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research-article | 15-June-2020

Sonoelastic response of median nerve to rehabilitation in carpal tunnel syndrome

Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common type of neuropathy with a prevalence estimated at between 0.1–0.5%(1). The condition involves the entrapment of the median nerve under the flexor retinaculum, causing weakness, paresthesia and pain at the wrist and hand, and thus decreasing the quality of life. The severity of the disorder and effectiveness of any therapeutic intervention are typically determined by physical examination involving functional, performance and pain

Yasemin Durum Polat, Elif Aydın, Fikriye Sinem Ince, Mehmet Bilgen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e90–e94

Review | 07-September-2016

Internal snapping hip syndrome in dynamic ultrasonography

Snapping hip syndrome is an audible or palpable snap in a hip joint during movement which may be accompanied by pain or locking. It is typically seen in young athletes performing activities requiring repeated extreme movements of the hip. It may also follow a physical trauma, intramuscular injections or surgeries. There are two main forms of snapping hip: extra- or intra-articular. Extra-articular snapping hip is elicited by an abnormal movement of specific tendons and is divided into two forms

Małgorzata Piechota, Jarosław Maczuch, Jarosław Skupiński, Karolina Kukawska-Sysio, Wojciech Wawrzynek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 296–303

research-article | 30-November-2019

A smaller olfactory bulb in a mouse model of Down syndrome

INTRODUCTION Down syndrome (DS), which affects approximately 1 out of 700 live births (Parker et al., 2010) is characterized by trisomy of chromosome 21. DS is characterized by several conditions including intellectual disability, craniofacial alterations, congenital heart disease, early onset Alzheimer’s disease, gastrointestinal disorders, low muscle strength (Korenberg et al., 1994). Olfactory dysfunction has been consistently found in DS (Murphy et al., 1996; Cecchini et al., 2016) together

Pietro Bontempi, Barbara Cisterna, Manuela Malatesta, Elena Nicolato, Carla Mucignat-Caretta, Carlo Zancanaro

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 4, 375–380

Case report | 29-December-2017

Double-chambered right ventricle in a 16-year-old patient with Williams syndrome

We present a case of double-chambered right ventricle diagnosed during preparation for colonoscopy due to gastrointestinal bleeding in a 16-year-old, mentally disabled boy with Williams syndrome. The patient was previously diagnosed with ventricular septal defect and mild pulmonary stenosis. Echocardiography performed under general anesthesia revealed hypertrophied muscular bundles in the right ventricle with the maximum gradient of 100 mmHg, causing severe outflow obstruction. This type of

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 289–293

Case report | 16-March-2020

Nonhemolytic passenger lymphocyte syndrome: donor-derived anti-M in an M+ recipient of a multiorgan transplant

Passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS) is a well-recognized complication that may follow a hematopoietic progenitor cell or solid-organ transplant. Typically, the syndrome presents as acute hemolysis of the recipient’s RBCs, which have become serologically incompatible with blood group antibodies formed by passively transfused donor-origin B lymphocytes. Most cases involve anti-A or anti-B. However, there are cases involving non-ABO serologic incompatibility, as well as cases in which the

Addisalem T. Makuria, Albert Langeberg, Thomas M. Fishbein, S. Gerald Sandler

Immunohematology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 20–23

Review | 13-September-2016

Value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome – literature review

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a multi-factorial disease. Its etiopathogenesis has not been elucidated in detail. It is the most common endocrine disorder in women of child-bearing age. This disease entity is primarily characterized by disrupted ovulation and hyperandrogenism, but the clinical picture can be diversifi ed and symptom intensity can vary. Currently, the sonographic assessment of ovaries is one of the obligatory criteria for the diagnosis of PCOS according to the Rotterdam consensus

Michał Bachanek, Nebil Abdalla, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 410–422

research-article | 28-September-2020

Ultrasonography in the diagnosis and monitoring of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome

Definition and classification Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome are terms referring to the same condition, which only differs in its severity. This nomenclature is recommended by the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (WSACS)(1). Intra-abdominal hypertension specifically refers to IAH between 12 mmHg and 20 mmHg, whereas ACS refers to intra-abdominal pressure >20 mmHg with associated one new organ dysfunction. Furthermore, four stages of IAH

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 201–204

Case report | 08-August-2017

Clinical report: a rare co-occurrence of tuberous sclerosis complex and Rett syndrome in a girl with mental retardation, epilepsy and autism

Introduction. There are some genetic disorders with combination of mental retardation, epilepsy and autism in which the abnormal mammalian Target of Rapamycin (m-TOR) signaling is implicated. The most important of them is tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), but the disturbances of the m-TOR pathway can also be detected in Rett syndrome (RS), Fragile X syndrome and Down syndrome. We describe the rare case of co-occurrence of TSC and RS. Case study. The female child was born at term by normal

Elena Belousova, Vladimir Sukhorukov, Marina Dorofeeva, Lev Shagam, Dmitrii V. Vlodavetz

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1-2, 47–51

Research Article | 30-March-2018

The sonoanatomy of lumbar erector spinae and its iliac attachment – the potential substrate of the iliac crest pain syndrome, an ultrasound study in healthy subjects

BackgroundIliac crest pain syndrome is a regional pain syndrome that has been identified in many patients with low back pain. Based on anatomical studies, it was suggested that the potential substrate of this syndrome might be the enthesis of the erector spinae muscle at the posterior medial iliac crest. As there have been no imaging studies of this important enthesis, our aim was to assess its characteristics by ultrasound.MethodsErector spinae enthesis was first studied in a cadaver. Then its

