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Research Article | 13-December-2017

DUAL MODALITY TOMOGRAPHY SYSTEM USING OPTICAL AND ELECTRODYNAMIC SENSORS FOR TOMOGRAPHIC IMAGING SOLID FLOW

Process tomography is a technique to realize flow imaging in a process vessel or pipeline by using the sensor system. This technique involves the use of tomographic imaging methods to manipulate data from sensors in order to collect sufficient information about the flow in the pipeline. The overall aim of this paper is to investigate the benefits of dual modality (optical and electrodynamic) tomography system for the measurement of tomographic images of solids flow. This research will

M. F. Rahmat, S. Ibrahim, M. M. Elmajri, N. F. Mohammed, M.D Isa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 389–399

research-article | 23-August-2019

Linearization of the sensors characteristics: a review

The sensor is an important device in instrumentation, measurement, and control applications. It can be used to measure various physical, chemical, and physiological parameters. It plays a very important role in numerous industrial, home, healthcare, defense, environmental, and agricultural applications (Doebelin and Manik, 2011; Silva et al., 2015; Alahi et al., 2016; Islam, 2016; Mahboob et al., 2016; Islam et al., 2017). Various sensors such as (i) capacitive, (ii) resistive, (iii) inductive

Tarikul Islam, S. C. Mukhopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–21

Article | 07-November-2017

Physical and Virtual Intelligent Sensors for Integrated Health Management Systems

This paper describes the development of intelligent sensors as part of an integrated systems approach. The integrated systems approach treats the sensor as a complete system with its own sensing hardware (the traditional sensor), A/D converter, processing and storage capabilities, software drivers, self-assessment algorithms and communication protocols. The immediate application is the monitoring of rocket test stands, but the technology should be generally applicable to the Integrated Systems

Ajay Mahajan, Christopher Oesch, Haricharan Padmanaban, Lucas Utterback, Sanjeevi Chitikeshi, Fernando Figueroa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 559–575

Research Article | 15-February-2020

On Evolution of CMOS Image Sensors

CMOS Image Sensors have become the principal technology in majority of digital cameras. They started replacing the film and Charge Coupled Devices in the last decade with the promise of lower cost, lower power requirement, higher integration and the potential of focal plane processing. However, the principal factor behind their success has been the ability to utilise the shrinkage in CMOS technology to make smaller pixels, and thereby have more resolution without increasing the cost. With the

Luiz Carlos Paiva Gouveia, Bhaskar Choubey

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research paper | 13-December-2017

FIBER BRAGG GRATING SENSORS: NEW IDEAS ON STRAIN-TEMPERATURE DISCRIMINATION

In this paper, two novel methods are discussed, wherein Fiber Bragg Gratings are used as sensors to discriminate strain and temperature, simultaneously. These methods provide a good linear response and involve simple fabrication & implementation of the sensors.

Aashia Rahman, Sundarrajan Asokan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 108–117

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Thin Film Coated QCM-Sensors and Pattern Recognition Methods for Discrimination of VOCs

Discrimination and quantification of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using a non-selective sensor requires a combination of sensors followed by pattern recognition methods. Based on this concept, this paper deals with the discrimination of gas from the responses of several gas sensors coated with different type of polymer. Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) electrodes were coated from hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO), hexamethyldisilazane (HMDSN) and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) for the elaboration of

Omar C. Lezzar, A. Bellel, M. Boutamine, S. Sahli, Y. Segui, P. Raynaud

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-March-2015

LOW-POWER WIRELESS LIQUID MONITORING SYSTEM USING ULTRASONIC SENSORS

level monitoring using ultrasonic sensors.

Samarth Viswanath, Marco Belcastro, John Barton, Brendan O’Flynn, Nicholas Holmes, Paul Dixon

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 26–44

Article | 01-June-2015

COMPRESSIVE SENSING BY COLPITTS CHAOTIC OSCILLATOR FOR IMAGE SENSORS

Compressive sensing uses simultaneous sensing and compression to provide an efficient image acquisition technique and it has been demonstrated in optical and electrical image sensors. To guarantee exact recovery from sparse measurements, specific sensing matrix, which satisfies the Restricted Isometry Property (RIP), should be well chosen. Toeplitz-structured chaotic sensing matrix constructed by Logistic map has been proved to satisfy RIP with high probability. In this paper, we propose that

Li Liu, Peng Yang, Jianguo Zhang, Guifen Wei

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 1225–1243

Research Article | 01-December-2017

A ST X-NUCLEO-BASED TELEMETRY UNIT FOR DETECTION AND WiFi TRANSMISSION OF COMPETITION CAR SENSORS DATA: FIRMWARE DEVELOPMENT, SENSORS TESTING AND REAL-TIME DATA ANALYSIS

Telemetry is a technology that allows remote measurement and transmission of moving car information, allowing to collect a huge amount of data that are interpreted to ensure that car is performing at its optimum. In this research work, by using electronic modules and sensors available at very low costs, a reliable and accurate telemetry system was realized in order to monitor physical and mechanical parameters of a racing vehicle during its motion. Implemented data acquisition and wireless

P. Visconti, B. Sbarro, P. Primiceri

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 793–828

Review | 15-February-2020

New approaches for improving selectivity and sensitivity of resistive gas sensors: A review

Resistive gas sensors are very popular and reliable but suffer from low selectivity and sensitivity. Various methods have been suggested to improve both features without increasing the number of sensors in gas detection systems. Fluctuation enhanced gas sensing was proposed to improve gas detection efficiency by analyzing low-frequency resistance fluctuations, and noise parameters can be more informative than the single DC resistance and can advance gas detection systems by improving detection

Janusz Smulko, Maciej Trawka, Radu Ionescu, Fatima E. Annanouch, Eduard Llobe, Claes G. Granqvist, Laszlo B. Kish

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 16-December-2013

Human Identification Based on Walking Detection with Acceleration Sensor and Networked Laser Range Sensors in Intelligent Space

This study aimed to identify a specific human with the accurate position measurements by integrating the networked laser range finders in the intelligent space and an wearable acceleration sensor with the human. A human identification method based on associating detections of walking behaviors from both sensors is proposed. Parameter optimization was also performed for improvement of identification. System configurations and implementations using RT component are also described. Some

Kazuyuki Morioka, Fumitaka Hashikawa, Tomoyasu Takigawa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 2040–2054

Research Article | 01-September-2011

MEASUREMENT OF STRESS-STRAIN RESPONSE OF A RAMMED EARTH PRISM IN COMPRESSION USING FIBER BRAGG GRATING SENSORS

A comparative study of strain response and mechanical properties of rammed earth prisms, has been made using Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors (optical) and clip-on extensometer (electro-mechanical). The aim of this study is to address the merits and demerits of traditional extensometer vis-à-vis FBG sensor; a uni-axial compression test has been performed on a rammed earth prism to validate its structural properties from the stress - strain curves obtained by two different methods of

