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Research Article

DETECTING WORMHOLE ATTACKS IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS USING HOP COUNT ANALYSIS

The wormhole attack is a severe threat to wireless sensor networks. Most existing countermeasures for detecting and locating wormhole links either require extra hardware or are too complex for the inherently capability-constrained sensor nodes. Actually, wormhole links can enormously change the original sensor network topology. In this paper, we introduce the HCA4DW mechanism for detecting and locating wormholes in wireless sensor networks. It is based on the basic idea that the change of

Lan Yao, Zhibin Zhao, Ge Yu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 209–223

Article

FALSE DATA FILTERING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is often deployed in hostile environments, and the attacker can easily capture nodes to inject false data to the sensor network, which can cause serious results. This paper has studied various false data filtering techniques recently in wireless sensor network. Based on encryption technology, we have analyzed and compared the difference of various existing filtering strategies, then have pointed out the merits and demerits of them in detailed. At last, we give the

Ze LUO, Lingzhi ZHU, Yunjie CHANG, Qingyun LUO, Guixiang LI, Weisheng LIAO

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1795–1821

Article

OPTIMAL CLUSTER HEAD NUMBER BASED ON ENTROY FOR DATA AGGREGATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In-network data aggregation plays an important role on energy consumption from the point of reducing the amount of communication in cluster-based wireless sensor networks. The selection of cluster heads is usually based on two criteria which are the number of cluster heads network needed and the times of every node serving as the cluster head. Too much or too little cluster head number will shorten the network lifetime for the energy premature depletion of some sensor nodes, so it has a great

Mingxin Yang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1935–1955

Article

SECURE DATA STORAGE MECHANISM FOR INTEGRATION OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS AND MOBILE CLOUD

Together with an explosive growth of the mobile applications and emerging of cloud computing concept, mobile cloud computing (MCC) has been introduced to be a potential technology for mobile services. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is the technology that connects the virtual world and the physical world where nodes can autonomously communicate among each other and with intelligent systems. This paper describes the concept of wireless sensor networks and mobile cloud computing. Recently, much

Chengwei Hu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1563–1591

Article

A DEPLOYMENT ALGORITHM FOR MOBILE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS BASED ON THE ELECTROSTATIC FIELD THEORY

This paper proposes a deployment algorithm based on the electrostatic field theory for mobile wireless sensor networks. The nodes and obstacles in the deployment area are taken as the charged particles; and the particles will move due to the Coulomb’s force from other particles or obstacles. Finally, the nodes automatically spread to the whole area by the resultant action and complete the deployment. Four metrics, including coverage, uniformity, deployment time and average displacement distance

Jiang Xu, Huanyan Qian, Wenhao Ying, Jun Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 516–537

Article

BI-FILTERED FORWARDING: A QUASI-OPTIMAL ROUTING ALGORITHM FOR QUERY DELIVERY IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

A quasi-optimal query propagation algorithm Bi-Filtered Forwarding (BFF) for quickly routing a query throughout a wireless sensor network is proposed in this paper. BFF is implemented in a limited flooding manner for guaranteeing quick query propagation and low message consumption in wireless sensor networks. The experimental results show that in comparison with the flooding algorithm, BFF can greatly reduce the redundant message consumption during the procedure of real time query propagation

Junhu Zhang, Xiujuan Zhu, Hui Peng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 993–1011

Research Article

ADAPTIVE ESTIMATION AND PI LEARNING SPRING-RELAXATION TECHNIQUE FOR LOCATION ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In order to reduce the location estimation error in Wireless Sensor Network(WSN). A localization algorithm is proposed combining adaptive estimation, PI-learning and spring-relaxation techniques for wireless sensor networks in this paper. Our proposed method takes the advantages of the spring-relaxation technique, thus it inherits its simplicity. The overall accuracy of the location estimations is improved by introducing adaptive estimation and PI-learning. Moreover, it requires only a few

Li Haiyan, Hu Yun-an, Zhu Min

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 317–332

Article

DATA COMPRESSION AND VISUALIZATION FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

A basic tenet of wireless sensor networks is that processing of data is less expensive in terms of power than transmitting data. A data compression method is proposed to limit the amount of data transmitted within the network. In this paper, we propose a novel data compression algorithm suitable for low power computing devices. In our method, a data point density algorithm is used to determine which points to discard in a given data region. This algorithm is applied to uniform sections

