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research-article | 07-July-2020

Effects of sex steroid hormones on memory

INTRODUCTION Sex hormones are steroids produced predominantly by the reproductive glands, either the ovaries or testes, including estrogens, progestogens and androgens. Besides influencing reproductive behavior, gonadal hormones are also assumed to have an influence on many cerebral function (Fig. 1). Gonadal steroids have an impact on many cerebral functions, including brain development, synaptic plasticity, and modulation of neurotransmitter systems, such as acetylcholine (Ach), serotonin (5

Assunta Pompili, Carla Iorio, Antonella Gasbarri

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 2, 117–128

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Sex and body mass index implications on gluteofemoral subcutaneous tissue morphology visualized by ultrasonography – preliminary study

Introduction Over the last decades, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) has been a subject of interest for many specialists in various fields of medicine, such as cardiology, endocrinology and metabolic diseases. There are numerous reports on the endocrine function of SAT(1,2) and the impact of sex hormones on its distribution(3,4). SAT is described anatomically as a continuous structure(5). However, recent findings indicate that it is divided into many compartments separately supplied with blood

Agnieszka Krauze, Justyna Nowak, Katarzyna Słoboda, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Witold Woźniak, Piotr Ciostek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 105–112

research-article | 30-November-2018

The Multiplex Social Environments of Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: How Online and Offline Social Structures Impact HIV Prevention and Sex Behavior Engagement

Introduction Despite salient strides in HIV elimination efforts in the United States, some populations, most notably young men who have sex with men (YMSM), remain disproportionately affected (CDC, 2014b). Among them, young Black MSM (YBMSM) bear the heaviest burden of new HIV infections, accounting for more than any other subgroup by race/ethnicity, age and sex (CDC, 2016). Reasons for these race and age-based disparities are varied and not well understood, especially as YBMSM tend to

Lindsay E. Young, Kayo Fujimoto, Leigh Alon, Liang Zhang, John A. Schneider

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 20 , ISSUE 3, 70–95

Research Article | 30-November-2013

How do Girls with Low Functioning Autism Compare to Boys with Autism and Typically Developing Girls with regard to Behavior, Cognition, and Psychopathology?

developing girls. There were some weak trends for boys with ASD to show more compulsive behavior, inattention/hyperactivity and taste sensory overresponsivity than girls with ASD, but differences were not significant after controlling for multiple comparisons. The Block Design task, assessing attention to detail, showed a significant sex difference, with boys with ASD outperforming both girls with ASD and typically developing girls.Predominantly low functioning girls with ASD differed from typically

Camilla Nguyen, Angelica Ronald

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 55–65

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Marble burying as compulsive behaviors in male and female mice

Marble burying is considered an, albeit controversial, animal model of the compulsive like behaviors of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Hallmark features of OCD patients are similarities and, more prominent, differences from anxiety disorders, e.g., the absence of sex differences and resistance to spontaneous remission. We report an experiment on marble burying by male and female C57/BL6/N mice. Animals were administered either the classic anxiolytic drug, diazepam, that targets the GABA

George T. Taylor, Sandra Lerch, Sabine Chourbaji

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 3, 254–260

Research Article | 30-March-2018

The relationship between splenic length in healthy children from the Eastern Anatolia Region and sex, age, body height and weight

PurposesThe normal limits of spleen size must be known in order for pathological changes to be noticed. The aim of this retrospective study is to determine the normal limits of spleen size in healthy children and to reveal their relation to sex, age, body height and weight.Patients and methodsThree hundred and ten children (150 girls and 160 boys) between 0–16 years of age in Eastern Anatolia Region who had normal spleen ultrasound appearances were included in this study. The greatest

Mete Özdikici

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 5–8

Research Article | 10-July-2018

Development of a Shortened Version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S): construct validity and sex invariance in a large sample of Swedish adolescents

Malin K. Anniko, Katja Boersma, Nikil Ph. L. van Wijk, Don Byrne, Maria Tillfors

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 4–15

Short Communication | 25-July-2017

Prolonged activity evokes potentiation and the “sag” phenomenon in slow motor units of rat soleus

frequencies was observed in both sexes. Initially no sag was visible in unfused tetani, but after the fatigue test the phenomenon was observed in 77% of male and in 13% of female MUs, with the sex difference possibly related to a higher content of IIa myosin and faster MU contraction in male soleus. Decomposition of tetani with sag into trains of separate twitches elicited by successive stimuli revealed higher forces for the initial than subsequent twitches. The newly revealed enhancement of the sag in

