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  • Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis



Ultrasound of the elbow with emphasis on the sonoanatomy of the distal biceps tendon and its importance for the surgical treatment of tendon lesions

Ultrasound of the distal biceps tendon The distal biceps tendon (dBT) is an elbow flexor, and it is involved in supination. The biceps muscle is innervated by the musculocutaneous nerve (C5, C6). Performing ultrasound diagnostics of the dBT, the patient ideally lies in the supine position on an examination couch with padding of the arm, if necessary. Alternatively, the examination can be performed in the sitting position. The arm is initially positioned in extension for static side comparison

Giorgio Tamborrini, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, Nicole Vogel, David Haeni

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e129–e134


Ultrasound assessment of extensor pollicis longus tendon rupture following distal radius fracture: a sonographic and surgical correlation

Introduction Extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon ruptures occur more commonly after undisplaced or minimally displaced distal radius fractures(1–3). Rupture of the EPL tendon can develop without antecedent trauma, being reported in patients with rheumatic disease, following systemic or local steroid injection(4,5) and in patients with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis(6). Cortical irregularities and erosions result in roughening of the bone surface at the level of Lister’s tubercle, which

Louy Ghazal, Mohammed Nabi, Christopher Little, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e1–e5

Research paper

Fos immunoreactivity in the intermediolateral nucleus induced by tendon vibration of the m. triceps surae in rats pretreated with a nitric oxide blocker or precursor

We investigated neuronal activation of the rat intermediolateral (IML) nucleus of the thoracolumbar spinal cord, initiated by Achilles tendon vibration, after intramuscular (m. triceps surae) administration of 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) or L-arginine (LA). The spindle afferent response to vibratory stimuli induced a distinct bilateral increase in the activation of c-Fos immunoreactivity in the spinal neurons in three groups of rats (tendon-vibrated, tendon-vibrated + 7-NI and tendon-vibrated + LA

Inna V. Vereshchaka, Andriy V. Maznychenko, Olena P. Mankivska, Volodymyr O. Maisky, Oleh V. Vlasenko, Olexandr V. Dovgan, Olga L. Ocheretna, Tomasz Tomiak, Alexander I. Kostyukov

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 82–91


The interrater reliability of ultrasonography for Achilles tendon structure

Introduction Achilles tendinopathy is a condition that is clinically characterized by pain, swelling and impaired function, typically related to sports or exercise overuse(1,2). The average age at the first presentation is 43 years(3). However, in highly active subjects, tendinopathy can occur at a younger age(4). Achilles tendon disorders are common in military personnel. Individuals who are overweight, report moderate alcohol use and those with a prior diagnosis of tendinopathy are at higher

Marc Paantjens, Marco Leeuw, Pieter Helmhout, Amanda Isaac, Michel De Maeseneer

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e6–e11


Ultrasound anatomy of the fingers: flexor and extensor system with emphasis on variations and anatomical detail

Introduction Many variations can be observed in the anatomy of the extensor and flexor tendon system of the hand(1–4). These variations may involve the extensor tendons at the wrist and midhand level. Variations also occur in the tendons and pulleys at the flexor side. These variations present potential pitfalls at ultrasound (US) and radiologists should be aware of them to avoid misdiagnosis. The finger extensor and tendon system is complex and many details are not well known by radiologists

Michel De Maeseneer, Jie Meng, Stefaan Marcelis, Tjeerd Jager, Steven Provyn, Maryam Shahabpour

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e122–e128


Internal snapping hip syndrome in dynamic ultrasonography

: internal and external. The internal form of snapping hip syndrome is attributed to an abrupt movement of an iliopsoas tendon against an iliopectineal eminence. Radiograph results in patients with this form of snapping tend to be normal. Dynamic ultrasound is the gold standard diagnostic technique in both forms of extra-articular snapping hip syndrome. The objective of the following text is to describe a step-by-step dynamic ultrasonography examination in internal extra-articular snapping hip syndrome

Małgorzata Piechota, Jarosław Maczuch, Jarosław Skupiński, Karolina Kukawska-Sysio, Wojciech Wawrzynek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 296–303

Original Paper

Inter-rater reliability in the classification of supraspinatus tendon tears using 3D ultrasound – a question of experience?

BackgroundThree-dimensional (3D) ultrasound of the shoulder is characterized by a comparable accuracy to two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound. No studies investigating 2D versus 3D inter-rater reliability in the detection of supraspinatus tendon tears taking into account the level of experience of the raters have been carried out so far.ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to determine the inter-rater reliability in the analysis of 3D ultrasound image sets of the supraspinatus tendon between

Giorgio Tamborrini, Christian Marx, Raphael Micheroli

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 252–259

Original Paper

Sonographic detection of inferior subluxation in post-stroke hemiplegic shoulders

. The long head of biceps tendon, subscapularis tendon, supraspinatus tendon, and the infraspinatus tendon were also evaluated to exclude full thickness tendon tears. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0 for windows. Normality of data distribution was checked using the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test. Mann–Whitney U test and Chi-square tests were utilized. Results: Hemiplegic and control shoulders’ acromion-greater tuberosity distance values were 2.8 ± 0.6 cm and

