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Review

Standards for musculoskeletal ultrasound

Ultrasound has become the primary diagnostic tool in traumatic, inflammatory and degenera­tive soft tissue conditions. It is also used to monitor the condition of joints, ligaments, cartilage and muscles. Its widespread availability as well as cases of unsatisfactory quality of equipment and the lack of appropriate training of ultrasound examiners are reasons why standards need to be set for equipment requirements, the scope of ultrasound assessment and examiner’s experience. The

Zbigniew Czyrny

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 182–187

Review

Standards for the assessment of salivary glands – an update

The paper is an update of 2011 Standards for Ultrasound Assessment of Salivary Glands, which were developed by the Polish Ultrasound Society. We have described current ultrasound technical requirements, assessment and measurement techniques as well as guidelines for ultrasound description. We have also discussed an ultrasound image of normal salivary glands as well as the most important pathologies, such as inflammation, sialosis, collagenosis, injuries and proliferative processes, with

Piotr Zajkowski, Aleksandra Ochal-Choińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 175–190

Review

Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 377–387

Review

Standards in neurosonology. Part I

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specifi c brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra   hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method:equipment requirements, patient preparation

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 307–317

Review

Standards in neurosonology. Part II

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 44–54

Review

Standards in neurosonology. Part III

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 155–162

Article

Developing O&M Standards for Australasia

In 2013, members of the Orientation and Mobility Association of Australasia ratified a Quality Framework for the O&M profession, including an OMAA Code of Ethics and OMAA Standards of Practice. The OMAA Quality Framework took a six member committee four years to develop and involved extensive collaboration across Australia and New Zealand. During the process, the Committee discussed such themes as best practice, exemplary performance, minimum standards, independence, and self-determination

Lil Deverell, M.Ed., Grad Dip O&M, B.Ed., COMS., Bronwen Scott, M.Ed., Grad Dip O&M, B. Psych. COMS, Mark Battista, M.Ed., (Special Ed/O&M), B.Ed., Jeremy Hill, Grad Dip O&M, B.Sc., BA(Hons)Psych.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 34–44

Review Article

Current standards in abdominal cavity ultrasound examination in children

Technological progress forces us to present after several years the updated standards in ultrasound examination of newborns, infants and older children. It should be emphasized that the examination of the youngest patients requires one to use high-class equipment. Lack of cooperation on the part of the child and imaging small structures constitute a huge challenge for the examiner. The work presents equipment requirements, the technology of examining the abdominal cavity in children and the

Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 41–42

Review

Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part I: Ultrabiomicroscopic examination

ultrabiomicroscopic examination tools. Moreover, its position among other methods for echographic examination of an eyeball was determined. Examination techniques and the role of standards of conduct at each stage of a diagnostic procedure were discussed. A role of insufficient cooperation between constructors of new ultrasonographic diagnostic tools and software IT specialist with the users of these tools, which results in the lack of consistency between the components of these sets was emphasized. Based on long

Jacek Kosmala, Iwona Grabska-Liberek, Rimvydas Stanislovas Ašoklis

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 344–348

Review

Standards for scrotal ultrasonography

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 391–403

Research Article

Marine based Wireless Sensor Networks: Challenges and Requirements

Walid Elgenaidi, Thomas Newe

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article

DESIGN AND REALIZATION OF A UHF RFID INTERROGATOR

RFID is a generic item which uses radio waves to automatically identify objects and people. This paper presents a flexible RFID interrogator system architecture which could support various kinds of RFID standards and realizes a UHF RFID interrogator based on the EPC global C1G2 standard in details. The proposed interrogator system consists of RF analog front end, digital baseband and MAC layer. The system circuit contains a FPGA chip and peripheral circuits. NiosII core as a controller is

Liyan Xu, Lingling Sun, Xiaoping Hu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1012–1031

research-article

MODELLING OF THE AIRFLOW IN THE PASSENGER COACH

for ordinary buildings, 2) obtained by using information included in standards [1, 2]. This was to answer the question of many constructors, which approach in design will be better to obtain the required parameters of thermal comfort. Prior to this work, the boundary conditions have been determined based on the results of measurement [11],[6],[10] or assumed values in computational simulations [8]. The information included in standards was not taken into account. 2. VENTILATION AND AIR