Hanna Drzymała-Celichowska, Rositsa Raikova, Piotr Krutki

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 2, 152–157

research-article | 30-November-2019

Normative and negative sexual experiences of transgender identifying adolescents in the community

describes who and what individuals feel they are. In the vast majority of people sex chromosomes, primary and secondary gender characteristics and gender identity are uniform (cisgender identity). However, the perceived gender may differ from the biological sex. The term transgender is used as an umbrella term, subsuming a myriad of gender identities differing in one form or other from biological sex (5). Gender dysphoria is a state in which a person feels constantly and strongly that they are of other

Elias Heino, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 166–175

Article | 06-July-2017


information on the population age and sex structure in detailed territorial division. Therefore, quality assessment is provided for the whole country and at regional level. First of all, coverage errors are considered. We use multiple sources of data and non-matching methods, in particular: demographic analysis based on previous censuses, vital statistics and a comparison with other existing sources. Different cross-sections according to sex, age and place of residence are considered. In each separate

Elżbieta Gołata

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 4, 631–658

Research Article | 03-December-2018

Characterization of Juvenile Stages of Bursaphelenchus crenati Rühm, 1956 (Nematoda: Aphelenchoidoidea)

the egg and the J2 was at the hatching stage. Sex of juvenile stages can be identified using the morphology and size of the genital primordia and a body size of nematodes. Sex of juveniles may be identified from the J3 stage by the presence of the cloacal primordium in male juvenile and orientation of the germinal zone of the genital primordium. A tabular key to developmental stages of B. crenati is given. The body grows during molts and within each stage. The body increases rapidly after J3 stage

Alexander Y. Ryss, Kristina S. Polyanina

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 459–472

Research Article | 27-September-2018

Risk in New Sexual Relationships: Trajectories of Protection*

How do sex risk and protection change over the course of a relationship? It is often claimed that protection generally declines over the course of relationships. This 3-year longitudinal study examines 412 new sexual relationships described by 126 adult participants and tests this claim. Analyses identify four relationship trajectories: only 15% of new sex relationships show a declining trajectory of protection; another 12% show only a temporary decline. Population average analyses previously

David C. Bell

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 19 , ISSUE 1, 1–26

research-article | 18-December-2020

Ultrasound image of healthy skin in newborns in the first 24 hours of life

. Aim of study The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of HF-US for the imaging assessment of skin in newborns, and to identify possible differences in ultrasound features of the skin and subcutaneous tissue depending on neonatal birth weight, post-conceptional age, sex, and general condition of the newborn immediately after birth, assessed by umbilical cord blood gas analysis (pH). Study hypothesis The ultrasound features of the skin and subcutaneous tissue in newborns in the first 24

Paulina Przybysz, Teresa Jackowska, Maria Wilińska, Sylwia Malinowska, Joanna Wójtowicz, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 242–247

research-article | 18-December-2020

Achilles tendon degeneration on ultrasound in type 2 diabetic patients

/sex-matched controls were enrolled in this descriptive cross-sectional study. The ethics committee of the hospital approved the study protocol. All recruited participants gave written, informed consent. All participants were ≥40 years old. The subjects were confirmed diabetic patients attending the endocrinology clinic of the hospital, while the controls were healthy volunteers with fasting blood glucose (FBG) of <6.1 mmol/L. Exclusion criteria were renal failure, dyslipidemia, history of

Babalola Ishamel Afolabi, Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Stephen Olaoluwa Onigbinde

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 291–299

case-report | 23-November-2017

Lubag Syndrome (X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism) Case Study of Mr G. Infante

Vincent Cheah

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 7–10

Article | 05-December-2017

Superparasitism and Population Regulation of the Mosquito-Parasitic Mermithid Nematodes Romanomermis iyengari and Strelkovimermis spiculatus

between infected and uninfected hosts, but even between different parasite loads in showing a strong preference for uninfected hosts or hosts with a low parasite load. Host heart rate declined briefly immediately after parasitism. Superparasitism resulted in increased parasite mortality. Scramble competition within mosquito larvae for limited host nutrients, coupled with a skewed sex ratio favoring males, is assumed to lead to parasite population decline and subsequently toward host-parasite


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 316–320

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

An additional ultrasonographic sign of Hashimoto’s lymphocytic thyroiditis in children

Methods:A total of 98 children (mean age 12.7 years, range 7–17 years) were selected from the registry of the endocrinology outpatient department. All subjects met the diagnostic criteria for HLT. All children underwent a prospective thyroid ultrasound examination with special attention paid to the presence of lymph nodes adjacent to the thyroid gland. In order to form a control group, we analyzed 102 healthy volunteers and 94 children with cervical lymphadenopathy, age- and sex-matched with

Wojciech Kosiak, Maciej Piskunowicz, Dominik Świętoń, Tomasz Batko, Mariusz Kaszubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 349–357

Research paper | 10-October-2018

Testosterone enhancement during pregnancy influences social coping and gene expression of oxytocin and vasopressin in the brain of adult rats

compared to controls. However, we did not observe any sex differences in the expression of oxytocin and arginine-vasopressin mRNA in these regions. Our findings show that testosterone enhancement in pregnancy could have long-lasting effects on oxytocin and arginine-vasopressin levels in the brain of adult animals, but lead to changes in behavioral aspects of coping strategies only in males.

