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Article | 01-December-2012


This paper reviews some of the recent applications of optical tomography as a measurement tool for process parameters measurement such as flow concentration profiles, velocity profiles, and mass flow rate. The attentions that have been received by the optical tomography system for the applications of industrial parameters measurement are mainly because of the radiation safe emission of light sources to human or environment, fast response time, non-intrusive technique, and established models of

M. T. M. Khairi, S. Ibrahim, M. A. M. Yunus, M. Faramarzi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 767–798

Research Article | 13-December-2017


Process tomography is a technique to realize flow imaging in a process vessel or pipeline by using the sensor system. This technique involves the use of tomographic imaging methods to manipulate data from sensors in order to collect sufficient information about the flow in the pipeline. The overall aim of this paper is to investigate the benefits of dual modality (optical and electrodynamic) tomography system for the measurement of tomographic images of solids flow. This research will

M. F. Rahmat, S. Ibrahim, M. M. Elmajri, N. F. Mohammed, M.D Isa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 389–399

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Monitoring of the lung fluid movement and estimation of lung area using Electrical Impedance Tomography: A Simulation Study

Patients suffering from the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) requires thoracic electrical impedance tomography (EIT) for the monitoring their conditions ranging from dynamic shifting of body fluids to lung aeration right at the bedside.  More objectively, EIT-derived numeric parameters would help the physician to evaluate the state of the lung. Thus, here we have performed a Finite Element Method based simulation study for monitoring the condition of lungs and heart of ARDS

Deborshi Chakraborty, Madhurima Chattopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Review | 18-May-2018

Cerebral hypoperfusion in autism spectrum disorder

Cerebral hypoperfusion, or insufficient blood flow in the brain, occurs in many areas of the brain in patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Hypoperfusion was demonstrated in the brains of individuals with ASD when compared to normal healthy control brains either using positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The affected areas include, but are not limited to the: prefrontal, frontal, temporal, occipital, and parietal cortices

Geir Bjørklund, Janet K. Kern, Mauricio A. Urbina, Khaled Saad, Amira A. El-Houfey, David A. Geier, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Mark R. Geier, Jyutika A. Mehta, Jan Aaseth

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 21–29

review-article | 31-March-2020

Indications for abdominal imaging: When and what to choose?

Introduction Ultrasound (US), computed-tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) all have important roles in evaluating abdominal pathology, with each technique having specific strengths and weaknesses. Table 1 provides a list of indications of imaging in abdominal pathology. Tab. 1. Indications for a given imaging modality as per the category of abdominal pathology Ultrasound CEUS CT MRI Abdominal emergencies (non-traumatic) First-line imaging technique Technique

Cosmin Caraiani, Dong Yi, Bianca Petresc, Christoph Dietrich

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, 43–54

Article | 01-June-2016


Diagnosis by imaging is one of the most important findings in biomedical imaging because it allows not only the diagnosing of a specific pathology but to perform online and offline surgical operations using imaging as it is noticed in interventional radiology. This paper illustrates the use Hough transform in identifying pathological structures included in CT (Computer Tomography) and HRCT (High Resolution Computer Tomography) images related to patients suffering from lung disease. These

A. Lay-Ekuakille, P. Vergallo, I. Jabłoński, S. Casciaro, F. Conversano

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 1156–1176

Article | 03-November-2017


Electrodynamic sensor, which can also be called as tribo-electric sensor, senses the electrostatic charge carried by the particle. The tomography system using electrodynamic sensor is called as tribo-electric tomography system. Source of the signal induced on the electrodynamic sensor is brought by the object to be measured and no excitation circuit is necessary. Measuring concentration distribution of the solid particles is essential because it contains useful information about potential

M. F. Rahmat, N. S. Kamaruddin, M. D. Isa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 396–416

Case report | 24-February-2017

Mucinous borderline ovarian tumor: a case report with diagnostic insights on ultrasound findings

Anna Szymańska-Dubowik, Marcin Śniadecki, Agnieszka Bianek-Bodzak, Marcin Liro, Edyta Szurowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 411–416