Izabela SARNA, Agnieszka PALMOWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 125–133

abstract

Abstracts of the 2018 International Guide Dogs Federation (IGDF) Seminar

instructor and technical staff education – how do we provide it? Workshop Ivana Merryman Boncori (ivana.merrymanboncori@gmail.com) Guide and Assistance Dog Training Dog School, Slovakia The IGDF Standards number 3 “Technical Staff Education and Development” and number 4 “GDMI Education Programme” have been valid since several years and the former IGDF Education Taskforce did an impressive work on GDMI curriculum and syllabus. The work on the contents of the education continues also in the view of

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–17

Research Article

THE METHODOLOGY OF RATING QUALITY STANDARDS IN THE REGIONAL PASSENGER TRANSPORT

Vladislav ZITRICKÝ, Jozef GAŠPARÍK, Lumír PEČENÝ

Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 59–72

Review

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 1

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 378–390

Review Article

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 2

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 43–58

Review

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society – update. Ultrasound examination of the visceral arteries

Michał Elwertowski, Robert Lechowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 85–95

Research Article

Some issues of road emission for passenger cars and light duty vehicles sector in the aspects of environmental protection

The article presents the results of studies and investigations concerning some aspects of exhaust emission and methods of assessment of its influence on the environment. Some issues related to the modelling of emission level and costs of environmental protection have been discussed. The results of investigations concerning vehicle durability have been presented in the context of the need to meet more restrictive emission standards.

Jan FILIPCZYK

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 117–123

Review

Recommendations for ultrasonographic assessment of renal arteries

Abstract The present clinical practice recommendations are addressed to physicians of all specialties, who perform Doppler ultrasound examinations of the kidneys on a daily basis, and in particular to specialists in radiology and imaging diagnostics. The recommendations were based on the Ultrasonography Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society and current scientific reports consistent with Evidence Based Medicine. The paper discusses patient preparation protocol, examinat ion technique with

Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Szymańska, Michał Elwertowski, Agnieszka Marianowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 338–343

Article

CURRENT VENTILATION AND AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS AGAINST HISTORICAL SOLUTIONS

The paper describes the issue of ventilation and air quality in buildings with reference to regular tightening of heating standards. The purpose of the work is to show the risks related to excessive insulation of buildings, which is thought to have a negative influence on users’ well-being and health. The development of issues related to thermal comfort has often led to erroneous solutions. As a result, problems such as “Sick Building Syndrome” and “Building Related Illness” has developed in

Rafał RADZIEWICZ-WINNICKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 29–36

Article

CELL BANKS PREPARATION IN BIOPHARMACEUTICALS PRODUCTION

use of antibiotics. A plasmid without antibiotic pressure should remain in the host strain for the minimum of 80 generations for such a “pair” to be classified as a stable expression system. International organizations like WHO (in the report on the standardization of biological products) [79] and EMA (in standards referring to medicinal products in the preclinical and clinical phase) [18] stipulate careful and thoughtful use of selection markers, which antibiotic resistance genes are in

Agnieszka Sobolewska-Ruta, Piotr Zaleski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 87–100

Review

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society. Ultrasound examination of the portal system and hepatic vessels

Robert Lechowicz, Michał Elwertowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 208–226

Article

FLOW CAPACITY ANALYSIS FOR MPL KATOWICE PYRZOWICE TERMINALS WITH THE INDICATION OF ZONES REQUIRING ARCHITECTONIC CHANGES

In order to improve the quality of passenger service at an airport terminal it is necessary to continuously monitor the level of the services rendered. Devising a strategy for the process of modernization or extension of an airport, with a view to maintaining or elevating the standards offered, requires a skilled determination of the investment commencement time. The rationale behind such investments is a deliberate prognosis of changes in the numbers of passengers visiting the airport in order

Michał SITEK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 41–50

Article

APPLICATION OF HIERARCHICAL ANALYSIS METHOD TO DESIGN THE STRUCTURAL PARTITIONS WITH DIFFERENT MATERIAL AND STRUCTURAL SOLUTIONS FOR WINDOW GLAZING

structural solutions. Currently employed requirements for technical parameters of window and door frames adopted in regulations and standards are firmly tightened, including one saying that, since 1.01.2014 heat transfer coefficient for the window cannot be higher than 1.3 W/(m2K), (Polish requirement) which is why all producers’ offers analyzed in this study have high standard technical features. Of course, among them there are better and worse offers, but each of them is sufficient in the light of the