A. S. Guru Prasad, M. Anitha, K. S. Nanjunda Rao, S. Asokan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 376–387

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A Capacitance-to-Digital Converter with Sinusoidal Excitation Suitable for Series RC Sensors

A new Capacitance-to-Digital Converter (CDC) applicable for series RC sensors that requires/prefers sinusoidal excitation is proposed in this paper. The CDC presented works based on a dual-slope technique and it gives a digital output as a function of unknown capacitance of a series RC sensor, i.e., a capacitive sensor with a capacitor and a resistor in series in its electrical equivalent circuit. Output of the CDC is not sensitive to the series resistor. The CDC is useful for grounded as well

Prashanth Vooka, Boby George

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Porous Silicon Sensors- Elusive and Erudite

Porous Silicon Sensors have been fabricated and tested successfully over the last few years as humidity sensors, vapour sensors, gas sensors, piezoresistive pressure sensors and bio- sensors. In each case it has displayed remarkably sensitivity, relatively low temperature operation and ease of fabrication. Brief description of fabrication and properties of all these types of different sensors is reported in this paper. The barriers of porous silicon like contact, non- uniformity, instability

Prof. H. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 34–56

Article | 31-December-2020

MOVING OBJECT DETECTION IN CAR TRAFFIC WITH IMPLEMENTATION OF OPTICAL SENSORS

In this investigation, the problem of moving object detection - without any knowledge - is classified. It describes a technique that will allow real-time localization with usage of IR sensors. The proposed algorithm is simplistic, and in the future, it might be implemented into any vehicle, premium or entry level. It is guided by AI that must calculate its next moves in the blink of an eye without user noticing any delays. The main problem of moving object recognition was extraction of proper

Piotr SZABLATA, Paweł ŁĄKOWSKI, Janusz POCHMARA

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 105–116

Research Article | 13-December-2017

SENSORS FOR MONITORING COMPONENTS, SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES

The application of sensors encompasses many sectors of industry. In this paper, we outline different sensors – Raman distributed temperature sensor, sensor based on nano ferrofluids and MEMS based ultrasonic sensors. The development and application of these sensors for monitoring performance of systems and processes are discussed. Further, we also discuss the application of acoustic emission and infrared thermal imaging for process monitoring.

T. Jayakumar, C.Babu Rao, John Philip, C.K. Mukhopadhyay, J. Jayapandian, C. Pandian

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 61–74

Article | 01-March-2016

ON MASS SENSING USING MICRO/NANO RESONATORS - APPROACHES, CHALLENGES AND DIRECTIONS

Micro/Nano electromechanical systems based Mass sensors are being increasingly used for detecting very low masses, with significant applications in bio-sensing as well as environmental sensing. A number of different shapes, excitation mechanisms as well as materials have been suggested for these sensors. In addition, with reducing dimensions due to improvement in fabrication, these sensors have the potential to measure bacterial level masses. This paper reviews some of the research directions

Bhaskar Choubey, Alistair McEwan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 1, 1–20

Article | 01-December-2016

SELECTIVE CO SENSING USING NANOSTRUCTURED TiO_2 GAS SENSORS: A REVIEW

Fabricating a sensor for a toxic gas like carbon monoxide has been a constant need in many domestic and industrial applications. Although many sensors are commercially available, research is focused on developing a selective sensor with higher sensitivity, selectivity and low operating temperature. This paper reviews the fabrication, comparison and evaluation of different nanostructured titanium dioxide sensors used in detection. After a brief description of the structural properties of , the

Roshan Castelino, Pramod N G

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 2237–2256

Research Article | 20-February-2013

A VERSATILE LATTICE BASED MODEL FOR SITUATION RECOGNITION FROM DYNAMIC AMBIENT SENSORS

Recent advances in acquisition, storage, and transmission of data from sensors in digital format has increased the need of tools to support users effectively in retrieving, understanding, and mining the information contained in such data.Extraction of domain specific actionable information like occurrence of one of the predefined “situations” is desirable. Major difficulties in achieving this extraction are 1) Source of Data, that is, number and type of sensors deployed is highly

Sangeeta Mittal, Krishna Gopal, S.L. Maskara

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 403–432

Article | 01-March-2015

AN ASSISTANCE SYSTEM FOR BUILDING INTELLIGENT SPACES BASED ON MAPSHARING AMONG A MOBILE ROBOT AND DISTRIBUTED SENSORS

An intelligent space is a space constructed with many networked sensors. Humans and robots in the space are extracted and tracked cooperatively by the networked sensors. The intelligent space can achieve position-based supports to humans and robots according to integration of networked sensors. Generally, the networked sensors are distributed and fixed on the structures in the space such as walls, ceilings and etc. In order to track moving objects such as humans and robots in the intelligent

Fumitaka Hashikawa, Kazuyuki Morioka

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 1–25

Article | 01-June-2015

DESIGN OF AN INTELLIGENT CAR FOR SEARCHING TRACK AND AVOIDING OBSTACLES

With the rapid development of informational and intelligent technology, the mobile robot has become an important branch of robot. In this paper, through UP-InnoSTARTM robot kits for the chassis and MultiFLEXTM 2-PXA270 controller for the control core, we design an intelligent car. It uses infrared proximity sensors to detect obstacles and gray-scale sensors to search the track. And the main functions are: autonomously recognizing the trajectory, searching it steadily, making quick judgment and

Degang Yang, Tingya Liu, Chunyan Hu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 1354–1378

Research Article | 13-December-2017

SENSOR TECHNOLOGY AT SUBMILLIMETER WAVELENGTHS FOR SPACE APPLICATIONS

planets and comets and tracers for global monitoring and the ultimate health of the Earth. Sensors at far-infrared and submillimeter wavelengths provide unprecedented sensitivity for astrophysical, planetary, and earth observing instruments. Very often, for a spaced based platform where the instruments are not limited by atmospheric losses and absorption, the overall instrument sensitivity is dictated by the sensitivity of the sensors themselves. Moreover, some of the cryogenic sensors at

Goutam Chattopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 1–20

Research Article | 12-December-2017

Self Organizing Sensor Network to Enhance Event Coverage

We are proposing a self deploying mobile sensor network which is empowered with event based relocation of redundant sensors for enhancing the quality of event sensing. Energy efficient Cell quorum based protocol is used for communication between event location and redundant sensors. Computationally light cascaded reorganization of sensor is suggested for relocation of sensors. The proposed method provides good coverage as it dynamically relocates the sensors either for avoiding coverage hole or

