or detchaing various types of sensor. The front end of the UISI can be configured as per the connected sensor with the help of the TEDS information and the firmware. There are two 10pin connector provided for analog and digital sensors. There are various types of analog sensors. The digital sensor also uses various

D. Bhattacharjee, G. Sharma, R. Bera

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 2307–2327

Article | 16-December-2013

Mobility of IP based Wireless Sensor Nodes in Sensor-Grid infrastructure

As the world is moving towards the “Internet of Things” [1], Internet Protocol enabled wireless sensor network is becoming an important research area. In order to make it possible and to facilitate transmission of IPv6 packets over low powered networks, 6Lowpan [2,3] has been introduced. Since the IPWSN application domain is expanded to real-time applications such as health-care [17] and surveillance systems, a fast and seamless handover becomes an important criterion for supporting mobility in

Suman Sankar Bhunia, Sarbani Roy, Nandini Mukherjee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 2075–2102

Research paper | 13-December-2017

HEPA FILTER MATERIAL LOAD DETECTION USING A MICROWAVE CAVITY SENSOR

This paper presents a novel microwave cavity sensor application for the detection of HEPA filter particulate loading. The sensor resonates at 3.435GHz and 8.570GHz when empty, where the TM010 and TM020 modes dominate respectively. Experimental results show that the resonant frequency of the sensor shifts significantly when filters of different particulate loadings are presented to it. This is a significant finding, and means that the sensor could present an effective solution for determining

A. Mason, S. Wylie, A. Thomas, H. Keele, A. Shaw, A.I.Al- Shamma’a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 322–337

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Adaptive Security Modules in Incrementally Deployed Sensor Networks

Distributed wireless sensor networks often suffer problems on detecting malicious nodes, which always bring destructive threats. Thus, sensor networks have to supply authentication services for sensor identity and data communication. As matter of fact, intrusion detection and prevention schemes are always integrated in sensor security appliances so that they can enhance network security by discovering malicious or compromised nodes. This paper provides adaptive security modules to improve

Meng-Yen Hsieh, Yueh-Min Huang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 70–86

Article | 01-December-2014

RESEARCH OF MULTI SENSOR INTELLIGENT SYSTEM SIGNAL FUSION AND RECONSTRUCTION

This paper studies some key technology of multifunctional sensor signal reconstruction. The multifunctional sensor signal reconstruction problem, presented a multifunctional sensor signal reconstruction method based on B spline and the extended Calman filter. The method of inverse model of the process was studied, gives a method to estimate signal reconstruction accuracy and computation. Genetic algorithm is proposed to balance the multifunctional sensor signal reconstruction accuracy and

Junjie Yang, Wenxiang Chen, Zhihe Fu, Wei Wu, Zhiping Xie

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1701–1716

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A Microcontroller Sensor Interface Suitable for Resistive Sensors with Large Lead Resistance

A direct resistive sensor interface to a microcontroller reported earlier, works well only if the sensor element is very close to the micro-controller pins. If the sensor element is at a distance from the micro-controller then the lead resistance due to connecting wires between resistive sensor element and the micro-controller introduces appreciable errors in the output. A modified scheme of direct sensor interface to micro-controller is presented here. In the proposed scheme, the effect of

Ponnalagu R. N., Boby George, Jagadeesh Kumar V

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 02-November-2017

Implementation of linear trace moisture sensor by nano porous thin film moisture sensor and NLAmp

Almost all type of moisture sensors has a non-linear response. With out linearization it is difficult to apply such a non-linear sensor in electronics circuits, specially in analog electronics. Non linear sensor and transducers characteristic can be linearized using analog electronics or digital electronics. In this paper a method of linearization of such non-linear sensors characteristics using analog electronics is described. Theoretical explanation of the methods and its verification by

Dilip Kumar Ghara, Debdulal Saha, Kamalendu Sengupta

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 955–969

Article | 03-November-2017

Adaptive Routing Protocol for Reliable Sensor Network Applications

The existing routing protocol for sensor networking can be divided into proactive routing protocol, reactive routing protocol and hybrid routing protocol. Each routing protocol has its merits and shortcomings. The lifetime will end when the working routing protocol can no longer support the whole wireless sensor network. An adaptive method based on redundancy node and dual routing protocol was proposed in the study. Redundancy node, when wireless sensor network is being deployed, can divide the

Jiann-Liang Chen, Yu-Ming Hsu, I-Cheng Chang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 515–539

Article | 03-November-2017

SINGLE SH-SAW SENSOR AS A DISTRIBUTED SENSOR ARRAY FOR LIQUIDS RECOGNITION

Basic possibility to use single-channel shear-horizontal surface acoustic waves sensor constructed as a delay line on multilayered structure with 36О YX LiTaO3 substrate for liquids recognition has been proposed. The changes under analytes influence of the sensor pulse responses obtained by transformation to time domain of one of the S-parameters measured in frequency domain have been used as sensor responses. Examples of responses to some liquid analytes have been demonstrated for a sensor

R. G. Kryshtal, A.V. Medved

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 602–611

Article | 01-December-2016

FALSE DATA FILTERING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is often deployed in hostile environments, and the attacker can easily capture nodes to inject false data to the sensor network, which can cause serious results. This paper has studied various false data filtering techniques recently in wireless sensor network. Based on encryption technology, we have analyzed and compared the difference of various existing filtering strategies, then have pointed out the merits and demerits of them in detailed. At last, we give the

Ze LUO, Lingzhi ZHU, Yunjie CHANG, Qingyun LUO, Guixiang LI, Weisheng LIAO

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 1795–1821

Research Article | 20-February-2013

BRIDGE DEFLECTION MEASUREMENT USING WIRELESS MEMS INCLINATION SENSOR SYSTEMS

Bridge is an important part of modern transportation systems and deflection is an important index for bridge’s safety evaluation. In this paper, a method of deflection measurement using Wireless MEMS Inclination Sensor Systems (WMISS) is presented and validated. Firstly, based on various bridge deflection measuring methods, the method of deflection measurement using inclination parameter is introduced. Secondly, a low-power wireless inclination sensor based on 3D-MEMS SCA60 inclinometer

Yan Yu, Hang Liu, Dongsheng Li, Xingquan Mao, Jinping Ou

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 38–57

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Polymer Optical Fibre Sensor for Measuring Breathing Rate of Lying Person

A physiological sensor enabling measurement of one of the vital signs (breathing rate) of a person without direct contact with the person is presented. Compared to current vital signs measuring devices we present a much simpler and less time consuming method of measuring vital signs with the potential for applications in hospitals and homes. A practical prototype sensor, based on polymer optical fibre (POF) sensor instrumentation was fabricated using Toray specific grade fibre exhibiting an

Nabeel Ahmed, Patricia Scully, John Vaughan, Christine Brown Wilson, Krikor Ozanyan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-December-2016

DETERMINISTIC DEPLOYMENT for DIRECTIONAL SENSOR NODES

Node deployment is the key problem of wireless sensor network technology in application. The existing study on deployment of deterministic perceived nodes is simplified to the randomly deployment. In this paper, we take the effective coverage , connectivity and probability threshold as the evaluation indices to analyze the different deployment models. Experimental results demonstrate that the effective coverage area of the triangle deployment is the largest when using the same number of nodes

