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  • Polish Journal Of Microbiology
  • Journal Of Ultrasonography



Influence of Environmental and Genetic Factors on Proteomic Profiling of Outer Membrane Vesicles from Campylobacter jejuni


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 255–261

Original Paper

Comparison of high resolution ultrasonography with clinical findings in patients with ankle pain

Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of high resolution ultrasonography for the assessment of painful ankle joint as compared with the clinical findings. Material and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 136 patients having history of ankle pain and referred to the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging for ultrasonography. Statistical analysis: Comparison of ultrasonography findings and clinical findings was done using McNemar Test. Results

Kunwarpal Singh, Chuni Lal Thukral, Kamlesh Gupta, Avtar Singh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 316–324


Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are mainly manifested by symptoms of peripheral arthri­tis and enthesitis. Early involvement of sacroiliac joints and spine is exceptionally rare in children; this usually happens in adulthood. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. The first part of the article presented classifications and radiographic presentation of juvenile

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Michał Znajdek, Piotr Gietka, Violeta Vasilevska-Nikodinovska, Lukas Patrovic, Vladka Salapura

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 176–181


Standards for scrotal ultrasonography

The paper presents a description of essential equipment requirements for scrotal ultrasonography, including current ultrasound techniques, as well as a review of the most common scrotal pathologies. Patient preparation for the examination as well as ultrasound methodology for the assessment of scrotal and inguinal canal structures are discussed. The standard for scrotal ultrasound examination includes a precise B-mode evaluation, including testicular volumetric assessment performed using

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 391–403

Original Paper

Usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hematoma after primary hip arthroplasty

Introduction: To date, suction drainage has been routinely used after hip joint replacement. Currently, the validity of this practice is questioned in the literature. Hematoma is a risk fac­tor of periprosthetic infection. Post-operative ultrasonography enables precise assessment of hip joint hematoma. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of hip joint ultrasonography with respect to the validity of using suction drainage after primary hip arthroplasty. Material

Jerzy Białecki, Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Jan Zając

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 149–153


The usefulness of high-frequency ultrasonography in the preoperative evaluation of vulvar cancer – a case series

498 cases reported in the National Cancer Registry(9). High-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS) is a technological advance, which is used in certain dermatological pathologies including skin cancer(10,11). The diagnostic utility of HFUS, its noninvasiveness and reproducibility make it a useful tool in cancer diagnosis, mainly in melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers (basal cell carcinoma, BCC), SCC, where strong correlations were found between histological and ultrasonographic values of tumor

Michał Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Bartosz Migda, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 305–310


Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

Theoretical basics of color Doppler imaging and the Doppler effect Doppler ultrasonography is recommended for the assessment of blood flow in the retrobulbar and carotid arteries. This examination was introduced in the 1980s. It consists in the determination of the level of artery stenosis on the basis of flow acceleration. An estimated accuracy of this method in the carotid arteries is ca. 50–79% when compared to selective arteriography(1). In the retrobulbar arteries, which are vessels with

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 128–136

Original Paper

Correlation of findings in clinical and high resolution ultrasonography examinations of the painful shoulder

Objective: High resolution ultrasonography is a non-painful and non-invasive imaging technique which is useful for the assessment of shoulder pain causes, as clinicalexamination often does not allow an exact diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare the fi ndings of clinical examination and high resolution ultrasonographyin patients presenting with painful shoulder. Methods: Non-interventional observational study of 100 adult patients suffering from unilateral shoulder pain

Raphael Micheroli, Diego Kyburz, Adrian Ciurea, Beat Dubs, Martin Toniolo, Samuel Pascal Bisig, Giorgio Tamborrini

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 29–44

Research Article

High resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Aim of the studyHigh-resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve is a fast and non invasive tool for diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Our study was aimed at finding out the correlation of the cross sectional area and maximum thickness of nerve fascicles of the tibial nerve with the presence and severity of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.Material and methods75 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus clinically diagnosed with diabetic peripheral neuropathy were analysed, and the

Kunwarpal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta1, Sukhdeep Kaur

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 246–252


Ultrasonography in the diagnosis and monitoring of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome

ratio of anteroposterior-to-transverse abdominal diameter >0.80, the ratio of anteroposterior-to-transverse peritoneum parietale diameter >0.52, slit-like inferior vena cava and renal veins, thickened and strongly contrast-enhancing bowel and gastric walls. Intra-abdominal hypertension and ultrasonography Patel et al.(7) found reduced end-diastolic flow and even its reversal in the hepatic and renal arteries in a few sonographically assessed patients. WSACS experts proposed a four-step algorithm

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 201–204


Internal snapping hip syndrome in dynamic ultrasonography

: internal and external. The internal form of snapping hip syndrome is attributed to an abrupt movement of an iliopsoas tendon against an iliopectineal eminence. Radiograph results in patients with this form of snapping tend to be normal. Dynamic ultrasound is the gold standard diagnostic technique in both forms of extra-articular snapping hip syndrome. The objective of the following text is to describe a step-by-step dynamic ultrasonography examination in internal extra-articular snapping hip syndrome

Małgorzata Piechota, Jarosław Maczuch, Jarosław Skupiński, Karolina Kukawska-Sysio, Wojciech Wawrzynek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 296–303


Ultrasonography, MRI and classic radiography of skin and MSK involvement in juvenile scleroderma

