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Review Article

Diagnostic accuracy of sonoelastography in different diseases

disorders were target conditions. The data extracted by the two reviewers concerning selected study characteristics and results were presented in tables and figures. In total, 46 studies were found for breast masses, lymph nodes, prostate carcinoma, liver diseases, salivary and parotid gland diseases, pancreatic masses, musculoskeletal diseases and renal diseases, and the overall sensitivity of sonoelastography in diagnosing all these diseases was 83.14% while specificity was 81.41%. This literature

Iqra Manzoor, Raham Bacha, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 29–36


Temporal specificity of latent inhibition in rats with daily water restriction prior to taste conditioning

; Quintero et al., 2011; 2014; Gonzalez et al., 2015) and the internal environment, induced by the time of day (Manrique et al., 2004; Molero et al., 2008; Molero-Chamizo, 2013). In rats, it was shown that introducing contextual changes in the time of day between the pre-exposure and conditioning stages reduced the magnitude of LI in the CTA paradigm (Manrique et al., 2004). Nevertheless, the key elements of the procedure that induce the temporal specificity of LI of CTA have not been fully established

Andrés Molero-Chamizo, Guadalupe Nathzidy Rivera-Urbina

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 99–107


Validation of the Chemotaxis of Plant Parasitic Nematodes Toward Host Root Exudates

motility assays have been conducted via employing agar gel (pluronic F-127), natural sand and soil as migration matrices, and elucidated that PPN are responsive to plant roots, pH, redox potentials, temperature, moisture, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and inorganic ions (reviewed in Prot, 1980; Perry, 1996; Curtis, 2008; Fosu-Nyarko and Jones, 2016). These studies, however, have failed to explain the host specificity of PPN, and argued that plant and PPN interactions are not selective in general (Prot, 1980

Wenshan Liu, Alexis L. Jones, Heather N. Gosse, Kathy S. Lawrence, Sang-Wook Park

journal of nematology , 1–10

Research paper


Evaluating the effect of variables on diagnostic measures (sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values) is often of interest to clinical researchers. Logistic regression (LR) models can be used to predict diagnostic measures of a screening test. A marginal model framework using generalized estimating equation (GEE) with logit/log link can be used to compare the diagnostic measures between two or more screening tests. These individual modeling approaches to each diagnostic

Alok Kumar Dwivedi, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Juan B. Figueroa-Casas, Angel M. Morales, Patrick Tarwater

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 203–222

Research Article

Comparison of scintigraphy and ultrasound imaging in patients with primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism – own experience

patients with documented primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent a 99mTc hexakis-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile scintigraphy of the neck with the use of subtraction and two-phase examinations. Ultrasonography of the neck was performed in all the patients in B mode 2D presentation. A total number of 172 parathyroid glands were analyzed. Results Results The sensitivity and specificity of scintigraphy was 68% and 60%, respectively. The

Małgorzata Kobylecka, Maria Teresa Płazińska, Witold Chudziński, Katarzyna Fronczewska-Wieniawska, Joanna Mączewska, Adam Bajera, Maria Karlińska, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 17–22

Research Article

A new HGA-FLVQ model for Mycobacterium Tuberculosis detection

Abstract This research aims at develop an MTB detection model from the FLVQ neural network to HGA-FLVQ model. In this research, the FLVQ method was developed through strengthening its initiation, in which the first cluster centers used as FLVQ input were optimized first by HGA. The results show that sensitivity and specificity of the HGA-FLVQ model reach 96.30 and 95.65%, whereas the sensitivity of an FLVQ method is 70.83%, and the sensitivity of an LVQ method is 87.50%. The specificity of an

N. Charibaldi, A. Harjoko, B. Hisyam

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–13

Original Paper

Non-invasive Diagnostic of Helicobacter pylori in Stools by Nested-qPCR

followed by qPCR of the ureC gene of H. pylori was carried out. We evaluated the presence of H. pylori, in 103 females and 40 males, mean (± SD) age of 56.5 ± 14.18. The sensitivity of RUT to detect the infection was 67.0% (95% C.I.: 57.2 – 75.8) and specificity was 92.3% (95% C.I.: 76.5 – 99.1). Histology by Giemsa stain, commonly used as a reference for H. pylori detection, showed a sensitivity of 98.6% (95% C.I.: 92.5 – 100.0) and a specificity of 89.7% (95% C.I.: 72.7 – 97.8). In contrast