Case report | 31-January-2019

Portal vein tumor thrombus from gastric cancer

computed tomography confirmed a large distal gastric mass infiltrating into the periportal structures, including the main portal vein and the splenic vein. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy performed 2 days later showed an irregular, exophytic mass extending from the antrum into the first part of duodenum. The mass was deemed inoperable. Histopathological examination showed gastric adenocarcinoma. She was started on anticoagulant, chemotherapy and pain management. Follow-up computed tomography 4 months later

Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Santha Kumari Batumaly, Suryani Md Jusoh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 365–368

case-report | 30-November-2018

Anomalous retroaortic paravertebral course of the left innominate vein in a child with atrial septal defect

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Krzysztof Grabowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 71–74

research-article | 30-September-2019

The primary role of radiological imaging in the diagnosis of rare musculoskeletal diseases. Emphasis on ultrasound

early diagnosis of a disease may improve the prognosis and overall quality of life due to timely and appropriate therapies. Diagnostic imaging is usually performed and could be the most important diagnostic tool for several rare diseases. Medical imaging is crucial not only for the diagnosis, but also for therapy monitoring and even outcome prediction. Recent advances in several medical imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US

Federica Rossi, Carlo Martinoli, Giovanni Murialdo, Angelo Schenone, Marina Grandis, Diego Ferone, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 187–192

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

Adrenal glands are paired endocrine glands located over the upper renal poles. Adrenal pathologies have various clinical presentations. They can coexist with the hyperfunction of individual cortical zones or the medulla, insuffi ciency of the adrenal cortex or retained normal hormonal function. The most common adrenal masses are tumors incidentally detected in imaging examinations (ultrasound, tomography, magnetic resonance imaging), referred to as incidentalomas. They include a range of

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 377–387

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diabetic foot syndrome: Charcot arthropathy or osteomyelitis? Part I: Clinical picture and radiography

, periosteal reactions, grotesque osteophytes and bone ankylosis. In the case of an unfavorable course of the disease and improper or delayed treatment, progression of these changes may lead to significant foot deformity that might resemble a “bag of bones”. Unfortunately, radiography is non-specific and frequently does not warrant an unambiguous diagnosis, particularly in the initial phase preceding bone destruction. For these reasons, alternative imaging methods, such as magnetic resonance tomography

Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 42–49

original-paper | 30-November-2018

Non-invasive diagnosis of aortic arch anomalies in children – 15 years of own experience

other patient later underwent a correction of a complete AV defect; however, no vascular malformations were diagnosed at that time. Such a suspicion was raised during later follow-up and confirmed based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). No intracardiac defect was found in the third patient in this subgroup. Further diagnosis was planned after the outpatient echocardiography; however, the child did not report for computed tomography. CT angiography (4 patients) and NMR (1 patient) were also

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Marcin Myszkowski, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 5–8

research-article | 15-June-2020

A case of ultrasound diagnosis of retroperitoneal lesion caused by unnoticed foreign body ingestion

. Subsequently, an abdominal CT (computed tomography) scan was performed, suggesting a large pathological mass, 50 × 40 × 50 mm in size, neighboring the superior wall of the D3 part of the duodenum, superior mesenteric artery, pancreatic body, with preserved pancreatic margins and with the presence of lymph nodes inside the mass and in the surrounding area. The radiologist’s suggestion was either paraduodenal abscess or GIST (gastrointestinal stromal tumor). In addition, an abdominal MRI scan was performed

Wojciech Tynecki, Andrzej Tynecki, Agata Grobelna, Tomasz Baranowski, Grzegorz Siemiaszko, Tomasz Łapiński, Julia Wilczek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e151–e153

research-article | 28-September-2020

Gallbladder-duodenal fistula detected by ultrasound – a case report

. The presence of air was also noted in the gallbladder wall (pneumobilia). A hypoechoic tubular structure penetrating the gallbladder was revealed by ultrasound. A computed tomography (CT) scan confirmed the diagnosis of cholecystoduodenal fistula, the signs of which were suggested on the US. The patient was examined according to the standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society. The patient was treated surgically, with suturing of the fistula and cholecystectomy. There were no postoperative

Dominika Jaguś, Aakanksha Karthik, Zhi Ying Tan, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Ewa Białek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 214–217

Article | 01-December-2014


in 2D. This is useful in applications such as Electrical Capacitance Tomography or object classification as it allows simplifying the computational complexity while providing additional information compared to the classical 2D approach.