). Imaging, although commonly used, is still not included in any diagnostic criteria and constitutes only an auxiliary tool. In this article, we aim to review the imaging techniques available for juvenile scleroderma including classic radiography (CR), ultrasonography (US), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Computed tomography (CT), which requires a high dose of radiation, is rarely used in children. We will focus on each type of scleroderma separately, and describe imaging findings that can be seen

Marta Idzior, Maria Sotniczuk, Emil Michalski, Piotr Gietka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 311–317

Original Paper

Antenatal corticosteroid treatment for the prevention of peri-intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm newborns: a retrospective cohort study using transfontanelle ultrasonography

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the correlation between antenatal corticosteroids and peri-intraventricular haemorrhage (PIVH) using transfontanelle ultrasonography, as well as to evaluate the risk factors for its incidence. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study using medical records of preterm newborns. The protocol for maternal corticoid administration for foetal lung maturation included dexamethasone 4 mg (intramuscular) 8/8 hours per 48 hours, with one

Bianca A. Almeida, Livia T. Rios, Edward Araujo Júnior, Luciano M. Nardozza, Antonio F. Moron, Marília G. Martins

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 91–95


High-resolution ultrasonography of the sural nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

diabetic neuropathy, suggesting that long nerves are commonly affected(6). The nerve usually consists of four named components: the medial sural cutaneous nerve, the lateral sural cutaneous nerve, the peroneal communicating branch, and the sural nerve(7). The anatomy of the sural nerve is depicted in Fig. 1. Fig. 1. Anatomy of the sural nerve (right)(7) Ultrasonography (USG) is an excellent, cost-effective modality in imaging of peripheral nerves(8). A high-end sonography unit equipped with a high

Kunwar Pal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta, Nilanshu Kataria, Vijinder Arora, Nimisha Nagpal

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e83–e89


The use of high-frequency ultrasonography in the assessment of selected female reproductive structures: the vulva, vagina and cervix

resolution at the level of 0.2 mm(1). In dermatology, this technique appeared in 1979 when Alexander et al. used it to measure the skin(2). In the subsequent years and at present, ultrasound techniques have been observed to advance rapidly, and new high-frequency transducers offer highly detailed images. That is why, apart from conventional ultrasound, high-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS), with the frequency range of 20–50 MHz, can be used in the diagnosis of skin lesions, offering new quality of

Marian Stanisław Migda, Michał Migda, Rafał Słapa, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Bartosz Migda

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 261–268


Role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of rheumatic diseases in light of ACR/EULAR guidelines

In the past years, ultrasound imaging has become an integral element of the diagnostic process in rheumatic diseases. It enables the identification of a range of inflammatory changes in joint cavities, sheaths and bursae, and allows their activity to be assessed. In 2012, experts of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology prepared recommendations concerning the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal diseases. Ultrasound was considered the method of choice in

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 55–64


Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in adults with obstructive jaundice

Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), radionuclide imaging, and ultrasonography(1,5–8). These examinations are useful to varying degrees for assessing both the cause and site of obstruction. However, ultrasonography is the least invasive initial imaging modality for the evaluation of jaundiced patients(4–6,9,10). In resource-poor settings, ultrasound is often the only readily available method, with many of the other modalities being too expensive or unavailable to many patients. Furthermore, abdominal ultrasound is

Olufunke O. Fadahunsi, Bolanle O. Ibitoye, Adewale O. Adisa, Olusegun I. Alatise, Victor A. Adetiloye, Bukunmi Michael Idowu

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e100–e105


The utility of high-frequency ultrasonography in preoperative assessment of vulvar Paget’s disease – a case report

). According to recent data, the rate of involved margins after primary surgery is up to 72%(5). High-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS) is a technological advance that has been used for over 30 years in dermatology(6-8). Although the value of HFUS as a method for differential diagnosis of skin cancer is still debatable, it gives a clear picture of the size and depth of the tumor, playing an important role in preoperative evaluation(9). Therefore, we would like to present the utility of HFUS in PDV. Case

Michał Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Bartosz Migda, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 311–313

Original Paper

Selecting patients for embolization of varicoceles based on ultrasonography

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess patient selection for embolization of varicoceles based on ultrasonography. An additional objective of the work was to evaluate the results of endovascular treatment. Material and methods: From January 2015 till August 2017, 53 patients with varicoceles diagnosed in an ultrasound examination underwent endovascular treatment in the Department of Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology in Lublin, Poland. Each ultrasound examination was performed using

Łukasz Światłowski, Krzysztof Pyra, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Jan Sobstyl, Michał Sojka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maciej Pech, Maciej Powerski, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 90–95


The usefulness of high-frequency ultrasonography in the evaluation of vulvar dermatoses in postmenopausal women – a preliminary report

Disease and Gynecological Oncology, United District Hospital, Collegium Medicum University of Nicolaus Copernicus in Toruń, Poland. Four cases of postmenopausal women referred to our clinic for biopsy were included in the analysis. In this study, we performed high-frequency ultrasonography (HFUS) using 48MHz DermaView mechanical probe scanner (Dramiński S.A., Poland) prior to surgical excision. The collected specimens of altered tissue were formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded. The paraffin-embedded

Michał Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Bartosz Migda, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 282–286

Review Article

Chest wall – a structure underestimated in ultrasonography. Part III: Neoplastic lesions

with local aggressivity and recurrences after surgical resection, represents an interesting tumor form the clinical point of view. Ultrasonography represents an optimal tool for the monitoring of different biopsies of pathological lesions located in the chest wall. Based on our experiences and literature data, this method should be considered as a preliminary diagnosis of patients with chest wall tumors.