Ahadul Imam, Justin Chi, Mohammad Mozumdar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2083–2115

Article

ADAPTIVE MOBILE ANCHOR LOCALIZATION ALGORITHM BASED ON ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In wireless sensor networks (WSNs), node’s locations play a critical role in many applications. Having a GPS receiver on every sensor node is costly. In this paper, we propose an adaptive mobile anchor localization algorithm based on ant colony optimization , firstly, some virtual anchor nodes are distributed in the area, second, ant colony was used which has the maximum of transition probabilities to obtain the optimal path, last, the centroid-weighted localization algorithm was proposed to

Yan Hong Lu, Ming Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1943–1961

Article

AN AIR QUALITY MONITORING SYSTEM FOR URBAN AREAS BASED ON THE TECHNOLOGY OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

 air quality monitoring system based on the technology of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). It also integrates with the global system for mobile communications (GSM). The system consists of sensor nodes, a gateway, and a control center managed by the LabVIEW program through which sensing data can be stored in a database. This system is deployed to the main roads in the Taipei city to monitor the carbon monoxide (CO) concentration caused by vehicle emissions. The experimental results show that

Jen-Hao Liu, Yu-Fan Chen, Tzu-Shiang Lin, Chia-Pang Chen, Po-Tang Chen, Tzai-Hung Wen, Chih-Hong Sun, Jehn-Yih Juang, Joe-Air Jiang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 191–214

Research paper

POSTERIOR BELIEF CLUSTERING ALGORITHM FOR ENERGY-EFFICIENT TRACKING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In this paper, we propose a novel posterior belief clustering (PBC) algorithm to solve the tradeoff between target tracking performance and sensors energy consumption in wireless sensor networks. We model the target tracking under dynamic uncertain environment using partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs), and transform the optimization of the tradeoff between tracking performance and energy consumption into yielding the optimal value function of POMDPs. We analyze the error of

Bo Wu, Yanpeng Feng, Hongyan Zheng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 628–641

Article

SELADG: SECURE ENERGY EFFICIENT LOCATION AWARE DATA GATHERING APPROACH FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Recent trends in wireless sensor networks leads to the development of new protocols for data gathering. In this paper, a secure energy efficient location aware data gathering approach is introduced to secure data gathering. An Elliptic Curve Diffie Hellman Key Exchange (ECDHKE) algorithm is utilized for key generation and key exchange between the sensor nodes to maintain security and prevent the data from malicious nodes. The performance of the proposed scheme is validated in terms of packet

M. Roseline Juliana, S. Srinivasan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1748–1767

Research Article

Load-Balancing Enhancement by a Mobile Data Collector in Wireless Sensor Networks

 Decrease in the time interval between the first node death and the last node death, due to the completion of their energy supply, is the main goal of load-balancing methods in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). This paper proposes a Load-Balancing Enhancement (LBE) method, in WSN. LBE method uses a mobile data collector to data gathering from sensor nodes. The mobile data collector can directly communicate with the base station. Indeed, the mobile data collector acts as an interface between

Ahmad Patooghy, Meisam Kamarei, Ali Farajzadeh, Fatemeh Tavakoli, Mehdi Saeidmanesh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article

Optimisation  of solar power intake for wireless sensor networks at temperate latitudes

In many outdoor locations solar power provides the greatest power densities for energy harvesting to power wireless sensor networks in comparison to other practical alternative such as wind, vibrations or temperature gradients. Since solar power is highly variable with location and time, it is necessary to optimise the sensor nodes for individual locations.  Presented here, is an assessment of the solar power availability in Manchester, UK (53°28′N, 2°14′W). Wireless