Lei Yutong, Wen jian, Zhao Xuan, Li Jianyu, Zhang Junguo

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 2032–2050

Research Article | 20-February-2013

A VORONOI-BASED DEPTH-ADJUSTMENT SCHEME FOR UNDERWATER WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN) is a special kind of wireless sensor network which is composed of a large quantity number of wireless sensor nodes deployed in the water. While there are extensive studies on deploy-issue of terrestrial wireless sensor networks (WSN), UWSN has not been paid enough attention due to the challenges of UWSN, such as low available bandwidth, highly varying multipath, and large propagation delays. In this paper, we propose a depth-adjustment scheme to

Jiagao Wu, Yinan Wang, Linfeng Liu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 244–258

Research paper | 27-December-2017

DESIGN AND CHARACTERIZATION OF AUTOMATED COLOR SENSOR SYS

The paper presents a color sensor system that can process light reflected from a surface and produce a digital output representing the color of the surface. The end-user interface circuit requires only a 3-bit pseudo flash analog-to-digital converter (ADC) in place of the conventional/typical design comprising ADC, digital signal processor and memory. For scalability and compactness, the ADC was designed such that only two comparators were required regardless of the number of color/wavelength

Maher Assaad, Israel Yohannes, Amine Bermak, Dominique Ginhac, Fabrice Meriaudeau

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 1–12

Article | 05-June-2013

UTILITY BASED DATA GATHERING IN MOBILE SENSOR NETWORK

Traditional data gathering approaches cannot be applied to Mobile Sensor Network (MSN) due to sparse network density and sensor node mobility. In this paper, we propose a utility based data gathering protocol (UDG). The distance utility is used to indicate the closeness between sensor nodes and the sink node, and the activity utility is used to evaluate the ability of sensor nodes acting as relays. UDG combines the distance utility with the activity utility to make routing decisions. It also

Liu Jieyan, Wu Lei, Gong Haigong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 953–972

Research Article | 20-February-2013

DETECTING WORMHOLE ATTACKS IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS USING HOP COUNT ANALYSIS

The wormhole attack is a severe threat to wireless sensor networks. Most existing countermeasures for detecting and locating wormhole links either require extra hardware or are too complex for the inherently capability-constrained sensor nodes. Actually, wormhole links can enormously change the original sensor network topology. In this paper, we introduce the HCA4DW mechanism for detecting and locating wormholes in wireless sensor networks. It is based on the basic idea that the change of

Lan Yao, Zhibin Zhao, Ge Yu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 209–223

Article | 30-June-2013

DUTY CYCLING IN TARGET MONITORING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK SYSTEMS

Duty cycling is an important method for energy constrained sensor network systems to prolong lifetime. Current research on duty cycling is mainly based on such assumption that all the sensory coverage should be maintained while some nodes are sleeping. However, for the applications of target monitoring, it is not necessary anymore to keep the whole sensory coverage of the sensor network. It only needs to make sure that such kinds of nodes are active which can perceive the activities of the

Ying Guo, Feng Hong, Zhongwen Guo

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 1054–1076

Research Article | 01-June-2011

PARTICLES MASS FLOW RATE AND CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT USING ELECTROSTATIC SENSOR

In many industries where flow parameters measurement is essential to control manufacturing process, the use of a reliable, cost effective and high accuracy instrument is an important issue. Appropriate measurement method and design leads to improvement of pneumatic conveyors operation and process efficiency. This paper present an instrumentation design based on passive charge detection using a single electrostatic sensor. Two different sensor electrodes are applied to show the flexibility of

Mohd Fua, ad Rahmat, Teimour Tajdari

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 313–324

Article | 05-September-2013

OPTIMAL SINK NODE ALLOCATION FOR BALANCING COMMUNICATION LOAD IN A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

Wireless sensor networks are attracting attention as network technology that is essential to the expansion of the ICT society. One of the challenges facing the implementation of wireless sensor networks is the problem of load concentrations at local sensor nodes. Sink node allocation methods have recently been proposed to resolve this problem, but they do not solve the problem of the dramatic deterioration in operating times caused by an increase in the sensor nodes. This paper proposes a drive

Masato Noto, Seiji Yoneda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1533–1558

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Study of the sensitivity and stability of a landslide sensor based on magnetic amorphous wires

The paper presents a study on the measurement stability of a landslide sensor based on four magnetic amorphous wire strain gauges used in an Wheatstone bridge configuration. The sensor is aimed for in-situ monitoring using a distributed sensor network. The experiment has been performed in the lab using a test stand, while a time step progressive deformation has been applied to the sensor. Results show a good stability of the measurement and a variable sensitivity with respect to the bending

Cristian Zet, Cristian Foşalău, Daniel Petrişor

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 15-February-2020

An all-fiber current sensor based on magnetic fluid clad microfiber knot resonator

A novel optical current sensor based on microfiber knot resonator (MKR) with magnetic fluid (MF) as cladding is proposed and demonstrated in this paper. The operating principles, package technique and mounting method of the proposed sensor are introduced in detail. Moreover, the performances of the proposed sensor are demonstrated experimentally by detecting sinusoidal current with 50Hz and pulse current signals with rising time of 2.5μs respectively. The results have shown that the

Xianli Li, Fangxing Lv, Zhongying Wu, Hui Ding

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 13-December-2017

RELIABLE DATA BROADCAST FOR ZIGBEE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

required in many applications in the wireless sensor networks, our study focuses on the ZigBee network which is a new industrial standard for sensor networks. Some previous related papers improved the broadcast reliability by introducing redundant transmission and increasing coverage ratio of every receiver node, but there still exists probability of packet loss and extra communication cost due to redundant broadcast. This paper proposes an efficient acknowledgement-based approach for reliable data

Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu, Chu-Sing Yang, Yueh-Min Huang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 504–520

Article | 01-September-2016

PROBABILITY SENSING MODEL BASED ENHANCEMENT OF COVERAGE FOR VIDEO SENSOR NETWORKS

With the foundation of the video probabilistic sensing model that sensing direction is steerable, the study on path coverage enhancement algorithm for video sensor networks has been improved, analysis the position of effective center of mass in the sensor’s model, the network calculates the gravitation between the target track points and the trace nodes, and the repulsive force between both trace nodes of the target track points, then the trace node adjusts its sense direction, make the

Zhang Ju-Wei, Li Na, Wu Ning-Ning, Shi Jingzhuo

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 1341–1361

Article | 01-December-2014

COVERAGE HOLES RECOVERY ALGORITHM BASED ON NODES BALANCE DISTANCE OF UNDERWATER WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

Underwater wireless sensor network nodes deployment optimization problem is studied and underwater wireless sensor nodes deployment determines its capability and lifetime. Underwater wireless sensor network if no wireless sensor node is available in the area due to used up energy or any other reasons, the area which is not detected by any wireless sensor node forms coverage holes. The coverage holes recovery algorithm aiming at the coverage holes in wireless sensor network is designed in this

Hengchang Jing

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1890–1907

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Zirconia potentiometric oxygen sensor activation using NEMCA