Artur NOWOŚWIAT, Monika LESZCZYŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 95–104

Article

MODEL OF THE MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR SYSTEM IN SERVICE MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT

The model of service maintenance and repair of passenger rolling stock is considered as a multi-channel system. The presented model is implemented on the queuing model basis. The service maintenance and passenger rolling stock system stipulates not only for the transition to a new level of the maintenance system as a type of activity but as a means boosting up the economic growth rate and living standards. As a result, we managed to resolve the problem of the optimum design for the service

Dmitry BANNIKOV, Nina SIRINA, Alexander SMOLYANINOV

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 5–14

Article

THE RESEACH ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR LANDSLIDE MONITORING

The paper mainly discusses design and implementation of key functions such as transceiver unit, MCU control unit, Data acquisition module and Background monitoring unit. Furthermore, the corresponding software platform is implemented according to hardware architecture. Finally the solution is applied into Loess landslide at Luoshan County in China. The experimental results show that bit error rate remains between at 10-5~ 10-6. This range coincides with communication standards of wireless

He Yueshun, Zhang Wei

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 867–887

Research Article

AN IN VITRO COST-EFFECTIVE TEST BENCH FOR ACTIVE CARDIAC IMPLANTS, REPRODUCING HUMAN
EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC FIELDS 50 HZ

The European Directive 2013/35/UE sets the minimum requirements for the protection of workers exposed to electromagnetic fields and defines workers bearing implants as workers at particular risk. The European standards 50527-1 and 50527-2-1 propose risk assessments methods for these workers, including numerical and/or experimental in-vitro approaches. This study aims to conceive by using both methods, a cost-effective test bench for active cardiac implants in order to reproduce induced

Cihan Gercek, Djilali Kourtiche, Mustapha Nadi, Isabelle Magne, Pierre Schmitt, Martine Souques, Patrice Roth

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–17

Research Article

AN APPROACH TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT OF PMV BASED THERMAL COMFORT SMART SENSOR

ASHRAE 55-2004 and ISO 7730 standards failed to predict actual comfort level and lead to oversize design of HVAC system. So proper thermal environment monitoring is an important subject to have right size of HVAC systems. A prototype thermal EM system has been developed. Thermal environment parameters such as: temperature, relative humidity, CO and CO2 are measured by using the developed system. These data are used to calculate the thermal comfort index. The subjective judgments and the

Anuj Kumar, I. P. Singh, S. K. Sud

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 621–642

Short Communication

Evaluation of the Carba NP Test for the Detection of Carbapenemase Activity in Bacteroides Species

We evaluated the usefulness of the Carba NP test for rapid detection of carbapenemase activity in Bacteroides spp. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for imipenem was determined with gradient test strips, and cfiA gene was investigated by polymerase chain reaction for 27 clinical Bacteroides spp. isolates. Carba NP test was performed according to recommendations of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Among three cfiA gene harboring clinical isolates, two imipenem resistant

Isin Akyar, Meltem Ayas, Onur Karatuna, Yesim Besli

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 97–101

Article

Designing of Intelligent Parking Lot Based On MQTT

With the development of economy and the improvement of people's living standards,people's lives are getting inseparable from cars, the contradiction between the number of parking spaces and the increasing demand for parking is becoming more and more outstanding. It is necessary to design a intelligent parking system. This paper analyzes the drawbacks of the traditional parking system ,and design the main functions and solutions of the intelligent parking. This paper present the whole

Zhongsheng Wang, Zhichao Lian, Kang Han

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 36–41

Article

CONTROLLING OF TRAIN’S INTERIOR HEATING SYSTEM FOR MAXIMUM ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Heating systems in diesel multiple unit (DMU) trains often use additional mechanical and/or electrical auxiliary power, increasing fuel consumption, while waste heat is available from the diesel engine. Delivery of waste heat for heating of multiple carriages is analysed as realized in DR1 and D1 series trains, in light of the current standards of passenger comfort and in-depth testing of DR1B trains. A new hybrid hot air and electrical heating system and its control algorithm is reviewed for

Dāvis BUŠS, Jānis EIDUKS

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 121–134

Article

Job to Major (J2M): an Open Source Based Application

business goals analysis, system design and implementation. J2M build on existing open standards and supported by open-source of University of Southampton, Universal JobMatch provided by gov.uk and additional tools. The evaluation of J2M tries to show the functions achievement of J2M.