María I. Taborda, Gisela Aquea, Yenny Nilo, Karla Salvatierra, Nicolás López, Sergio López, Gustavo Bresky, Juan A. Madariaga, Vittorio Zaffiri, Sergio Häberle, Giuliano Bernal

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 11–18

Short Communication

An Improve Protocol for PCR Using LM1 and LM2 Primers for Listeria monocytogenes Detection in Food Matrices

Several studies have observed that use of a conventional PCR protocol with primers LM1 and LM2 for the identification of the hlyA gene of Listeria monocytogenes generates non-specific PCR amplifications and false positives. For this reason, in this study we provide a modified PCR protocol that improves the specificity of the results obtained with LM1 and LM2 primers.

Angélica Godínez-Oviede, Gerardo M. Nava, Sofía M. Arvizu-Medrano, Montserrat Hernández-Iturriaga

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 255–257

Case report

Autoanti-C in a patient with primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hemolytic anemia: a rare presentation

-reactive AIHA. Further testing showed the possibility of anti-C. The patient’s Rh phenotype was C+D+E–c– e+. Further testing with select cells, serial alloadsorption, and an elution confirmed anti-C specificity. The patient was transfused with two C–, crossmatch-compatible packed red blood cell units. The patient’s hemoglobin level and general condition showed improvement. This unique case report shows PSC associated with AIHA caused by autoanti-C. Usually, warm AIHA

Meenu Bajpai, Ashish Maheshwari, Shruti Gupta, Chhagan Bihari

Immunohematology , ISSUE 3, 104–107

Original Paper

Comparison of Methods Used for the Diagnosis of Epstein-Barr Virus Infections in Children

IFA were found as 100% for seronegative, 100% for acute primary infection, 22.2% for late primary infection, 92.1% for past infection. The rates of agreement between immunoblotting and IFA were found as 80.8% for seronegative, 68.8% for acute primary infection, 55.6% for late primary infection, 86.6% for past infection. The sensitivity of immunoblotting for anti-VCA IgM was identical with ELISA, and higher for anti-VCA IgG, anti-EBNA IgG, anti-EA antibodies, while the specificity of immunoblotting

Nilgun Kasifoglu, Semra Oz, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Tercan Us, Ozcan Bor, Gul Durmaz, Yurdanur Akgun

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 81–88

Research Article

Uterine artery Doppler velocimetry in hypertensive disorder of pregnancy in Nigeria

using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) while the presence of prediastolic notch was analyzed with the Chi Square test.ResultsFor the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy group, resistivity index > 0.66 had a sensitivity of 50.0%, specificity of 69.1% and a positive predictive value of 22.2% for predicting intrauterine growth restriction. The odds ratio was 2.2 with a 95% confidence interval of 0.6–7.8. The presence of prediastolic notching had a sensitivity of 100.0%, specificity of 96.0% and a

Ibukun A. Abidoye, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Bukunmi M. Idowu, Adeniyi S. Aderibigbe, Olabisi M. Loto

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 253–258


Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in adults with obstructive jaundice

considered to be the first initial imaging procedure in obstructive jaundice(1,5,11,12). Ultrasonography could also be used for some imaging-guided hepatobiliary interventions. This study aims to determine the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound in detecting the causes of obstructive jaundice in our locality, where more sophisticated imaging modalities may not be readily available on a routine basis. Methods This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional study of eighty consecutive adult patients

Olufunke O. Fadahunsi, Bolanle O. Ibitoye, Adewale O. Adisa, Olusegun I. Alatise, Victor A. Adetiloye, Bukunmi Michael Idowu

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e100–e105

Original Paper

Detection of Acinetobacter spp. in Blood Cultures by an Improved Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization Assay

Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) allows rapid detection of microorganisms. We aimed (i) to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of FISH for the detection of Acinetobacter spp. in blood culture specimens and (ii) to test the simultaneous application of two genus-specific probes labeled with the same fluorochrome to increase the fluorescent signal intensity and improve the detection of Acinetobacter spp. Three hundred and twenty blood culture specimens were tested via both the

Hanieh Asaadi, Behrouz Naeimi, Somayyeh Gharibi, Abdalnaser Khosravi, Sina Dobaradaran, Reza Taherkhani, Saeed Tajbakhsh