NEMCA known for the increasing the catalytic activity/selectivity of the gas exposed electrodes was investigated for the potentiometric zirconia oxygen sensor activation. Electrochemical promotion of O2-sensors with Pt-cermet electrodes aged in the field was significant with up to 5 times in the impedance reduction. Stability test on the NEMCA activated O2-sensors was showing just a minor impedance increase. Sensor response time was reduced by NEMCA effect by ~5-10% with up to 3 times signal

Pavel Shuk, Robert Jantzt

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 01-September-2014

PYROEFFECTS ON MULTIPHASE MAGNETO-ELECTRO-ELASTIC SENSOR PATCH BONDED ON MILD STEEL PLATE

The magneto-electro-elastic (MEE) material under thermal environment exhibits pyroelectric and pyromagnetic coefficients resulting in pyroeffects such as pyroelectric and pyromagnetic. The pyroelectric and pyromagnetic effects on the behavior of multiphase MEE sensors bonded on the top surface of a mild steel plate under thermal environment is presented in this paper. The aim of the study is to investigate how samples having different volume fractions of the multiphase MEE sensor behave due to

P Kondaiah, K Shankar, N Ganesan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1134–1155

Article | 03-November-2017

Thermal Effects in Design of Integrated CMOS MEMS High Resolution Pressure Sensor

Thermal effects in integrated piezoresistive MEMS pressure sensor may be a problem of concern in design for applications requiring high precision measurements and in continuously monitoring array of sensor network. It not only results in the shift of the offset voltage of the pressure sensor but also affects the performance of the adjacent CMOS circuit leading to erroneous values. To address this problem, the thermal effects of the integrated sensor chip along with its packaging arising out of

C. RoyChaudhuri, S K Datta, H. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 432–447

Research paper | 15-February-2020

Detection of P300 brain waves using a MagnetoImpedance sensor

We have previously reported a study on brain activity detection in occipital region using a picotesla-scale MagnetoImpedance (MI) sensor. Based on past studies, the target of the present study was to review the performance of MI sensor on parietal region brain activity detection. Human brain magnetic field is extremely weak, in order to detect the faint magnetic field, we constructed an MI measurement system that can cancel out the background noise (e.g., geomagnetic field) instead of using a

K. Wang, S. Tajima, Y. Asano, Y. Okuda, N. Hamada, C. Cai, T. Uchiyama

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Microcontroller based Power Efficient Signal Conditioning Unit for Detection of a Single Gas using MEMS based Sensor

A low power MEMS based sensor along with the embedded power efficient signal conditioning unit (Microcontroller based), which can be used with any suitable sensor-network to detect and quantify variations in a particular gas concentration, has been reported in this paper. The power consumption of the MEMS gas sensor is ~ 70mW to 100mW depending upon its operating temperature (150-250°C) and that of entire signal conditioning unit (consisting of low noise amplifier, switch, microcontroller and

P. Bhattacharyya, D. Verma, D. Banerjee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 771–782

Article | 02-November-2017

An electrodynamic sensor for electrostatic charge measurement

Electrodynamic sensors are used in the process industry because they are low cost and robust. Though frequently used very little fundamental work on them has been reported. This paper describes an investigation into characteristics of hemispherically and rectangularly shaped sensors. Two parameters are investigated, the effect of sensor area on sensitivity and the spatial filtering effect of the sensor due to its finite size. Models are proposed and results obtained using them compared with

M. F. Rahmat, N.S. Kamaruddin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 200–212

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Wavelet Transform Smoothing Filters for Metal Oxide Gas Sensor Signal Cleaning

This paper reports on a series of experiments to evaluate the methods for feature extraction and denoising the digital signal from thin film zinc oxide-tin dioxide composite gas sensor devices. The aim was to find a method that not only cleaned the signal but also maintained the shape, precision and resolution of the signal. It was found that the Savitzky–Golay smoothing filter method gave the best, smoothed and cleaned, approximation of the sensor response regardless of the thin film

Enobong Bassey, Jacqueline Whalley, Philp Sallis, Krishnamachar Prasad

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Implementation of 144 × 64 Pixel Array Bezel-Less Cmos Fingerprint Sensor

This paper proposes CMOS integrated 144 × 64 pixel array fingerprint sensor without a bezel electrode. In this paper, the architecture of CMOS capacitive fingerprint sensor readout circuit is presented for general type of a switched capacitive integrator scheme. The pipelined scan driver is included in the fingerprint sensor for fast image capture. It is implemented on 0.35 μm standard CMOS process technology. The operation is validated by SPECTRE for one-pixel and RTL simulation including

Seungmin Jung

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 1–5

research-article | 31-August-2020

IoT enabled sensor node: a tutorial paper

The wireless sensor network applications have evolved through various applications in multiple domains such as healthcare, smart cities Santos and Ferreira (2019), agriculture, industries, etc. Different parameters can be assessed and monitored with sensor nodes deployed across a given area. A wireless sensor node will comprise of the sensor, a controller/processor, battery to power the node, and the transmission protocol module. This sensor network that contains an array of these nodes is

Alice James, Avishkar Seth, Subhas C. Mukhopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–18

Research Article | 01-June-2011

A wireless inductive-capacitive (L-C) sensor for rotating component temperature monitoring

Temperature monitoring is critical in almost every type of machinery and application, especially in rotating components such as jet turbines, engines, and power plants, etc. These components involve harsh environments and where the physical connections for monitoring systems are impossible. This paper presents a resonant inductive-capacitive (L-C) circuit based wireless temperature sensor suitable for working in these harsh environments to monitor the temperature of rotating components. Design

Rogie I. Rodriguez, Yi Jia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 325–337

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Optimisation  of solar power intake for wireless sensor networks at temperate latitudes

In many outdoor locations solar power provides the greatest power densities for energy harvesting to power wireless sensor networks in comparison to other practical alternative such as wind, vibrations or temperature gradients. Since solar power is highly variable with location and time, it is necessary to optimise the sensor nodes for individual locations.  Presented here, is an assessment of the solar power availability in Manchester, UK (53°28′N, 2°14′W). Wireless

Ralph Stevenson-Jones, Med Benyezzar, Patricia Scully

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 02-November-2017

Impedance Behaviour of a Microporous PMMA-Film `Coated Constant Phase Element' based Chemical Sensor

In this work, it has been attempted to characterize a new type of impedance sensor called constant phase element (CPE) sensor; which has microporous PMMA- lm coating on the electrode surface. It has been shown that the `constant phase angle (CPA)' behaviour is primarily due to the porous structure of the electrode surface. And the phase angle at the output of the sensor changes with thickness variation of the PMMA coating and ionic property of the medium in which the sensor is dipped in. The

Karabi Biswas, Litty Thomas, Sourabh Chowdhury, Basudam Adhikari, Siddhartha Sen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 922–939

Article | 03-December-2015

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF HIGH EFFICIENCY WIRELESS SENSOR IN ACOUSTIC OBJECT TRACKING

Energy control in Wireless Sensor Network is one of the most crucial technologies. Based on the acoustic object localization background, we designed a new structure of the sensor node to realize the energy efficiency in the power supply and artificial sleeping scheduling in this paper. The power control model is independent with data processing and control model and can separately realize the power supply for different part of the node. The node can transfer status according the different