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 281–288


High-frequency ultrasound in the 21st century

1979 was the first scientific report in this field(2). This paper became an impulse for other researchers to develop this method and construct scanners specialized in skin imaging. It should be noted, however, that the dynamic development of skin ultrasound took place at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, which was significantly influenced by the progress in the field of new computer technologies. This resulted in a dramatic increase in scientific publications on this subject. Ultrasonography

Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Bartosz Migda, Michał Migda

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 233–241


Sex and body mass index implications on gluteofemoral subcutaneous tissue morphology visualized by ultrasonography – preliminary study

Agnieszka Krauze, Justyna Nowak, Katarzyna Słoboda, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Witold Woźniak, Piotr Ciostek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 105–112

Original Paper

The feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography to assess ulnar nerve in patients with diabetes mellitus

-resolution ultrasonography may be helpful in the early diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy in diabetic patients.

Jun Chen, Chun-Lei Wang, Shan Wu, Shan He, Jun Ren

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 160–166


Ultrasonography of peritoneal tuberculosis

Introduction Peritoneal tuberculosis is a public health problem in endemic areas(1). It constitutes the most frequent abdominal site (50 to 58% of the abdominal locations) and is the third most frequent of the extrapulmonary locations(2–4). Clinical manifestations are nonspecific, causing frequent delays and diagnostic wanderings. Ultrasonography is the most common first-line examination of ascites, which is the most common presentation of peritoneal tuberculosis. This work aims to describe

Ababacar Mbengue, Abdou Rahmane Ndiaye, Ndeye Isseu Amar, Moustapha Diallo, Aminata Diack, Mame Diarra Ndao, Massamba Diop, Amath Fall, Cheikh Tidiane Diouf, Thierno Omar Soko, Ibrahima Cisse Diakhate

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 98–104


The role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures

Abstract Background: Ultrasonography is widely utilized by emergency physicians and radiologists to diagnose various orthopaedic diseases, including fractures. We aim to derive a definitive estimate of the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in clinically suspected scaphoid fractures. Methods: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of included diagnostic cohort studies that discussed the use of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures. We searched the

Mohammed Ali, Mujtaba Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Syed Mannan, Farshid Fallahi

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 325–331


Evaluation of the snowing-like ultrasonographic features of intraosseous jaw pathologies

ionizing radiation but is the best-suited modality for imaging of intracranial and soft-tissue lesions. In addition, the equipment is costly, and the screening time is long; moreover, this imaging technique is contraindicated in claustrophobic patients, and in those with certain types of surgical clips, pacemakers, and cochlear implants(7). Ultrasonography (US) is a new and promising diagnostic imaging modality for evaluation of head and neck lesions in lymph nodes and salivary glands, as well as

Ibrahim Sevki Bayrakdar, Ahmet Berhan Yılmaz, Fatma Akkoca Kaplan, Elif Bilgir, Kaan Orhan

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 307–310

Original Paper

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of posttraumatic neuropathies

obtained indicate that high-frequency ultrasonography is a valuable method in qualifying patients for various types of treatment of peripheral neuropathies resulting from trauma.

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 15–28


The interrater reliability of ultrasonography for Achilles tendon structure

). Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSU) is currently able to detect early changes in tendon structure (architecture and morphology) due to its excellent spatial resolution(9). MSU-based assessment of the Achilles tendon can help in making a diagnosis or defining treatment strategy. It may also identify individuals at risk for Achilles tendinopathy and allow preventative programs to be implemented(7). The department of sports medicine of the Royal Netherlands Armed Forces is exploring all options to predict and

Marc Paantjens, Marco Leeuw, Pieter Helmhout, Amanda Isaac, Michel De Maeseneer

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e6–e11

Original Paper

Ultrasound image of malignant bone tumors in children. An analysis of nine patients diagnosed in 2011–2016

Introduction: The diagnostic process of bone tumors, including malignant ones, is based on conventional radiological methods, such as radiography and computed tomography, and with precise assessment of local advancement in magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasonography is not included in the diagnostic algorithms as a tool suitable to detect this type of pathology. More and more frequent usage of musculoskeletal ultrasound in children as the first imaging method or, in some cases, as the only

Tomasz Madej, Joanna Flak-Nurzyńska, Ewa Dutkiewicz, Anna Ciechomska, Jerzy Kowalczyk, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 103–111


Usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound in the monitoring of laser treatment of acne scars

verified against ultrasound images of the scars before the onset of laser therapy. Based on clinical assessment, there were 6 scars classified as ice pick scars, 6 scars classified as boxcar type and 2 rolling scars. Ultrasonography confirmed the clinical diagnosis in most cases (Fig. 2). In one case, a scar clinically diagnosed as ice pick type was interpreted in ultrasound as a boxcar scar. Fig. 2. Ultrasound image of acne scars. A.Ice pick scar. B.Boxcar scar. C.Rolling scars Laser therapy led to

Sylwia Malinowska, Dominíka Jaguś, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 279–283


The role of ultrasonography in methotrexate therapy for ectopic pregnancy

Piotr Czuczwar

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 158–161


The role of ultrasound and nuclear medicine methods in the preoperative diagnostics of primary hyperparathyroidism

precise location of parathyroid tissue during the preoperative imaging. Scintigraphy and ultrasound play a major role in the diagnostic algorithms. The effi cacy of both methods has been repeatedly verifi ed and compared. The still-current guidelines of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (2009) emphasize the complementary role of scintigraphy and ultrasonography in the preoperative diagnostics in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. At the same time, attempts are made to improve both

Michał Nieciecki, Marek Cacko, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 398–409


The value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of varicocele

Tomasz Lorenc, Leszek Krupniewski, Piotr Palczewski, Marek Gołębiowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 359–370


Is pneumoperitoneum the terra ignota in ultrasonography?