Haitao Liu, Dongzhao Zhou, Jiacong Zhao, Shuang Gao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 61–67

Research Article

MULTI_LEVEL SECURE FROM WEB INTRUSION AND QUERY ATTACKS ON WEB DATABASE

field. Additionally, we trust that cost-driven bits of knowledge and compositional standards will generally change the way frameworks and calculations are planned. We present an outsourced database model that permits customers to execute SQL questions with security and under administrative consistence imperatives by utilizing server-facilitated, sealed trusted equipment in basic inquiry preparing stages, along these lines expelling any confinements on the kind of bolstered inquiries.

Nirmala Kumari R, Mala V

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 271–283

Review

THE PRELIMINARY UNIAXIAL COMPRESSION BEHAVIOR OF CORRUGATED COLD FORMED STEEL MEMBERS

American Standards. However, this situation brings with it a number of limitations, especially since the different loads considered in European specifications are ignored. Furthermore, there is a lack of a suitable theoretical model for such lightweight steel elements, and the folding formations that occur during panels that can be bent into a belt include uncertainties [10]. Particularly, it is not entirely true that the pattern serves as a barrier against local collapses. This research is a starting

Mahmut KILIÇ, Mahyar MAALI, Abdulkadir Cüneyt AYDIN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 105–116

Research Article

USING A WHEEL PAIR WITH A COUNTER-FLANGE TO PREVENT DERAILMENT

The authors propose an engineering solution for a wheel pair with a counter-flange that satisfies the existing standards of vertical and horizontal dynamics and the movement stability index. An improved profile of a rail wheel with a counter-flange is developed. It provides additional contact in the horizontal plane in the situation of transverse vibrations of the wheel pair against the rail track, adds to carriage stability and increases the wheel’s resistance to derailment when passing a

Yuriy Iv. OSENIN, Larysa DEGTYAREVA, Galyna OSENINA, Oksana SERGIENKO

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 13–18

Article

MONITORING OF NITRATES AND PHOSPHATES IN WASTEWATER: CURRENT TECHNOLOGIES AND FURTHER CHALLENGES

Consumers expect water supply companies to deliver safe drinking water that meets both health quality standards and aesthetic requirements such as colour, turbidity, taste and odour. Current water quality assessment methods of these parameters, which form the basis for sound water resources management, are mainly laboratory based, require fresh supply of chemicals, trained staff and are time consuming. Real-time water quality monitoring is essential for National and International Health and

O. Korostynska, A. Mason, A. Al-Shamma’a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 149–176

Research Article

EVALUATION OF USER’S PERCEPTIONS REGARDING PERFORMANCE INDICATORS OF INTERCITY BUS TERMINALS IN LAHORE, PAKISTAN

facilities. The bus terminals and PIs were also ranked according to user satisfaction. The results showed that the privately owned intercity bus terminals perform better and are more likely to be sustainable as compared with government-owned terminals. Likewise, the users indicated more satisfaction with the privately owned terminals. In addition, the users rated ‘safety and security’ as the most important among the six PIs. It is recommended to establish standards for sustainable design of intercity bus

Saba IKHLAQ, Muhammad Ashraf JAVID, Tanvir Iqbal QAYYUM

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 123–136

Article

THE ANALYSIS OF THE DIRECT FOUNDATION WITH ENERGY FOUNDATIONS ON THE BASIS OF THE OFFICE BUILDING “A4 BUSINESS PARK” IN KATOWICE AT FRANCUSKA STREET

from direct (setting of pads, strip footings and foundation plate according to the basic project) into indirect one with the use of drilled piles in a casing pipe with the possibility of their cooperation with vertical ground collector. Calculations have been conducted in accordance with effectual standards. Both the quantity of energy piles in a single foundation pile coped with the foundation plate and the quantity of energy foundations in the whole building have been determined for the analysed