Zuzana Dzirbíková, Alžbeta Talarovičová, Peter Štefánik, Lucia Olexová, Lucia Kršková

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 264–270

Research Article | 30-November-2012

Recognition Memory for High and Low Associative Stimuli in Autistic Individuals with Outstanding Memory Skill

recognition performance for high and low associative stimuli and superior memorizing of nonsense material compared to control participants.Seven autistic memory experts and seven typically developed control subjects, matched according to age, sex, handedness, and full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ), were examined on a continuous old-new recognition paradigm, including high or low associative pseudowords and shapes. Memory expertise was characterized as a currently present outstanding memory skill above

Nicola Neumann, Christoph Braun, Anna M. Dubischar-Krivec, Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 43–50

Article | 01-April-2020

Differences in ABO antibody levels among blood donors:a comparison between past and present Japanese,Laotian,and Thai populations

reported in Japan in 1986. In addition, anti-A and anti-B titers of different sex donors and of various age groups were also compared. High titers were found in 8.8 percent of the female donors in the younger than 30 age group and in 36.7 percent of the female donors in the older than 50 age group.

Toshio Mazda, Kenji Tadokoro, Ryuichi Yabe, Oytip NaThalang, Te Thammavong

Immunohematology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 38–41

review-article | 26-March-2021

Putative mechanism of neurological damage in COVID-19 infection

COMPARTMENTS database [, ID: ENSP00000389326] (Binder et al., 2014). ACE2 biological function and expression are different depending on the organism, tissue, and mainly are related to age and sex. In kidney has shown a peek on post-natal period and a decrease in adulthood, while in lung, brain and heart has a peek on adulthood (Song et al., 2012; Xudong et al., 2020), this could be the case for human as well. Animal models will be critical for development of medical

Cindy Bandala, José Luis Cortes-Altamirano, Samuel Reyes-Long, Eleazar Lara-Padilla, Ian Ilizaliturri-Flores, Alfonso Alfaro-Rodríguez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 69–79

Article | 21-April-2019

The importance of safe space and student voice in schools that serve minoritized learners

Katherine Cumings Mansfield

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 25–38

Original Paper | 10-August-2017

Antenatal corticosteroid treatment for the prevention of peri-intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm newborns: a retrospective cohort study using transfontanelle ultrasonography

cycle per week. The diagnosis of periintraventricular haemorrhage was based on transfontanelle ultrasonography, using the Papile’s classification. The following risk factors for peri-intraventricular haemorrhage were assessed: birth weight, gestational age at delivery, type of delivery, newborn’s sex, surfactant administration, premature rupture of membranes and previous history of infection during the current pregnancy. The student’s t-test and chi-square test were used for

Bianca A. Almeida, Livia T. Rios, Edward Araujo Júnior, Luciano M. Nardozza, Antonio F. Moron, Marília G. Martins

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 91–95

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

The feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography to assess ulnar nerve in patients with diabetes mellitus

confirmed diabetic peripheral neu­ropathy and 60 had no diabetic peripheral neuropathy in the upper limbs. Age, sex, height and weight were recorded and the cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerve was measured at every predetermined site. Results: The cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerve was measured at six sites (mid-humerus, inlet of the cubital tunnel, outlet of the cubital tunnel, upon the medial epicondyle, 6 cm upon the wrist crease and Guyon tunnel). The ulnar nerve in two measuring sites

Jun Chen, Chun-Lei Wang, Shan Wu, Shan He, Jun Ren

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 160–166

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Injury Patterns among Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism during Childhood: A Case-Control Study

To date, injury risk among people with infantile autism (IA) has been a relatively poorly researched issue.The purpose of our study was to compare the prevalence and types of injuries in a clinical sample of 118 patients diagnosed with IA during childhood with those of 336 age- and sex-matched controls from the general population.All participants were screened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average amount of time that the participants were observed was 30.3 years