Plamen Todorov, Rodina Nestorova, Anastas Batalov

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 16–21

research-article | 15-March-2018

The short-term efficacy of combined hormone therapy in West syndrome

BACKGROUND West syndrome (WS) is one of the most common epileptic encephalopathies. While it affects predominantly infants with various cerebral disorders, it may also present itself in initially healthy children. The absence of adequate therapy which allows to arrest infantile spasms (IS) and hypsarrhythmia in most cases leads to an regression of psychomotor development and severe disabilities. Development of effective treatment protocols for WS is therefore an urgent matter of scientific and

Iosif V. Volkov, Oksana K. Volkova, Olga S. Tashkinova, Elena D. Belousova

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1-2, 55–61

Research Article | 24-May-2019

THE ROLE OF CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI INFECTION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GUILLAIN-BARRÉ SYNDROME

of infection is poorly cooked poultry meat. Despite numerous cases of campylobacteriosis, its pathogenesis is not fully understood. However, the role of bacterial motility, adhesion, ability to invade hosts intestinal epithelial cells and secretion of toxins have been found significant. In addition to developing gastrointestinal infections, C. jejuni is firmly established as a causative agent of Guillain-Barré Syndrome, which is an autoimmune-mediated demyelinating polyneuropathy of

Maria Walencka, Agnieszka Matusiak, Magdalena Chmiela

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 3, 260–269

research-article | 28-September-2020

High-resolution ultrasound of the ankles in Lofgren syndrome: attention to detail may be the key to diagnosis

superficial vein insufficiency. At this stage, the suspicion of Lofgren syndrome was raised by the radiologist based on the coexistence of subcutaneous edema and tenosynovitis without evidence of arthritis. Fig. 2. Axial ultrasound image of the flexor tendons at the level of the left medial malleolus (MM), showing hypoechoic fluid around the tibialis posterior tendon (TP) and the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon, in keeping with tenosynovitis. There are also extensive subcutaneous small fluid

Eleni E. Drakonaki, Emmanouil K. Symvoulakis, John Gliatis

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 210–213

case-report | 23-November-2017

Lubag Syndrome (X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism) Case Study of Mr G. Infante

Background: Lubag syndrome is an extremely rare adult onset neurodegenerative movement disorder first described in Filipino males from the Panay Islands in 1975 (Lee, Maranon, Demaisip, Peralta, Borres-Icasiano, Arancillo & Reyes, 2002). The term ‘Lubag’ is a broad, meaning ‘twisted’ in the local Filipino dialect of Ilongo and also used to describe the torsion seen in children with cerebral palsy. Lubag syndrome is known as X-linked dystonia Parkinsonism (XDP) or DYT3 after the gene which

Vincent Cheah

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 7–10

Review Paper | 19-October-2015

Jeavons syndrome – updated review

Introduction. Eyelid myoclonia and absences (ELMA) was first described by Jeavons in 1977 as a separate type of photosensitive epilepsy. Aim and method. The aim is to consider the updated electro-clinical pathophysiology and to discuss terminology, classification and differential diagnosis. The review includes our own research and relevant papers on the subject of Jeavons syndrome (JS). Review and differential diagnosis. Definition: Jeavons syndrome is a generalized idiopathic (genetic

Athanasios Covanis

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 2, 113–123

case-report | 30-November-2018

Isolation of the left subclavian artery in an infant with tetralogy of Fallot, right aortic arch and DiGeorge syndrome. Echocardiographic diagnostic case study

– ductus arteriosus, LCCA – left common carotid artery, LVA – left vertebral artery Case report A 6-month-old girl (second pregnancy, second delivery, birth weight 2,630 g) with DiGeorge syndrome and a congenital heart defect in the form of tetralogy of Fallot was admitted to the Department of Cardiac Surgery for surgical correction. Echocardiographic diagnosis revealed situs solitus, compatible venoatrial and atrioventricular junctions; aortic dextroposition (40–50%) over a large (approx. 12 mm

Maciej A. Karolczak, Wojciech Mądry, Darren James Grégoire

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 66–70

Original Paper | 02-January-2015

The pathophysiology of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome – a review of clinico-electrophysiological studies

Introduction. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a type of therapy-resistant epileptic syndrome. Since the establishment of our Epilepsy Center in 1975 we have performed many studies to assess the clinical symptoms, seizure manifestations, sleep and long-term follow-up of the clinical course and changes on electroencephalographs (EEGs) in patients with LGS. Aim. To review the updated pathophysiology of LGS based on our own clinico-electrophysiological data referring to recent advances in brain

Kazuichi Yagi

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 7–23

Review | 18-May-2018

MeCP2 in central nervous system glial cells: current updates

Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) is an epigenetic regulator, which preferentially binds to methylated CpG dinucleotides in DNA. MeCP2 mutations have been linked to Rett syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by severe intellectual disability in females. Earlier studies indicated that loss of MeCP2 function in neuronal cells was the sole cause of Rett syndrome. Subsequent studies have linked MeCP2 expression in CNS glial cells to Rett syndrome pathogenesis. In this review, we

Kedarlal Sharma, Juhi Singh, Emma E. Frost, Prakash P. Pillai

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 30–40

Letter to Editor | 17-November-2015

Eyelid myoclonia with absences (Jeavons syndrome): still an overlooked epilepsy syndrome. Comments to Covanis review in this issue of Journal of Epileptology

Salvatore Striano, Pasquale Pasquale

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 2, 125–127

Review | 10-October-2018

The role of DSCAM in the regulation of synaptic plasticity: possible involvement in neuropsychiatric disorders

