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  • Journal Of Ultrasonography

 

Original Paper | 25-September-2018

Incidence of intrauterine abnormalities in Pakistani women with unexplained infertility diagnosed via saline infusion sonography

Objective: To determine the frequency of intrauterine abnormalities in women with unexplained infertility using saline infusion sonography. Material and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at Aziz medical centre, Karachi, Pakistan between January and December 2015. The study population comprised of women with unexplained infertility who underwent saline infusion sonography as a part of their diagnostic workup. The frequency of uterine abnormalities in these women was

Rubina Izhar, Samia Husain, Suhaima Tahir, Sonia Husain

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 186–192

Editorial | 13-September-2016

Intrapartum sonography – eccentricity or necessity?

Ultrasonography has been extensively used in obstetrics and gynecology since 1980’s.It found application in pediatric gynecology, procreation period, post-menopause, pregnancy monitoring and after delivery. Although the fi rst reports on the use of ultrasonography in assessing delivery mechanism were published in 1990’s, yet to date labor progress is evaluated by means of physical examination in most delivery units. Intrapartum sonography is not routinely performed despite the fact that

Marzena Dębska, Piotr Kretowicz, Romuald Dębski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 125–136

case-report | 28-June-2019

Sonographic appearance of angiomyofibroblastoma-like tumor of the scrotum

referred for sonography for further evaluation. The patient had no significant medical history and denied having fever or trauma to the scrotum. Physical examination revealed a 3.0 cm painless, slightly mobile and well-circumscribed, rubbery mass adjacent to but separate from the left testis. The skin overlying the mass was normal. Sonography of the scrotum demonstrated normal left and right testes and normal blood flow on Doppler imaging. An additional well-defined solid, oval mass measuring 3.0 × 2.0

Tamar Kass, David Cohen, Paul Gottlieb, Simon Strauss

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 158–160

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Fertility outcome after saline sonography guided removal of intrauterine polyps in women with unexplained infertility

recommend saline infusion sonography or hysteroscopy as the initial infertility investigation. Their stance on the subject is derived from the fact that removal has not been proven worthwhile(7). Studies showing improved clinical pregnancy rates in women with unexplained infertility after removal of unsuspected polyps are being reported. Cochrane database review concluded that hysteroscopic removal of submucous fibroids in women suffering from otherwise unexplained infertility may be beneficial(8

Rubina Izhar, Samia Husain, Suhaima Tahir, Sonia Husain

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 113–119

Research Article | 29-December-2017

Uterine artery Doppler velocimetry in hypertensive disorder of pregnancy in Nigeria

Aim of the studyTo evaluate the value of uterine artery Doppler indices and waveform pattern in predicting fetuses at risk for intrauterine growth restriction in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.Materials and methodsThis was a prospective cross-sectional study including 80 pregnant subjects with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and two control groups. Uterine artery Doppler sonography was performed in all study participants. Uterine artery Doppler indices across the groups were compared

Ibukun A. Abidoye, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Bukunmi M. Idowu, Adeniyi S. Aderibigbe, Olabisi M. Loto

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 253–258

research-article | 09-September-2021

Signs and lines in lung ultrasound

on the direct visualisation of structures and artefact interpretation. In this article, we briefly describe the technique of lung ultrasound; the various lines and signs commonly encountered during sonography of the lungs are discussed, and their interpretation in various pulmonary conditions, both physiological and pathological, is presented. Technique Sonography of the lungs is best performed by using a low-frequency curvilinear transducer (3–6 MHz)(7). Microconvex transducers (if available

Rohit Bhoil, Ajay Ahluwalia, Rajesh Chopra, Mukesh Surya, Sabina Bhoil

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 225–233

research-article | 18-December-2020

Usefulness of Doppler sonography in aesthetic medicine

Introduction Skin imaging is a relatively new, yet dynamically developing, field of ultrasonography. Advances in ultrasound are correlated with those in imaging technology. The development of aesthetic medicine and the need for safe and effective procedures, as well as the need to diagnose and treat potential complications are also important. The number of publications on the use of sonography in dermatology and aesthetic medicine has grown recently(1). Their authors pointed to the usefulness

Dominika Jaguś, Ewa Skrzypek, Bartosz Migda, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 268–272

Review Article | 31-March-2017

Double aorta artifact in sonography – a diagnostic challenge

and make the artifact clearer. This phenomenon is usually easily recognizable and avoidable, but it sometimes might cause diagnostic difficulty. Obtaining an image of double abdominal vessels on ultrasound examination in transverse sections requires further inspection of the aorta in a different (sagittal) plane. This is not always possible due to poor patient preparation for scanning. Symmetrical flow on Doppler sonography is a typical feature of this artifact. Finally, magnetic resonance imaging