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 3–10

Original Paper

Inability of shear-wave elastography to distinguish malignant from benign prostate tissue – a comparison of biopsy, whole-mount sectioning and shear-wave elastography

hardly differs from the value of 0.500 that would correspond to a complete lack of predictive power); furthermore, application of this cut-off value to the samples led to a sensitivity of only 74% and a specificity of only 43%. An analogous comparison between the results of shear-wave elastography and those of whole-mount histology, which itself is more reliable than biopsy, gave an even poorer diagnostic selectivity (sensitivity of 62%, specificity of 35%). Meaningful association with Gleason score

Markus Porsch, Claudia Görner, Johann Jakob Wendler, Uwe-Bernd Liehr, Anke Lux, Sandra Siedentopf, Martin Schostak, Maciej Pech

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 348–358


The role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures

) and mean specificity was 89.50% (standard deviation 12.21). Conclusion: The current literature reveals high sensitivity and specificity in the use of ultrasonography in scaphoid fracture diagnosis. However, multiple factors including technical differences in ultrasound machines and probes, small sample sizes and variability of subsequent confirmatory tests have created a challenge in determining the ultimate reliability of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures. Considering

Mohammed Ali, Mujtaba Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Syed Mannan, Farshid Fallahi

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 325–331




Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 81–93

Original Paper

Screening and Identification of Yeasts Antagonistic to Pathogenic Fungi Show a Narrow Optimal pH Range for Antagonistic Activity

Microbes have evolved ways of interference competition to gain advantage over their ecological competitors. The use of secreted antagonistic compounds by yeast cells is one of the prominent examples. Although this killer behavior has been thoroughly studied in laboratory yeast strains, our knowledge of the antagonistic specificity of killer effects in nature remains limited. In this study, yeast strains were collected from various niches and screened for antagonistic activity against one toxin

Pei-Hua Chen, Jui-Yu Chou

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 101–106

Original Paper

The Usefulness of Chromogenic Media for Qualitative and Semi-Quantitative Diagnostic of Urinary Tract Infections

Agar (UTI C, Oxoid). After a 24-hour incubation period, 47 Gram-positive cocci and 62 Gram-negative rods were observed. The specificity and sensitivity of all chromogenic media was 97.3% and 93.5% respectively for qualitative diagnostic; and 81.9% and 81.3% respectively for semi-quantitative diagnostic. The mean PPV and NPV of the chromogenic media were 98.7% and 87.7% for qualitative UTI diagnostic, and 90.9% and 71.9% respectively for semi-quantitative diagnostic.


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 213–218


Applications of selected cells in immunohematology in a developing country: case studies

When an antibody is detected, its specificity should be determined and its likely clinical significance should be assessed. When one antibody has been identified, it becomes necessary to confirm the presence of additional significant antibodies to ensure that compatible blood is provided to the patient. To perform this confirmation, specific reagent red blood cells (RBCs) are selected; these are called selected cells. Though the most common use of selected cells is for antibody confirmation

Ravi C. Dara Dara, Aseem Kumar Tiwari, Dinesh Arora, Subhasis Mitra, Geet Aggarwal, Devi Prasad Acharya, Gunjan Bhardwaj

Immunohematology , ISSUE 1, 27–35


Establishment and Application of a Dual TaqMan Real-Time PCR Method for Proteus Mirabilis and Proteus Vulgaris

Materials and Methods Reagents, instruments and bacterial strains. Bacterial strains: thirty-six strains, including eight strains of P. mirabilis (four standard strains, and four clinical isolates), seven strains of P. vulgaris (four standard strains, and three clinical isolates) and 21 other strains (Table I), were used in this study. Bacteria were cultured according to Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (9th edition) (Garrity et al. 2004). Table I Bacterial strains used in the specificity


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 293–300

Research Article


. Solutions proposed as a result of the SWOT-analysis can be used when developing transport strategies for other cities with similar specificity.


Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 125–138

Original Paper

An additional ultrasonographic sign of Hashimoto’s lymphocytic thyroiditis in children

lymphadenopathy.Conclusions:Lymph nodes adjacent to the lower part of the thyroid lobes are an additional ultrasound sign of pediatric Hashimoto’s lymphocytic thyroiditis, with 98% sensitivity and 100% specificity.

