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research-article | 30-December-2019

Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation with monopolar pulses improves limb use after stroke by enhancing inter-hemispheric coherence

INTRODUCTION Stroke is characterized by reduced blood flow to the brain. It represents the leading cause of chronic adult disability and the third leading cause of death in North America (Benjamin et al., 2017). Although considerable spontaneous rearrangement of connections after stroke occurs (Murphy and Corbett, 2009; Lim et al., 2014), spontaneous recovery is limited and mainly mediated by compensational adjustments (Buckner et al., 1996; Metz et al., 2005; Alaverdashvili and Whishaw, 2010

Andrea G. P. Schjetnan, Darryl C. Gidyk, Gerlinde A.S. Metz, Artur Luczak

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 291–302

Research Article | 01-September-2014


For the surviving stroke patients that are affected physically and mentally, they are required rehabilitation after the stroke. Rehabilitation can be quite expensive on the patient and their families. The augmented reality rehabilitation gaming system aims to decrease the dependency on supervised therapy. This paper presents two augmented reality games. The games focus on rehabilitating stroke patients affected with upper limb disabilities. The games simulate current physical therapy techniques

N.I. De Leon, S.K. Bhatt, Adel Al-Jumaily

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1044–1058

case-report | 13-November-2017

Improving oral hygiene for stroke patients

Introduction: Oral hygiene is an important aspect of nursing care amongst stroke patients. The benefits of effective oral hygiene include improving cleanliness, removing debris and plaque, preventing complications which would result in increased hospital length of stay (Özden et al, 2013). Patients are able to eat and chew comfortably ensuring adequate nutritional intake with adequate oral hygiene (Chan & Hui-Ling, 2012). However, oral health is poor in this setting due to reduced cognition

Caroline Woon

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 11–13

Original Paper | 30-June-2016

Sonographic detection of inferior subluxation in post-stroke hemiplegic shoulders

Aim of the study: To evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonographic acromion-greater tuberosity distance measurement and Shoulder ratio in detecting post-stroke inferior shoulder subluxation. Material and methods: Forty-five hemiplegic stroke patients and 45 controls underwent shoulder sonography to measure their acromion-greater tuberosity distance. Side-to-side acromion-greater tuberosity distance differences and Shoulder ratios were derived from the acromion-greater tuberosity distance values

Bukunmi M. Idowu, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Victor A. Adetiloye, Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Babalola I. Afolabi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 106–112

Conference Presentation | 27-June-2018


This case presentation discusses an airline captain who suffered a cerebrovascular event. Despite extensive investigation, no underlying cause or contributing factors could be identified. He went on to make a full recovery from his stroke, and after two years applied for renewal of his medical certificate. This presentation discusses the aeromedical certification process, including the restrictions and health surveillance measures put in place once he was recertified.

Simon May

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 11–12

research-article | 15-June-2020

Ultrasonography of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries: B-mode imaging

Introduction Ischemic stroke, which is the most common type of stroke, is a great challenge for contemporary medicine. It poses both diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. Advances in the treatment of ischemic strokes have offered patients a greater chance for recovery and return to normal life. That is why early diagnosis and identification of pathological conditions that might lead to this outcome are of particular importance. Each year, 15 million cases of ischemic stroke are noted

Andrzej Fedak, Katarzyna Ciuk, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e135–e145

Original Paper | 17-March-2016

Lateralized periodic discharges associated with status epilepticus in the first year after stroke

Backgrand. Lateralized periodic discharges (LPDs) are infrequent electroencephalograph (EEG) findings, and may present in ictal or interictal form. They are regarded as potential electrophysiologic signs of convulsive or nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). We report four patients who presented with NCSE and one who presented with convulsive status epilepticus in the postictal period, characterized by LPDs in EEG recordings in the first year after stroke. Material and methods. We

Hava Ozlem Dede, Nerses Bebek, Ozlem Gelisin, Murat Mert Atmaca, Nilufer Yesilot Barlas, Candan Gurses, Betul Baykan, Aysen Gokyigit