S. Indu, Venu Kesam, Santanu Chaudhury, Asok Bhattacharyya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 53–74

Research Article | 13-December-2017

COOPERATIVE MULTI TARGET TRACKING USING MULTI SENSOR NETWORK

Sensors provide a key feedback link allowing robotic and autonomous systems to react to their environments. Without this feedback, robotic and autonomous systems will operate in an uncontrolled manner, since they don’t have the ability to perceive and respond to their environments. The limited capabilities of static sensors especially in complex applications and environments force the use of multiple sensors operating dynamically. This paper addresses the development of multiple objects

Ahmed M. Elmogy, Fakhreddine O. Karray

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 716–734

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Development of thermostable FBG optical sensor for oil and gas applications

Important progress has been made towards the expanding of the limits of applicability of Fiber Bragg Grating optical sensors. The development of new thermostable coatings has opened up the possibility towards the use of this technology under extreme conditions, i.e. at high temperatures and pressures. The developed sensors have been tested for adsorption of a range of gaseous analytes and exhibit a sensitivity towards linear alkanes. Preliminary tests at high temperature in liquid phase

Dennis J. M. Snelders, Arjen Boersma

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 12-December-2017

THE USE OF OPTICAL SENSORS TO ESTIMATE PASTURE QUALITY

plant growth and reduce the potential for an adverse environmental effect. Pasture management is of major importance in New Zealand. This paper describes the operation of multispectral (Crop Circle™ and CROPSCAN™) and hyper spectral sensors (ASD Field Spec® Pro) to explore the pasture quality and quantity. The ability to manage these factors is an important component in grazing, livestock management, and a key driver of animal performance and productivity. The results indicate that these sensors

R.R. Pullanagari, I. Yule, W. King, D. Dalley, R. Dynes

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 125–137

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Schottky Diode Graphene Based Sensors

infrared sensing.  The sensors results showed ultrahigh sensitivity and high linearity in the targeted regions of interest. Moreover, the use of nanostructured materials allows for the development of a new generation of modern printed circuit antennas and will enable wide range of applications merging both technologies for a wide range of wearable and implantable sensing devices.

A. Ashour, M. Saqr, M. AbdelKarim, A. Gamal, A. Sharaf, M. Serry

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Modelling of Temperature Coefficient of Resistance of a Thin Film RTDTowardsExhaust Gas Measurement Applications

Current research in the automotive industry sector focuses on the application of platinum thin film sensors for exhaust temperature measurement. The prime intention of this paper is to pioneer the design and development of Platinum/Rhodium (Pt/Rh) sensors for exhaust gas temperature measurement. The developed sensors were able to endure harsh temperature environments (up to 950º C). In addition, the Pt/Rh sensors resistivity response to temperature increase was described by a second order

Anthony Maher, Vijayalakshmi Velusamy, Daniel Riordan, Joseph Walsh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 16-December-2013

Target Classification Using Pyroelectric Infrared Sensors in Unattended Wild Ground Environment

Pyroelectric Infrared (PIR) sensors are widely used as a simple presence trigger for alarms and a reliable counter for people in security home and smart office. Most paper have focused on the design and application of such systems, however, few research has be done on the detecting of targets in an outdoor environment using PIR sensors. In this paper, we realize a detecting system by means of PIR nodes to monitor outdoor targets more than 20 meters away from the PIR detectors. Furthermore

Dongfeng Xie, Huawei Liu, Baoqing Li, Qianwei Zhou, Xiaobing Yuan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 2119–2135

research-article | 30-November-2017

POSITIONING TEMPERATURE SENSORS IN CONFINED SPACES SUBJECT TO VARIOUS EXOGENOUS IMPACTS

location for three temperature sensors (three sensors gives the minimal number of reference points which can be used to visualise the spatial distribution of investigated phenomena. A greater number of sensors can be used for more complex room layouts or perhaps when greater accuracy is required). Based on the proposed formula their readings will be used to estimate the temperature in the whole room. In the considered case, temperature sensors can be located only at the edges of the room. In reality

Grzegorz AUGUSTYN, Jakub JURASZ, Krzysztof JURCZYK, Tomasz KORBIEL, Rafał RUMIN, Jerzy MIKULIK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 5–14

Article | 01-December-2014

IMPROVING THE LOCALIZATION OF ELECTRIC WHEELCHAIR BY USING PARTICLE FILTER

system composed by two electronic cards, based on microcontrollers CB405 and PIC16F877 for the signal acquisition from the encoders and distance measurements from ultrasonic sensors (SRF08 and SRF04). The ultrasonic sensors used to improve the localization when we use an automatic control system. Several techniques exist for sensors fusion solves the problems of mobile robots localization. Among these methods, we can quote the particle filter that use data from the encoders and measures from the

Malek Njah, Mohamed Jallouli

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1922–1942

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Designing a Wireless Sensors Network for  Monitoring and Predicting Droughts

sensor drought monitoring system is capable of remote real-time monitoring for extended periods. This monitoring can also help identify drought in the early stages and thereby indicate promptly when to take corrective measures. Intelligent sensors in a wireless network monitor the soil condition. These sensors collect various environmental; parameters and then send the pre-processed data wirelessly to a base station. From the base station this data uploads every two seconds to the cloud (internet

A Gaddam, M Al-Hrooby, W F Esmael

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 23-April-2018

Research on Localization Vehicle Based on Multiple Sensors Fusion System

Xiaogang Zhu, Wei Tian, GuiZhong Li, Jun Yu

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 186–189

Research Article | 01-September-2017

DESIGNING AND PROTOTYPING A SENSORS HEAD FOR TEST AND CERTIFICATION OF UAV COMPONENTS

Francesco Adamo, Gregorio Andria, Attilio Di Nisio, Carlo Guarnieri Calò Carducci, Aimé Lay-Ekuakille, Giuseppe Mattencini, Maurizio Spadavecchia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 646–672

Research paper | 27-December-2017

FLEXIBLE E-TEXTILE SENSORS FOR REAL-TIME HEALTH MONITORING AT MICROWAVE FREQUENCIES

This paper reports on testing of the performance of SmartLife® e-textile material. In particular, the response of the integrated conductive pathways at microwave frequencies in the region of 9 kHz to 6 GHz is investigated for both biomedical sensing and signal transmission purposes. The experimental results confirm the viability of exciting the e-textile material at ISM microwave frequencies at mW powers for the purposes of wearable non-invasive sensing. Custom made flexible microwave sensors

A. Mason, S. Wylie, O. Korostynska, L. E. Cordova-Lopez, A. I. Al-Shamma’a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 32–47

Article | 01-June-2016

A COST-EFFECTIVE AND ACCURATE ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENT CIRCUIT DESIGN FOR SENSORS

A circuit design with bespoke control software is described which has delivered precision in electrical impedance measurements of ~ 10ppm, after calibration. It is low-cost and applicable to jobs such as direct measurement using a sensor whose resistance changes with some physical quantity of interest; calibration at end of line in the production of such sensors; or calibration of equipment which may be out of warranty. It was developed using resistance temperature detectors (RTDs).