ChengFang Zhen, Wenyi LIU, Hanming WEI

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 1997–2017

Article | 01-March-2015

CHARACTERIZATION OF A NEEDLE-TYPE GIANT MAGNETORESISTANCE SENSOR FOR DETECTION OF ESCHERICHIA COLI’S MAGNETIC MARKER

In the recent years, the introduction and development of simple and portable sensors has been the focus of researchers in nearly all scientific domains, particularly in the biomedical settings. Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) provides a cutting-edge sensor technology. The GMR-based sensors are capable to affordably and sensitively detect and quantify micro- and nano-magnetic particles, even in very weak magnetic fields. In this paper, we introduce a highly sensitive needle-type GMR-based sensor

Hamidreza Shirzadfar, Mustapha Nadi, Djilali Kourtiche, Sotoshi Yamada, Payman Shahabi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 220–234

Research paper | 20-February-2013

DATA FUSION ALGORITHM OF FAULT DIAGNOSIS CONSIDERING SENSOR MEASUREMENT UNCERTAINTY

This paper presents data fusion algorithm of fault diagnosis considering sensor measurement uncertainty. Random-fuzzy variables (RFV) are used to model testing patterns (TPs) and fault template patterns (FTPs) respectively according to on-line sensor monitoring data and typical historical sensor data reflecting every fault mode. A similarity measure is given to calculate matching degree between a TP and each FTP in fault database such that Basic Probability Assignment (BPA) can be obtained by

Xu Xiaobin, Zhou Zhe, Wen Chenglin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 171–190

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Physiological bending sensor based on tilt angle loss measurement using dual optical fibre

This paper presents the development of an extrinsic optical fibre sensor for continuous measurement of the human spine bending movement based on intensity modulation technique. Using the investigated sensor configuration, the bending angle was measurable in both flexion and extension direction with a maximum range of motion of 18o and -10o, respectively. From the output drift assessment of the sensor, bending accuracy of up to 0.5o was achievable, thus making it suitable for clinical

M. A. Zawawi, S. O’Keeffe, E. Lewis

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 03-November-2017

UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS OF MICRO DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE SENSOR USING INTERVAL ANALYSIS

A methodology for robust design analysis of micromechanical systems using interval methods is presented by considering piezo resistive micro differential pressure sensor with uncertainty in its parameters. The proposed method guides the design of micro sensor to achieve a robust and reliable design in a most efficient way. The uncertainty analysis is carried out numerically using Coventorware and analytically using Intlab.

M. Shanmugavalli, G. Uma, M. Umapathy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 463–476

Article | 01-December-2014

A SELF-ADAPTIVE DATA BALANCE PROTOCOL FOR DISTRIBUTED RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION SENSOR NETWORK

In this paper, we share our recent work related to Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) sensor network with readers. The work mainly focus on the protocol for network system to perform the task of autonomous decentralized data distribution with consideration of economic and low-power RFID-sensor module scheme. We analyzed data pitfall in distributed RFID-sensor network, revealing the reason lies in the phenomenon. A distributed solution to tackle the problem has been designed in a simple way

Charles Z. Liew, Raymond P. Shaw, Ting-Ting Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1535–1554

Research Article | 13-December-2017

APPLICATION OF DRAW WIRE SENSOR IN POSITION TRACKING OF ELECTRO HYDRAULIC ACTUATOR SYSTEM

Draw-wire sensor is classified as a contact measurement method. This sensor is ideal for applications with large measuring ranges, small sensor dimensions and when a low cost solution is required. The objective of this research is to explain the application of a draw-wire sensor in position tracking of electro-hydraulic actuator system. The work started with the modeling of the electro hydraulic actuator system. Draw wire sensor is attached to the load of electro hydraulic system to measure its

MF Rahmat, S Md Rozali, N Abdul Wahab, Zulfatman

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 736–755

Article | 01-December-2015

SEFP: A NEW ROUTING APPROACH USING FUZZY LOGIC FOR CLUSTERED HETEROGENEOUS WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are composed of set sensor nodes communicating through wireless channels with limited resources. Therefore, several routing protocols and approaches about energy efficient operation of WSNs have been proposed. Clustering algorithm based routing protocols are well used for efficient management of sensing sensor node energy resources. However, many researches were focused on optimization of well-known hierarchical routing approaches of WSNs using fuzzy logic system

hassan EL ALAMI, Abdellah NAJID

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 2286–2306

Article | 01-December-2015

OPTIMAL CLUSTER HEAD NUMBER BASED ON ENTROY FOR DATA AGGREGATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In-network data aggregation plays an important role on energy consumption from the point of reducing the amount of communication in cluster-based wireless sensor networks. The selection of cluster heads is usually based on two criteria which are the number of cluster heads network needed and the times of every node serving as the cluster head. Too much or too little cluster head number will shorten the network lifetime for the energy premature depletion of some sensor nodes, so it has a great

Mingxin Yang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 1935–1955

Article | 01-December-2014

MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF HIGH TEMPERATURE USING DISTRIBUTED FIBER OPTIC SENSOR

In this paper the working principle and application status of distributed optical fiber temperature sensor, amplified spontaneous Raman scattering phenomenon and its time-domain characteristics are analyzed. A new measuring principle based on amplified spontaneous Raman scattering light pulse signal temperature effect is presented, and is applied to distributed optical fiber sensor systems. Noise inevitably exists in data collected by distributed optical fiber temperature sensing systems

Yongjiao Wang, Bin Yang, Lei Liang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1595–1612

Article | 01-September-2015

SELADG: SECURE ENERGY EFFICIENT LOCATION AWARE DATA GATHERING APPROACH FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Recent trends in wireless sensor networks leads to the development of new protocols for data gathering. In this paper, a secure energy efficient location aware data gathering approach is introduced to secure data gathering. An Elliptic Curve Diffie Hellman Key Exchange (ECDHKE) algorithm is utilized for key generation and key exchange between the sensor nodes to maintain security and prevent the data from malicious nodes. The performance of the proposed scheme is validated in terms of packet

M. Roseline Juliana, S. Srinivasan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 3, 1748–1767

Article | 01-June-2012

PASSIVE UHF RFID STRAIN SENSOR TAG FOR DETECTING LIMB MOVEMENT

A strain sensor tag with screen printed antenna for seamless integration with clothing is examined to provide a wireless method for monitoring of human body movements. The strain response of the tag is investigated in air and on human body. While the results indicate strong antenna-body interaction, the strain response of the tag is found to be a monotonic function of the strain.