Thomas Schlegl, Thomas Bretterklieber, Stephan Mühlbacher-Karrer, Hubert Zangl

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1579–1594

Case report | 31-January-2019

Iodinated contrast-induced sialadenitis: a review of the literature and sonographic findings in a clinical case

Abstract Swelling of the salivary glands, also known as iodide or iodine mumps, is a rare adverse reaction to administration of iodine, a component steadily present in current contrast media and in a variety of medications. We report and compare with published literature the clinical and sonographic findings in a case of iodide mumps that developed after the intravenous administration of iodine-based contrast media for a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan. The exact pathogenesis is

Antonio Lucarelli, Simone Perandini, Alessandro Borsato, Endrit Strazimiri, Stefania Montemezzi

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 359–364

Article | 02-November-2017

An electrodynamic sensor for electrostatic charge measurement

M. F. Rahmat, N.S. Kamaruddin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 200–212

Review | 13-September-2016

intra-abdominal fat, reflection patterns, localization, ultrasound, diagnostic criteria

attention of research institutes owing to being a rich source of stem cells. This review, however, does not include these issues. The identifi cation of fat is relatively easy using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. It can be more diffi cult in an ultrasound examination for several reasons. The aim of this paper is to present various problems associated with US imaging of unaltered intra-abdominal fat located beyond organs. Based on the literature and

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 318–325

Case report | 25-September-2018

Spontaneous resolution of unifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the skull: potential role of ultrasound in detection and imaging follow-up

Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a tumor-like condition characterized by idiopathic proliferation of Langerhans cells. The disease may involve the skeleton as well as other organs systems. Bone involvement may be solitary or multifocal. Unifocal osseous Langerhans cell histiocytosis may involve virtually any bone, with the calvarium being most frequently involved. Plain radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are the most used techniques for detection and

Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Joris Verlooy, Mania De Praeter

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 265–270

Case report | 13-September-2016

Abnormal portal vein waveform as an indicator of constrictive pericarditis – a case report

. Hepatic veins distention with pathological reverse fl ow during systole was reported. Additionally, inferior vena cava was dilated and remained unchanged through the respiratory cycle. Basing on the above image a heart disease, which had not been taken into differential diagnosis before, was suggested. The following echocardiography, together with computed tomography, enabled a diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. Successful pericardiotomy was performed. Such a complicated diagnostics happened to

Joanna Ścieszka, Józefa Dąbek, Paweł Cieślik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 227–230

Case report | 31-August-2018

Embolization of iatrogenic renal arteriovenous fistula – a case report

and renal pseudoaneurysm were diagnosed using Doppler and computed tomography scans. The patient was qualified for arteriography with simultaneous embolization of the lesion. A follow-up evaluation confirmed the exclusion of aneurysm and fistula. Treatment outcomes were monitored using Doppler ultrasound. Doppler ultrasonography is the first method of choice in detecting and monitoring renal artery irregularities. Safety, non-invasiveness and easy access to this tool make it play a key role in the

Ewa Kuklik, Krzysztof Pyra, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło, Maria Tsitskari, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 170–173

Case report | 25-September-2018

TRUS-guided drainage of the ectopic ureter entering the prostatic urethra and TRUS-guided transurethral neo-orifice formation using holmium laser

of computed tomography scans led to the diagnosis of duplicated collecting system of the left kidney with the enormous ureter of the upper moiety that entered the prostate gland. In order to permanently decompress the hydronephrosed upper moiety of the left kidney, the patient was deemed eligible for endoscopic treatment. A transurethral incision through the bladder wall and the adjacent segment of the ectopic ureter was made with holmium laser under transrectal ultrasonography guidance, thus

Waldemar Białek, Ewa Mey, Piotr Kawecki, Roman Styliński, Sławomir Rudzki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 255–264

case-report | 30-November-2018

Late diagnosis of total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in a 5.5-month-old infant