Ciaran Doyle, Dr Daniel Riordan, Dr Joseph Walsh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 509–525

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Feasibility Evaluation on an Instant Invader Detection System with Ultrasonic Sensors Scattered on the Ground

systemintermsofinvaderdetectionaccuracyandsystemlifetime. Wefirstlyinvestigatewhatsensorcanbeusedandhowthesensor should be used for the human detection. Then, for evaluating the proportion of invader detection and necessary energy for sensor nodes, we perform simulations that are based on the measured characteristics of ultrasonic sensors placed on the ground. Experimental results show that the proposed system can attain 99% invader detection while the sensor nodes can survive with a button cell for four years. In addition, this performance can be

Ami Iokibe, Masanori Hashimoto, Takao Onoye

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-December-2014

SHARING RESEARCH EXPERIENCES OF WSN BASED SMART HOME

We are pursuing our research on ZigBee based WSNs for more than 8 years; a lot of realization stories are conveyed in literature on the development of wireless measurement of sensors data using ZigBee (XBee RF module). Many projects are fruitfully completed for applications such as smart home for elder care, environmental monitoring, big building monitoring and so on. Still a lot of design issues are there while the systems are designed using ZigBees. In this research paper the working

H. Ghayvat, A. Nag, N. K. Suryadevara, S.C. Mukhopadhyay, X. Gui, J. Liu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1997–2013

Research paper | 13-December-2017

LAMB WAVE BASED MONITORING OF PLATE-STIFFENER DEBODING USING A CIRCULAR ARRAY OF
PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS

In this paper we propose an efficient way of localization and parametric identification of metallic plate-stiffener debonding. A concept and experimental results based on a circular array of Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors (PWASs) is presented. Implementation of this circular array of PWASs combines the Lamb wave technique and symmetry breaking in the signal pattern to monitor the growth of a debonding of a stiffener on a metallic plate. Wavelet time-frequency maps of the sensor signals are

V. T. Rathod, D. Roy Mahapatra

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 27–44

original-paper | 15-February-2020

Thermopile power measurement for heat balance calorimetry

Very high resolution power sensors are required for measuring the rate of heat production (~10 µW) of small samples of heart muscle (rat cardiac trabeculae, ~2 mm long and ~200 µm diameter). In this paper, we examine the design criteria for thermopiles to maximize their signal-to-noise ratio for heat balance calorimetry. We found that those thermopiles with a high thermoelectric figure-of-merit (ZT) are the best for power measurements. An initial prototype with a resolution of 53 nW

Callum M. Johnston, Bryan P. Ruddy, Poul M. F. Nielsen, Andrew J. Taberner

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Dual Slope Direct Digital Converter for Bridge Connected Resistive Sensors

Ponnalagu R. N, Boby George, Jagadeesh Kumar V

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 03-November-2017

An Intelligent Fuzzy Controller for Air-Condition with Zigbee Sensors

fuzzy controller for air-condition with Zigbee sensors is used to provide the comfort and energy-saving benefit. Although traditional control system (shorten as TCS) and the proposed fuzzy control system (named as FCS) have a common goal of temperature control, they differ from each other in temperature switch decision made during the each ambient temperature phases. Under the operating policy to limit the air-condition power on/off power frequency, the simulation result present the FCS energy

Tzu-Ming Wang, I-Ju Liao, Jen-Chi Liao, Tain-Wen Suen, Wei-Tsong Lee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 636–652

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A Microcontroller Sensor Interface Suitable for Resistive Sensors with Large Lead Resistance

Ponnalagu R. N., Boby George, Jagadeesh Kumar V

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2020

Improving sand flow rate measurement using the wavelet transform and ultrasonic sensors

which the fluid velocity is not needed can really simplify sand measurement in these applications and the paper also presents a method in which fluid velocity measurement is not needed. This paper focuses on sand flow rate measurement using ultrasonic sensors. Advanced signal analysis of ultrasonic signals using the wavelet transform is then used for improved sand flow rate measurement. Figure 1 shows the research flow chart for the proposed method of determining sand flow rate. Figure 1: The

H. Seraj*, B. Evans, M. Sarmadivaleh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 1–13

Article | 03-November-2017

OPTICAL FIBER HUMIDITY SENSOR BASED ON LOSSY MODE RESONANCES

using the Layer-by-Layer (LbL) technique. The refractive index of this polymeric coating is sensitive to changes in the external relative humidity (RH), which permits the fabrication of humidity sensors based on LMRs.The wavelength based fabricated sensors showed a dynamical range of 65 nm when the RH varied in the range from 20 to 80% and it has a good linearity when the RH is higher than 40%, high stability and are highly reproducible.

M. Hernaez, C.R. Zamarreño, I. Del Villar, F.J. Arregui, I.R. Matias

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 653–660

Article | 05-September-2013

Ranking of Sensitive Positions using Statistical and Correlational Analysis

Condition Based Monitoring of a machine refers to the checking of various parameters and signatures of the machine and then predicting the machine’s current health status. The slight changes in the machine operating condition are carefully analyzed to know if the machine is having any fault. For monitoring the changes, we acquire acoustic data i.e. generated while machine is running. In order to collect acoustic data, a number of sensors are placed near various positions of the machine surface

Nishchal K. Verma, Rahul K. Sevakula, Sonal Dixit, Al Salour

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1745–1762

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Mechanical structures for smart-phone enabled sensing

The paper presents a new strategy for sensor design that is made possible by the usage of ubiquitous mobile devices for signal capture, digitization, and data processing. The approach taken is to design simple mechanical sensor elements such that they produce a sensor output that is easily acquired by a mobile smart device such as a phone or tablet computer. To illustrate this concept, two mechanical displacement transducers have been designed and tested. These sensors make use of displacement

S. Lawes, P. Kinnell

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 03-November-2017

POLYMER OPTICAL FIBRE FOR IN SITU MONITORING OF GAMMA RADIATION PROCESSES

- 1/kGy, and are capable of monitoring dose ranges between 30Gy and 45kGy. This exceeds the sensing range of all commercially available PMMA slab sensors, allowing it to be used for a wide range of applications.

S. O’Keeffe, E. Lewis

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 490–502

Article | 21-December-2013

INVESTIGATION OF HUMAN TACTILE STOCHASTIC RESONANCE DEPENDING ON FREQUENCY EFFECT

Stochastic Resonance (SR) is a significant concern for design of robotic tactile sensors because of its considerable enhancement of sensitivity of human tactile sensation. In the last few decades, researchers have found that noise previously considered detrimental in fact provides the benefit of SR phenomena. However, there are no experimental results for dependence on vibrotactile frequency, which issued as basic data for robotic tactile sensors. In this paper, we investigated the influence of

Kadir Beceren, Masahiro Ohka, Tetsu Miyaoka, Hanafiah Yussof, Ahmad Khushairy Makhtar, Siti Nora Basir

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 2334–2349

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Electrical Impedance Response of a Thick-Thin film Hybrid Anodic Nanoporous Alumina Sensor to Methanol Vapors.