) are related to pathological changes in dynamic processes in synapses, dialogue between neurons, and finally, changes in overall plasticity. To find a cure for these plasticity related diseases, it is imperative that we understand the precise mechanisms that perturb the homeostatic balance leading to the disease state. The aim of this review is to present what is currently known about DSCAM (Down Syndrome Cell Adhesion Molecule) a protein that is directly connected to pathological changes in

Katarzyna Stachowicz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 210–219

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Ascites Index – an attempt to objectify the assessment of ascites

-called Ascites Index. Material and methods: The Ascites Index is an ultrasonographic way of assessing the grade of ascites. The examination result is an index which is analogous to the amniotic fluid index determined in pregnant patients. The Ascites Index was determined in patients with ascites in the course of stage III–IV ovarian carcinoma (7 patients) and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (12 patients). Results: The patients with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome required decompressive

Piotr Szkodziak, Piotr Czuczwar, Krzysztof Pyra, Filip Szkodziak, Tomasz Paszkowski, Hugo Rio Tinto, Sławomir Woźniak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 140–147

Research Article | 29-March-2016

Efficacy of high frequency ultrasound in postoperative evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome treatment

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 16–24

short-communication | 28-June-2019

Minimally invasive ultrasound-guided parotid gland biopsy in cadavers performed by rheumatologists

Introduction The diagnosis of Sjögren syndrome (SS) is frequently made after surgical biopsy of minor salivary glands. The 2016 ACR/EULAR classification criteria(1) for SS include specific histological findings in salivary gland tissue: a focus score (number of infiltrates of 50 or more mononuclear inflammatory cells – predominantly lymphocytes – in a perivascular or periductal location) of at least one per 4 mm2 labial salivary gland tissue(2). Surgical biopsies of the minor labial and parotid

Raphael Micheroli, Ulrich Wagner, Magdalena Mueller-Gerbl, Mireille Toranelli, Christian Marx, George A.W. Bruyn, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 125–127

Case report | 29-September-2017

Supravalvar mitral ring with a parachute mitral valve and subcoarctation of the aorta in a child with hemodynamically significant VSD. A study of the morphology, echocardiographic diagnostics and surgical therapy

complex (syndrome). Diagnosing an additional, hemodynamically significant anatomic defect during echocardiography was possible thanks to the detection of marked mobility limitation of the ring-adjacent part of the mitral valve mural leaflet as well as of an atypical image of turbulence occurring during the inflow from the left atrium to the left ventricle. The early diagnosis made it possible to perform complete correction of this complex congenital defect within a single operation.

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Krzysztof Grabowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 206–211

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diabetic foot syndrome: Charcot arthropathy or osteomyelitis? Part I: Clinical picture and radiography

One of significant challenges faced by diabetologists, surgeons and orthopedists who care for patients with diabetic foot syndrome is early diagnosis and differentiation of bone structure abnormalities typical of these patients, i.e. osteitis and Charcot arthropathy. In addition to clinical examination, the patient’s medical history and laboratory tests, imaging plays a significant role. The evaluation usually begins with conventional radiographs. In the case of osteomyelitis, radiography shows

Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 42–49

Case report

Evans syndrome in a pediatric liver transplant recipient with an autoantibody with apparent specificity for the KEL4 (Kpb) antigen  

Scott A. Koepsell, Kerry Burright-Hittner, James D. Landmark

Immunohematology, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 14–17

case-report | 28-June-2019

Juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis overlap syndrome in a 16-year-old adolescent. A case report and literature review

Case report A 16-year-old patient with juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) overlap syndrome was admitted to our department for follow-up examinations. She had been hospitalized at the department a few times before. The patient had a history of joint and back pain and pain in the left buttock and the left thigh when walking since 2011. Physical examination revealed abnormal gait with sparing of the left leg and signs of peripheral arthritis. On

Michał Znajdek, Agnieszka Gazda, Piotr Gietka, Marta Wysmołek, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 152–157

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

High-frequency ultrasound in carpal tunnel syndrome:assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy and a frequent cause of sick leaves because of work-related hand overload. That is why an early diagnosis and adequate treatment (conservative or surgical) are essential for optimal patient management. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound in CTS for the assessment of patient eligibility for surgical treatment. Material and methods: The study involved 62 patients (50 women and 12

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 283–291

research-article | 30-November-2019

Diverse changes in myelin protein expression in rat brain after perinatal methadone exposure

INTRODUCTION The medical and non-medical use of opioids has increased exponentially over the last decade in women of childbearing age (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016). An increase in antenatal exposure to opioids has resulted in a greater than 5-fold rise in the national incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) (Winkelman et al., 2018). A retrospective analysis of infants covered by Medicaid across the United States demonstrated an escalation in incidence of NAS from

Rahul Oberoi, Tianci Chu, Nicholas Mellen, Rekha Jagadapillai, Hezhong Ouyang, Lori A. Devlin, Jun Cai

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 4, 367–373

case-report | 21-November-2019

Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1-DS) – delayed diagnosis and treatment. A case report

(20.66 mg/dl [N: 4.5–19.8]), gasometry parameters and alpha glucosidases were normal. Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, stroke-like episodes (MELAS), myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers (MERFF), neuropathy, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa (NARP) and Leigh’s syndrome were excluded in genetic tests as well as in histopathologic cutaneous-muscular biopsy examination. Test of breath chain enzymes activity revealed slightly reduced or normal activity for most enzymes except

Piotr Bogucki, Ewa Nagańska, Marta Jurek, Dorota Hoffman-Zacharska, Anna Kutkowska-Kaźmierczak, Ewa Obersztyn, Urszula Fiszer