S. Merilampi, T. Björninen, L. Sydänheimo, L. Ukkonen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 315–328

Article | 11-April-2018

Design of Routing Protocol and Node Structure in Wireless Sensor Network based on Improved Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm

Wireless sensor network is composed of many wireless sensor nodes with the same or different functions. A typical sensor node consists of four parts: sensor unit, information processing unit, wireless communication unit and energy supply unit. In this paper, the existing ant colony algorithm is analyzed, and an improved ant colony optimization algorithm is proposed. The paper presents design of routing protocol and node structure in wireless sensor network based on improved ant colony

Yan Song, Xiaomei Yao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 168–172

Research paper | 27-December-2017

AN ENERGY EFFICIENT, MINIMALLY INTRUSIVE MULTI-SENSOR INTELLIGENT SYSTEM FOR HEALTH MONITORING OF ELDERLY PEOPLE

these issues. The central controller unit has an in-built algorithm based on two level adaptive branch prediction techniques to detect the period of inactivity of sensor nodes. Further, only one wearable heart rate sensor node is included in the system which measures the heart rate and detects abnormality. The central controller signals an alarm to the user to wear this predicting the sleeping time. This makes the system minimally intrusive and user friendly. Thus the multi-sensor network consists

N. Samanta, A.K. Chanda, C. RoyChaudhuri

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 762–780

Article | 23-April-2018

Research on Balanced Energy Consumption of Wireless Sensor Network Nodes Based on Clustering Algorithm

A multi-cluster-head based clustering routing algorithm is researched and realized in order to achieve better balance the energy consumption of wireless sensor network nodes as well as promote the stability and extend the service life of the network. By taking cluster as the basic unit, it divides the wireless sensor network into multiple clusters, each of which includes a main cluster head node, an assistant cluster head node, a cluster management node and several ordinary nodes. The article

Jie Huang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 15–19

Research paper | 01-September-2011

IMPLEMENTATION OF A SIMPLE WIRELESS SENSOR NODE FOR THE DETECTION OF GASEOUS SUBSTANCES LEAKAGE

The paper presents the steps involved in implementing a customizable wireless sensor node for the detection of gaseous substances leakage in both internal and external environments. The node consists of various modules namely, sensors, signal conditioning, computational unit, wireless communication and power supply. The measurand to be measured are carbon dioxide, oxygen, relative humidity and temperature. A computational analysis is performed using a nano-watt PIC18LF4620 microcontroller and

S. Edward Jero, A. Balaji Ganesh, T.K. Radhakrishnan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 482–495

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Computational Model Of Plasma-Organic-Polymer-Film-Coated QCR Sensor For Analysing Its Dynamic Response

This paper proposes a computational model of the mass-sensitive chemical sensor with plasma-organic-polymerfilm-coated quartz crystal resonators for use in sensor signal processing to develop a high-performance electronic nose system. Assuming one-dimensional Fickian diffusion of sample gas molecules, diffusion equation is applied to sample gas molecules in the sensor film bulk to describe the responses of the chemical sensor to the sample gas. Green’s function is introduced to solve the

Kazuhiko Takahashi, Naoki Nishiwaki, Iwao Sugimoto

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 01-March-2017

DEVELOPMENT OF SOFT SENSOR TO ESTIMATE MULTIPHASE FLOW RATES USING NEURAL NETWORKS AND EARLY STOPPING

This paper proposes a soft sensor to estimate phase flow rates utilizing common measurements in oil and gas production wells. The developed system addresses the limited production monitoring due to using common metering facilities. It offers a cost-effective solution to meet real-time monitoring demands, reduces operational and maintenance costs, and acts as a back-up to multiphase flow meters. The soft sensor is developed using feed-forward neural network, and generalization and network

Tareq Aziz AL-Qutami, Rosdiazli Ibrahim, Idris Ismail, Mohd Azmin Ishak

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 199–222

Research paper | 12-December-2017

A HIGH RESOLUTION OF HUMAN BREATH GAS SENSOR AND THE ANALYSIS OF HYPERVENTILATION FOR RESCUE ROBOTICS IN DISASTER ZONES (IRIS2010)

This paper presents a new type of ultrasonic gas molecule concentration sensor for rescue robotics and the performance of developed sensor is investigated by applying as human breath gas measurement sensor. This devise can measure the change of the gas concentration with a sampling rate of 400 kHz. Ideal gas experiment results show that the proposed sensor could detect the difference between 5% CO2 and pure air over 50 dB S/N and could discriminate humidified air and pure air with 55 dB S/N

Hideki Toda, Genci Capi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 292–303

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Dynamically Reconfigurable Routing Protocol Design for Underwater Wireless Sensor Network

Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSN) share the common challenges of terrestrial Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), however they are significantly different from terrestrial WSN. Mainly, because acoustic wireless communication is the main physical layer technology in UWSN. Acoustic communication offers longer range, but has limitations due to low speed of sound, high error probability, limited bandwidth capacity, node mobility and 3-dimensional network architecture. Most of the ground based

Beenish Ayaz, Alastair Allen, Marian Wiercigroch

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 10-April-2013

An Enhanced Scheme in Controlling Both Coverage and Quality of Service in Wireless Sensor Networks

With the increasing number of applications for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), different Quality of Services (QoS) levels based on the type of applications are required. An increasing research interest has been noted in the provision of QoS support in WSNs. QoS support in WSNs is challenging because of very limited resources, such as battery power, processing power, memory, and bandwidth. An earlier study introduced a QoS control approach based on the Gur Game. The Gur Game-based scheme can

Hao-Li Wang, Rong-Guei Tsai, Long-Sheng Li

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 772–790

Article | 05-June-2013

BI-FILTERED FORWARDING: A QUASI-OPTIMAL ROUTING ALGORITHM FOR QUERY DELIVERY IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

A quasi-optimal query propagation algorithm Bi-Filtered Forwarding (BFF) for quickly routing a query throughout a wireless sensor network is proposed in this paper. BFF is implemented in a limited flooding manner for guaranteeing quick query propagation and low message consumption in wireless sensor networks. The experimental results show that in comparison with the flooding algorithm, BFF can greatly reduce the redundant message consumption during the procedure of real time query propagation

Junhu Zhang, Xiujuan Zhu, Hui Peng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 993–1011

Article | 01-September-2016

SECURE DATA STORAGE MECHANISM FOR INTEGRATION OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS AND MOBILE CLOUD

Together with an explosive growth of the mobile applications and emerging of cloud computing concept, mobile cloud computing (MCC) has been introduced to be a potential technology for mobile services. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is the technology that connects the virtual world and the physical world where nodes can autonomously communicate among each other and with intelligent systems. This paper describes the concept of wireless sensor networks and mobile cloud computing. Recently, much

Chengwei Hu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 1563–1591

Article | 17-January-2018

A NOVEL INTEGRATED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ARCHITECTURE FOR DISASTER PREVENTION

There has been growing interest in the application of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) in the field of disaster prevention. In such applications, sensor nodes are randomly deployed in an area of interest, a large number of exactly same wireless sensor nodes form a robust mesh network to prevent damages in case of a disaster. In many applications, however, deploying sophisticated sensors on every sensor nodes is unnecessary and very costly. For example, in case of Earthquake one seismographic

Md. Abdullah-al MAMUN, Yuji koi, Naoshi Nakaya, Goutam Chakraborty

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 309–328

Research paper | 20-February-2013

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR DCT-BASED CODED IMAGE COMMUNICATION IN WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA SENSOR NETWORKS

The objective of this paper is to study the image communication behavior of a wireless video sensor, and analyze its performance under resource constrained wireless multimedia sensor networks. Energy consumption and rate distortion model of DCT-based coded image compression and transmission is developed. Based on energy consumption and rate distortion model proposed, resource allocation is optimized with limited energy and bandwidth. Number of DCT coefficient and step size of quantization table