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 15–23

research-paper | 12-August-2019

miRNA-223-3p and let-7b-3p as potential blood biomarkers associated with the ischemic penumbra in rats

INTRODUCTION Stroke is a leading cause of death and long-term disability worldwide, and most strokes are of ischemic origin (Goldstein et al., 2001). Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) remains the only U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke (National Institute of Neurological of Neurological Disorders and Stroke rt-PA Stroke Study Group, 1995). Although thrombolytic treatment within 4.5 h of ischemic stroke onset greatly improves the clinical

Shenghua Li, Lan Chen, Xia Zhou, Jinpin Li, Jingli Liu

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 205–216

Research Article | 01-June-2017


The development of dynamic rehabilitation devices can be evaluated as a research fast-growing field. Indeed, robot-assisted therapy is an advanced new technology mainly in stroke rehabilitation. Although patients benefit from this enormous development of technology, including the presence of rehabilitation robots, the therapeutic field still suffering a lack in hand robotic rehabilitation devices. In this context, this work proposes a new design of a 3D printed hand exoskeleton for the stroke

Ismail Ben Abdallah, Yassine Bouteraa, Chokri Rekik

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 341–366

Article | 26-June-2018

Malignant middle cerebral artery infarct: A clinical case report

Introduction Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMCAI) is the worst form of ischaemic stroke as it involves an infarction of nearly the whole middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory (>50% of the MCA territory on Computed Tomography [CT]). MMCAI is also characterised by a reduction in blood supply of >66% together with a large area of dead tissue on CT (infarct volume of >82 mL within 6 hours of onset on MRI and infarct volume of >145mL within 14 hours of onset on MRI) (Huttner & Schwab

Kwan Yee (Queenie) Leung, Sheila Jala, Rosalind Elliott

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 28 , ISSUE 1, 5–12

research-article | 28-September-2020

Ultrasound methods of imaging atherosclerotic plaque in carotid arteries: examinations using contrast agents

Andrzej Fedak, Robert Chrzan, Ositadima Chukwu, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 191–200

Article | 16-April-2018

A clock-face method of outdoor scanning and tracking using sports cones: A case study of a client with post-stroke visual field loss

The participant in this case study is a 65 year old male, who had a right posterior cerebral artery stroke. He undertook a compensatory scanning program though continued to experience collisions with objects in familiar and unfamiliar environments. He was later referred to Guide Dogs NSW/ACT, Australia for orientation and mobility (O&M) services. The second author (instructor) assessed and identified this client’s functional field of vision using an outdoor clock-face method by

Sarah Hower, B.HlthSc (OT)., MSpec.Ed, Ross Still, Ross Still, GradDip(O&M), Regional Manager, Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 87–95

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea offers neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury in rats

Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide, affecting about 240 people a day in South Africa and leaving survivors with residual disabilities. At the moment, there is no clinically approved neuroprotective product for stroke but the consumption of plant polyphenols has been suggested to offer some protection against stroke. In this study, we investigated the effects of long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea (FRHT) on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced brain injury in

Olusiji Akinrinmade, Sylvester Omoruyi, Daneel Dietrich, Okobi Ekpo

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 94–105

Article | 15-April-2020

The Charles Drew Program in Missouri:a description of a partnership among a blood center and several hospitals to address the care of patients with sickle cell disease

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited blood disorder which can be complicated by stroke in infancy and childhood. The primary and secondary prevention of stroke in this patient population is regular RBC transfusion therapy at least every three weeks, but there is no consensus on the ideal RBC transfusion therapy. The Charles Drew Program, a partnership among a blood center and several hospitals affiliated with academic medical centers in Missouri, provides RBCs for the care of patients with

Edahn J. Isaak, Barbara LeChien, Terianne Lindsey, Michael R. DeBaun

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 3, 112–116

review-article | 30-November-2020

Effects of vitamin E on neurodegenerative diseases: an update

(Kontush and Schekatolina, 2004). Vitamin E is effective in the neutralization of unstable lipid peroxide radicals produced from polyunsaturated fatty acids (Burton and Traber, 1990; Traber et al., 1990; Ulatowski and Manor, 2015). It is believed that vitamin E, through these mechanisms, may have therapeutic effects in many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), stroke and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) as illustrated in Fig. 1 (Sung et al., 2004

