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Article | 30-July-2021

Orthodontists and the thyroid gland

This paper questions the adequacy of orthodontists’ full appreciation of the issues associated with the routine prescription of extra oral radiography, particularly that related to a high risk of thyroid gland exposure to ionising radiation. There does not appear to be adequate application of the ALARA principle in the consideration of justifiable options to minimise the cumulative effects of radiation exposure in young patients.

Keith Godfrey

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 193–198

Review | 13-September-2016

Ultrasound image of the thyroid gland in obese children

Józef Szczyrski, Wojciech Kosiak, Maria Korpal-Szczyrska, Małgorzata Myśliwiec

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 423–428

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Ultrasonographic study of the incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in Nnewi population

Abstract Introduction: Ultrasound is the most reliable imaging modality for thyroid evaluation due to the limitations in the clinical examination of this gland. Thyroid gland developmental anomalies are rare. Most of its variations are due to the persistence of the thyroglossal duct and the absence of the isthmus. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in Nnewi population using ultrasound. Materials and method: A total of 321

Lotanna Somtoo Akudu, Ukoha Ukoha Ukoha, Jervas Ekezie, Chinwe Clarice Ukoha

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 290–295

research-article | 08-March-2021

Evaluation of parenchymal vascularity of the thyroid gland with vascularization index by color superb microvascular imaging in patients with Graves’ disease

individuals were also referred for cSMI examination from the endocrinology outpatient clinic, so that they could be included in the control group. The exclusion criteria of the study were Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, multinodular goiter, history of thyroid gland operation, or radioactive iodine treatment. All laboratory tests were done within one week before the cSMI examination. The normal reference ranges of the laboratory parameters were as follows: 2.3–4.4 pg/mL (fT3), 0.89–1.7 ng/dL (fT4), 0.56–5.5 mIU/L

Abidin Kılınçer, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Cem Onur Kıraç, Süleyman Baldane, Fatih Ateş, Abdüssamet Batur

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 41–47

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

An additional ultrasonographic sign of Hashimoto’s lymphocytic thyroiditis in children

Methods:A total of 98 children (mean age 12.7 years, range 7–17 years) were selected from the registry of the endocrinology outpatient department. All subjects met the diagnostic criteria for HLT. All children underwent a prospective thyroid ultrasound examination with special attention paid to the presence of lymph nodes adjacent to the thyroid gland. In order to form a control group, we analyzed 102 healthy volunteers and 94 children with cervical lymphadenopathy, age- and sex-matched with

Wojciech Kosiak, Maciej Piskunowicz, Dominik Świętoń, Tomasz Batko, Mariusz Kaszubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 349–357

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