Ralph Stevenson-Jones, Med Benyezzar, Patricia Scully

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article

SEFP: A NEW ROUTING APPROACH USING FUZZY LOGIC FOR CLUSTERED HETEROGENEOUS WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are composed of set sensor nodes communicating through wireless channels with limited resources. Therefore, several routing protocols and approaches about energy efficient operation of WSNs have been proposed. Clustering algorithm based routing protocols are well used for efficient management of sensing sensor node energy resources. However, many researches were focused on optimization of well-known hierarchical routing approaches of WSNs using fuzzy logic system

hassan EL ALAMI, Abdellah NAJID

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2286–2306

Article

TRUST AWARE DATA AGGREGATION AND INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Data Aggregation (DA) is one of the most frequently used techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) to improve the network lifetime. It involves gathering, consolidating, and routing the sensory data collected by sensor nodes. However, research studies have demonstrated that the dependability of the DA process affects severely when malicious nodes are present in the network. Many security solutions using cryptography and Intrusion Detection System (IDS) have been proposed in the literature

P. Raghu Vamsi, Krishna Kant

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 537–562

Research Article

Marine based Wireless Sensor Networks: Challenges and Requirements

Marine environmental monitoring based on wireless sensor networks (WSN) is a challenging area of research due to the instability of the water field. Due to the characteristics of the water environment, there are certain considerations which must be taken into account before the establishment of marine based wireless sensor networks. These include the deployment of wireless nodes (WNs), energy consumption, network connectivity and security. This paper compares and contrasts the basic parameters

Walid Elgenaidi, Thomas Newe

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article

LIGHTWEIGHT TRUSTED ID-BASED SIGNCRYPTION SCHEME FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are usually deployed in hostile environments, which having a wide variety of malicious attacks. As various applications of WSN have been proposed, security has become one of the big research challenges dan is receiving increasing attention. In order to insure the security of communication in wireless sensor networks, we proposed a new ID-based signcryption scheme using bilinear pairing. Under the computational Diffie-Hellman assumption, the security of the scheme

Zhimin Li, Xin Xu, Zexiang Fan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 799–810

Article

EVALUATION OF HYBRID TRUST MODELS USING ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are prone to various kinds of threats and are subjected to several constraints like energy, communication overhead and lifetime. Application of bio-inspired algorithms based trust models has shown significant improvement in the security mechanism of the wireless sensor networks. This paper presents a brief survey on application of Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) and significance of trust models in WSNs. ACO application in routing, increase in lifetime, energy

G. Edwin Prem Kumar, K. Baskaran, R. Elijah Blessing, M. Lydia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1243–1260

Research Article

RELIABLE DATA BROADCAST FOR ZIGBEE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

required in many applications in the wireless sensor networks, our study focuses on the ZigBee network which is a new industrial standard for sensor networks. Some previous related papers improved the broadcast reliability by introducing redundant transmission and increasing coverage ratio of every receiver node, but there still exists probability of packet loss and extra communication cost due to redundant broadcast. This paper proposes an efficient acknowledgement-based approach for reliable data

Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu, Chu-Sing Yang, Yueh-Min Huang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 504–520

Article

AN ESTIMATION ALGORITHM FOR MISSING DATA IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

For estimating the missing data of wireless sensor networks, an estimation algorithm called HD method, which can make use of sensoring space-time correlation of the data, was proposed based on mathematical Hermite and DESM statistical models. The algorithm not only can adaptively adjust the time and space weights, but also can accurately estimate the missing or unavailable data. The experimental results show that the algorithm has good stability and relatively high estimation accuracy.

Nan Yan, Ming-zheng Zhou, Li Tong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1032–1053

Article

Gathering Correlated Data in Wireless Sensor Networks Using a Heuristic Algorithm

We propose a routing scheme for data gathering and aggregation in wireless sensor networks. The scheme aims to optimise an aggregation tree in order to minimise the energy dissipation of data aggregation and transmission. A modified particle swarm optimisation algorithm is developed in the proposed scheme. In addition, the routing scheme uses a generic data aggregation model which accommodates different correlation conditions. The performance of the proposed scheme is evaluated and compared

Yuexian Wang, Cheng Chew Lim

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, –

Article

WEIGHTED HYBRID LOCALIZATION SCHEME FOR IMPROVED NODE POSITIONING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Localization schemes have a significant role in wireless sensor networks. During random deployment in an untouched area, the nodes have to be capable of self-management to determine their position. Received Signal Strength (RSS) and DV-Hop, are two different schemes that each have environment or hop dependency problem. Hybrid localization scheme, called H-Loc, is a combination of RSS and DV-Hop method. This scheme is proposed to make the selection of distance determination process based on the

Prima Kristalina, Wirawan, Gamantyo Hendrantoro

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1986–2010

Article

A REVIEW OF SENSING AND DISTRIBUTED DETECTION ALGORITHMS FOR COGNITIVE RADIO SYSTEMS

of distributed detection in wireless sensor networks have been considered. In this paper, we review sensing algorithms and approaches of distributed detection and their relevance to CR systems.