Robert Hadzik, Przemysław Bombiński, Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 36–40

research-article | 30-November-2020

Reliability of knee joint sonography in the evaluation of gouty arthritis

Introduction The knee is a weight-bearing joint and can be affected by several pathological conditions ranging from a simple muscular sprain and strain to tendon and ligament tears, and bone fractures. Knee joint pain and disability is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders that accounts for the greatest proportion of visits to orthopedic clinics(1). >Knee joint sonography is the second common examination technique after shoulder sonography. It consumes a substantial amount of budget

Zafar Iqbal Anjum, Raham Bacha, Iqra Manzoor, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 300–305

research-article | 15-June-2020

Cervical stenosis and pregnancy rate after ultrasound guided cervical dilation in women undergoing saline infusion sonography

frequently cited cause of decreased clinical pregnancy rates in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles(6). It has been suggested that trial transfers under ultrasound guidance improve conception rates. Saline infusion sonography involves the use of soft tip Foley’s catheter for the introduction of saline used for cavity distension and checking for free spill(7). Cervical dilation with a Hegar’s dilator may be needed prior to introduction of this Foley’s catheter in cases of stenosis. Since a stenosis that

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e116–e121

case-report | 28-June-2019

A developmental variant of the thyroid cartilage

Case report A 32 year-old woman was referred for a neck sonography (US) due to a history of pain in the right submandibular area. Her past medical history was negative. On ultrasound, the thyroid gland, the parotid and sub-mandibular glands were normal. We noted three homogenously hypoechoic well-defined avascular foci of up to 4 mm: two right-sided and one left-sided in the thyroid cartilage (Fig. 1). Fig. 1. Sagittal ultrasound images of the neck demonstrating hypoechoic well-defined

Sanaa Jamali, Etienne Danse

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 171–172

review-article | 18-June-2021

Shoulder ultrasound: current concepts and future perspectives

Francesca Serpi, Domenico Albano, Santi Rapisarda, Vito Chianca, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Carmelo Messina

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e154–e161

Review | 13-September-2016

Ultrasound image of the thyroid gland in obese children

Józef Szczyrski, Wojciech Kosiak, Maria Korpal-Szczyrska, Małgorzata Myśliwiec

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 423–428

Review | 13-September-2016

Ultrasound imaging of the liver and bile ducts – expectations of a clinician

Since diseases of the liver and bile ducts are common, a clinician is faced by the need to implement an appropriate diagnostic process. It is necessary to apply diagnostic methods that enable appropriate assessment of the most common pathologies of the liver, i.e. fi brosis, steatosis and focal lesions, as well as initial assessment of the bile ducts. These goals can be achieved using ultrasound methods based on conventional sonography, contrast-enhanced sonography and

Krzysztof Skoczylas, Andrzej Pawełas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 292–306

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Comparison of postpartum sonographic findings after uneventful vaginal and cesarean section deliveries

Isil Uzun Cilingir, Cenk Sayin, Havva Sutcu, Ebru Alici, Cihan Inan, Selen Erzincan, Cem Yener, Fusun Varol

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 310–315

research-article | 30-November-2020

Sonography of tendon pathology in the hand and wrist

Andrea B. Rosskopf, Carlo Martinoli, Luca M. Sconfienza, Salvatore Gitto, Mihra S. Taljanovic, Riccardo Picasso, Andrea Klauser

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 306–317

Review | 31-January-2019

Recommendations for ultrasonographic assessment of renal arteries

particular emphasis on patient’s position allowing to obtain proper Doppler angle of insonation, as well as diagnostic limitations of the technique. Normal blood flow parameters as well as those indicating hemodynamically significant stenosis are also presented. Although the 2013–2014 American guidelines for renal artery duplex sonography (AIUM Practice Parameter for the Performance of Native Renal Artery Duplex Sonography and AIUM Practice Guideline for the Performance of an Ultrasound Examination of

Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Szymańska, Michał Elwertowski, Agnieszka Marianowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 338–343

Case report | 31-March-2017

Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by a ganglion: Conservative treatment with ultrasound-guided needle aspiration

Yasuhiro Seki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 73–75

Review | 25-September-2018

Polish recommendations for lung ultrasound in internal medicine (POLLUS-IM)

Natalia Buda, Wojciech Kosiak, Elżbieta Radzikowska, Robert Olszewski, Ewa Jassem, Elżbieta Magdalena Grabczak, Andrzej Pomiecko, Jakub Piotrkowski, Maciej Piskunowicz, Malwina Sołtysiak, Szymon Skoczyński, Grzegorz Jaczewski, Jolanta Odrowska, Agnieszka Skoczylas, Marcin Wełnicki, Jakub Wiśniewski, Anna Zamojska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 198–206