Wojciech Kosiak, Maciej Piskunowicz, Dominik Świętoń, Tomasz Batko, Mariusz Kaszubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 349–357


New Insight into Genotypic and Phenotypic Relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus Strains from Human Infections or Animal Reservoirs


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 93–104


Performance Evaluation of Different Commercial Serological Kits for Diagnosis of Acute Hepatitis E Viral Infection

hepatitis E cases mainly depends on the serological detection of anti-HEV antibodies (Dreier and Juhl 2014). However, equivalence, sensitivity, and specificity in the results of the HEV Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) kits tend to differ between manufacturers, leading to discrepancies in the rates of anti-HEV antibodies among different populations (Herremans et al. 2007; Drobeniuc et al. 2010), together with the HEV genome heterogeneity, and the different antigenic structure of HEV proteins


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 217–222


Rheumatoid arthritis: what do MRI and ultrasound show

limited specificity of findings. This paper summarizes the pathogenesis phenomena of rheumatoid arthritis and describes rheumatoid arthritis-related features of the disease within the synovium, subchondral bone marrow and articular fat tissue on MRI and ultrasound. Moreover, the paper aims to illustrate the significance of MRI and ultrasound findings in rheumatoid arthritis in the diagnosis of subclinical and early inflammation, and the importance of MRI and US in the follow-up and establishing

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 5–16

Original Paper

Evaluation of Modified Hodge Test as a Non-molecular Assay for Accurate Detection of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae

susceptibility or resistance to carbapenems. Sensitivity of MHT with two carbapenem disks was similar. Specificity of the MHT with meropenem disk was 64% and with ertapenem disk was 53%. Detection of KPC by MHT with meropenem disk was found to be more effective than with ertapenem disk. Based on our results, the presence of KPC does not in itself influence the categorization of resistance. Therefore, the use of MHT with ertapenem disk for the rapid detection of KPC among K. pneumoniae for infection control


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 291–295

Original Paper

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

parameter of hypoechogenicity or homogeneity of the lesion was demonstrated with the sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 41.7%, respectively. The larger the benign adrenal tumor was, the more frequently did it turn out to have a mixed and inhomogenous echogenicity (p < 0.05; ROC areas under the curve: 0.832 and 0.805, respectively).Conclusions:A variety of echogenicity patterns of benign adrenal focal lesions was demonstrated. The image of an adrenal tumor correlates with its size. The ultrasound

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Research Article

Utility of Doppler parameters at 36–42 weeks’ gestation in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes in appropriate-for-gestational-age fetuses

values of MCA PI (1.27 vs. 1.34), MCA PI MoM (1.00 vs. 1.05), CPR (1.62 vs. 1.73), EFW (3479.53 g vs. 3579.25 g) and birth weight (3513.50 g vs. 3617.79 g). For CPR cut-off point of 1.08: sensitivity was (0.945), specificity 0.1, positive predictive values 0.979, negative predictive values 0.04 and accuracy 0.926. The ROC curves for CPR were: area under the curve was 0.52 at CI 95% (0.342–0.698), p = 0.8271.ConclusionScreening in pregnancies with appropriate-for-gestational-age fetuses at 36–42 weeks

Michał Migda, Katarzyna Gieryn, Bartosz Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 22–28


Validation of the Polish version of the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (P-NDDI-E)

Approximation (RMSEA). Satorra-Bentler correction for χ2 was used regardless non-normality of the data. The Receiver-Operating Characteristic (ROC) was performed to obtain specificity, sensitivity and cut-off point. The ROC analysis was obtained by comparing the NDDI-E scores between those with and without depression based on the MINI items. Between group differences in NDDI-E score were also examined and were used as indication of validity of NDDI-E. Considering the non-normal distribution of the NNDI-E

Bartłomiej Gmaj, Jerzy Majkowski, Jan Szczypiński, Joanna Jędrzejczak, Beata Majkowska-Zwolińska, Marcin Wojnar, Jacek Gawłowicz, Piotr Januszko, Sung Pa Park, Ewa Nagańska, Simon Ziemka, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1-2, 59–64