Ramanarayanan Viswanathan, Babak Ahsant

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 177–190

Research Article

Reprogramming Embedded Systems at Run-Time

The dynamic re-programming of embedded systems is a long-standing problem in the field.  With the advent of wireless sensor networks and the ‘Internet of Things’ it has now become necessary to be able to reprogram at run-time due to the difficulty of gaining access to such systems once deployed.  The issues of power consumption, flexibility, and operating system protections are examined for a range of approaches, and a critical comparison is given.  A combination of

Richard Oliver, Adriana Wilde, Ed Zaluska

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article

DETECTING SYBIL ATTACKS IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS USING SEQUENTIAL ANALYSIS

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) suffer from many security attacks when deployed either in remote or hostile environments. Among possible attacks, the Sybil attack is one of the severe attacks in which malicious nodes report false identities and location information such that the remaining nodes believe that many nodes exist in their vicinity. The current study proposes a method for detecting Sybil attack using sequential analysis. This method works in two stages. First, it collects the

P. Raghu Vamsi, Krishna Kant

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 651–680

Research Article

A VORONOI-BASED DEPTH-ADJUSTMENT SCHEME FOR UNDERWATER WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN) is a special kind of wireless sensor network which is composed of a large quantity number of wireless sensor nodes deployed in the water. While there are extensive studies on deploy-issue of terrestrial wireless sensor networks (WSN), UWSN has not been paid enough attention due to the challenges of UWSN, such as low available bandwidth, highly varying multipath, and large propagation delays. In this paper, we propose a depth-adjustment scheme to

Jiagao Wu, Yinan Wang, Linfeng Liu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 244–258

Research Article

CFM: A FITNESS-MODEL-BASED TOPOLOGY CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Linfeng Liu, Jiagao Wu, Fu Xiao, Ruchuan Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 58–76

Research Article

OUTLIER DETECTION BASED ON SIMILAR FLOCKING MODEL IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Outlier detection plays a crucial role in secure monitoring in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Moreover, outlier detection techniques in WSN face the problem of limited resources of transmission bandwidth, energy consumption and storage capacity. In this paper, similar flocking model is proposed and a cluster algorithm based on similar flocking model (CASFM) is put forward to detect outliers in real-time stream data collected by sensor nodes. The similar flocking model improves the Vicsek model

Cheng Chunling, Wu Hao, Yu Zhihu, Zhang Dengyin, Xu Xiaolong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 18–37

Article

K-BARRIER COVERAGE WITH A DIRECTIONAL SENSING MODEL

The use of wireless sensor networks to protect sensitive facilities or international borders has attracted more and more attention. In contrast to previous studies in which the barrier coverage problem was solved under the assumption of an omni-directional sensing model, the current study presents a scheme for constructing k-barrier coverage using randomly deployed sensors with directional sensing model. The performance of the proposed scheme was evaluated using the ns-2 network simulator and

Kuo-Feng Ssu, Wei-Tong Wang, Feng-Kuang Wu, Tzu-Ting Wu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 75–93

Article

TRANSMISSION POWER CONTROL IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS UNDER THE MINIMUM CONNECTED AVERAGE NODE DEGREE CONSTRAINT

Junfeng Qiao, Sanyang Liu, Xiaogang Qi, Gengzhong Zheng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 821–

Article

IMPROVED WEIGHTED CENTROID LOCALIZATION ALGORITHM BASED ON RSSI DIFFERENTIAL CORRECTION

Node localization is one of the key technologies of wireless sensor networks (WSN). Due to the indoor environment requires a high positioning accuracy, an improved algorithm based on RSSI is put forward. In terms of RSSI ranging, the error correction coefficient received from self-correcting locator beacon nodes, and then had been applied to distance solving from unknown nodes to the beacon nodes. In the choice of weights, the algorithm uses inverse distance and replaces the method of