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 27 , 49–54

Review Paper | 06-December-2013

Corpus callosum and epilepsies

generalized, diffuse, or multifocal epilepsies. A resectable seizure onset zone should be excluded. Most treated patients are diagnosed as Lennox-Gastaut or Lennox-like syndrome. Conclusions. In cases with callosal abnormalities and clinical symptoms additional malformations are frequently observed, especially with seizure disorders. Callosotomy is the most effective option against drop attacks. The method probably is underused. After callosotomy a circumscript seizure focus might be unveiled and a second

Gerhard Bauer, Elżbieta Płonka-Półtorak, Richard Bauer, Iris Unterberger, Giorgi Kuchukhidze

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 89–104

Article | 14-December-2020

Decreased ABH blood group antigen expression associated with preleukemic conditions and acute leukemia: loss of detectable B, then A antigens in a group AB patient progressing from a myelodysplastic syndrome to leukemia

Decreased or absent expression of blood group antigens is well known to occur in acute leukemia. In some carcinomas, the malignant solid tumor cells have also been shown to lose normal blood group antigen expression. In both carcinoma and hematologic malignancies, these findings have been associated with a more aggressive behavior of the neoplasm. A 34-year-old, group AB, Rh positive woman was diagnosed with a preleukemic condition, myelodysplastic syndrome, in December 1988. In April 1989 B

Kaaron Benson

Immunohematology, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 89–93

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Monitoring of the lung fluid movement and estimation of lung area using Electrical Impedance Tomography: A Simulation Study

Patients suffering from the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requires thoracic electrical impedance tomography (EIT) for the monitoring their conditions ranging from dynamic shifting of body fluids to lung aeration right at the bedside.  More objectively, EIT-derived numeric parameters would help the physician to evaluate the state of the lung. Thus, here we have performed a Finite Element Method based simulation study for monitoring the condition of lungs and heart of ARDS

Deborshi Chakraborty, Madhurima Chattopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Review | 15-May-2020

Review: transfusion-related acute lung injury: pathophysiology, laboratory investigation,and donor management

Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a serious clinical syndrome that is temporally associated with the transfusion of plasma-containing blood components. The syndrome typically occurs within 6 hours of transfusion. Approximately 80 percent of cases will resolve within 96 hours with supportive care. The syndrome has been associated with antibodies to WBC antigens and generation of biologically active mediators in stored cellular blood components. Appropriate laboratory investigation

Patricia M. Kopko

Immunohematology, Volume 20 , ISSUE 2, 103–111

Article | 18-October-2020

Further characterization of transfusion-related acute lung injury: demographics, clinical and laboratory features, and morbidity

According to Food and Drug Administration data, transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the third most frequent cause of transfusion-associated death in the United States and is characterized by an acute respiratory distress syndrome-like clinical picture following transfusion of plasma-containing blood components. It may be underdiagnosed due to unfamiliarity of clinicians with the syndrome. This report describes the largest series to date, 46 cases, occurring between 1992 and 1998

Mark A. Popovsky, N. Rebecca Haley

Immunohematology, Volume 16 , ISSUE 4, 157–159

Article | 24-March-2021

ORTHOHANTAVIRUS SPP. – REVIEW OF GENUS

– haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) oraz hantawirusowy zespół płucny (HPS – hantavirus pulmonary syndrome). Oba zespoły kliniczne są prawdopodobnie tą samą chorobą o różnym obrazie klinicznym – Vaheri i wsp. [60] zalecają nazywać je chorobami hantawirusowymi. Objawy obu tych zespołów związane są z odpowiedzią komórkową swoistą i nieswoistą (wrodzoną) oraz bezpośrednim wpływem wirusa na śródbłonek [44, 60]. 4.2. Cykl replikacyjny Cykl replikacyjny hantawirusów przedstawiono na rycinie 2. Ryc. 2. Cykl

Kamil Leis, Patryk Kaczor, Aleksandra Baska, Jakub Kazik, Michalina Kolan, Katarzyna Grudlewska-Buda, Natalia Wiktorczyk, Krzysztof Skowron

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 60 , ISSUE 1, 91–102

Letter to Editor | 24-November-2015

Radovici or Jeavons syndrome? Reply to comments

Athanasios Covanis

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 2, 23–23

Case report | 05-May-2015

Cognitive functions in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibres – a case report

symptoms such as multifocal myoclonus, cerebellar syndrome (gait impairment, intention tremor, ataxia and dysmetria). The diagnosis of MERRF was confirmed at the age of 16. Neuropsychological examination showed slowing of verbal learning and deficient spontaneous recall with improvement on recognition as well as low verbal fluency. Discussion. The authors discuss differential diagnosis of mitochondrial diseases (MIDs) in respect to cognitive function impairment and, in particular, to dementia: MELAS

Martyna Domańska, Emilia J. Sitek, Michał Schinwelski, Maria Mazurkiewicz-Bełdzińska, Agnieszka Matheisel, Jarosław Sławek

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 69–74

review-article | 05-September-2019

Cannabinoids in the treatment of epilepsy – an updated review

, diarrhea, fatigue, and decreased appetite. Only 5 of 162 patients stopping treatment because of an adverse event. The results of this trial suggest that cannabidiol might reduce seizure frequency and might have an adequate safety profile in children and young adults with highly treatment-resistant epilepsy (Devinsky et al., 2015). A subsequent trial enrolled 120 children with Dravet syndrome, aged 2–18 years, who experienced four or more convulsive seizures per month despite receiving one or more AEDs

Marcin Kopka

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 27 , 35–42

Conference Presentation | 27-June-2018

CHALLENGES WITH RECERTIFICATION (OF EAGLE’S SYNDROME) – WHO HAS THE TIME?