Mehmet Arif Icer, Neslihan Arslan, Makbule Gezmen-Karadag

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 21–33

Article | 11-April-2018

Adaptive Correcting Strokes Extracted From Chinese Characters in Digital Ink of Non-Native Writers Based on Comprehensive Visualization

Hao Bai, Xiwen Zhang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 84–88

review-article | 31-December-2019

Fetal cardiac function by three-dimensional ultrasound using 4D-STIC and VOCAL – an update

, stroke volume (SV), CO, SF, and EF may be used to assess systolic function. MPI is a quantitative, non-invasive method used for the assessment of systolic and diastolic cardiac function. It is calculated for each ventricle using spectral Doppler and the following formula: isovolumetric contraction time (ICT) + isovolumetric relaxation time (IRT)/ejection time (ET) (Fig. 1). Myocardial dysfunction may lead to prolonged isovolumetric intervals and decreased ET, resulting in increased MPI. MPI values

Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Milene Carvalho Carrilho, Ana Letícia Siqueira Pontes, Caroline Cevante Chagas, Christiane Simioni, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 287–294

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Kinect Based System and Serious Game Motivating Approach for Physiotherapy Assessment and Remote Session Monitoring

This paper describes a framework focused on being a health monitoring platform as well as a source of entertainment for physiotherapy patients, particularly stroke survivors. Using the Microsoft Kinect sensor a serious game captures 3D data during the patient’s session and sends it to a server. Through a web application these data can be further visualized by the physiotherapists on their assessments. Moreover, this framework intends to be a useful and effective tool for remote

Francisco Cary, Octavian Postolache, Pedro Silva Girão

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article | 01-December-2012


To improve the human arm function of disable patients after stroke, we propose in this paper a new design of a robot-assisted therapy. The robotic device must be attached to a human arm and mimics the motion of the shoulder, elbow and wrist joints. The functional training of the stroked upper limb is covered in motion and force via a safe compliant motion. The controller parameters are optimized by the therapist based on the human morphology parameters via an intelligent Control Interface where

Haifa Mehdi, Olfa Boubaker

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 1044–1062

Editorial | 14-June-2019


With only two years until the 13th Quadren-nial Congress it is time for all of us to con-sider the great work that we are doing and start thinking about potential abstract sub-missions. Two years might seem a long way away, but it will come around quickly. I have recently had the absolute privilege to represent my workplace, Australia and the neuroscience nursing community at the European Stroke Organisation Conference in Milan. I was one of over 5600 partici-pants enjoying a packed program

Linda Nichols

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 29 , ISSUE 1, –

Research Article | 01-September-2017


Stroke affects about 975,000 people annually. Currently different robotic systems are used, such as exoskeletons that support motor rehabilitation, where they sometimes increase the patient’s possible recovery rate. But these systems are expensive and often require adequate locations for therapy routines. This article offers the mechanical design of an exoskeleton concept for human upper limbs that allows the attachment to the arm and forearm, offering protection, torque, and movement, plus the

Julio Restrepo-Zapata, Carlos Gallego-Duque, David Marquez-Viloria, Juan Botero-Valencia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 491–505

Conference Presentation | 27-June-2018


A 50 year old male airline transport pilot licence (ATPL) pilot had been on a CASA audit requirement (CAR) for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma since 2010. As part of his ongoing haematological medical surveillance a neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis CT scan in 2014 reported an “incidental” abnormality in his neck. Perusal of the first several articles raised from a “Google” search of the abnormality linked it with possible stroke, carotid dissection and death. Would CASA now cancel or suspend this pilot’s

Ian Cheng

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 9–10

Case report | 31-March-2016

Successful treatment of epilepsia partialis continua due to Rassmussen encephalitis with perampanel