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 189–195


Sonoelastic response of median nerve to rehabilitation in carpal tunnel syndrome

assessments, sensation and strength evaluations, and also by electrodiagnostic tests(2). However, such procedures are either painful or yield false negatives during the initial diagnosis or the following therapeutic period. Ultrasonography (US) has been suggested as a non-invasive and inexpensive tool for the visualization of the entire median nerve and its surroundings(3). Past data supports the utilization of US not only in the initial diagnosis of CTS, but also in determining the efficacy of applied

Yasemin Durum Polat, Elif Aydın, Fikriye Sinem Ince, Mehmet Bilgen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e90–e94

review -article

Optimization of diagnostic ultrasonography of the gallbladder based on own experience and literature

Introduction The introduction of harmonious and spatially complex imaging with a simultaneous reduction of image speckles have contributed to significant advances in gallbladder ultrasonography. Furthermore, optimization of this technique was achieved by constructing high-resolution broadband transducers with 3D and 4D options for organ imaging. This diagnostic arsenal was further enriched with endoscopic, laparoscopic and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), as well as elastography and

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e29–e35


Ovarian inguinal hernia

presentation is non-specific, high-resolution ultrasonography is an optimum diagnostic tool for the correct diagnosis of the herniated contents(2). It provides an excellent spatial resolution, and helps in the characterization of contents(3). The morphological characters of the ovary are unusual on ultrasound, hence identification helps guide further management. In addition, transabdominal sonography can reveal the absence of an ovary on one side, as it did in our case, with displacement of the uterus

Saika Amreen, Yawar Yaseen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 226–227


Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and MRI

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 237–251

Case report

Radial sesamoid fracture of the second MCP joint – a case report

A fracture of the sesamoid bone of the hand is rarely seen. In most cases, it is strictly associated with the trauma. The patient complains of a long-lasting, due to unclear  diagnosis, painful swelling of the joint with an inability to fl ex the affected fi nger. Limited blood supply makes the untreated fracture prone to avascular necrosis. Thus, it isextremely important to make a proper diagnosis early. Bilateral comparing the affected areas with ultrasonography seems to be the method of

Grzegorz Pracoń, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Paweł Nowicki, Mateusz Płaza, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 96–101

Review Article

Cesarean scar pregnancy – a new challenge for obstetricians

Diagnosis and treatment of ectopic cesarean scar pregnancy has become a challenge for contemporary obstetrics. With an increase in the number of pregnancies concluded with a cesarean section and with the development of transvaginal ultrasonography, the frequency of cesarean scar pregnancy diagnoses has increased as well. The aim of the study is to evaluate various diagnostic methods (ultrasonography in particular) and analyze effective treatment methods for cesarean scar pregnancy. An

Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wojciech Panek, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 56–62

Case report

Portal vein tumor thrombus from gastric cancer

Abstract A 53-year-old woman presented with left-sided abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting for the past 3 months with associated loss of appetite and weight. On physical examination, there was a large, ill-defined, firm mass at the epigastrium. Ultrasonography showed heterogeneously hypoechoic filling defect within the dilated main portal vein. The filling defect showed florid signals on Doppler mode and it appeared to be an extension of a larger periportal mass. Contrast enhanced abdominal

Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Santha Kumari Batumaly, Suryani Md Jusoh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 365–368

Original Paper

Value of ultrasonography in assessment of recent injury of anterior talofi bular ligament in children

injury. In 19 patients, anterior talofi bular ligament reconstruction was conducted. Results: X-ray failed to visualize a pathology in 129 children (63%); in 24 patients (12%), avulsion fracture of the lateral malleolus was found, and in 36 cases (17%), effusion in the talocrural joint was detected. Ultrasonography failed to visualize a pathology in 19 children (9%); in 60 patients (29%), it showed avulsion fracture of the lateral malleolus involving the attachment of the

Joanna Szczepaniak, Beata Ciszkowska-Łysoń, Robert Śmigielski, Urszula Zdanowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 259–266


Sonographic assessment of the anatomy and common pathologies of clinically important bursae

acute traumatic injury of the bursa; repetitive microtrauma; degenerative diseases; inflammatory conditions affecting synovia, most commonly rheumatoid arthritis and gout; various infections; synovial tumors or pseudotumors like pigmented villonodular synovitis, synovial osteochondromatosis, and many other pathologies(4). Ultrasonography can be a valuable tool for the detection and evaluation of bursitis. Its specificity and sensitivity in the assessment of bursal pathology, especially in

Slavcho Ivanoski, Violeta Vasilevska Nikodinovska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 212–221


Diagnostic imaging of psoriatic arthritis. Part II: magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Grzegorz Pracoń

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 163–174

Research Article

The relationship between splenic length in healthy children from the Eastern Anatolia Region and sex, age, body height and weight

correlation between splenic length and age, body height, and weight, with high correlation coefficients (r > 0.80). Splenic length showed the strongest correlation with body height.ConclusionIn children clinically suspected of organomegaly, splenic length can be used to assess organ size. The presented data can be applied to routine ultrasonography examinations.