Xiong Zheyuan, Fan Xiaping, Liu Shaoqiang, Li Yongzhou, Zhang Huan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 120–135

Article | 01-March-2016

A NEW THREE-DIMENSION SPATIAL LOCATION ALGORITHM OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

Aiming at three-dimensional space localization problem in wireless sensor network, a method of three-dimensional centroid algorithm with spherical perception radius (3DCSPR) is proposed. The algorithm uses Gaussian probability density function to estimate the sensor node radius, and uses tetrahedron method and three-dimensional center to locate unknown node with estimated. Firstly, RSSI value between beacon nodes and destination node is selected by RSSI distribution density function, that

Xiang Hua, Zhang Jinjin, Bin Lei

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 1, 233–255

Research paper | 01-September-2011

VERSATILE SENSOR PLATFORM FOR AUTONOMOUS SENSING IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

This paper presents the development of a versatile sensor platform used for autonomous data acquisition. The key advantages of the platform are its compact design, implemented onboard sensors, standard interfaces to connect application specific sensors and subsequently simple installation and low costs for the preparation of a measurement task. The paper provides details of the platform design and key characteristics. Practical exemplary applications in the field of automotive sensing, covering

M. Lieschnegg, B. Lechner, A. Fuchs, O. Mariani

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 496–507

Article | 01-December-2016

A DOOR MONITORING SYSTEM FOR SUBWAY CARS BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

The place and performance of wireless sensor networks are rapidly improving in the automotive industry, industrial and environmental monitoring. Uptake of this technology can be used in urban rail vehicle management system. Due to the difficult and time-consuming maintenance of vehicle management, a remote automatic monitoring system is needed. In this paper, it is proposed to design, develop and implement a remote automatic vehicle monitoring system. The complete system architecture includes a

WU Minghu, CHEN Rui, YANG Jie, JIAO Liangbao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 1822–1839

Research Article | 20-February-2013

OUTLIER DETECTION BASED ON SIMILAR FLOCKING MODEL IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Outlier detection plays a crucial role in secure monitoring in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Moreover, outlier detection techniques in WSN face the problem of limited resources of transmission bandwidth, energy consumption and storage capacity. In this paper, similar flocking model is proposed and a cluster algorithm based on similar flocking model (CASFM) is put forward to detect outliers in real-time stream data collected by sensor nodes. The similar flocking model improves the Vicsek model

Cheng Chunling, Wu Hao, Yu Zhihu, Zhang Dengyin, Xu Xiaolong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 18–37

Research Article | 15-February-2020

An Improved Capacitance-Based Intentionally Imperfect Sensor for Measuring Mechanical Parameters

In this paper, details of an improved imperfect sensor for measuring mechanical parameters is presented. A PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) membrane filled with randomly distributed conductive balls is the sensing element. The random distribution of the balls make the sensor imperfect and unique, like sensors in nature. Mechanical forces such as pressure, tilt and acceleration deform the membrane. Capacitive electrodes transform the movement of the membrane filled with conductive balls into change

Cyril Baby K., Norbert Schwesingerv

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 03-September-2013

DISTRIBUTED TARGET LOCALIZATION AND TRACKING WITH WIRELESS PYROELECTRIC SENSOR NETWORKS

Due to the disadvantages of traditional localization & tracking at those aspects of users’ privacy protection, system configuration and maintenance, this paper proposes a new approach for infrared object localization and tracking with distributed wireless pyroelectric infrared sensors. A hierarchical architecture of visibility of Fresnel lens array is presented with spatial-modulated field of view (FOV). Firstly, the FOVs of Fresnel lens array in a sensor node are modulated to achieve a single

Baihua Shen, Guoli Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1400–1418

Research Article | 20-February-2013

CFM: A FITNESS-MODEL-BASED TOPOLOGY CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

The main objective of wireless sensor network design is to maximize network lifetime. The network topology, which is the important foundation of upper layer protocols, serves as the supportive groundwork for this goal. We constructed the model of sensor networks, and investigated the property of topology with complex network theory. Three statistical parameters were used to describe the network structure, and then some ideal characteristics were concluded for topology. The characteristics of

Linfeng Liu, Jiagao Wu, Fu Xiao, Ruchuan Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 58–76

Article | 01-December-2012

AN ENHANCED DYNAMIC TOKEN PROTOCOL FOR UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSOR NETWORKS

The properties of underwater acoustic channel are quite different from those of terrestrial wireless sensor networks. There are many challenges to design an efficient media access control (MAC) protocol for underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs). In order to overcome the long propagation delay and low available bandwidth of UWASNs, an enhanced dynamic token protocol (EDTP), is proposed in the paper. It uses token passing queue (TPQ) and TPQ backup method to transfer the token packets

Guangyu Fan, Jian Li, Wenhong Liu, Yang Zhao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 879–895

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A Fuzzy Based Predictive Cluster Head Selection Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

Clustering, an energy efficient approach is used in Wireless Sensor Network. Clustering involves cluster formation and Cluster Head Selection. As the Cluster Head is involved in carrying out the entire communication, a high energy node has to be selected as Cluster Head. In this paper, a novel predictive Fuzzy based Cluster Head selection algorithm is proposed. The proposal suggests a new input parameter, Rate of recurrent Communication apart from the standard parameters namely the Residual

Hemavathi Natarajan, Sudha Selvara

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–8

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Load-Balancing Enhancement by a Mobile Data Collector in Wireless Sensor Networks

 Decrease in the time interval between the first node death and the last node death, due to the completion of their energy supply, is the main goal of load-balancing methods in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). This paper proposes a Load-Balancing Enhancement (LBE) method, in WSN. LBE method uses a mobile data collector to data gathering from sensor nodes. The mobile data collector can directly communicate with the base station. Indeed, the mobile data collector acts as an interface between

Ahmad Patooghy, Meisam Kamarei, Ali Farajzadeh, Fatemeh Tavakoli, Mehdi Saeidmanesh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 01-September-2016

PGSA-BASED LOCALIZATION ALGORITHM FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

This paper proposes a novel localization algorithm for wireless sensor network (WSN). Accurate localization is very important for WSN. WSN localization problem is sometimes regarded as an optimization problem. Plant growth simulation algorithm (PGSA) is a kind of new intelligent optimization algorithm, which is intelligent simulation of plant growth in natural way. In addition to the common characteristics of intelligent algorithms, PGSA show robustness and provides a global optimal solution

Yuqiang Qin, Hui Ying

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 1287–1304

Research Article | 27-December-2017

NANOSTRUCTURED ZnCo2O4THICK FILM AS AN ETHANOL SENSOR

like Acetone, Ethanol and CO2. It was found that the sensors exhibited various sensing responses to these gases at different operating temperature. Furthermore, the sensor exhibited a fast response and a good recovery. The results demonstrated that ZnCo2O4 can be used as a new type of gas-sensing material which has a high sensitivity and good selectivity to Ethanol 200 ppm.