En-jie Ding, Xin Qiao, Fei Chang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1156–1173

Article

A NEW UNEQUAL CLUSTERING ALGORITHM USING ENERGY-BALANCED AREA PARTITIONING FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Multi-hop Clustering is more preferred than the single-hop one because the transmission range of the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) nodes is not determined by the size of the network area. However, the multi-hop method brings a new problem related to the workload imbalance between the cluster-heads (CHs). Unequal Clustering becomes the most proposed solution of the unbalance load, but the calculation of the radius clusters still become a big challenge to achieve a maximum balancing degree. In

Amin Suharjono, Wirawan, Gamantyo Hendrantoro

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1808–1829

Article

A Novel Key Chain-Based En-route Filtering Protocol For Wireless Sensor Networks

Zhiming Zhang, Xiaoyong Xiong, Jiangang Deng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1637–1652

Article

DISTRIBUTED TARGET LOCALIZATION AND TRACKING WITH WIRELESS PYROELECTRIC SENSOR NETWORKS

degree of freedom (DOF) spatial partition; then the localization algorithm is proposed to coordinate multiple sensors nodes to achieve two DOF spatial partitions. To effectively solve the problem of WSN energy imbalance, a strategy of neighbor table multicast and an electoral method of the dynamic cluster head based on the biggest energy are presented in the distributed wireless sensor networks. The experiments show that the method proposed here has the advantages in high accuracy and strong anti

Baihua Shen, Guoli Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1400–1418

Research Article

A Fuzzy Based Predictive Cluster Head Selection Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

Hemavathi Natarajan, Sudha Selvara

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–8

research-article

Guaranteed time slot trade-off in QOS improvement with IEEE standard 802.15.4 for wireless sensor networks at the MAC layer

S. S. Bamber

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–12

Research Article

An Enhanced Scheme in Controlling Both Coverage and Quality of Service in Wireless Sensor Networks

With the increasing number of applications for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), different Quality of Services (QoS) levels based on the type of applications are required. An increasing research interest has been noted in the provision of QoS support in WSNs. QoS support in WSNs is challenging because of very limited resources, such as battery power, processing power, memory, and bandwidth. An earlier study introduced a QoS control approach based on the Gur Game. The Gur Game-based scheme can

Hao-Li Wang, Rong-Guei Tsai, Long-Sheng Li

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 772–790

Article

TESTBED EVALUATION OF SELF-ADAPTIVE TRUST MODEL FOR COOPERATIVE GEOGRAPHIC ROUTING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are often deployed in remote and hostile environments to monitor the mission critical tasks. In such environments, cooperation among nodes plays a vital role for successful execution of protocol operations. However, node cooperation may not be guaranteed when malicious activities are present in the WSNs. Trust management based security has received considerable attention to use along with cryptography based security to improve the cooperation among nodes in the

P. Raghu Vamsi, Krishna Kant

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1362–1383

Article

ANALYSIS OF NON-BINARY FAULT TOLERANT EVENT DETECTION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

B Victoria Jancee, S Radha, Nandita Das

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1287–1309

Article

A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON THE IMPACT OF COMPRESSED SENSING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

G. Edwin Prem Kumar, K. Baskaran, R. Elijah Blessing, M. Lydia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 818–844

Article

RANDOM KEY PRE-DISTRIBUTION SCHEME BASED ON KEY UPDATING

A random key pre-distribution scheme based on key updating (RKKU) was proposed, which is effective in wireless sensor networks. Firstly, the base station will randomly distribute some keys, a hash function and some code slices to each node. Furthermore, the RKKU scheme compares with the information of some random key to find the same key, and computes the communication key between two sensor nodes with one-way hash function. Since the one-way hash function can ensure that the attacker cannot

ZHU Ling-Zhi, HE Rui, ZHANG Jun-Ling

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 979–996

Article

A DOOR MONITORING SYSTEM FOR SUBWAY CARS BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

The place and performance of wireless sensor networks are rapidly improving in the automotive industry, industrial and environmental monitoring. Uptake of this technology can be used in urban rail vehicle management system. Due to the difficult and time-consuming maintenance of vehicle management, a remote automatic monitoring system is needed. In this paper, it is proposed to design, develop and implement a remote automatic vehicle monitoring system. The complete system architecture includes a