Małgorzata JASTRZĘBSKA, Barbara WAWRZYŃCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 65–76

research-article

DEVELOPMENT OF PROVISIONS FOR EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF URBAN PUBLIC PASSENGER TRANSPORT SYSTEM

standards. Performance measurement can be carried out from different perspectives: from an enterprise perspective and from a customer perspective. It can take place at different levels: at policy level and at enterprise level. Many current indicators focus on operating efficiency (cost per vehicle-kilometre, etc.) rather than on users (comfort, speed, reliability, etc.). There are also following aspects: ratio (cost per revenue km), indices (frequency, route coverage, and measuring combining capacity

Sergey MOCHALIN, Mariya KASPER, Oleg NIKIFOROV, Grigory LEVKIN, Natali KURSHAKOVA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 45–58

Article

E rua taha o te awa: There are two sides to the river… Navigating ‘social justice’ as an indigenous educator in non-indigenous tertiary education

Providing a very different perspective on social justice, this narrative explores and discusses the inherent social justice tensions of being a Māori educator (indigenous to Aotearoa New Zealand) within a mainstream nonindigenous higher education institution in New Zealand. Here the social justice tension is not so much about how to help others but how to correlate widely accepted professional standards and practices with competing personal cultural sensitivities and insights. Specifically

David McLeod

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 1, 17–24

Article

WAGE INEQUALITY ACROSS THE ROAD TRANSPORT SECTOR WITHIN THE EU

The question of how to regulate the salaries of drivers working in the international road transport sector to balance the promotion of free movement of persons and the integration of the market with adequate protection of workers’ rights is rather complex. The range of problems of those seeking to ensure fair competition and fair treatment of employees arises from the fact that drivers operate across Europe but come from different countries where wage standards are significantly different

Miloš POLIAK, Patricia ŠIMURKOVÁ, Kelvin CHEU

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 145–153

Article

CONCEPT AND MODELS FOR EVALUATION OF BLACK AND WHITE SMOKE COMPONENTS IN DIESEL ENGINE EXHAUST

standards of whiteness and blackness. The content of the black components (soot) is determined by the degree of blackening of the white standard in the frames of the video, and the content of whitish components (unburned fuel and oil, etc.) is determined by the degree of whitening of black standard on the frames of the video. The paper describes the principle and the results of testing the proposed method of measuring exhaust smoke opacity. We present an algorithm for the frame-by-frame analysis of the

Igor BLYANKINSHTEIN, Andrey ASKHABOV, Evgeniy VOEVODIN, Artem KASHURA, Sergey MALCHIKOV

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 83–91

Research Article

Health initiatives to target obesity in surface transport industries: Review and implications for action

Lifestyle-related chronic diseases pose a considerable burden to the individual and the wider society, with correspondingly negative effects on industry. Obesity is a particular problem for the Australasian road and rail industries where it is associated with specific cardiac and fatigue-related safety risks, and levels are higher than those found in the general population. Despite this recognition, and the introduction of National Standards, very little consensus exists regarding approaches to

Janine Chapman, Anjum Naweed

Evidence Base , ISSUE 2, 1–20

research-article

SELECTED ANALYSIS OF ENERGY-SAVING KINDERGARTEN IN ZŁOTY POTOK – COMMUNE OF JANOW, ALONG WITH ITS USAGE EVALUATION. A CASE STUDY

Ada KOŁODZIEJCZYK-KĘSOŃ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 19–32

research-article

Employment of PSO algorithm to improve the neural network technique for radial distribution system state estimation

. RPDSN IEEE (9, 33, and 69) bus standards were developed and simulated using a MATLAB/PSAT toolbox. PMUs were applied on the distribution networks by using the toolbox. Then, a GTP algorithm was adopted to find the PMU’s location. The capacitor bank’s size and location were determined through trial and error method. For each test, the number of capacitors and PMUs varied. As shown in Table 1, the measurements had low MSE. Table 1. MSE for voltage magnitudes and angle values in each test

Husham Idan Hussein, Ghassan Abdullah Salman, Ahmed Majeed Ghadban

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–10

Article

Research of New Network Address Structure

Jiao Chong, Jianping Xie, Yinqiu Xu, Hongwen Zhao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 39–47

Article

TAKING UP RESIDENCE NEAR THE GARDEN AS THE SUBSTITUTE OF THE GARDEN-CITY IDEA

inspiration for improving the quality of space in suburban areas, providing urban standards which are used require a quality space while implementing new investments.