The response of an anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) nanoporous humidity sensor to an organic vapor such as methanol is presented in this paper. Sensors constructed at Northern Illinois University were exposed to various organic vapors. The characteristic response of the sensor to various vapor dilutions was analyzed using real and complex impedance parameters.

Christopher Radzik, G. Martin Kocanda, Michael Haji-Sheikh, David S.Ballantine

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 470–479

Research Article | 01-March-2017

A SOLAR-POWERED WHITE LED-BASED UV-VIS SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC SYSTEM MANAGED BY PC FOR AIR POLLUTION DETECTION IN FARAWAY AND UNFRIENDLY LOCATIONS

the developed firmware, the raw data provided by different sensors employed in the system. The sensors are used to monitor analyte temperature and humidity values, to control the analyte pressure and to acquire the luminous intensity value of the light beam before and after passing through the analyte. Finally, the realized electronic control unit actuates different mechanical sections (stepper motor, solenoid valve), sincronyzing and controlling the data exchange between hardware sections

P. Visconti, P. Primiceri, R. de Fazio, A. Lay Ekuakille

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 18–48

Article | 05-September-2013

AN INVESTIGATION OF DECISION ANALYTIC METHODOLOGIES FOR STRESS IDENTIFICATION

data set created by the MIT Media lab is used to evaluate the relative performance of these methods. Our study show that the PCA can not only reduce the needed number of features from 22 to five, but also the number of sensors used from five to two and it only uses one type of sensor, thus increasing the application usability. The selected features can be used to quickly detect stress level with good accuracy (78.94%), if support vector machine fusion method is used.

Yong Deng, Chao-Hsien Chu, Huayou Si, Qixun Zhang, Zhonghai Wu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1675–1699

Article | 03-November-2017

MODELING AND MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR MAGNETIC FIELD DISTRIBUTIONS IN BIOLOGICAL STRUCTURES

developed for investigations of magnetic field distributions in biological structures during magnetic stimulation. Anisotropic Magneto-Resistive (AMR) sensors are applied for magnetic field measurements. AMR sensors are combined in array probes in order to increase productivity of measurement process and improving the performance of probes.

I. Marinova, V. Mateev, H. Endo, Y. Saito

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 262–278

Research Article | 15-February-2020

COMMON SENSE

COMMON SENSE is a new project that supports the implementation of European Union marine policies such as the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). The project, which was launched in November 2013, is funded by the EC Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) and has been designed to directly respond to requests for integrated and effective data acquisition systems by developing innovative sensors that will contribute to our understanding of how the marine

John Barton, Cliona Ni, Paolo Magni, John Cleary, Javier Vilallonga, Joanna Piwowarczyk, Carles Pizarro, Emma Moynihan, Jose Alberto Sáez Zamora, Jordi Salat, Pablo Fanjul, Anita Grozdanov, Fabio Confalonieri, Yassine Lassoued, Saskia Heckmann, Mike Challiss

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A Novel Approach To Improve Vehicle Speed Estimation Using Smartphone’s INS/GPS Sensors

In recent times, number of researchers have investigated vehicle tracking applications by fusing the measurements done by accelerometers, as part of inertial navigation system (INS), and GPS (Global Positioning System). However, the sensors in recreational devices like mobile phone have limitations in measurement accuracy and reliability. Usually, sudden changes in vehicle speed are not always captured well by GPS. Accelerometers, on the other hand, suffer from multiple noise sources. In this

Arijit Chowdhury, Tapas Chakravarty, P. Balamuralidhar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-September-2012

EFFECT OF CeO2 DOPING ON THE STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY AND ETHANOL GAS SENSING PROPERTIES OF NANOCRYSTALLINE ZnO SENSORS

Nanocrystalline sensors having the general formula ZnO + x wt% CeO2, where x = 0, 2, 4 and 6 were prepared by chemical precipitation method and sintered at 400, 600 and 800 oC for 2h in static air atmosphere. The crystal structure and the morphology of the prepared samples were investigated and characterized by using XRD, IR, SEM and TEM techniques. The investigation revealed that the average crystallites size increases with increasing the sintering temperature. The electrical conductivity is

A. M. El-Sayed, F. M. Ismail, M. H. Khder, M. E. M. Hassouna, S. M. Yakout

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 606–623

Article | 01-September-2012

TRANSIENT DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF TWO PHASE MAGNETO-ELECTRO-ELASTIC SENSORS BONDED TO ELASTIC RECTANGULAR PLATES

Transient dynamic behavior of Magneto-electro-elastic (MEE) sensors bonded to a mild steel plate using 3D magnetic vector potential approach is presented. The electric field induced by time varying magnetic field is non-conservative and can be described by electric scalar potential and magnetic vector potentials. The aim of the study is to find how different volume fractions of the MEE composite behave in sensor applications at various locations on the plate subjected to different boundary

B. Biju, N. Ganesan, K. Shankar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 645–672

Research Article | 13-December-2017

LEAK RATE AND LOCATION ANALYSIS THROUGH SLITS AND CRACKS IN PIPES BY NANO POROUS CERAMIC HUMIDITY SENSORS

) application. The ceramic sensors, based on sol gel thin film are shown to increase its capacitance upon water adsorption over the temperature range upto 250°C. The variation of capacity to voltage is shown to provide useful information on both break rate and location. The sensor installation spacing on the outer surface of the piping is determined as a function of the detection sensitivity. In this paper we have summarize the results of the development and characterization of ceramic humidity sensor for

Dilip Kumar Ghara, Debdulal Saha, Kamalendu Sengupta

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 784–798

Article | 01-June-2016

CHARACTERIZATION OF PHOTODECTORS USING A MONOCHROMATOR AND A BROADBAND LIGHT SOURCE IN THE XYZ COLOR SPACE

Photodetectors are sensors, which respond to the electromagnetic radiation of the spectrum. Their spectral response depends on many factors of the manufacturing process, e.g. the type of diode that is used or, in some cases, the optical elements that are added to limit the response band. In this paper, we propose an experimental methodology to obtain the spectral response of a photodetector by constructing the characteristic curve using the monochromatic response. For this purpose, we use a

J.-S. Botero V., F.-E. López G., J.-F. Vargas B.

