Article | 10-June-2019
isolated from the digestive system, especially of the large intestine, and the genitourinary system (approx. 39–95% of clinical trials), just like E. faecium, which, however, can be isolated much less frequently (in approx. 3–47% of clinical trials) . Both of these species can be human pathogens. The other two, E. gallinarum and E. casseliflavus, despite exhibiting natural resistance to vancomycin, appear sporadically (in about 5% of clinical samples in total) and are generally not pathogenic [3, 4
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 1, 35–48
Original Paper | 10-December-2018
Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are among the main agents associated with nosocomial infections with high mortality in immunocompromised patients. Antibiotic resistance, especially against gentamicin and vancomycin among Enterococci, is a risk factor that could increase the morbidity and mortality rate. 179 Enterococci isolates from burn patients were included in this study. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was done using the disk diffusion test and minimum inhibitory
GHOLAM ABBAS KAYDANI,
Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 401–406
Article | 20-December-2020
Neutropenia is a rare complication associated with vancomycin, and the cause of this adverse reaction is not well understood. We report a case of vancomycin-induced neutropenia in which we were able to demonstrate anti-granulocyte antibodies. We also report the results of a bone marrow examination along with a brief review of the literature.
Ronald E. Domen,
Immunohematology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 41–43
Case report | 27-December-2020
. The patient's chart revealed that vancomycin, reported to be a cause of non-immune agglutination of red cells, had been injected into the IV tubing one hour prior to transfusion. Further testing confirmed that the patient's febrile response to transfusion was consistent with a nonhemolytic transfusion reaction and was unrelated to the drug-induced, pseudo ABO problem.
Denise M. Gilbert,
Ronald E. Domen
Immunohematology, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 119–120
original-paper | 19-March-2021
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of nosocomial and community-acquired infections worldwide (Lakhundi and Zhang 2018; Kourtis et al. 2019). Since the late 1970s, the importance of S. aureus increased due to the emergence and spread of their resistance to methicillin and vancomycin (Parker and Hewitt 1970; Bendary et al. 2016; Abd El-Aziz et al. 2018).
Recent studies have shown marked dissemination of methicillin-resistant S. aureus in Iraq (Kareem et al. 2015; Kareem
KHAIRALLAH A.S. MOHAMMED,
ZAHRAA H. ABDULKAREEM,
AYOOB R. ALZAALAN,
AMEL K. YAQOOB
Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 79–85
Original Paper | 28-June-2017
Evangelos D. Anastassiou,
Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 2, 171–180
Original Paper | 04-December-2017
extracts of the analysed plants. As a positive control three antibiotics – amphotericin B, vancomycin and amoxicillin with clavulanic acid were used.
Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 4, 463–472
Research Article | 21-May-2019
lactobacilli, such as neutropenia in immunocompromised patients and certain underlying diseases, especially diabetes. Also, lactobacilli have a natural resistance to some antibiotics, especially vancomycin. The identification of lactobacilli can be very difficult due to the number of species, subspecies and genotypic or phenotypic traits. The most advanced procedures are molecular DNA-based techniques. Conventional biochemical tests can be also used to determine some differences. Lactobacilli infection can
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 2, 180–186
original-paper | 17-September-2021
, levofloxacin, and carbapenems comparing to other strains (Table SI, strains nos. 5, 15, 51, 69, and 92).
Results of antimicrobial susceptibility tests
Number of samples
Average diameter of inhibition zone (mm)
Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 3, 321–326
original-paper | 28-March-2019
/trimethoprim (25 µg), tetracycline (30 µg), and vancomycin (30 µg). The bacterial susceptibility toward antibiotics was analyzed by the agar diffusion test on MRS or Kirby-Bauer disk-diffusion method. According to the presence or absence of bacterial growth around the antimicrobial disc, the colonies were classified as Resistant (R) or Sensitive (S) according to the criteria of Charteris et al. (1998).
Production of lactic acid and exopolymers (EPS) was also tested. Lactic acid production was evaluated
AMPARO IRIS ZAVALETA,
Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 127–137
Report | 06-November-2019
, sulfamethoxazoletrimethoprim, β-lactam antibiotics, clozapine, levamisole, and vancomycin. Assays used for detection of neutrophil drug-dependent antibodies (DDAbs) include flow cytometry, monoclonal antibody immobilization of granulocyte antigens, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunoblotting, granulocyte agglutination, and granulocytotoxicity. However, testing for neutrophil DDAbs is rarely performed owing to its complexity and lack of availability. Mechanisms proposed for DIIN have not been rigorously studied
Brian R. Curtis
Immunohematology, Volume 30 , ISSUE 2, 95–101
original-paper | 05-December-2019
susceptibility to neomycin was interpreted according to the standards of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Version 14.0, 05.01.2015 (BSAC, http://bsac.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/BSAC-Susceptibility-testing-version-14.pdf). For vancomycin, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by E-test (bioMérieux, France).
The methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) phenotype was detected using a cefoxitin disc (30 μg). The macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (MLSB
Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 541–548
Article | 24-March-2021
. Natomiast druga hipoteza zakłada, że szczepy metycylinooporne ewoluowały na drodze wielokrotnego horyzontalnego transferu genu od szczepu prekursorowego MSSA (methicillin-susceptible S. aureus) [23, 86].
c) VRSA – vancomycin-resistant S. aureus. Zwiększona ilość zakażeń szpitalnych wywołanych szczepami MRSA wymusiła szerokie stosowanie kolejnego antybiotyku – wankomycyny. To spowodowało selekcję szczepów S. aureus o zredukowanej wrażliwości na lek , niosących kopie transpozonu Tn1546, nabytego od
Maria Jolanta Chmiel
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 60 , ISSUE 1, 77–89
Report | 06-November-2019
Drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia (DIIT) is a relatively uncommon adverse reaction caused by drug-dependent antibodies (DDAbs) that react with platelet membrane glycoproteins only when the implicated drug is present. Although more than 100 drugs have been associated with causing DIIT, recent reviews of available data show that carbamazepine, eptifibatide, ibuprofen, quinidine, quinine, oxaliplatin, rifampin, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, and vancomycin are probably the most frequently
Brian R. Curtis
Immunohematology, Volume 30 , ISSUE 2, 55–65