S. V. Bangale

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 178–195

Article | 01-September-2016

A NOVEL HYBRID LOCALIZATION METHOD FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

Wireless sensor network is a kind of brand-new information acquisition platform, which is realized by the introduction of self-organizing and auto-configuration mechanisms. Node localization technology represents a crucial component of wireless sensor network. In this paper, a localization method based on kernel principal component analysis and particle swarm optimization back propagation algorithm is carefully discussed. First of all, taking KPCA as the front-end system to extract the main

Wang Jun, Zhang Fu, Ren Tiansi, Chen Xun, Liu Gang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 1323–1340

Research paper | 02-November-2017

SENSITIVITY IMPROVEMENT OF WIRELESS PRESSURE SENSOR BY INCORPORATING A SAW REFLECTIVE DELAY LINE

this paper presents a wireless surface acoustic wave (SAW) pressure sensor on 41oYX LiNbO3 for tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) application, in which a reflective delay line composed of an interdigital transducer (IDT) and several reflectors was used as the sensor element. Using the coupling of modes (COM), the SAW reflective delay line was simulated, and the optimal design parameters were determined. The fabricated 2.4GHz SAW sensor was wirelessly characterized by the network analyzer

Haekwan Oh, Weng Wang, Keekeun Lee, Ikmo Park, Sang Sik Yang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 940–954

Article | 01-September-2014

ANALYSIS OF NON-BINARY FAULT TOLERANT EVENT DETECTION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

A distributed non-binary fault tolerant event detection technique is proposed for a wireless sensor network (WSN) consisting of a large number of sensors. The sensor nodes may be faulty due to harsh environment and manufacturing reasons. In the existing works on event detection, the detection of event is decided by only one threshold level. The objective of this paper is to extend the fault recognition and correction algorithm for non-binary event detection. The analysis presented here takes

B Victoria Jancee, S Radha, Nandita Das

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1287–1309

Research Article | 20-February-2013

ADAPTIVE ESTIMATION AND PI LEARNING SPRING-RELAXATION TECHNIQUE FOR LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In order to reduce the location estimation error in Wireless Sensor Network(WSN). A localization algorithm is proposed combining adaptive estimation, PI-learning and spring-relaxation techniques for wireless sensor networks in this paper. Our proposed method takes the advantages of the spring-relaxation technique, thus it inherits its simplicity. The overall accuracy of the location estimations is improved by introducing adaptive estimation and PI-learning. Moreover, it requires only a few

Li Haiyan, Hu Yun-an, Zhu Min

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 317–332

Research paper | 01-June-2011

A Novel Biased Energy Distribution (BED) Technique for Cluster-Based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

This paper presents the impact of utilizing a biased energy distribution (BED) scheme for clustering sensor networks. In clustering sensor networks, some of the nodes are elected as aggregators and they compress the data from their cluster members before sending the aggregated data to the sink. Existing clustering routing protocols assume that all the nodes are provided with equal amount of energy but this shortens the network lifetime and makes the network unstable. This paper proposes a

A. F. Salami, H. Bello-Salau, F. Anwar, A. M. Aibinu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 161–173

Article | 01-December-2016

A DEPLOYMENT ALGORITHM OF HETEROGENEOUS UNDERWATER SENSOR NETWORK BASED ON ACOUSTIC AND MAGNETIC JOINT SENSING MODEL

In underwater target detection, because the acoustic environment of the shallow sea is extremely complex, the acoustic detection is becoming more and more difficult. A deployment algorithm of heterogeneous sensor network based on joint probabilistic sensing model is proposed which combine the acoustic detection and magnetic detection to detect underwater targets. Expert system knowledge is used to achieve the deployment of acoustic magnetic underwater sensor network which base on the normal

ZHANG Ju-Wei, WANG Yu, Wang Ya-le

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 2149–2166

Research Article | 02-November-2017

MULTI-TARGET, MULTI-SENSOR TRACKING BASED ON QUALITY-OF-INFORMATION AND FORMAL BAYESIAN FRAMEWORKS

We consider a multi-target tracking problem that aims to simultaneously determine the number and state of mobile targets in the field. Conventional paradigms tend to report only the existence and state of targets according to centralized detection and data fusion. On the contrary, we investigate a multi-target, multi-sensor scenario in which (a) both the number and the state of the targets are unknown a priori; and (b) the detection with respect to targets is employed in a distributed manner

Juo-Yu Lee, Kung Yao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 842–857

Article | 01-June-2012

OPTICAL PROBE CURRENT SENSOR MODULE USING THE KERR EFFECT OF EXCHANGE-COUPLED MAGNETIC FILM AND ITS APPLICATION TO IGBT SWITCHING CURRENT MEASUREMENTS

An optical probe current sensor module using the Kerr effect of exchange-coupled magnetic film has been fabricated and applied to switching current measurements for IGBT used for the DC-DC converter and the DC-AC inverter of EV/HEV. Since the sensor module using the Kerr effect of the single domain exchange-coupled magnetic film utilizes magnetization rotation only, Barkhausen noise due to domain wall pinning can be excluded. The current sensor consists of a Laser-diode, a polarizer, a Fe-Si/Mn

K. Ogawa, S. Suzuki, M. Sonehara, T. Sato, K. Asanuma

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 347–361

Article | 05-June-2013

AN ESTIMATION ALGORITHM FOR MISSING DATA IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

For estimating the missing data of wireless sensor networks, an estimation algorithm called HD method, which can make use of sensoring space-time correlation of the data, was proposed based on mathematical Hermite and DESM statistical models. The algorithm not only can adaptively adjust the time and space weights, but also can accurately estimate the missing or unavailable data. The experimental results show that the algorithm has good stability and relatively high estimation accuracy.

Nan Yan, Ming-zheng Zhou, Li Tong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 1032–1053

Research Article | 11-January-2018

MEMS Seismic Sensor with FPAA-Based Interface Circuit for Frequency-Drift Compensation Using ANN

Electrochemical micro-electro mechanical systems (MEMS) seismic sensor is limited by its nonideality of frequency dependent characteristics hence interface circuits for compensation is necessary. The conventional compensation circuits are limited by high power consumption, bulky external hardware. These digital circuits are limited by inherent analog to digital conversions which consumes significant power, acquires more size and limits processing speed. This system presents field programmable

Ramesh Pawase, Dr. N.P. Futane

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 1–6

research-article | 30-November-2019

The feasibility of motion sensor-based smart RFID system in improving the power saving

of system component R I the reliability of intermediate R R the reliability of the reader R sys reliability of a system RFID radio frequency identification s the power consumption of the sensor S the cumulative power consumed by the sensor PIR pyroelectric infrared Radio frequency identification is a technology for collecting and diffusing information through radio waves, it is composed of four parts: tag, reader, database, and the backend, where

Anas Mouattah, Khalid Hachemi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Article | 05-June-2013

ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF OPTIMAL SOIL MOISTURE SENSOR PROBE LENGTH

two parallel needle moisture sensors has been widely used in Soil moisture detection equipment, for example, frequency domain (FD), time domain reflectometry (TDR) and standing wave ratio (SWR) measurement. The design of probe‘s port impedance is key technology parameters to soil moisture sensor. In this study, according to the relationships between the length and impedance characteristics of terminal open and closed state probe were presented based on two-pin probe structure of parallel