Background. Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a difficult to treat condition, which tends to be refractory to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We previously published two other treatment episodes of EPC due to stroke and vascular dementia with a possible effect of perampanel (PER). Aim. With the publication of a third treatment episode of EPC terminated by the administration of PER we would like to suggest that PER may be an effective treatment option in this condition. Material and Methods. We

Katja Göde, Annette Grossmann, Johannes Rösche

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 67–70

Review | 30-November-2018

The value of exercise echocardiography in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

the correlation was demonstrated acceptable. However, in the case of echocardiography, a multi-parametric approach instead of a single parameter approach should be used(4). Therefore, looking only for a change in E/e’ is clearly insufficient(5,6). E/e’ and the estimated PAP by TR maximal velocity should be measured during standardized stress test. Stroke volume and its change during exercise should be also assessed(7). In fact, unlike in normal compliant heart, there is no increase in LV end

Erwan Donal

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 43–44

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part I

, monitoring after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-toleft shunts, confi rmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional effi ciency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity).

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 307–317

Article | 05-September-2013


D and a dimensionless ratio of wire stroke r to wire distance r/D in passive touch based on psychophysical experiment. We obtain D = 45 mm and r/D ≈ 1 as optimum values for VHI intensity for wire distance and the ratio, respectively. Furthermore, as the result of comparison between the present result and the previous result for palm, we conclude that a combination of mechanoreceptive afferent units, SAI, SAII and FAI, are involved in VHI. VHI mechanism is induced when movement of wires is

N. Rajaei, M. Ohka, T. Miyaoka, Hanafiah Yussof, Ahmad Khushairy Makhtar, Siti Nora Basir

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1516–1532

Case report | 05-May-2015

Cognitive functions in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibres – a case report

(mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes), KSS (Kearns-Sayre syndrome), NARP syndrome (neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa and ptosis). The authors emphasize importance of comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in differential diagnosis of MIDs. Conclusion. Mild and selective cognitive impairment was identified. The type and degree of cognitive function impairment is not sufficient to diagnose dementia in this particular case of MERRF. Comprehensive

Martyna Domańska, Emilia J. Sitek, Michał Schinwelski, Maria Mazurkiewicz-Bełdzińska, Agnieszka Matheisel, Jarosław Sławek

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 69–74

Position Paper | 20-December-2018


Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) guidelines for diagnosis using oral glucose tolerance test (or HbA1c) recognise the importance of extending diagnosis beyond simply identifying diabetes. This is relevant in view of the risk of composite cardiovascular events, coronary heart disease, stroke, and all-cause mortality associated with abnormal blood glucose. Since the pilot population mirrors this morbidity, the aviation regulator has an obligation to consider the impact in terms of

Sanjiv Sharma, Michael Drane

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 1–7

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Rat white matter injury model induced by endothelin-1 injection: technical modification and pathological evaluation

White matter injury is an important cause of functional disability of the brain. We comprehensively analyzed a modified endothelin-1 (ET-1) injection-induced white matter injury model in the rat which is very valuable for investigating the underlying mechanisms of subcortical ischemic stroke. ET-1 was stereotactically injected into the internal capsule of the rat. To avoid complications with leakage of ET-1 into the lateral ventricle, the safest trajectory angle to the target was established

Hideaki Ono, Hideaki Imai, Satoru Miyawaki, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Nobuhito Saito

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 212–224

research-article | 30-November-2019

Salt and sugar detection system using a compact microstrip patch antenna

S. N. Njokweni, P. Kumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Review | 29-March-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part II

after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-to-left shunts, confirmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional efficiency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity).W artykule przedstawiono podstawowe standardy dotyczące badania układu naczyniowego i struktur mózgu metodą ultrasonograficzną. Celem opracowania jest ujednolicenie wykonywania i opisu badań

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 44–54

Review | 29-June-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part III

after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-to-left shunts, confirmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional efficiency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity).W artykule przedstawiono podstawowe standardy dotyczące badania układu naczyniowego i struktur mózgu metodą ultrasonograficzną. Celem opracowania jest ujednolicenie wykonywania i opisu badań

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 155–162

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