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 752–764

Research Article | 13-December-2017

REAL-TIME PATH PLANNING TRACING OF DEFORMABLE OBJECT BY ROBOT

Edge tracing is considered important for deformable object manipulation in order to spread and reveal the original shape of an object before it can be sorted. This paper proposes a unique real-time path-planning tracing method for clothes manipulation by robots. Tracing in this paper context involves tracing the clothes edge, with the robot arm movement based on the calculated path and feedback from sensors. Using tracing method to find a second corner has been proven to be efficient in finding

Khairul Salleh Mohamed Sahari, Hiroaki Seki, Yoshitsugu Kamiya, Masatoshi Hikizu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 521–535

Case Study | 04-November-2019

THE IMPACT OF TRAILER CONDITIONS ON THE QUALITY OF REFRIGERATED FOOD TRANSPORT SERVICES – A CASE STUDY

The carriage of food products, in particular fresh products, is particularly sensitive to transport conditions. The aim of this paper is to examine the effect of trailer conditions on the quality of refrigerated food transport services. Six wireless measuring devices installed permanently in 3 trailers were used for the analysis. The built-in transmitter sensors have enabled the collection of data in the areas of temperature, humidity, pressure, shock and light intensity. Monitoring parameters

Teresa GAJEWSKA, Augustyn LORENC

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 3, 97–108

Article | 01-December-2016

MODELING AND OPTIMAL SUPERVISION OF MULTISENSORS AND MULTI-STATES DISCRETE-EVENT SYSTEMS WITH STRUCTURED LANGUAGES

two examples shown in Section VI, the new model and supervisor theory for multi-sensors and multi-states discrete-event system are more convenient and natural than that of the traditional theories.

Shunping Ji

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 2010–2031

Research Article | 15-February-2020

An Improved Capacitance-Based Intentionally Imperfect Sensor for Measuring Mechanical Parameters

In this paper, details of an improved imperfect sensor for measuring mechanical parameters is presented. A PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) membrane filled with randomly distributed conductive balls is the sensing element. The random distribution of the balls make the sensor imperfect and unique, like sensors in nature. Mechanical forces such as pressure, tilt and acceleration deform the membrane. Capacitive electrodes transform the movement of the membrane filled with conductive balls into change

Cyril Baby K., Norbert Schwesingerv

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Sensor Technology For Animal Health Monitoring

the area of automated animal health monitoring. In this research, we have identified specific diseases which are common in dairy animals which can be identified through the use of non-invasive, low-cost, sensor technology. These diseases have been mapped to specific aspects of animal behaviour that have been mapped to the three sensors which are most significant to identify these diseases. The identified sensors will be shown to be vital in the development of the next generation of health

Amruta Helwatkar, Daniel Riordan, Joseph Walsh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Effect of TiO2 nano-overlays deposited with atomic layer deposition on refractive index sensitivity of long-period gratings

This paper we discusses an effect of coating longperiod gratings (LPGs) with a thin titanium dioxide (TiO2) overlays on refractive index (RI) sensitivity of the LPG. The overlays have been obtained using atomic layer deposition (ALD) method. The method allows for deposition well-controlled in thickness, well defined in optical properties, high-RI and very conformal thin films as required for optical fiber sensors. For the investigated LPGs we obtained sensitivity of 3490 to 6471 nm per RI unit

Krzysztof Krogulski, Mateusz Śmietana, Bartosz Michalak, Anna K. Dębowska, Łukasz Wachnicki, Sylwia Gierałtowska, Marek Godlewski, Magdalena Szymańska, Predrag Mikulic, Wojtek J. Bock

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 15-February-2020

What happens at the aroma of coffee beans after roasting?

The coffee aroma is one of the most important quality evaluation criteria employed for coffee commercialization and consumption. The purpose of this study was following the roasting process VOCs creations with the novel Electronic Nose equipped whit 2 of 6 MOX nanowire sensors. The nanowires exhibit exceptional crystalline quality and a very high length-to-width ratio, resulting in enhanced sensing capability as well as long-term material stability for prolonged operation. Four different

Veronica Sberveglieri, Andrea Pulvirenti, Elisabetta Comini, Estefania Nunez Carmona

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 01-September-2015

Classification of artificial light sources and estimation of Color Rendering Index using RGB sensors, K Nearest Neighbor and Radial Basis Function

J.-S. Botero V., F.-E. López G., J.-F. Vargas B.

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 3, 1505–1524

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Zirconia potentiometric oxygen sensor activation using NEMCA

NEMCA known for the increasing the catalytic activity/selectivity of the gas exposed electrodes was investigated for the potentiometric zirconia oxygen sensor activation. Electrochemical promotion of O2-sensors with Pt-cermet electrodes aged in the field was significant with up to 5 times in the impedance reduction. Stability test on the NEMCA activated O2-sensors was showing just a minor impedance increase. Sensor response time was reduced by NEMCA effect by ~5-10% with up to 3 times signal

Pavel Shuk, Robert Jantzt

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 15-February-2020

A New Scheme for Determination of Respiration Rate in Human Being using MEMS Based Capacitive Pressure Sensor: Simulation Study

In this paper, a MEMS based capacitive nasal sensor system for measuring Respiration Rate (RR) of human being is developed. At first two identical diaphragm based MEMS capacitive nasal sensors are designed and virtually fabricated. A proposed schematic of the system consists of signal conditioning circuitry alongwith the sensors is described here. In order to measure the respiration rate the sensors are mounted below Right Nostril (RN) and Left Nostril (LN), in such a way that the nasal airflow

Madhurima Chattopadhyay, Deborshi Chakraborty

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 13-December-2017

AUDIOVISUAL SENSING OF HUMAN MOVEMENTS FOR HOME-CARE AND SECURITY IN A SMART ENVIRONMENT

This paper presents the necessity and possibility of smart sensing using a multitude of sensors such as audio and visual sensors for human movement detection for home-care and home security applications in a smart environment. We define an event and spatial relationship based approach to the problem. Use of multisensory information to even detection is proposed and its prototype implementation to detect events like falling, walking, standing, shouting etc. are presented. Use of audio sensor

Liyanage C De Silva

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 220–245

research-article | 30-November-2019

Study on the suitability of ZnO thin film for dynamic pressure sensing application

Rapid pressure variations with respect to time need to be measured in many fields such as aerospace (engine combustion studies, acoustics, shock waves, ballistics, etc.), automotive (airbag deployment), biomedical (arterial pressure pulse), etc., with demanding requirements which are completely different compared with those for static pressure measurements. Dynamic pressure sensors are used for precise measurement of time-varying pressure signals. Various technologies such as piezoresistive

Suma M. N., Venkateswarlu Gaddam, M. V. N. Prasad, M. M. Nayak, K. Rajanna

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research Article | 06-December-2011

LabVIEW Based Characterization and Optimization of Thermal Sensors

Nasrin Afsarimanesh, Pathan Zaheer Ahmed

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 726–739

Research Article | 01-December-2011

Type-2 Fuzzy Kalman Hybrid Application for Dynamic Security Monitoring Systems based on Multiple Sensor Fusion