Review Article | 29-December-2017

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 275–280

research-article | 31-December-2019

Color Doppler ultrasound of spiral artery blood flow in mid first trimester (4–8 weeks) in cases of threatened abortion and in normal pregnancies

such as hypertension, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), fetal distress, and early pregnancy failure(2–4). The ability of trans-vaginal Doppler sonography to analyze the pattern of circulation in even terminal branches of the uteroplacental circulation has encouraged research for its potential application in predicting early and late pregnancy complications related to abnormal placentation. Impaired vascular remodeling in the maternal fetal interface is one of the most important factors

Rohit Bhoil, Sushruti Kaushal, Reena Sharma, Jaswinder Kaur, Tanupriya Sharma, Rohini Thakur, Rakesh Sharma

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 255–260

Editorial | 13-September-2016

Editorial Comment on: M. Dębska, P. Kretowicz, R. Dębski Intrapartum sonography – eccentricity or necessity?

Małgorzata Kołodziejczak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 231–233

Review | 29-September-2017

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part I: Examination methodology and ultrasound anatomy

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 197–205

research-article | 30-November-2020

Intra-examiner and inter-examiner reliability of rehabilitative ultrasound imaging for lumbar multifidus and anterolateral abdominal muscles in females with recurrent low back pain: an observational, cross-sectional study

imaginable pain(11), and 3) age between 18 and 50 years. The exclusion criteria included: 1) trauma or injury to the musculoskeletal system; 2) deformity of extremities or lower back and pelvis; 3) rheumatological or neurological diseases; 4) infection; 5) tumors or radicular symptoms; 6) spinal fracture or surgery; 7) pregnancy. Examiners Sonography imaging and examinations were performed by two independent and blinded examiners. Both examiners were physiotherapists, with clinical experience ranging

Hamid Zamani, Mahdi Dadgoo, Mohammad Akbari, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammadreza Pourahmadi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 286–293

Case report | 13-September-2016

Abnormal portal vein waveform as an indicator of constrictive pericarditis – a case report

We report a case of a 17-year-old patient referred to our outpatient Doppler Department due to clinical suspicion of liver cirrhosis. The patient presented with non-specifi c symptoms,such as malaise, pain in the right subcostal region, peripheral oedema. Until then,diagnostic imaging, including echocardiography was inconclusive. We performed the Doppler sonography of the portal system, which revealed normal diameter of the portal vein with abnormal, phasic and markedly pulsatile waveform

Joanna Ścieszka, Józefa Dąbek, Paweł Cieślik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 227–230

case-report | 28-June-2019

Sonographic diagnosis of large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor

Osman Ocal, Dilek Ertoy Baydar, Ilkay Sedakat Idilman, Hasan Serkan Dogan, Serdat Tekgul, Mustafa Ozmen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 161–164

Original Paper | 30-June-2016

Sonographic detection of inferior subluxation in post-stroke hemiplegic shoulders

Aim of the study: To evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonographic acromion-greater tuberosity distance measurement and Shoulder ratio in detecting post-stroke inferior shoulder subluxation. Material and methods: Forty-five hemiplegic stroke patients and 45 controls underwent shoulder sonography to measure their acromion-greater tuberosity distance. Side-to-side acromion-greater tuberosity distance differences and Shoulder ratios were derived from the acromion-greater tuberosity distance values

Bukunmi M. Idowu, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Victor A. Adetiloye, Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Babalola I. Afolabi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 106–112

research-article | 31-March-2020

Renal echotextural changes in Nigerian workers chronically exposed to petroleum-based liquid fuels

the clinical examination of the kidneys. It provides very important information about kidney morphology and has become the standard imaging modality in the investigation of kidneys as it displays excellent anatomic detail, and most of the reno-parenchymatous diseases are easily discernible(12,13). There is paucity of literature on the use of sonography in the assessment of organ toxicity in workers exposed to petroleum fuel. To the best of our knowledge, no assessment of sonographic kidney changes

Angel-Mary C. Anakwue, Felicitas U. Idigo, Raphael C. Anakwue

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, 18–23

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases

literature search. The accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases was used as the index text, while B-mode sonography, micro pure imaging, surgery and histological findings were used as reference texts. Superficial lymph nodes, neck nodules, malignancy in thyroid nodules, benign and malignant cervical lymph nodes, thyroid nodules, prostate carcinoma, benign and malignant breast abnormalities, liver diseases, parotid and salivary gland masses, pancreatic masses, musculoskeletal diseases and renal

Iqra Manzoor, Raham Bacha, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 29–36

research-article | 31-December-2019

Gallbladder diseases in pregnancy: Sonographic findings in an indigenous African population