Touch-stimulation increases host-seeking behavior in Steinernema Carpocapsae

Tiffany Baiocchi, Lauren Braun, Adler R. Dillman

journal of nematology , 1–5

Review Article

Fine-needle versus core-needle biopsy – which one to choose in preoperative assessment of focal lesions in the breasts? Literature review

role of fine-needle aspiration biopsy has been reduced lately due to its low sensitivity and specificity as well as a high rate of non-diagnostic, suspicious and false negative results. This method does not enable one to differentiate between in situ and invasive disease. Currently, fine-needle biopsy is recommended for cystic lesions, suspected of being recurrences in the chest wall, and lymph node metastases. Core-needle biopsy is the basic diagnostic method of breast lesions. According to the

Ewa Łukasiewicz, Agnieszka Ziemiecka, Wiesław Jakubowski, Jelena Vojinovic, Magdalena Bogucevska, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 267–274

Research paper

Functional correlates of brain aging: beta and gamma components of event-related band responses

latency period of ERBRs was less affected by age. The beta1 activity of the long latency period was reduced by age and more widespread than in the short latency period. The aged difference in beta1 component spread into fronto-parietal regions and was more expressed after high-frequency than after low tone stimulation. Beta2 and gamma amplitudes were higher with progressive age during sensory processing. Reducing regional-process specificity with progressing age characterized tone-dependent beta2

Mario Christov, Juliana Dushanova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 98–109


Further evidence of the Diagnostic Utility of the Child Behavior Checklist for identifying pediatric Bipolar I Disorder

uses each value across the entire range of scores for the CBCL-BP profile as the cutoff for defining a case and compares this classification to the “true” diagnosis, as defined by the clinical interview. The ROC analysis then plots the false positive rate (1-specificity) and the true positive rate (sensitivity) for each value of the CBCL-BP profile on the x- and y-axis, respectively, to create the ROC curve. Starting in the lower right-hand corner of the plot, each successive point corresponds to

Amy Yule, Maura Fitzgerald, Timothy Wilens, Janet Wozniak, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Alexa Pulli, Mai Uchida, Stephen V. Faraone, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 1–8

Research Article

Latent Classes of Symptoms related to Clinically Depressed Mood in Adolescents

The diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD), according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, is based only on adult symptomatology of depression and not adapted for age and gender. This may contribute to the low diagnostic specificity and validity of adolescent MDD. In this study, we investigated whether latent classes based on symptoms associated with depressed mood could be identified in a sample of adolescents seeking psychiatric care, regardless of traditionally

Eva Henje Blom, Mats Forsman, Tony T. Yang, Eva Serlachius, Jan-Olov Larsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 19–28

Original Paper

Adenosine receptor agonists differentially affect the anticonvulsant action of carbamazepine and valproate against maximal electroshock test-induced seizures in mice

-NECA and A 1 (preferentially) and A2 – 2-chloroadenosine. Their possible anticonvulsant effects were studied in a threshold electroconvulsive test for maximal electroconvulsions. The protective activity of AEDs alone or in combinations with adenosine agonists was evaluated in the form of their respective ED50 values necessary to protect 50% of mice against tonic extension of the hind limbs, following maximal electroshock, delivered through ear electrodes. The specificity of interactions

Mirosław Jasiński, Magdalena Chrościńska-Krawczyk, Stanisław J. Czuczwar

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1-2, 21–29


The role of ultrasound and lymphoscintigraphy in the assessment of axillary lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer

node biopsy preceded by lymphoscintigraphy is used in breast cancer patients with no clinical signs of lymph node metastasis. Due to the limited sensitivity and specificity of physical examination in detecting metastatic lesions, developing an appropriate diagnostic algorithm for the preoperative assessment of axillary lymph nodes seems to be a challenge. The importance of ultrasound in patient qualification for sentinel lymph-node biopsy has been discussed in a number of works. Furthermore

Michał Nieciecki, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Paweł Wareluk, Anna Gumińska, Ewa Białek, Marek Cacko, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 5–15


Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part I: Clinical classifications and radiographs

changes. The first part of the publication presents the classification of juvenile idiopathic arthritis and discusses its radiographic images. The authors list the affected joints as well as explain the spectrum and specificity of radiographic signs resulting from inflammatory changes overlapping with those caused by the maturation of the skeletal system. Moreover, certain dilemmas associated with the monitoring of the disease are reviewed. The second part of the publication will explain issues

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Genowefa Matuszewska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 225–236

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