Ian Cheng

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 9–10

Article | 23-March-2020

SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE VAR. BOULARDII IN IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME

tych wyróżnić należy drożdże Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii (S. boulardii) posiadające udowodnioną na podstawie wielu badań wysoką skuteczność w terapii IBS (irritable bowel syndrome). Ich działanie można podzielić na trzy rodzaje, do których zalicza się: działanie troficzne, działanie w świetle jelita (przeciwko drobnoustrojom) oraz działanie przeciwzapalne. 2. Zespół jelita drażliwego Zespół jelita drażliwego (IBS) to przewlekła choroba układu pokarmowego, należąca do funkcjonalnych

Przemysław Gałązka, Aleksandra Baska, Jakub Kazik, Kamil Leis

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 59 , ISSUE 1, 39–47

Research Article | 30-November-2012

Recognition Memory for High and Low Associative Stimuli in Autistic Individuals with Outstanding Memory Skill

Nicola Neumann, Christoph Braun, Anna M. Dubischar-Krivec, Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 43–50

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society – update. Ultrasound examination of the visceral arteries

Michał Elwertowski, Robert Lechowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 85–95

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the KONTAKT Social Skills Group Training Program for Children and Adolescents with high-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: A feasibility Study

Nora Choque Olsson, Agneta Karlsson, Sofia Andersson, Annie Boström, Mari Ljungström, Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 46–54

case-report | 08-March-2021

A rare complication of cholecystolithiasis: perforation of the gallbladder

. Patients with acute pancreatitis related to gallstone impaction in CBD outlet may additionally present with elevated hepatic parameters (bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, transaminases). Less common causes of cholecystolithiasis include gallbladder carcinoma, gallstone ileus, Mirizzi syndrome (obstruction of CHD due to a concrement in a gallbladder neck or a cystic duct) and gallbladder perforation. In the presented case, the patient was oligosymptomatic, both before and on the day of initial diagnosis

Bartosz Migda, Marlena Alicja Gabryelczak, Anna Migda, Katarzyna Prostacka

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 63–66

Article | 16-November-2020

A method to detect McLeod phenotype red blood cells

It is important to identify the McLeod phenotype in order to differentiate the McLeod syndrome from other causes of acanthocytosis, e.g., chorea acanthocytosis. A proportion of males with the McLeod phenotype have X-linked chronic granulomatous disease. Because anti-Kx + -Km, which is needed for identification, is not readily available, detection of the McLeod phenotype relies on observed weakening of Kell antigens on the individual’s red blood cells (RBCs). Identification of McLeod

Ragnhild Øyen, Marion E. Reid, Pablo Rubinstein, Harold Ralph

Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 160–163

Article | 16-February-2021

Dilution is not the solution: acute hemolytic transfusion reaction after ABO-incompatible pooled platelet transfusion

73-year-old group A, D+ man with recurrent myelodysplastic syndrome was admitted in December 2017 for neutropenic fever. On the day of his admission, he was 258 days from a haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplant from his group A, D+ daughter and continued to show partial chimerism with up to 7 percent recipient genetic material remaining. During his admission, he was diagnosed with pneumonia and developed pulmonary hemorrhage secondary to thrombocytopenia. The patient began a series of

J. Guarente, M. Harach, J. Gould, J.K. Karp, A.R. Peedin

Immunohematology, Volume 35 , ISSUE 3, 91–94

Case report | 30-June-2016

Body stalk anomaly: antenatal sonographic diagnosis of this rare entity with review of literature

Body stalk anomaly is a rare and severe malformation syndrome in which the exact pathophysiology and trigger factors are still unknown. Possible causes of body stalk anomaly include early amnion rupture with direct mechanical pressure and amniotic bands, vascular disruption of the early embryo, or an abnormality in the germinal disk. We present a case of body stalk anomaly diagnosed during antenatal sonographic evaluation at the first visit with the review of literature regarding this

Amandeep Singh, Jasmeet Singh, Kamlesh Gupta

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 133–135

review-article | 29-January-2021

VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Venus thromboembolism typically results form a combination of factors known as Virchows triad; venous stasis, endothelial injury and hypercoagulability. These predisposing factors lead to development of thrombus from activation of the clotting cascade4. Risk factors include: Older age Obesity Previous history/Family history of VTE Antiphospholipid syndrome/Thrombophilia Active cancer Recent immobilisation/travel/surgery Pregnancy/post-partum Oestrogen therapy (hormone

Rachel MacKellar

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 12 , 25–30

Research Article | 20-May-2019

ROLE OF MICROBIOTA IN MAINTAINING THE HOMEOSTASIS IN THE HUMAN BODY

and number of intestinal microbiota may contribute to the development of numerous infectious (HIV), metabolic (diabetes, obesity) and immunological (allergy, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis) diseases, as well as conditions associated with various organs (kidneys, liver, heart, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease), cancer (colon) and the nervous system (autism, sleeping problems, stress, chronic fatigue syndrome, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease). The composition of the

Katarzyna Góralska, Magdalena Dzikowiec

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 5–11

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Early-Onset Schizophrenia: Exploring the Contribution of the Thought Disorder Index to Clinical Assessment

Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS).Twenty-three subjects between the ages of 12 and 18 years were examined with the use of the Rorschach test, and the protocols were scored according to both the TDI and the CS. All subjects were also assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. The sample included 14 subjects who fulfilled the criteria for schizophrenia and 9 subjects who were experiencing hallucinations that emanated from severe emotional and relational problems but who had different non

Dorte Bundgaard Andersen, Ditte Lammers Vernal, Niels Bilenberg, Mette Skovgaard Væver, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 23–30

Original Paper | 30-March-2017

Deletion of atoR from Streptococcus pyogenes Results in Hypervirulence in a Mouse Model of Sepsis and is LuxS Independent

Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a Gram-positive human pathogen that causes a variety of diseases ranging from pharyngitis to life-threaten­ing streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Recently, several global gene expression analyses have yielded extensive new information regarding the regulation of genes encoding known and putative virulence factors in GAS. A microarray analysis found that transcription of the GAS gene M5005_Spy_1343 was significantly increased in response to interaction with

Izabela Sitkiewicz, James M. Musser

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 17–24

Review

Kell and Kx blood group systems

The Kell and Kx blood group systems are expressed as covalently linked molecules on red blood cells (RBCs). The Kell blood group system is very polymorphic, with 35 antigens assigned to the system. The expression of Kell glycoprotein on RBCs is not critical to the erythrocyte function. However, the expression of Kx is critical to normal morphology, and null mutations are associated with the McLeod neuroacanthocytosis syndrome. The immunogenicity of the K antigen is second only to the D antigen

Gregory A. Denomme

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 14–19

Research paper | 18-May-2018

Long-term behavioral, histological, biochemical and hematological evaluations of amyloid beta-induced Alzheimer’s disease in rat

and learning abilities and memory were concomitantly decreased. Onsets of various other conditions such as liver and kidney disorders, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome were observed, which indicates that the animals may be prone to cardiovascular disorders and ischemia.

Raheleh Kheirbakhsh, Mahnaz Haddadi, Ahad Muhammadnejad, Alireza Abdollahi, Farshad Shahi, Behzad Amanpour-Gharaei, Azadeh Abrahim-Habibi, Tahereh Barati, Saeid Amanpour

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 51–59

Article | 26-August-2018

CURRENT VENTILATION AND AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS AGAINST HISTORICAL SOLUTIONS

The paper describes the issue of ventilation and air quality in buildings with reference to regular tightening of heating standards. The purpose of the work is to show the risks related to excessive insulation of buildings, which is thought to have a negative influence on users’ well-being and health. The development of issues related to thermal comfort has often led to erroneous solutions. As a result, problems such as “Sick Building Syndrome” and “Building Related Illness” has developed in

Rafał RADZIEWICZ-WINNICKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 29–36

review-article | 15-October-2020

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: an overview

anterior border of the mid-brain were found to be the regions affected. These lesions are now called the periependymal lesions. Of these periependymal lesions, a lesion involving the dorsal brainstem that affects area postrema and nucleus tracts solitarius has been found to be characteristic of NMOSD. This lesion is responsible for causing area postrema syndrome, one of the core clinical characteristics of NMOSD (Kim et al., 2015). In a study conducted by Popescu et al. (2011) 40% of the analysed

Pooja Ramakrishnan, Devipriya Nagarajan

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 256–272

Case report | 10-January-2018

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

, dysarthria, diplopia and acute para/quadraparesis. Patients can also experience locked in syndrome, where cognitive function is intact but all muscles are paralysed with the exception of eye blinking. CPM gets its name as it occurs when cell dysfunction causes destruction of the myelin sheath of nerve cells in the brain stem, more specifically the pons. It is associated with poor prognosis and prevention is of primary importance. Freddy is a 35 year old freelance graphic designer, fitness

Leigh Arrowsmith, Christopher Tolar

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 15–19

Review Article | 29-December-2017

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions

) and inflammatory lesions of various etiology and location. US may be used as the diagnostic modality of choice in conditions following thoracoscopy or thoracotomy. It may also visualize the fairly common sternal wound infection, including bone inflammation. Slipping rib syndrome, relatively little known among clinicians, has also been discussed in the study. A whole gamut of benign lesions of thoracic soft tissues, such as enlarged lymph nodes, torn muscles, hematomas, abscesses, fissures, scars

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 275–280

Research Article | 20-May-2019

THE ROLE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN THE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC PATIENTS

diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). However, the colonization by S. aureus is a probable risk factor for infection. Among S. aureus virulence factors, superantigens (SAgs) are essential for pathogenicity. The long-term effect of the superantigen toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) might be glucose intolerance. This toxin also induces systemic inflammation as a result of the increased exotoxin concentration in blood, and, therefore, may be the causative factor of diabetes. Chronic exposure to

Renata Barbara Klekotka, Elżbieta Mizgała-Izworska, Witold Drzastwa2, Bogdan Mazur

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 166–178

review-article | 31-December-2019

Fetal cardiac function by three-dimensional ultrasound using 4D-STIC and VOCAL – an update

malformations. In recent years, functional echocardiography has been used to study fetuses with a structurally normal heart but who are susceptible to hemodynamic changes due to the presence of extra-cardiac conditions, including, among others, fetal growth restriction, tumors/masses, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, fetal anemia (Rh alloimmunization), congenital infections, or maternal diseases such as diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension, and Graves’ disease(8–11). The assessment of cardiac

Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Milene Carvalho Carrilho, Ana Letícia Siqueira Pontes, Caroline Cevante Chagas, Christiane Simioni, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 287–294

research-article | 30-November-2020

On the relation of white matter brain abnormalities and the asociality symptoms in schizophrenia outpatients – a DTI study

Syndrome (SDS); Kirkpatrick et al., 1989) negatively correlate with FA abnormalities in the reward system, i.e., amygdala-insular connections (Amodio et al., 2017); deficit patients (SDS) revealed a greater reduction in WM integrity than non-deficit patients in the corpus callosum and right posterior thalamic radiation (Tan et al., 2020); patients with persistent negative symptoms exhibit a different pattern of WM abnormalities as compared to patients without negative symptoms (Hovington et al., 2015

Przemysław Adamczyk, Olga Płonka, Dawid Kruk, Martin Jáni, Piotr Błądziński, Aneta Kalisz, Stynke Castelein, Andrzej Cechnicki, Miroslaw Wyczesany