. Hepatobiliary sonography was performed with the patient lying supine, augmented with left posterior oblique positioning as necessary. The third and fourth authors who have 10 and 8 years’ experience with abdominopelvic and obstetrics sonography, respectively, performed the sonographic evaluations. The normal gallbladder (Fig. 1 A) is seen on ultrasound as a pear-shaped, hollow organ with anechoic lumen(11). Biliary sludge (Fig. 1 B) is low-level echoes without acoustic shadowing that layer in the dependent

Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Stephen Olaoluwa Onigbinde, Isaiah Uzezi Ebie, Michael Temidayo Adeyemi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 269–275

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Intima–media complex thickness and carotid atherosclerotic plaque formation in Lublin’s population in the context of selected comorbidities

questionnaire. After that, the patients were submitted to Doppler sonography concentrated on intima–media complex thickness evaluation. The occurrence of atheromatous plaque was also assessed in obtained sonographic images. Results: There were statistically significant differences for the intima–media complex thickness and for the atheromatous plaque according to all of the reported diseases: hypocholesterolaemia, hypertension and diabetes. Conclusions: The present study confirms that there is a

Tomasz Słomka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Magdalena Jarząbek, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 133–139

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

The feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography to assess ulnar nerve in patients with diabetes mellitus

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of high-resolution ultra­sonography for the diagnosis of polyneuropathy in diabetes mellitus patients by the exami­nation of the ulnar nerves. Method: We recruited 100 healthy age-matched volunteers (50 women and 50 men) with 200 arms without diabetes or cubital tunnel syndrome as the control group. We assessed the upper limbs of 100 diabetes mellitus patients (45 women and 55 men), 40 of whom had electrophysiologically

Jun Chen, Chun-Lei Wang, Shan Wu, Shan He, Jun Ren

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 160–166

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound of the neonatal hip as a screening tool for DDH: how to screen and differences in screening programs between European countries

Iris Kilsdonk, Melinda Witbreuk, Henk-Jan Van Der Woude

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e147–e153

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

Aim:The aim of the research was to assess the echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions using new ultrasound techniques.Material and method:34 benign adrenal masses in 29 patients were analyzed retrospectively. The examinations were conducted using Aplio XG (Toshiba, Japan) ultrasound scanner with a convex probe 1–6 MHz in the B-mode presentation with the combined use of new ultrasound techniques: harmonic imaging and spatial compound sonography. The size of the adrenal tumors, their

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Review | 13-September-2016

Doppler imaging of orbital vessels in the assessment of the activity and severity of thyroid-associated orbitopathy

Patients with symptoms of thyroid-associated orbitopathy are classifi ed on the basis of the clinical activity score (CAS) proposed by Mourits in 1989. Despite its undoubted clinical usefulness, it has several limitations which can decide about the success or failure of the implemented treatment. Numerous reports mention the presence of hemodynamic changes in orbital and bulbar vessels in the course of an orbitopathy called Graves’ disease. The usage of Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of

Dorota Walasik-Szemplińska, Magdalena Pauk-Domańska, Urszula Sanocka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 388–397

research-article | 31-March-2020

Ultrasound assessment of extensor pollicis longus tendon rupture following distal radius fracture: a sonographic and surgical correlation

sheath of the extensor compartment II. An empty tendon sheath was observed in 1 patient (Fig. 2). Evidence of associated tenosynovitis of the EPL sheath was demonstrated in 2 cases with increased vascularity seen on Doppler interrogation (Fig. 3). In 9 patients, sonography revealed the retracted tendon ends as enlarged and hypoechoic with loss of their normal fibrillar appearance (Fig. 4). None of the cases demonstrated atrophic or degenerated changes of the tendon ends. In the 8 cases that proceeded

Louy Ghazal, Mohammed Nabi, Christopher Little, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, e1–e5

research-article | 31-December-2019

Role of intrapartum ultrasound in modern obstetrics – current perspectives and literature review

appropriate stage, is crucial both to maternal and foetal health. Rapid advancements in medicine have confronted obstetricians with a growing need to objectify the diagnostic tools used during labour and delivery. One attempt to address this need is the proposed application of intrapartum sonography. Application of intrapartum ultrasound Intrapartum ultrasound (labour ultrasound) is a type of ultrasound assessment performed during labour which, by measuring a set of parameters, aims to evaluate spatial

Małgorzata Siergiej, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Jerzy Zwoliński, Anna Maria Śladowska-Zwolińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 295–301

research-article | 30-November-2020

Twinkle artifact in renal ultrasound, is it a solid point for the diagnosis of renal stone in children?

Moath AlSaiady, Ahmad Alqatie, Musab Almushayqih

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 282–285

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