Bukunmi M. Idowu, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Victor A. Adetiloye, Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Babalola I. Afolabi

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 106–112

Original Paper

Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

. Exclusioncriteria were shoulder fractures, prior shoulder joint surgery and shoulder injections in the past month. The physicians performing the most common clinical shoulderexaminations were blinded to the results of the high resolution ultrasonography and vice versa. Results: In order to detect pathology of the m. supraspinatus tendon, theHawkins and Kennedy impingement test showed the highest sensitivity (0.86) whereas the Jobe supraspinatus test showed the highest specifi city (0.55). To identify m

Raphael Micheroli, Diego Kyburz, Adrian Ciurea, Beat Dubs, Martin Toniolo, Samuel Pascal Bisig, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 29–44



issue. The problem of evaluation of the time dependent prestress losses separately for top and bottom tendons of a pretensioned concrete member is omitted from the widely available literature. The widespread approach consisting in reduction of the cross-sections of the top and bottom tendons to the resultant tendon seems objectionable, since it does not solve the mentioned problem. In this paper, equations to estimate the time dependent prestress losses separately for the top and bottom tendons are


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 105–112


Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

profundus tendons, flexor pollicis longus, flexor carpi radialis tendon, median nerve and flexor retinaculum; in the carpal tunnel as well as proximally and distally to it: the ulnar nerve, ulnar artery and veins; the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle; carpal joints.

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 123–128


Do ankle, hindfoot, and heel ultrasound findings predict the symptomatology and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis patients?

tenosynovitis, PD signal and tendinosis were also recorded and graded(29). In the heel region, the Achilles tendon (enthesophytes, retrocalcaneal bursitis and posterior calcaneal erosions) and plantar fascia (plantar fasciitis, perifasciitis, inferior calcaneal erosions) were evaluated according to the previous recommendations(27,30). We included the TT joint and tendons in the ankle region, and the TN and ST joints in the hindfoot region. The Achilles tendon, plantar fascia and their adjacent structures

Oana Șerban, Iulia Papp, Corina Delia Bocșa, Mihaela Cosmina Micu, Maria Bădărînză, Adriana Albu, Daniela Fodor

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e70–e82


Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging

spondyloarthropathies. This part discusses chang­es seen on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. In patients with juvenile spondyloarthropathies, these examinations are conducted to diagnose inflammatory le­sions in peripheral joints, tendon sheaths, tendons and bursae. Moreover, magnetic reso­nance also shows subchondral bone marrow edema, which is considered an early sign of inflammation. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging do not show specific lesions for any rheumatic disease

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Michał Znajdek, Piotr Gietka, Violeta Vasilevska-Nikodinovska, Lukas Patrovic, Vladka Salapura

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 176–181


Articular abnormalities that may mimic arthritis

There are numerous abnormalities that present with similar signs and symptoms to arthritis. In this article some of these conditions that can masquerade as arthritis are discussed. Synovial osteochondromatosis is an uncommon benign disorder marked by the metaplastic proliferation of multiple cartilaginous nodules in the synovial membrane of the joints, bursae, or tendon sheaths. Pigmented villonodular synovitis, also known as diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumor, is a locally destructive

Adam Greenspan, Andrew J. Grainger

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 212–223


Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part I: Classifications and radiographs

diagnose inflammatory lesions in peripheral joints, tendon sheaths, ten­dons and bursae. Moreover, magnetic resonance imaging also visualizes early inflamma­tory changes in the axial skeleton and subchondral bone marrow edema, which is consid­ered an early sign of inflammation.

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Piotr Gietka, Michał Znajdek, Genowefa Matuszewska, Magdalena Bogucevska, Ljubinka Damjanovska-Krstikj, Slavcho Ivanoski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 167–175


Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and MRI

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals in the developmental age. Radiography, which was described in the first part of this publication, is the standard modality in the assessment of this condition. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging enable early detection of the disease which affects soft tissues, as well as bones. Ultrasound assessment involves: joint cavities, tendon sheaths and bursae for the

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 237–251


Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 1. Etiopathogenesis

The pathologies of tendon and ligament attachments are called enthesopathies. One of its types is enthesitis which is a characteristic sign of peripheral spondyloarthropathy.Clinical diagnosis of enthesitis is based on rather non-specifi c clinical signs and results of laboratory tests. Imaging examinations are highly promising. Numerous  publications prove that enthesitis can be differentiated from other enthesopathic processes in an ultrasound examination or magnetic resonance imaging

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Włodzimierz Maśliński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 72–84


Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 2: Imaging studies

The pathologies of tendon and ligament attachments are called enthesopathies. Enthesitis is one of enthesopathies and it is considered a characteristic sign of rheumatic diseases from the spondyloarthritis group, including peripheral spondyloarthritis. Therefore, enthesitis has been included in a number of clinical classifi cations for diagnosing these diseases. Clinical diagnosis of enthesitis is based on rather non-specifi c clinical signs and results of laboratory

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Grzegorz Pracoń, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Włodzimierz Maśliński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 196–207

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