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , 95–110

review-article | 30-November-2020

Putative mechanism of neurological damage in COVID-19 infection

patient on January 7, 2020 (Jiang et al., 2020). To date it is unknown whether this novel coronavirus originated from wild animals, however, a common ancestor with that of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was found for the bat coronavirus HKU9-1 (Xu et al., 2020), Both shared the same receptor, therefore the virus was called SARS-CoV-2 and recently WHO named it coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The high nucleotide identity of the COVID-19 protein S, when compared to other types of SARS-like

Cindy Bandala, José Luis Cortes-Altamirano, Samuel Reyes-Long, Eleazar Lara-Padilla, Ian Ilizaliturri-Flores, Alfonso Alfaro-Rodríguez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , 95–105

Review | 07-September-2016

Is a fatty pancreas a banal lesion?

So far, a fatty pancreas has been related to obesity and the ageing processes in the body. The current list of pathogenetic factors of the condition is clearly extended with genetically conditioned diseases (cystic fibrosis, Shwachman-Diamond syndrome and Johanson-Blizzard syndrome), pancreatitis, especially hereditary and obstructive, metabolic and hormonal disorders (hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, hyperinsulinemia and hypercortisolemia), alcohol overuse, taking some medicines

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 273–280

Review | 30-June-2017

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

wrist ultrasound is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome. Ventral wrist evaluation is also often performed in patients with wrist pain of unclear etiology, rheumatic diseases, wrist injuries or symptoms of ulnar neuropathy. The aim of this paper is to present ultrasound images with corresponding anatomical schemes. The technique of ultrasound examination of the ventral wrist along with practical guidance to help obtain highly diagnostic

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 123–128

Original Paper | 29-September-2017

The feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography to assess ulnar nerve in patients with diabetes mellitus

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of high-resolution ultra­sonography for the diagnosis of polyneuropathy in diabetes mellitus patients by the exami­nation of the ulnar nerves. Method: We recruited 100 healthy age-matched volunteers (50 women and 50 men) with 200 arms without diabetes or cubital tunnel syndrome as the control group. We assessed the upper limbs of 100 diabetes mellitus patients (45 women and 55 men), 40 of whom had electrophysiologically

Jun Chen, Chun-Lei Wang, Shan Wu, Shan He, Jun Ren

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 160–166

Review Paper | 18-December-2014

Failure of a first regimen of monotherapy to control the newly diagnosed epilepsies. What to do next?

. In this case, and particularly mainly if a first generation AED was used as a first-line treatment, I prefer to choose a new generation AED given their more favourable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles. A very often used strategy is transitional polytherapy between two regimens of monotherapy. Conclusion. Any therapeutic decision should take into account factors such as seizure type or syndrome, possibility of drug side effects, comorbidities, comedications, age, teratogenic potential

José Pimentel

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 109–112

Review | 28-June-2019

Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

background for many years. It is a method of choice in the diagnosis of bulbar circulation disorders, such as: amaurosis fugax, ocular ischemic syndrome, insufficiency in vessels supplying the carotid and vertebral arteries, posterior ischemic optic neuropathy, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, vascular vision disorders, vascular malformations, such as arteriovenous fistula, orbital varices, and systemic connective tissue diseases(42–47). What is more, the diagnostic application of the CDI

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 128–136

research-article | 15-June-2020

Lung ultrasound in a Singapore COVID-19 intensive care unit patient and a review of its potential clinical utility in pandemic

alveolar pleural syndrome Decreasing density and distribution of B-lines were associated with clinical improvement (Fig. 3). The coalescing and reduction of B-lines appear to reflect more closely clinical progression then serial chest X-ray imaging. There were fragmented pleural lines associated with diffuse sub-pleural consolidations which projected B-lines (Fig. 4). The COVID-19 virus had a predisposition to the peripheral locations of the lung. Small peripheral consolidations with features of

Wee Ming Peh, Steffi Kang Ting Chan, Yi Lin Lee, Pravin Shivaji Gare, Vui Kian Ho

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e154–e158

Report | 16-October-2019

Blood chimerism in twins

ögren syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, and systemic sclerosis. In addition to chimerism of ABO blood groups being possibly mistaken for ABO subgroups, these autoimmune diseases may affect other serologic immunohematologic tests. This study aimed to determine the frequency of chimerism in DTs through ABO and D testing using the tube method, column agglutination, and short tandem repeat (STR) assays. Among the 103 subjects assessed for this study, 24 subjects (12 pairs) were excluded

Letícia Tavares, Daiane Cobianchi da Costa, Anna Paula de Borba Batschauer, Luiz Fernando Job Jobim, Gisele Menezes Ewald, Carolina de Mello, Eduardo Samuel Alvarez Velazquez, Alexandre Geraldo

Immunohematology, Volume 34 , ISSUE 4, 151–157

Case report | 10-January-2018

Effectiveness of the Sitting Position Without Back Support

Purpose: In the field of neuroscience nursing in Japan, the “sitting position without back support” (SB) has promoted earlier ambulation, improved level of consciousness, and prevented disuse syndrome in patients with disturbance of consciousness and impaired mobility. This research was conducted with the aim of examining if respiratory function improved using SB on acute patients on ventilation in ICU. Method: The research design involved daily administration of

Nobuko Okubo

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 31–39

Original Paper | 26-August-2016

Molecular Characterization of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Isolated in Poland

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains also called verotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC) represent one of the most important groups of food-borne pathogens that can cause several human diseases such as hemorrhagic colitis (HC) and hemolytic – uremic syndrome (HUS) worldwide. The ability of STEC strains to cause disease is associated with the presence of wide range of identified and putativevirulence factors including those encoding Shiga toxin. In this study, we examined the