Mete Özdikici

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 5–8


Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part II: Orbital ultrasound

Abstract Pathological processes within the orbits are a heterogeneous group of diseases of various etiologies, clinical pictures and therapy models. Due to poor access to the orbits in a clinical examination, imaging plays a significant role in both diagnosis and treatment monitoring in patients with an orbital pathology. One of such imaging modalities is ultrasonography. It is relatively well-available, rapid and safe for the patient. This paper enumerates indications for an orbital ultrasound

Małgorzata Karolczak-Kulesza, Małgorzata Rudyk, Magdalena Niestrata-Ortiz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 349–354


Ultrasound imaging in the general practitioner's office – a literature review

practice is mentioned. More than a half of the publications draw attention to the possibility of using point-of-care ultrasound examinations. Advantages of ultrasonography most often mentioned by the authors include: good effects of screening, safety, short duration and low cost. The authors of eight publications also indicate disadvantages associated with ultrasound imaging used by a general practitioner.ConclusionsIn the Polish literature, there are relatively few papers on the role of

Alicja Genc, Małgorzata Ryk, Magdalena Suwała, Tatiana Żurakowska, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 78–86


Usefulness of Doppler sonography in aesthetic medicine

Introduction Skin imaging is a relatively new, yet dynamically developing, field of ultrasonography. Advances in ultrasound are correlated with those in imaging technology. The development of aesthetic medicine and the need for safe and effective procedures, as well as the need to diagnose and treat potential complications are also important. The number of publications on the use of sonography in dermatology and aesthetic medicine has grown recently(1). Their authors pointed to the usefulness

Dominika Jaguś, Ewa Skrzypek, Bartosz Migda, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 268–272


The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 1

examinations together with the methods of measuring the capacity of the urinary bladder and the volume of the prostate gland. It also mentions the most frequent indications for performing the examinations as well as diagnostic algorithms applied in case of finding irregularities. The transabdominal ultrasonography is a part of the examination of the abdominal organs and it should be performed in patients complaining of dysuric symptoms. An addition to the examination, especially when the prostate gland is

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 378–390


The use of high-frequency skin ultrasound in the diagnosis of lipodermatosclerosis

lipodermatosclerosis. Their non-invasiveness may be an important asset in the monitoring of disease progression, and these two modalities may become useful tools for the assessment or treatment of lipodermatosclerosis in the future. Conclusion High-frequency ultrasonography of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue in the lower legs, supported with radiological findings, is highly useful in the diagnosis of tibial lipodermatosclerosis. It would be very useful to determine fixed parameters that would allow for a

Witold Woźniak, Anna Danowska, Robert K. Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 284–290


Rheumatoid arthritis: what do MRI and ultrasound show

disease management, the emergence of new biologic therapies and better utilization of conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate therapy have been recognized as essential for improving clinical outcomes in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. Despite the potential of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging to visualize all tissues typically involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, the diagnosis of early disease remains difficult due to

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 5–16

Original Paper

Sonographic assessment of the prevalence and evolution of fluid collections as a complication of kidney transplantation

persistence of the fluid collection and its position relative to the transplanted kidney and its initial size. Conclusions: The correct evaluation of a fluid collection’s dynamics of development and nature requires periodic follow-up of the recipient, preferably in a single clinical center. Ultrasonography is an inexpensive, non-invasive and repeatable method for the determination of the presence of fluid collections. However, the decision whether treatment is necessary requires the sonographic image to

Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Piasek, Łukasz Światłowski, Ewa Kuklik, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Słomka, Krzysztof Pyra, Olga Furmaga, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 126–132

Review Article

Current knowledge on the use of ultrasound measurements of fetal soft tissues for the assessment of pregnancy development

Ultrasonography, with its detailed imaging of the fetus, is very widely used in obstetrics. The primary aim of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy is to limit the risk of obstetric complications by early detection of abnormalities, such as intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Currently, morphometric formulae are used for estimating fetal weight. They utilize basic biometric parameters. However, Hadlock formula, used for fetal weight estimation, has an error rate of 20%. For this reason

Aleksandra Warska, Anna Maliszewska, Anna Wnuk, Beata Szyszka, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 50–55

Case report

Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by a ganglion: Conservative treatment with ultrasound-guided needle aspiration

Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by a ganglion is not common and most previous patients were treated with excisional surgery. We treated a case conservatively with needle aspiration using ultrasonography, after a nerve conduction study. A 77-year-old man presented with impaired active finger extension of the left metacarpophalangeal joints. The nerve conduction study revealed conduction block of the left radial nerve near the elbow. Ultrasonography demonstrated a hypoechoic mass

Yasuhiro Seki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 73–75

Review Article

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 2

, its configuration, the echostructure in classical ultrasonography, the vascularization in an ultrasound examination performed with power doppler and, if possible, the differences in the gland tissue firmness (consistency) in elastography. The ultrasound examination is used for performing the mapping biopsy of the prostate gland – from routine, strictly defined locations, the targeted biopsy – from locations suspected of neoplastic proliferation and the staging biopsy – from the neurovascular

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 43–58


The role of TVT position in relation to the pubic symphysis in eliminating the symptoms of stress urinary incontinence and urethral funneling

(5). However, the exact mechanism of TVT and the causes of surgical failures remain unknown. Ultrasound findings indicate two possible mechanisms during increased intra-abdominal pressure: urethral compression against the pubic symphysis(6) and urethral compression by the tape(5). In addition to standard diagnostic methods, such as cough stress test, pad test, voiding diary or urodynamic testing, ultrasonography is also likely to play an important role in the diagnosis and assessment of patients

Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wiktor Wlaźlak, Magda Krzycka, Paulina Pająk, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 207–211


Introduction to ultrasound elastography

. In the 90's, ultrasonography was extended by the option of examining the stiffness of tissue by estimating the difference in backscattering of ultrasound in compressed and non-compressed tissue. This modality is referred to as the static, compression elastography and is based on tracking the deformation of tissue subjected to the slowly varying compression through the recording of the backscattered echoes. The displacement is estimated using the methods of cross-correlation between consecutive

Andrzej Nowicki, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 113–124


Is a fatty pancreas a banal lesion?