Svend Erik Mouridsen, Bente Rich, Torben Isager

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 88–95

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Ultrasonography of peritoneal tuberculosis

different presentations of peritoneal tuberculosis on ultrasound. Materials and methods This was a retrospective study conducted between 2008 and 2016, including 38 cases of peritoneal tuberculosis investigated using an ultrasound at DAKAR Principal Hospital. Philips Envisor and Hitachi Preirus machines with linear 10 and 12 Mhz transducers were used. The group consisted of 21 women and 17 men (sex ratio of 0.8). The mean age was 26 years (from 8 to 72 years). A total of 12% of patients had AIDS. The

Ababacar Mbengue, Abdou Rahmane Ndiaye, Ndeye Isseu Amar, Moustapha Diallo, Aminata Diack, Mame Diarra Ndao, Massamba Diop, Amath Fall, Cheikh Tidiane Diouf, Thierno Omar Soko, Ibrahima Cisse Diakhate

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 98–104

Article | 14-July-2019


places are located in Tuscany (Italy) and they are only 20 km apart. The tourist, or recreational, context is the beach town of Viareggio. The typical working, or commuter, urban context is the historical city of Lucca. Factors such as age, sex and group size are analyzed. Pearson’s chi-square test has been applied to investigate whether the difference between observed values and expected values of variables is statistically significant. The average crossing speed in tourists is found to be

Antonio PRATELLI, Marino LUPI, Alessandro FARINA, Carmela IANELLI

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 2, 29–41

research-article | 14-February-2020

Sleep in relation to psychiatric symptoms and perceived stress in Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years

analysing sex differences, girls generally had a longer sleep duration than boys (21) on weekdays, weekends, and during vacation (6). Although sleep plays an important role in mental health, there are still very few studies using validated questionnaires to examine the prevalence of poor sleep among Swedish adolescents. Most previous studies, including those on a large-scale basis that report high rates of sleep disturbance in adolescents, are based on single questions, e.g. those only assessing ‘‘time

Frida Thorsén, Carl Antonson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 10–17

research-article | 31-October-2020

Can the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) help characterize the types of psychopathologic conditions driving child psychiatry referrals?

and specific domains of psychopathology and functioning. It has outstanding psychometric properties and, because it has been translated into many languages, has been widely used across the world. With the responses provided, software generates T-scores for clinical and functioning scales that compare the findings in a referred child with other children of the same age and sex. These T-scores quantify the severity of clinical acuity in a specific domain afflicting the referred child. While the CBCL

Joseph Biederman, Maura DiSalvo, Carrie Vaudreuil, Janet Wozniak, Mai Uchida, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Allison Green, Stephen V. Faraone

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 157–165

Article | 31-December-2020


the highest mortality rates gathered for the period 2016-2018. Owing to the dichotomous form of the studied variable, logistic regression was used. Estimated model parameters and calculated odds ratios allowed to assess the effect of selected factors on road traffic mortality rate. As significant, the type of the perpetrator and the traffic participant, sex and age of the victim, road lighting, and the driver’s experience were selected. It was assessed that pedestrians are the group most


Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 125–136

research-article | 11-March-2021

Morphology, development stages, and phylogeny of the Rhabditolaimus ulmi (Nematoda: Diplogastridae), a phoront of the bark beetle Scolytus multistriatus from the elm Ulmus glabra Huds. in Northwest Russia

– Dauer, E – Juvenile J3; head: F – Dauer, G – Juvenile J3; Genital primordium (male): H – Dauer, I – Juvenile J3. Scale: 50 µm for A, B, C; 20 µm for D, E; 10 µm for F to I. Measurements See Tables 1-3. Table 1. Measurements (in µm) and ratios of Rhabditolaimus ulmi adults. Character/sex Adult male Adult female n 20 20 L 715 ± 148 (557-1007) 804.6 ± 139.2 (633-1012) Body width 20.7 ± 5.2 (15.5-28.0) 27.0 ± 7.0 (19.0-36.0) Stoma 35 ± 4 (29-40) 34.2 ± 3.6 (31-41

Alexander Y. Ryss, Kristina S. Polyanina, Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Sergei A. Subbotin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–25

Research paper | 29-September-2017

Narcolepsy type 1 and hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder show different slow wave activity dynamics

The aim of the study was to compare electrophysiological parameters of night sleep in narcolepsy type 1 and hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder. Forty-four patients: 15 with narcolepsy type 1, 14 with hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder and 15 age- and sex-matched controls participated in the study. The study subjects filled in the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The severity of daytime sleepiness was quantified subjectively

Ewa Walacik-Ufnal, Anna Justyna Piotrowska, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Piotr Januszko, Bartłomiej Gmaj, Marcin Ufnal, Marek Kabat, Marcin Wojnar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 2, 147–156

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