Aleksandra Januszkiewicz, Waldemar Rastawicki

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 261–269

Report | 01-December-2019

Should blood donors be routinely screened for irregular antibodies?

components to avoid transfusion-related acute lung syndrome. Total blood donor population between 2007 and 2009 was 60,309 (55.4% male and 44.6% female). Cells I and II were used for alloantibody screening following the Autovue protocol. Positive samples were identified by red blood cell (RBC) panels (Panel A, Panel B, and Panel C, Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, Raritan, NJ). Alloantibody and CSAA frequency were established for both sexes. The database for RBC antigens estimated for the Colombian population

Michel Andrés García, Leonardo Bautista, Fernando Palomino

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 2, 60–66

Review | 13-September-2016

Is pneumoperitoneum the terra ignota in ultrasonography?

;between the diaphragm and the liver (Chilaiditi syndrome). It seems that the inclusion of a US examination to the E-FAST method in order to detect free gas in the peritoneal cavity is justifi ed since it is a sign of gastrointestinal perforation in numerous cases, andis clinically as relevant as the presence of free fluid. 

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 189–195

Review | 29-September-2017

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part I: Examination methodology and ultrasound anatomy

patients. Doppler and panoramic imaging options are essential. The indications for chest wall ultrasound include localized pain or lesions found or suspected on imaging with other modalities (conventional radiography, CT, MR or scintigraphy). The investigated pathological condition should be scanned in at least two planes. Sometimes, evaluation during deep breathing permits identification of pathologi­cal mobility (e.g. in rib or sternum fractures, slipping rib syndrome). Several structures

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 197–205

Research Article | 24-May-2019

NON-ANTIBIOTIC USE OF ANTIBIOTICS

anti-inflammatory agent, and also anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, antioxidant and antiapoptotic properties of minocycline. Futhermore, the basics of demeclocycline application in the treatment of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone hypesecretion syndrome and rifaximin use as an anti-inflammatory and eubiotic agent are presented. Neuroprotective action of ceftriaxone and anti-inflammatory and immunostimulatory action of fusafungine were also described.

Maciej Danielewski, Dorota Ksiądzyna, Adam Szeląg

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 4, 301–312

Research Article | 05-July-2017

Changes in the frequency and characteristics of children diagnosed with autistic disorder in two Norwegian cohorts: 1992 and 2009

at least 70. The proportion of children with genetic syndromes was around 20% in both cohorts. Median age at AD diagnosis did not differ between the two cohorts (4.5 vs. 5.0 years, respectively). When the two cohorts were combined, children with IQ values of 70 or more without a genetic syndrome and those with IQ values of less than 50 with genetic syndromes were diagnosed at approximately the same age (5.5 and 5.3 years, respectively). Both groups were significantly older at diagnosis as

Sidsel Romhus, Gyro Aas Herder, Elisabeth Grindheim, Synnve Schjølberg, Patricia Howlin

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 3–12

Review Paper | 07-April-2017

Genetic epilepsies. remarks on the proposed “organization of the Epilepsies”

genetic advances. However, despite proposed changes in the nomenclature, the concept of the electroclinical syndrome, i.e. seizure types, age-dependent onset, electroencephalographic criteria, and concomitant symptoms, such as movement disorders or developmental delay, remain important criteria to group the epilepsies. Although also the differentiation “generalized” versus “focal” is nowadays discussed critically, for practical reasons these categories remain valid. Similarly

Heinz Gregor Wieser

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 1, 11–23

Review | 01-April-2020

Transfusion of multiple units of Js(b+) red blood cells in the presence of anti-Jsb in a patient with sickleβ-thalassemia disease and a review of the literature

Jsb is a high-frequency antigen.Anti-Jsb is a rare alloantibody,and its clinical significance is poorly documented. We report a case in which a 12-year-old boy of Nigerian descent with sickle βthalassemia presented with multiple alloantibodies, including a panagglutinin and acute chest syndrome, necessitating the emergent transfusion of five units of phenotype-similar,crossmatchincompatible RBCs,four of which were given during an exchange transfusion. The patient was later found to have

Shan Yuan, Nadia P. Ewing, Debra Bailey, Marissa Salvador, Shirong Wang

Immunohematology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 2, 75–80

Review | 29-June-2016

Standards for the assessment of salivary glands – an update

particular emphasis on lesions indicating high risk of malignancy. In acute bacterial inflammation, the salivary glands appear as hypoechoic, enlarged or normal-sized, with increased parenchymal flow. The echogenicity is significantly increased in viral infections. Degenerative lesions may be seen in chronic inflammations. Hyperechoic deposits with acoustic shadowing can be visualized in lithiasis. Parenchymal fibrosis is a dominant feature of sialosis. Sjögren syndrome produces different pictures of

Piotr Zajkowski, Aleksandra Ochal-Choińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 175–190

Case report | 01-December-2019

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria: a case report

Scott C. Wise, Sheila H. Tinsley, Lloyd O. Cook

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 4, 118–123

Review | 29-March-2016

Intra-abdominal fat. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions of the adipose tissue localized beyond organs

Adipose tissue does not belong to the most favorite structures to be visualized by ultrasound. It is not, however, free from various pathologies. The aim of this paper is to make abdominal cavity examiners more familiar with non-cancerous lesions found in intra-abdominal fat. The main focus is lesions that are rarely discussed in the literature. Visceral adiposity is one of important pathogenetic factors contributing to cardiovascular events, metabolic syndrome and even certain neoplasms. That

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 32–43

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