Multiple sensors fusion plays a major role in situation awareness, especially in modern dynamic security monitoring and tracking applications. In this paper, we focus on a specific effective set of complementary sensors [Laser (for speed measurements), Sonar (for space scanning) and RF (for access rights)]. A novel multi-agent system is obtained by fusing the above types of sensory data taking advantages of similarity and complementarity concepts. Furthermore, Kalman Filter is utilized to track

T. K. Dakhlallah, M. A. Zohdy, O.M. Salim

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 607–629

Article | 02-November-2017

An electrodynamic sensor for electrostatic charge measurement

Electrodynamic sensors are used in the process industry because they are low cost and robust. Though frequently used very little fundamental work on them has been reported. This paper describes an investigation into characteristics of hemispherically and rectangularly shaped sensors. Two parameters are investigated, the effect of sensor area on sensitivity and the spatial filtering effect of the sensor due to its finite size. Models are proposed and results obtained using them compared with

M. F. Rahmat, N.S. Kamaruddin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 200–212

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Analysis of Foot-pressure Data to Classify Mobility Pattern

The pressure exerted by foot, while a person is standing still for a while or moving or doing any physical activity, is a rich source of information. The continuous signal obtained throughout the day, collected by pressure-sensors on shoe sole, could be analyzed to obtain simple to complex facts about the person’s health conditions and habits. It could be used to measure body-weight and balance, while the person is standing. It could as well be used to find the total calorie burnt during

Goutam Chakraborty, Tetsuhiro Dendou

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research paper | 01-September-2011

VERSATILE SENSOR PLATFORM FOR AUTONOMOUS SENSING IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

This paper presents the development of a versatile sensor platform used for autonomous data acquisition. The key advantages of the platform are its compact design, implemented onboard sensors, standard interfaces to connect application specific sensors and subsequently simple installation and low costs for the preparation of a measurement task. The paper provides details of the platform design and key characteristics. Practical exemplary applications in the field of automotive sensing, covering

M. Lieschnegg, B. Lechner, A. Fuchs, O. Mariani

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 496–507

Article | 01-March-2012

MONITORING OF NITRATES AND PHOSPHATES IN WASTEWATER: CURRENT TECHNOLOGIES AND FURTHER CHALLENGES

O. Korostynska, A. Mason, A. Al-Shamma’a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 149–176

Research paper | 13-December-2017

EVOLUTION OF A SUITE OF SMART MILLIMETRE WAVE RADAR SYSTEMS FOR SITUATIONAL AWARENESS AND
AUTOMATION IN MINES

This paper defines the issues required for the development of successful visualisation sensors for use in open cut and underground mines. It examines the mine environment and considers both the reflectivity of the rock and attenuation effects of dust and water droplets. Millimetre wave technology, as an alternative to the more commonly used laser and sonar implementations, is selected due to its superior penetration through adverse atmospheric conditions. Of the available radar techniques

Graham Brooker, Mark Bishop, Ross Hennessy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 315–353

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Novel Application of Kinect Sensor for Children to Learn Paleontological Environment

The authors are developing a simulation-based environmental learning support system using Kinect sensors. Obviously, it is impossible for learners to experience the actual paleontological environment, and it is therefore difficult for them to learn about the environments and lives. Then, we proposed an immersive animation display system using Kinect sensors and their human skeleton-tracking function. The system animates paleontological animals and their environment on the screen and displays

Tomohiro Nakayama, Takahiro Nakadai, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takeki Ogitsu, Hiroshi Takemura, Hiroshi Mizoguchi, Kaori Izuishi, Fusako Kusunoki, Keita Muratsu, Shigenori Inagaki

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article | 01-September-2011

LACTATE DETECTION USING MICROWAVE SPECTROSCOPY FOR IN-SITU MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

Lactate is an indicator of neurological impairment during aortic aneurysm surgery, and thus its detection could provide the basis for improved treatment regimes, better quality of care, and enhanced resource efficiency within the UK National Health Service (NHS). This article considers the use of low power microwave sensors to detect varying lactate concentrations in distilled water; sample sizes of 10ml and 0.5ml are considered via two sensor designs. Microwave sensors provide a rapid non

J. H. Goh, A. Mason, A. I. Al-Shamma’a, M. Field, P. Browning

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 338–352

Article | 01-December-2015

UNIVERSAL INTELLIGENT SENSOR INTERFACE

This paper deals with the design of the universal intelligent sensor interface. Incorporating UISI makes the system highly flexible because it gives the freedom of either attaching or detchaing various types of sensor. The front end of the UISI can be configured as per the connected sensor with the help of the TEDS information and the firmware. There are two 10pin connector provided for analog and digital sensors. There are various types of analog sensors. The digital sensor also uses various

D. Bhattacharjee, G. Sharma, R. Bera

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 4, 2307–2327

research-article | 02-May-2019

Results of Experimental Research on Computerized Intellectual Monitoring Means of Effective Greenhouse Illumination

systems for measuring control of effective illumination in the visible optical range in real time with their subsequent full-scale tests is substantiated by the fact that, currently, scientific literature provides limited research on results of the regression analysis of the illumination sensors conversion characteristics with a detailed analysis of their metrological parameters. Based on this, the main purpose of the paper is to conduct studies on the evaluation and analysis of the metrological and

I. Laktionov, O. Vovna, I. Getman, A. Maryna, V. Lebediev

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–19

Research paper | 13-December-2017

HYDROGEN GAS SENSING PERFORMANCE OF Pt/SnO2 NANOWIRES/SiC MOS DEVICES

This paper presents material and gas sensing properties of Pt/SnO2 nanowires/SiC metal oxide semiconductor devices towards hydrogen. The SnO2 nanowires were deposited onto the SiC substrates by vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism. The material properties of the sensors were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The current-voltage characteristics have been analyzed. The effective change in the barrier height for 1

M. Shafiei, K. Kalantar-zadeh, W. Wlodarski, E. Comini, M. Ferroni, G. Sberveglieri, S. Kaciulis, L. Pandolfi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 771–783

Article | 05-September-2013

INTELLIGENT TRANSDUCTION FOR RESPONSE SYNTHESIS IN TELEMANIPULATION

A virtual transducer forming technique has been developed with an objective to enhance remote environment perception in tele-robotic systems by adding proximity feel in pre-contact phase during remote manipulation tasks. A fluidics inspired transducer model has been conceived and designed to serve for master side perception creation based on remote robot’s proximity with workspace objects and its dynamics. Robot’s native joint sensors function as primary sensors and active joystick forms the

J. K. Mukherjee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1479–1498

Article | 01-March-2015

CHARACTERIZATION OF A NEEDLE-TYPE GIANT MAGNETORESISTANCE SENSOR FOR DETECTION OF ESCHERICHIA COLI’S MAGNETIC MARKER

In the recent years, the introduction and development of simple and portable sensors has been the focus of researchers in nearly all scientific domains, particularly in the biomedical settings. Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) provides a cutting-edge sensor technology. The GMR-based sensors are capable to affordably and sensitively detect and quantify micro- and nano-magnetic particles, even in very weak magnetic fields. In this paper, we introduce a highly sensitive needle-type GMR-based sensor