. Pancreas adiposis is best defined in Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. However, a series of works proved the usefulness in the diagnostics of that pathology of transabdominal and endoscopic ultrasonography. In that method, the degree of adiposis was based on the comparison of echogenicity of the pancreas and the liver, renal parenchyma, spleen and/or retroperitoneal adipose. Recently, the evaluation was expanded by the evaluation of the degree of pancreatic adipose with the pancreas

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 273–280

Research Article

Comparison of scintigraphy and ultrasound imaging in patients with primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism – own experience

Background Background The imaging techniques most commonly used in the diagnosis of hyperparathyroidisms are ultrasound and scintigraphy. The diagnostic algorithms vary, depending mainly on the population, and experience of physicians. Aim Aim Aim of the present research was to determine the usefulness of parathyroid scintigraphy and ultrasonography in patients diagnosed for hyperparathyroidism in own material. Material and method Material and method In the present research, 96 operated

Małgorzata Kobylecka, Maria Teresa Płazińska, Witold Chudziński, Katarzyna Fronczewska-Wieniawska, Joanna Mączewska, Adam Bajera, Maria Karlińska, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 17–22


A review of ultrasonographic methods for the assessment of the anterior cruciate ligament in patients with knee instability – diagnostics using a posterior approach

injuries.ResultsSupplementing routine ultrasonography with the dynamic assessment of posterior cruciate ligament shape changes in patients with suspected anterior cruciate ligament injury reduces the risk of subjective errors and increases diagnostic accuracy. This is important especially in cases of minor anterior knee instability and bilateral anterior knee instability.ConclusionsAn assessment of changes in posterior cruciate ligament using a dynamic ultrasound examination effectively complements routine sonographic

Tomasz Poboży, Maciej Kielar

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 288–295


Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society. Ultrasound examination of the portal system and hepatic vessels

Increased incidence of liver diseases, the development of liver surgery and other invasive methods for managing portal hypertension, plus an increasing number of liver transplant procedures pose more and more new challenges for ultrasonography. Ultrasonography,being an effective and clinically verifi ed modality, has been used for several decades for diagnosing diseases of the liver, its vessels and portal hypertension. It is used for both initial and specialist diagnosis (performed in

Robert Lechowicz, Michał Elwertowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 208–226


Intraoperative decision to change the course of management based on an ultrasonographic image of urinary bladder paraganglioma – a case study

of the change’s size and its relation to the neighboring structures in terms of the possibility of radical transurethral resection. Although the results of a trans-abdominal examination suggested that the tumor spread through the whole thickness of the bladder’s wall, it was only the transvaginal ultrasonography that revealed the tumor not only had invaded the bladder’s wall but also revealed the risk of it invading the vagina’s and cervix’ anterior walls. In such a situation, an attempt of

Waldemar Białek, Piotr Kawecki, Katarzyna Dyndor, Lech Wronecki, Sławomir Rudzki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 165–170


Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part I: Classifications and radiographs

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are manifested mainly by symptoms of peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. By contrast with adults, children rarely present with sacroiliitis and spon­dylitis. Imaging and laboratory tests allow early diagnosis and treatment. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions and post-inflammatory complications. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imag­ing. The first part of the article presents

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Piotr Gietka, Michał Znajdek, Genowefa Matuszewska, Magdalena Bogucevska, Ljubinka Damjanovska-Krstikj, Slavcho Ivanoski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 167–175

Review Article

Current standards in abdominal cavity ultrasound examination in children

Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 41–42

Original Paper

Ultrasound-guided thrombin injection in the management of pseudoaneurysm after percutaneous arterial access

Tomasz Jargiełło, Jan Sobstyl, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Michał Sojka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maciej Pech, Maciej Powerski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 85–89


Gallbladder diseases in pregnancy: Sonographic findings in an indigenous African population

/or biliary tree, ultrasonography is the preferred imaging method in gravid women because it is fast, cheap, sensitive, and does not use ionizing radiation(9). Cholelithiasis and biliary sludge were the gallbladder pathologies seen in this study. Age had a significant association with the occurrence of gallbladder disease (Likelihood ratio = 7.116; P = 0.03). This is similar to findings in a study by Ferguson et al. where a significant correlation was found between patients’ age and an increased

Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Stephen Olaoluwa Onigbinde, Isaiah Uzezi Ebie, Michael Temidayo Adeyemi

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 269–275

Review Article

Mistakes in the ultrasound diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in pediatrics

Agnieszka Brodzisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 66–72


Intrapartum sonography – eccentricity or necessity?