: typical inflow from SVC to the RA, coded in red, and, appearing at the level of SVC/RPA crossing, directed oppositely – coded in blue. Both the direction and possible site of connection suggest an additional pulmonary vein joining the SVC Fig. 6. Angio-tomography 3-D reconstruction. The heart seen from the posterior perspective after removal of the vertebral column and posterior parts of the ribs. C: pulmonary vein confluence; PVs – pulmonary veins; 1 left lower, 2 – right lower, 3 – right upper

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Weronika Rygier, Radosław Kunikowski, Michał Buczyński, Danuta Roik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 75–79

Editorial | 13-September-2016

Diagnostyka obrazowa jąder

common neoplasms in men at the age of 20–40. Ultrasound imaging is the method of choice characterized by the sensitivity of nearly 100% in the differentiation between intratesticular and extratesticular lesions. In the case of doubtful lesions that are not classifi ed for intra-operative verifi cation, nuclear magnetic resonance is applied. Computed tomography, however, is performed to monitor the progression of a neoplastic disease, in pelvic trauma with scrotal injury as

Michał Studniarek, Katarzyna Skrobisz-Balandowska, Elza Modzelewska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 245–258

Review Paper | 22-December-2016

Presurgical diagnosis of epilepsies – concepts and diagnostic tools

zones are characterized. The epileptogenic lesion, the “eloquent cortex” and secondary epileptogenesis (mirror focus) are dealt with. The current diagnostic techniques used in the definition of these cortical zones, such as video-EEG monitoring, non-invasive and invasive EEG recording techniques, magnetic resonance imaging, ictal single photon emission computed tomography, and positron emission tomography, are discussed and illustrated. Potential modern surrogate markers of

Heinz Gregor Wieser

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 115–140

Review | 31-August-2018

Visceral artery aneurysms – classification, diagnosis and treatment

its location and may involve intraperitoneal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal and portal system bleeding with concomitant portal hypertension and bleeding from esophageal varices. Wide access to diagnostic tests, for example ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, helps establish the correct diagnosis and a therapeutic plan as well as select appropriate treatment. After a procedure, the same diagnostic tools enable assessment of treatment efficacy, or are used for the monitoring

Ewa Piasek, Michał Sojka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Olga Furmaga, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 148–151

Review | 13-September-2016

The role of ultrasound and nuclear medicine methods in the preoperative diagnostics of primary hyperparathyroidism

these techniques by implementing new study protocols or innovative technologies. Publications have emerged in the recent years in the fi eld of ultrasonography, whose authors pointed out the usefulness of elastography and contrast media. Nuclear medicine studies, on the other hand, focus mainly on the assessment of new radiotracers used in the positron emission tomography (PET). The aim of this article is to present, based on literature data, the possibilities of ultrasound and scintigraphy in the

Michał Nieciecki, Marek Cacko, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 398–409

Review Article | 31-March-2017

Double aorta artifact in sonography – a diagnostic challenge

or computed tomography can be considered to rule out a pathology.

Robert Hadzik, Przemysław Bombiński, Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 36–40

research-article | 18-December-2020

Ultrasonography, MRI and classic radiography of skin and MSK involvement in juvenile scleroderma

). Imaging, although commonly used, is still not included in any diagnostic criteria and constitutes only an auxiliary tool. In this article, we aim to review the imaging techniques available for juvenile scleroderma including classic radiography (CR), ultrasonography (US), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Computed tomography (CT), which requires a high dose of radiation, is rarely used in children. We will focus on each type of scleroderma separately, and describe imaging findings that can be seen

Marta Idzior, Maria Sotniczuk, Emil Michalski, Piotr Gietka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 311–317

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Ultrasound image of malignant bone tumors in children. An analysis of nine patients diagnosed in 2011–2016

Introduction: The diagnostic process of bone tumors, including malignant ones, is based on conventional radiological methods, such as radiography and computed tomography, and with precise assessment of local advancement in magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasonography is not included in the diagnostic algorithms as a tool suitable to detect this type of pathology. More and more frequent usage of musculoskeletal ultrasound in children as the first imaging method or, in some cases, as the only