Sylwia KRZYSZTOFIK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 13–19

Article

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY

diagnostic tests carried out in the shortest possible time also allows one to make appropriate decisions in the field of targeted therapy and prevention, in addition to contributing to the optimization of empirical therapy (microbiological map). Providing high-quality laboratory services guarantees good quality medicine. Guidelines on quality standards for medical diagnostic and microbiological laboratories contained in Regulation of the Minister of Health from 23 March 2006 (Journal of Laws of 2016

Ewa Młodzińska, Waleria Hryniewicz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 205–211

Research Article

3D LASER SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR THE INSPECTION AND MONITORING OF RAILWAY TUNNELS

Railway tunnel inspection and monitoring has predominantly been a visual and manual procedure, which is time-consuming and subjective, giving rise to variance in standards and quality. Thus, alternative, novel, automated techniques need to be developed, for more efficient and reliable tunnel examination. The reported research aimed to investigate the application of a laser scanning technique for the inspection of tunnel degradation and structural integrity. The proposed method may either

Han-Mei CHEN, Cristian ULIANOV, Ramy SHALTOUT

Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 73–84

Research Article

CLOUD SECURITY AND COMPLIANCE - A SEMANTIC APPROACH IN END TO END SECURITY

The Cloud services are becoming an essential part of many organizations. Cloud providers have to adhere to security and privacy policies to ensure their users' data remains confidential and secure. Though there are some ongoing efforts on developing cloud security standards, most cloud providers are implementing a mish-mash of security and privacy controls. This has led to confusion among cloud consumers as to what security measures they should expect from the cloud services, and whether these

R. Kalaiprasath, R. Elankavi, R. Udayakumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 482–494

Article

PASSIVE SYSTEMS IN RAISING ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC UTILITY BUILDINGS – ACTION SIMULATIONS

Public utility buildings are formally, structurally and functionally complex entities. Frequently the process of their design involves retroactive reconsideration of energy engineering issues, once a building concept has already been completed. At that stage minor formal corrections are made along with the design of the external layer of the building, satisfying or even exceeding applicable standards. Architecture students do the same when designing assigned public utility buildings. It can be

Marek A. WOŁOSZYN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 37–43

Article

A Solution to Incompatibility Between IPv6 and IPv4 Communications

itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked. This document and the information contained herein is provided on the internet engineering task

Khaled Omar Ibrahim Omar

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 80–87

Article

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTION AT KENSINGTON PALACE 

considering its location and significance. Therefore the main objective was to make it as accessible as reasonably possible for the broader public. The main difficulty in undertaking this task was associated with the requirement of preserving historic fabric whilst upgrading functionality and programme to meet modern standards. This necessitated alteration of selected areas, installation of passenger lift and requirement to address concurrent legislation. The aim of the paper is to analyse the proposed

Bartłomiej Gloger, MSc Eng. Arch., Jan Rabiej, Prof. DSc PhD Eng. Arch.

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–10

Review Paper

Biofeedback as complementary treatment in patients with epilepsy – an underestimated therapeutic option? Review, results, discussion

promising methods for successful seizure control. Nevertheless, methodological standards in the conducted trials were too low for assured empirical evidence in their efficacy. Conclusions. Biofeedback methods could be applied to patients to a greater extent. Probably due to the missing empirical evidence of efficacy and the high demand on patients’ and therapists’ time and commitment and therefore low cost effectiveness, these methods are hardly offered. Especially the relatively new

Carmen Uhlmann, Walter Fröscher

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 173–180

original-paper

Periodontal Status and Subgingival Biofilms in Cystic Fibrosis Adults

maintaining oral health in this group of patients. Conclusions Despite the widespread presence of bacterial dental deposits in cystic fibrosis adult patients, none of them has clinical symptoms of periodontal disease, but the presence of periodontal pathogens in subgingival biofilm represents a possible risk factor of this disease in the future. An unsatisfactory level of oral hygiene in any patient with cystic fibrosis indicates a need to focus on standards of dental care for such patients.