Hamidreza Shirzadfar, Mustapha Nadi, Djilali Kourtiche, Sotoshi Yamada, Payman Shahabi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 220–234

Research Article | 27-December-2017

DEVELOPMENT OF NEURAL NETWORK-BASED ELECTRONIC NOSE FOR HERBS RECOGNITION

electronic nose system for herbs recognition has been developed. The system consist multi-sensor gas array which detects gas through an increase in electrical conductivity when reducing gases are absorbed on the sensor's surface. The output from individual sensors are collectively assembled and integrated to produce a distinct digital response pattern. A selected sensor array shows its relationship with the aroma of the herbs through the GC-MS test. By using five samples of herbs, the E-nose system has

A. Che Soh, K. K.Chow, U. K. Mohammad Yusuf, A. J. Ishak, M. K. Hassan, S. Khamis

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 584–609

Research Article | 02-November-2017

Implementation of linear trace moisture sensor by nano porous thin film moisture sensor and NLAmp

Almost all type of moisture sensors has a non-linear response. With out linearization it is difficult to apply such a non-linear sensor in electronics circuits, specially in analog electronics. Non linear sensor and transducers characteristic can be linearized using analog electronics or digital electronics. In this paper a method of linearization of such non-linear sensors characteristics using analog electronics is described. Theoretical explanation of the methods and its verification by

Dilip Kumar Ghara, Debdulal Saha, Kamalendu Sengupta

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 955–969

Research paper | 01-September-2011

IMPLEMENTATION OF A SIMPLE WIRELESS SENSOR NODE FOR THE DETECTION OF GASEOUS SUBSTANCES LEAKAGE

The paper presents the steps involved in implementing a customizable wireless sensor node for the detection of gaseous substances leakage in both internal and external environments. The node consists of various modules namely, sensors, signal conditioning, computational unit, wireless communication and power supply. The measurand to be measured are carbon dioxide, oxygen, relative humidity and temperature. A computational analysis is performed using a nano-watt PIC18LF4620 microcontroller and

S. Edward Jero, A. Balaji Ganesh, T.K. Radhakrishnan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 482–495

Research paper | 27-December-2017

AN ENERGY EFFICIENT, MINIMALLY INTRUSIVE MULTI-SENSOR INTELLIGENT SYSTEM FOR HEALTH MONITORING OF ELDERLY PEOPLE

Most of the existing systems for elderly health monitoring deploy a large number of cognitive sensors including wearable sensors for physiological parameter measurement. Increasing number of sensors not only make the system power consuming and expensive but also intrusive in nature. However, there exists very limited research on power saving algorithms in such systems incorporating customer friendly features. In this paper, we report a modified health monitoring system which addresses both

N. Samanta, A.K. Chanda, C. RoyChaudhuri

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 762–780

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis of Steam Traps with Wireless Smart Sensors

Joana R. C. Faria, Sónia M. V. Semedo, Francisco J. A. Cardoso, José Oliveira

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-March-2012

SYNTHESIS OF ZnO NANORODS BY HYDROTHERMAL METHOD FOR GAS SENSOR APPLICATIONS

interfering gases such as CO2, CO, Ethanol, NH3 and H2S etc at operating temperature from 30o (room temperature) to 300oC. The results indicate that the ZnO nanorod thick films showed much better sensitivity and stability than the conventional materials to H2S gas at 30oC. The nanoshaped pillar can improve the sensitivity and selectivity of the sensors. ZnO nanorods are excellent potential candidates for gas sensors.

Sarika D. Shinde, G. E. Patil, D. D. Kajale, D. V. Ahire, V. B. Gaikwad, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 57–70

Article | 03-September-2013

DISTRIBUTED TARGET LOCALIZATION AND TRACKING WITH WIRELESS PYROELECTRIC SENSOR NETWORKS

Due to the disadvantages of traditional localization & tracking at those aspects of users’ privacy protection, system configuration and maintenance, this paper proposes a new approach for infrared object localization and tracking with distributed wireless pyroelectric infrared sensors. A hierarchical architecture of visibility of Fresnel lens array is presented with spatial-modulated field of view (FOV). Firstly, the FOVs of Fresnel lens array in a sensor node are modulated to achieve a single

Baihua Shen, Guoli Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1400–1418

Research Article | 13-December-2017

SCALING ISSUES IN LARGE NETWORKS OF SMALL SENSORS: ENERGY AND COMMUNICATION MANAGEMENT

Mel Siegel

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 285–299

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Nanocrystalline ZnO based MEMS Gas Sensors with CMOS ASIC for Mining Applications

N.P Futane, P. Bhattacharyya, S. Barma, C. Roychaudhuri, H. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 430–442

Research Article | 01-December-2011

BOTTOM-UP APPROACH FOR BEHAVIOR ACQUISITION OF AGENTS EQUIPPED WITH MULTI-SENSORS

Naoto Hoshikawa, Masahiro Ohka, Hanafiah Bin Yussof

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 583–606

Research Article | 15-February-2020

High Frequency Giant Magnetoimpedance Effect of amorphous microwires for magnetic sensors applications

Arkadi Zhukov, A. Talaat, M. Ipatov, V. Zhukova

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-June-2012

Breath Analysis for Medical Diagnosis

Darryl Hill, Russell Binions

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 401–440

Article | 01-June-2015

A COMPARATIVE STUDY IN THE SENSITIVITY OF OPTICAL FIBER REFRACTOMETERS BASED ON THE INCORPORATION OF GOLD NANOPARTICLES INTO LAYERBY-  LAYER FILMS

Pedro J. Rivero, Miguel Hernaez, Javier Goicoechea, Ignacio R. Matías, Francisco J. Arregui

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 822–841

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Modeling and Prediction of Surface Water Contamination using On-line Sensor Data

Tochukwu K. Anyachebelu, Marc Conrad, Tahmina Ajmal

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 01-June-2012

SYNTHESIS OF SrTiO3 NANOPOWDER BY SOL-GEL- HYDROTHEMAL METHOD FOR GAS SENSING APPLICATION

. The transmission electron microscopic investigations have shown that the particle size of the as-prepared powder has a mean size of 34 nm. Then highly sensitive and selective sensors to H2S based on glass substrate were fabricated successfully by screen-printing technique. Sensitivity, selectivity, response time, and recovery time of the sensors were systematically investigated as a function of operating temperature, using H2S, CO, CO2, H2, Cl2, LPG, C2H5OH, O2, NH3 and NO2 as test gases. The

D. D. Kajale, G. E. Patil, V. B. Gaikwad, S. D. Shinde, D. N. Chavan, N. K. Pawar, S. R. Shirsath, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 2, 382–400

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