Tomasz Madej, Joanna Flak-Nurzyńska, Ewa Dutkiewicz, Anna Ciechomska, Jerzy Kowalczyk, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 103–111

original-paper | 27-March-2019

Interferon Gamma Release Assays in Patients with Respiratory Isolates of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria – a Preliminary Study

resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest were reviewed by the experienced radiologist blinded to the results of IGRAs in search of fibrotic foci localized in the upper lobes or upper parts of lower lobes, as well as parenchymal and lymph nodes’ calcifications. Methods of NTM culture and identification. The specimens were digested with the sodium hydroxide and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NaOH/NALC) method. After decontamination, the sample was neutralized with sterile phosphate buffer (pH 6.8) and


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 15–19

Review | 28-June-2019

Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

advanced stenoses of the internal carotid artery in cases of sudden amaurosis fugax or absolute glaucoma. When compared to arteriography, the reliability of this examination is estimated at ca. 95–100%(11,12). Spiral computer tomography requires contrast agent administration and produces a spatial image of the entire vessel, but it is not used for direct visualization of a retrobulbar vessel(12). A method used for imaging of the ophthalmic artery, central retinal artery and posterior ciliary arteries

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 128–136

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

examination, apart from its indisputable usefulness in detecting and monitoring adrenal tumors, may also allow for the differentiation between benign lesions. However, for lesions found incidentally an algorithm for the assessment of adrenal incidentalomas is applicable, which includes computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Case report | 18-October-2018

Widespread cortical PET abnormalities in an adolescent related to a PNES dissociative state, PTSD, ADHD, and domestic violence exposure

Background:Accumulated evidence indicates that exposure to trauma is associated with the development of cognitive impairments and psychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents.Objective:In this case study of a female adolescent of 17 years, we aimed to evaluate how cortical positron emission tomography (PET) abnormalities relate to psychogenic non-epileptic seizure (PNES) dissociative state, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and domestic

Dejan Stevanovic, Leposava Brajkovic, Madhur Kumar Srivastava, Ivan Krgovic, Jasna Jancic

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 98–106

Research paper | 25-July-2017

EEG source activity during processing of neutral stimuli in subjects with anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders are a social problem due to their prevalence and consequences. It is crucial to explore the influence of anxiety on cognitive processes. In this study we recorded EEG activity from 73 subjects (35 patients, 38 controls, matched for age and education)during performance of the Continuous Attention Task. We used low resolution electromagnetic tomography (LORETA) for evaluation of mechanisms of impaired cognitive performance in anxiety disorders. Analysis showed that

Bartłomiej Gmaj, Piotr Januszko, Jan Kamiński, Ewa Drozdowicz, Maciej Kopera, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Waldemar Szelenberger, Marcin Wojnar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 1, 75–85

research-article | 28-September-2020

Ultrasonography in the diagnosis and monitoring of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 201–204

Review | 07-September-2016

Is a fatty pancreas a banal lesion?

. Pancreas adiposis is best defined in Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. However, a series of works proved the usefulness in the diagnostics of that pathology of transabdominal and endoscopic ultrasonography. In that method, the degree of adiposis was based on the comparison of echogenicity of the pancreas and the liver, renal parenchyma, spleen and/or retroperitoneal adipose. Recently, the evaluation was expanded by the evaluation of the degree of pancreatic adipose with the pancreas

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 273–280

Review | 29-March-2016

Intra-abdominal fat. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions of the adipose tissue localized beyond organs

completely conceal the primary lesion rendering it inaccessible for ultrasound. In such cases and in the event of other doubts, computed tomography should be the next diagnostic step.Tkanka tłuszczowa nie należy do ulubionych struktur obrazowanych ultrasonograficznie, ale niestety nie jest wolna od różnorodnych patologii. Praca ma przybliżyć lekarzom badającym ultrasonograficznie jamę brzuszną zmiany nienowotworowe, które spotykane są w tłuszczu wewnątrzbrzusznym. Skupiono się głównie na zmianach rzadko

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 32–43

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