Zhao Yandong, Nie Mingjun

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 849–866

Article | 01-December-2014

ADAPTIVE MOBILE ANCHOR LOCALIZATION ALGORITHM BASED ON ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In wireless sensor networks (WSNs), node’s locations play a critical role in many applications. Having a GPS receiver on every sensor node is costly. In this paper, we propose an adaptive mobile anchor localization algorithm based on ant colony optimization , firstly, some virtual anchor nodes are distributed in the area, second, ant colony was used which has the maximum of transition probabilities to obtain the optimal path, last, the centroid-weighted localization algorithm was proposed to

Yan Hong Lu, Ming Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1943–1961

Article | 01-March-2012

AN AIR QUALITY MONITORING SYSTEM FOR URBAN AREAS BASED ON THE TECHNOLOGY OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

 air quality monitoring system based on the technology of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). It also integrates with the global system for mobile communications (GSM). The system consists of sensor nodes, a gateway, and a control center managed by the LabVIEW program through which sensing data can be stored in a database. This system is deployed to the main roads in the Taipei city to monitor the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration caused by vehicle emissions. The experimental results show that

Jen-Hao Liu, Yu-Fan Chen, Tzu-Shiang Lin, Chia-Pang Chen, Po-Tang Chen, Tzai-Hung Wen, Chih-Hong Sun, Jehn-Yih Juang, Joe-Air Jiang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 191–214

Article | 05-June-2013

THE RESEACH ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR LANDSLIDE MONITORING

sensor network. Furthermore, collected data are proved to be consistent with natural phenomenon. Compared with traditional monitoring method, the new method has better advantages.

He Yueshun, Zhang Wei

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 867–887

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Numerical Terrain Modelling for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks

Underground terrain poses a highly intricate and challenging environment to the propagation of waves carrying information from sensor to the sink nodes.  Due to the complexity and level of detail, it is often difficult to realistically model such an environment for conducting tests. However, using numerical methods, the environment characteristics could be translated to a compatible framework, for testing complex networking models such as Wireless Underground Sensor Network (WUSN). Such

Vinod Parameswaran, Zhongwei Zhang, Hong Zhou

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 05-September-2013

A Novel Key Chain-Based En-route Filtering Protocol For Wireless Sensor Networks

Sensor nodes may be deployed in hostile environments. An adversary may compromise the sensor nodes and inject false data into the network, which wastes scarce energy resources of the forwarding nodes. Existing schemes can effectively resist false data injection, but most of them do not consider the identifiers (IDs) attack, the en-route nodes check only the Message Authentication Codes (MACs) and do not verify the nodes identifiers (IDs) of the endorsing reports. In this paper, we propose a

Zhiming Zhang, Xiaoyong Xiong, Jiangang Deng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1637–1652

Research paper | 13-December-2017

EVOLUTIONAL PROCESS OF PAVEMENT ROUGHNESS EVALUATION BENEFITING FROM SENSOR TECHNOLOGY

The present paper deals with a view of the availability of high-speed sensor profilers, which has given dramatically increased possibilities to analyze imperfections in pavement surfaces such as roughness. Technical parameters of such profilers, for sensing and analyzing pavement surface profile are described. In addition, the main investigation concentrates on the evolutional process of pavement roughness evaluation. For this purpose a high-speed laser profiler is used to sense roughness data

Andreas Loizos, Christina Plati

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 370–387

Article | 01-June-2016

TRUST AWARE DATA AGGREGATION AND INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Data Aggregation (DA) is one of the most frequently used techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) to improve the network lifetime. It involves gathering, consolidating, and routing the sensory data collected by sensor nodes. However, research studies have demonstrated that the dependability of the DA process affects severely when malicious nodes are present in the network. Many security solutions using cryptography and Intrusion Detection System (IDS) have been proposed in the literature

P. Raghu Vamsi, Krishna Kant

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 537–562

research-article | 02-May-2019

Touch fingerprint sensor based on sensor cell isolation technique with pseudo direct signaling

Introduction A biometric sensor is a transducer, which converts the biometric input signal (fingerprints, voice, vein patterns, or facial traits) of its user into an electrical signal. In order to authenticate any biometric measurement, a biometric sensor is required to scan the fingerprint or voice or face in the hardware set. Fingerprint sensor solution is a convenient small and simple alternative biometric format such as smartphone, smartcards, and IoTs. The fingerprint sensor ensures high

Hyeopgoo Yeo

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research Article | 20-February-2013

SECRECY TRANSFER FOR SENSOR NETWORKS:FROM RANDOM GRAPHS TO SECURE RANDOM GEOMETRIC GRAPHS

graph and the random geometric graph via an introduction process to produce an acquaintanceship graph Gn,n0. We find that the maximum component of graph Gn,n0 transitions rapidly from small components to a giant component when n0 is larger than a threshold, the threshold is derived, and applications for sensor networks are presented.

Zhihong Liu, Jianfeng Ma, Yong Zeng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 77–94

Article | 01-April-2018

Gathering Correlated Data in Wireless Sensor Networks Using a Heuristic Algorithm

We propose a routing scheme for data gathering and aggregation in wireless sensor networks. The scheme aims to optimise an aggregation tree in order to minimise the energy dissipation of data aggregation and transmission. A modified particle swarm optimisation algorithm is developed in the proposed scheme. In addition, the routing scheme uses a generic data aggregation model which accommodates different correlation conditions. The performance of the proposed scheme is evaluated and compared

Yuexian Wang, Cheng Chew Lim

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, –

Article | 01-March-2015

A DEPLOYMENT ALGORITHM FOR MOBILE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS BASED ON THE ELECTROSTATIC FIELD THEORY

This paper proposes a deployment algorithm based on the electrostatic field theory for mobile wireless sensor networks. The nodes and obstacles in the deployment area are taken as the charged particles; and the particles will move due to the Coulomb’s force from other particles or obstacles. Finally, the nodes automatically spread to the whole area by the resultant action and complete the deployment. Four metrics, including coverage, uniformity, deployment time and average displacement distance

Jiang Xu, Huanyan Qian, Wenhao Ying, Jun Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 516–537

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A New Scheme for Determination of Respiration Rate in Human Being using MEMS Based Capacitive Pressure Sensor: Simulation Study

In this paper, a MEMS based capacitive nasal sensor system for measuring Respiration Rate (RR) of human being is developed. At first two identical diaphragm based MEMS capacitive nasal sensors are designed and virtually fabricated. A proposed schematic of the system consists of signal conditioning circuitry alongwith the sensors is described here. In order to measure the respiration rate the sensors are mounted below Right Nostril (RN) and Left Nostril (LN), in such a way that the nasal airflow

Madhurima Chattopadhyay, Deborshi Chakraborty

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 01-March-2012

Humidity sensor based on silver nanoparticles embedded in a polymeric coating

In this work, it is presented a novel optical fiber humidity sensor based on silver nanoparticle-loaded polymeric coatings built onto an optical fiber core. The polymeric film was fabricated using the Layer-by-Layer assembly technique. The silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM and UV-VIS spectroscopy. A Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) attenuation band is observed when the thickness of the coating increases, and showed a very good

Pedro J. Rivero, Aitor Urrutia, Javier Goicoechea, Francisco J. Arregui, Ignacio R. Matías

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 71–83

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