TAMARA PAWLACZYK-KAMIEŃSKA, RENATA ŚNIATAŁA, HALINA BATURA-GABRYEL, MARIA BORYSEWICZ-LEWICKA, SZCZEPAN COFTA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 377–382

research-article

POST-OCCUPANCY EVALUATION OF A UNIVERSITY SHOPPING MALL FACILITY

can be utilized for benchmarking the performance requirements for similar buildings [10] and developing a knowledge base of performance requirements and standards for future projects [11]. In addition, POE assists in improving vital communication links between clients and building professionals, for the purpose of ensuring better functionality during the service life of the building [12]. The findings of the POE would potentially benefit design professionals to assess the effectiveness of novel

Wahhaj AHMED, Mohammad A. HASSANAIN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 5–15

Review

Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part II: Orbital ultrasound

scan, including functional ocular disorders (vision disorders, mobility disorders), autoimmune diseases, inflammatory conditions, proliferative processes, and others. The authors present Ossoinig’s standardized method which encompasses topographic, qualitative and kinetic echography, and may facilitate orbital ultrasound examinations. Moreover, the article shows management standards for ultrasound imaging of orbital pathologies with an emphasis on the relevance of equipment selection, scanning

Małgorzata Karolczak-Kulesza, Małgorzata Rudyk, Magdalena Niestrata-Ortiz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 349–354

Original Paper

Evaluation of Modified Hodge Test as a Non-molecular Assay for Accurate Detection of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae

Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) have become a major therapeutic challenge because of its increasingly fast dissemination throughout the world. Accurate detection of KPC is essential for optimal treatment. The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institutes (CLSI) for fast detection of KPC producers currently recommend Modified Hodge Test (MHT) and Carba NP test. MHT can directly detect carbapenemase production in Enterobacteriaceae isolates. The current study was conducted to evaluate

ATOSSA GHASEMNEJAD, MONIR DOUDI, NOUR AMIRMOZAFARI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 291–295

Article

TRAJECTORY-BASED MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT FOR RESILIENT TRANSPORTATION

major obstacles to comprehensive multimodal transport management within and beyond European Union borders. Though information and communication technologies (ICT) have entered into all traffic and transport systems, the levels of ICT penetration achieved in controlling, monitoring, and managing of system operation and processes are currently quite different [1-5]. One of the reasons for that is the lack of homogenous ICT standards and, as a result, the technological barriers for interconnectivity

Evelin ENGLER, Stefan GEWIES, Paweł BANYŚ, Erik GRUNEWALD

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 81–96

research-article

Long-term offspring epilepsy outcomes following planned assisted homebirth versus hospital birth

modern facilities and how the technology might have impacted on the long-term outcomes. Availability of and accessibility to high-level services would not guarantee the usage of the services by the mothers. Trends in fashion and patient satisfaction, respects for women’s rights and similar fully non-obstetrical issues may greatly contribute to the choices (Chervenak et al., 2013). Whatever the reasons for opting for homebirth are, planned and assisted homebirth does not meet current standards for

Matti Sillanpää, Maiju M. Saarinen, Päivi Polo-Kantola

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1-2, 7–14

original-paper

Patterns of Drug-Resistant Bacteria in a General Hospital, China, 2011–2016

susceptibilities of the isolates were determined using the broth dilution method according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI 2017). In this study, the intermediate was attributed as the resistant. The differences in proportions were compared using the chi-squared test and the variation tendency was compared using the chi-squared for trend. Two-sided test with p < 0.05 were taken as statistically significant, with the use of SAS 9.1. Results From 2011 to 2016, a total of 19 260 bacterial

TINGTING MAO, HUIJUAN ZHAI, GUANGCAI DUAN, HAIYAN YANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 225–232

research-article

POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION OF ADAPTIVELY REUSED BUILDINGS: CASE STUDY OF AN OFFICE BUILDING IN SAUDI ARABIA

”, “workspace availability and noise” and “office productivity and work environment”. Choi et al. [23] completed a POE study on 20 office buildings over seven years, in the United States, to assess the satisfaction of occupants with the IEQ. The POE utilized field measurements and occupants’ satisfaction surveys. The findings were used to formulate recommendations to improve the current guidelines and standards of IEQ, thus enhancing the environmental design of office buildings in the future. 3.2

Mohammad B. HAMIDA, Mohammad A. HASSANAIN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 29–40

Original Paper

Metallo-Beta-Lactamase Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a Healthcare Setting in Alexandria, Egypt

isolates were identified using standard microbiological methods and were tested for their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns using single disc diffusion method according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute recommendations. Thirty P. aeruginosa isolates were randomly selected and tested for their MBL production by both phenotypic and genotypic methods. Diagnostic Epsilometer test was done to detect metallo-beta-lactamase enzyme producers and polymerase chain reaction test was done to