Ultrasonography has been extensively used in obstetrics and gynecology since 1980’s.It found application in pediatric gynecology, procreation period, post-menopause, pregnancy monitoring and after delivery. Although the fi rst reports on the use of ultrasonography in assessing delivery mechanism were published in 1990’s, yet to date labor progress is evaluated by means of physical examination in most delivery units. Intrapartum sonography is not routinely performed despite the fact that

Marzena Dębska, Piotr Kretowicz, Romuald Dębski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 125–136


Value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome – literature review

Michał Bachanek, Nebil Abdalla, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 410–422


Ultrasonography of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries: B-mode imaging

plaque should then include: fibrous cap thickness; size of the lipid necrotic core; identification of plaque neovascularization; identification of the direction of plaque remodeling; detection of fibrous cap damage or risk of its occurrence. Ultrasonography is the most available, the cheapest and noninvasive method of examining arteries to identify and assess the morphology and condition of atherosclerotic plaque. Within the past 20 years, two-dimensional ultrasound (2D, B-Mode) and Doppler imaging

Andrzej Fedak, Katarzyna Ciuk, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e135–e145


Comparison of sonographic hepatorenal ratio and the degree of hepatic steatosis in magnetic resonance imaging-proton density fat fraction

steatosis used in clinical practice and research. Despite the accuracy of the MR techniques, their use is restricted due to high operational cost and considerable time consumption. Ultrasonography (US) is often the first imaging modality used to detect hepatic steatosis. However, conventional ultrasonography can provide only qualitative or semiquantitative assessment based on liver echogenicity, vessel visibility, and beam attenuation. Overall sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography previously

Natthaporn Tanpowpong, Sineenart Panichyawat

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 169–175


A case of ultrasound diagnosis of retroperitoneal lesion caused by unnoticed foreign body ingestion

Introduction Even though cross-sectional contrast-enhanced methods have increased in prevalence over the past 20 years, the rare case described below reaffirms that sonographic evaluation continues to play an important role in the diagnostic algorithm. A 52-year-old male patient, with a history of obesity-related health problems, was admitted to hospital to undergo an EUS (endoscopic ultrasonography) procedure for a suspected retroperitoneal tumor. Case report Two weeks before the described

Wojciech Tynecki, Andrzej Tynecki, Agata Grobelna, Tomasz Baranowski, Grzegorz Siemiaszko, Tomasz Łapiński, Julia Wilczek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e151–e153

Original Paper

Applications of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of complicated cases of acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer – own experience

Grzegorz Ćwik, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Grzegorz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 56–71

Research Article

Cartilaginous compression of the liver – clinical and ultrasonographic aspects

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 9–15

Original Paper

Sonoelastographic evaluation for benign neck lymph nodes and parathyroid lesions

Namik Kemal Altinbas, Cemil Yagci

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 284–289


Prenatal diagnosis of congenital megalourethra in the second trimester of pregnancy

Do Duy Anh, Ha To Nguyen, Simon Meagher, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 302–304

Original Paper

An additional ultrasonographic sign of Hashimoto’s lymphocytic thyroiditis in children

Wojciech Kosiak, Maciej Piskunowicz, Dominik Świętoń, Tomasz Batko, Mariusz Kaszubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 349–357

Original Paper

Perihepatic lymphadenopathy in children with chronic viral hepatitis

Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Margret Pohl, Xin-Wu Cui, Barbara Braden, Christoph F. Dietrich, Liliana Chiorean

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 137–150

Original Paper

Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging of kidneys – a phantom study

Szymon Cygan, Magdalena Januszewicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 329–338

Original Paper

Mesenteric changes in an ultrasound examination can facilitate the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors of the small intestine

Neuroendocrine tumors make up an interesting pathology of a variable clinical picture, prognosis, localization, endocrine activity and degree of malignancy. Aim: The aim of this paper is to assess whether ultrasonography can be helpful in diagnosing neuroendocrine tumors in the small intestine by analyzing changes in the mesentery. Material and methods:From 1996 to 2013, we encountered 17 patients (9 women and 8 men at the mean age of 57) with a neuroendocrine tumor in the small intestine. The

Andrzej Smereczyński, Teresa Starzyńska, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 274–282


B-mode and color Doppler imaging of carotid paragangliomas in different neck regions

different locations in the neck area. The diagnosis was made with ultrasonography (US), and particularly with the use of color Doppler. Tab. 1. Demographics, medical history and symptoms of the patients Case 1 Case 2 Gender Female Female Age 49 55 Medical history Hyperthyroidism, Hypertension Hyperlipidemia, GERD Symptoms None Submandibular swelling, pulsatile mass, mild pain Case 1 Patient #1 was a 49-year-old female who was referred to our hospital due to thyroid hormone

Antigone Delantoni, Apostolos Sarafopoulos, Aspasia Polanagnostaki, Kaan Orhan

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 218–221


Elasticity of the coracohumeral ligament in patients with frozen shoulder following rotator interval injection: a case series

procedure as described below, and a post-procedure ultrasound examination at the time of orthopaedic clinic follow up at 10 weeks. Ultrasonography evaluation A musculoskeletal radiology consultant with 10 years of musculoskeletal ultrasound experience performed ultrasonographic assessment of the shoulder rotator cuff tendons, bursa and CHL. The participants were assessed sitting upright or semi-supine. The elbow was held in 90 degrees of flexion with the arm at the side for initial assessment. B-mode

David McKean, Siok Li Chung, Rebecca te Water Naudé, Bernard McElroy, Jonathan Baxter, Aniruddha Pendse, Joseph Papanikitas, James Teh, Richard Hughes

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 300–306

Case report

Embolization of iatrogenic renal arteriovenous fistula – a case report

and renal pseudoaneurysm were diagnosed using Doppler and computed tomography scans. The patient was qualified for arteriography with simultaneous embolization of the lesion. A follow-up evaluation confirmed the exclusion of aneurysm and fistula. Treatment outcomes were monitored using Doppler ultrasound. Doppler ultrasonography is the first method of choice in detecting and monitoring renal artery irregularities. Safety, non-invasiveness and easy access to this tool make it play a key role in the

Ewa Kuklik, Krzysztof Pyra, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło, Maria Tsitskari, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 170–173

Case report

TRUS-guided drainage of the ectopic ureter entering the prostatic urethra and TRUS-guided transurethral neo-orifice formation using holmium laser

of computed tomography scans led to the diagnosis of duplicated collecting system of the left kidney with the enormous ureter of the upper moiety that entered the prostate gland. In order to permanently decompress the hydronephrosed upper moiety of the left kidney, the patient was deemed eligible for endoscopic treatment. A transurethral incision through the bladder wall and the adjacent segment of the ectopic ureter was made with holmium laser under transrectal ultrasonography guidance, thus

Waldemar Białek, Ewa Mey, Piotr Kawecki, Roman Styliński, Sławomir Rudzki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 255–264


Anomalous retroaortic paravertebral course of the left innominate vein in a child with atrial septal defect

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A. Karolczak, Krzysztof Grabowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 71–74

Case report

The value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of limited scleroderma – a case report

Grzegorz Pracoń, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 326–331

Research Article

Is it possible to differentiate between pseudopneumoperitoneum and similar pathologies ultrasonographically?

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 30–35

Original Paper

Sonographic detection of inferior subluxation in post-stroke hemiplegic shoulders

Bukunmi M. Idowu, Oluwagbemiga O. Ayoola, Victor A. Adetiloye, Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Babalola I. Afolabi

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 106–112


Differential diagnosis of fat-containing lesions in the inguinal canal using ultrasound

in the inguinal hernia (H) and the retroperitoneal fat (F) The greater omentum The greater omentum is a structure morphologically similar to preperitoneal fat. It is plastic, non-vascularized in color Doppler, with a mosaic echostructure and slightly higher echogenicity compared to the retroperitoneal fat. It connects with a mass of similar appearance located under the anterior abdominal wall rather than the fat in the lumbar region (Fig. 7). Ultrasonography enables the differentiation

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 222–227


The use of high-frequency ultrasonography for the diagnosis of palpable nodules after the administration of dermal fillers

epidermis, dermis or deeper tissue. This allows simultaneous diagnosis and implementation of immediate treatment, which is particularly significant in the case of early complications. Moreover, ultrasonography is non-invasive, safe for patients, inexpensive and broadly available. There are some studies in which ultrasound has been applied to evaluate dermal fillers or in which dermal fillers have been administered under ultrasound guidance. Some studies have also evaluated complications(9–13). It must

Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Bartosz Migda, Ewa Skrzypek, Katarzyna Słoboda, Michał Migda

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 248–253


Diagnostyka obrazowa jąder

Pathological lesions within the scrotum are relatively rare in imaging except for ultrasonography. The diseases presented in the paper are usually found in men at the age of 15–45, i.e. men of reproductive age, and therefore they are worth attention. Scrotal ultrasound in infertile individuals should be conducted on a routine basis owing to the fact that pathological scrotal lesions are frequently detected in this population. Malignant testicular cancers are the most

Michał Studniarek, Katarzyna Skrobisz-Balandowska, Elza Modzelewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 245–258


Sonographic diagnosis of large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor

stones removed via the urethral route and a double J stent was placed. During his follow-up, bilateral testicular enlargement was noticed, and ultrasonography revealed multiple hyperechoic lesions in both testicles. He underwent right orchiectomy in another hospital. The histopathological examination revealed Sertoli cell tumors. Due to the need for further investigation and follow-up, he was referred to our institution with his tissue blocks. We observed multiple hyperechoic, partially calcified

Osman Ocal, Dilek Ertoy Baydar, Ilkay Sedakat Idilman, Hasan Serkan Dogan, Serdat Tekgul, Mustafa Ozmen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 161–164


Breast ultrasound scans – surgeons’ expectations

Recent years have witnessed a dynamic development of mammary gland imaging techniques,particularly ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. A challengerelated to these studies is the increase in the precision of the anatomical assessment of breast, particularly for early detection of subclinical lesions, performance of ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures, and accurate preoperative location of pathological lesions so as to optimize the surgical treatment. Ultrasound imaging is a primary

Piotr Bednarski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Eryk Chrapowicki, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 164–171


Standards in neurosonology. Part I

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 307–317


Standards in neurosonology. Part II

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 44–54


Standards in neurosonology. Part III

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 155–162

Original Paper

Modified sonoelastographic scale score for lymph node assessment in lymphoma – a preliminary report 

in patients with active lymphoma affecting lymph nodes, which showed all four features that we analyzed using conventional ultrasonography. This elastogram was also present in reactive lymphadenopathies. Distinctive for large lymph nodes in patients with active forms of lymphoma “cheese with holes” appearance, can be considered as equal with type C image, although it is corresponding to type B sonoelastographic map. 

Mateusz Łasecki, Cyprian Olchowy, Dąbrówka Sokołowska-Dąbek, Anna Biel, Radosław Chaber, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 45–55

Review Article

Diabetic foot syndrome: Charcot arthropathy or osteomyelitis? Part I: Clinical picture and radiography

, scintigraphy, computed tomography and ultrasonography, are also indicated.

Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 42–49

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