Amani F. Abaza, Soraya A. El Shazly, Heba S.A. Selim, Gehan S.A. Aly

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 297–308

Review

ENERGY EFFICIENCY ECONOMICS OF CONVERSION OF BIOGAS FROM THE FERMENTATION OF SEWAGE SLUDGE TO BIOMETHANE AS A FUEL FOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES

Józef CIUŁA, Krzysztof GASKA, Łukasz ILJUCZONEK, Agnieszka GENEROWICZ, Viktor KOVAL

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 131–140

Review

Detailed EFSUM recommendations on the scope of ultrasound assessment in patients with portal hypertension considering the diagnostic reference level

An important paper describing the Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society regarding the assessment of portal and hepatic vasculature was published in the Journal of Ultrasonography. Due to the multiplicity of morphological and hemodynamic data required, the time needed to obtain these data and the legal responsibility of doctors for the results, there seems to be a need to determine a clear range of the assessed parameters depending on the reference level of a given healthcare facility

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 113–115

Research Article

Training Data Compression Algorithms and Reliability in Large Wireless Sensor Networks

With the availability of low-cost sensor nodes there have been many standards developed to integrate and network these nodes to form a reliable network allowing many different types of hardware vendors to coexist. Most of these solutions however have aimed at industry-specific interoperability but not the size of the sensor network and the large amount of data which is collected in course of its lifetime. In this paper we use well studied data compression algorithms which optimize on bringing

Vasanth Iyer, Garimella Ram Murthy, M.B. Srinivas

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 912–921

research-article

MODERN MATERIAL SOLUTIONS APPLIED IN PEDIATRIC FACILITIES

2. REQUIREMENTS FOR BUILDING MATERIALS APPLIED IN MEDICAL FACILITIES Along with changing hospitals’ spatial planning designs, the appropriate selection of building materials still plays a key role in medical facilities. The materials should meet hygienic and sanitary standards, have increasingly attractive properties, both durability, physical-mechanical and aesthetic qualities. Finishing materials available on the market allow to achieve the highest standards, while enabling the most elaborate

Agnieszka GĘBCZYŃSKA-JANOWICZ, Bogusława KONARZEWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 13–24

Article

RISK MANAGEMENT IN (AIR) TRANSPORT WITH EXEMPLARY RISK ANALYSIS BASED ON THE TOLERABILITY MATRIX

compatible with ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs). In the following part, the process of risk assessment in air transport, based on the Safety Management Manual, using a safety risk tolerability matrix, is characterized. Finally, in this article, an exemplary risk analysis is carried out, focusing on a selected case arising from the ATM field. For the analysed case, safety risk hazards and their possible effects are identified and then assigned to the Intolerable, Tolerable and Acceptable

Ewa DUDEK, Karolina KRZYKOWSKA-PIOTROWSKA, Mirosław SIERGIEJCZYK

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 143–156

Research Article

IMPACT OF ENVELOPE STRUCTURE ON THE SOLUTIONS OF THERMAL INSULATION FROM THE INSIDE

degradation would ensue. For “Prussian walls” that are 12 cm thick and insulated on the inside we observe exceeding the level of 20% water content, which is critical for wood durability. These results present elementary problems that occur when buildings with “Prussian walls” construction undergo thermo insulation. Restoration process must be a compromise between the need to retain the historical aspect of a building and the need to bring them to modern heat and usability standards. On the basis of

Bożena ORLIK-KOŻDOŃ, Agnieszka SZYMANOWSKA-GWIŻDŻ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 123–134

research-article

THE APPLICATION OF INNOVATIVE ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES IN THE SUSTAINABLE MODEL OF A HOUSING ESTATE – SEESTADT ASPERN IN VIENNA

building a new quality of life. Meeting the sustainability criteria in the Aspern Seestadt district contributes to Vienna’s recognition as a city with the highest standards of living in the world and innovative environmental infrastructure solutions, which are ranked at the top of all Smart City rankings in each category of activity. In the south-western part of the estate, in 2016, the first residential district for about 6,000 people was established. Conclusions: The housing estate meets general

Joanna BIEDROŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 15–22

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