WU Minghu, CHEN Rui, YANG Jie, JIAO Liangbao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1822–1839

Research Article

Dynamically Reconfigurable Routing Protocol Design for Underwater Wireless Sensor Network

Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSN) share the common challenges of terrestrial Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), however they are significantly different from terrestrial WSN. Mainly, because acoustic wireless communication is the main physical layer technology in UWSN. Acoustic communication offers longer range, but has limitations due to low speed of sound, high error probability, limited bandwidth capacity, node mobility and 3-dimensional network architecture. Most of the ground based

Beenish Ayaz, Alastair Allen, Marian Wiercigroch

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

research-article

Implementing a lightweight Schmidt-Samoa cryptosystem (SSC) for sensory communications

The technology of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is in the front part of the investigation of the computer networks and it could be the next technologic market of a huge sum of money. A WSN contains hundreds to thousands of small sensors where these sensors are designed to be self-organized wireless networks. A sensor node is usually a node for sensing, a router node is a node for relaying data, and a base station node is a node for exchanging data with other networks, also known as sink node

Qasem Abu Al-Haija, Ibrahim Marouf, Mohammad M. Asad, Kamal Al Nasr

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research Article

LOAD AWARE CHANNEL ESTIMATION AND CHANNEL SCHEDULING FOR 2.4GHZ FREQUENCY BAND BASED WIRELESS NETWORKS FOR SMART GRID APPLICATIONS

The advanced monitoring and control applications consider Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) as a promising technology for modern applications like the Internet of Things (IoT), Smart Grid and Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN). The WSN has important features like less cost, low power usage, supportable data rates and complexity. There is a need for continuous research on improving characteristics and abilities of WSN. The reliable performance of WSN depends on the latency necessities depending on

Vikram K, Sarat Kumar Sahoo

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 879–902

research-article

Forest fire detection using wireless sensor networks

using satellite systems. Base station collects the information sent by the satellite and runs an algorithm to recognize the facts (Basu et al., 2018). The raw data of satellites are processed and then Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer instrument is utilized to recognize hotspots. In South Korea, forest fire surveillance system was proposed by using wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor networks detect humidity and an application analyses the collected information (Hariyanwal et al., 2013

Premsai Dasari, Gundam Krishna Jayanth Reddy, Abhishek Gudipalli

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–8

Article

Cluster-based Routing Performance Optimization Constraint of Energy, Delay and Connectivity Metrics in Wireless Sensor Network

This paper aims to propose a framework for optimizing performance in cluster-based wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with constrains of energy consumption, delay and connectivity. For the limitation of energy storage being discussed a lot, many researches try to find more solutions to improve it. But, the other index of wireless sensor networks may be deteriorated by many routings which are dedicated to optimizing energy consumption. Thereby, multi-objectives optimization is one of significant

Ting CAO, Yuhao WANG, Xinmin XIONG, Yan HAO

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 2103–2118

Research Article

Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks in a Smart City

Jorge Gomez-Rojas, Luis Camargo, Ruben Montero

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–8

Article

OPTIMAL SINK NODE ALLOCATION FOR BALANCING COMMUNICATION LOAD IN A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

Wireless sensor networks are attracting attention as network technology that is essential to the expansion of the ICT society. One of the challenges facing the implementation of wireless sensor networks is the problem of load concentrations at local sensor nodes. Sink node allocation methods have recently been proposed to resolve this problem, but they do not solve the problem of the dramatic deterioration in operating times caused by an increase in the sensor nodes. This paper proposes a drive

Masato Noto, Seiji Yoneda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1533–1558

Research Article

Training Data Compression Algorithms and Reliability in Large Wireless Sensor Networks

Vasanth Iyer, Garimella Ram Murthy, M.B. Srinivas

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 912–921

Article

CONNECTIVITY-AWARE TOPOLOGY CONTROL WITH CYCLIC-LIKE STRUCTURES IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

HUANG Zhiwei, ZHENG Zimu, LI Zhicheng, PENG Xinyi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1663–1682

Research Article

BRIDGE DEFLECTION MEASUREMENT USING WIRELESS MEMS INCLINATION SENSOR SYSTEMS

Yan Yu, Hang Liu, Dongsheng Li, Xingquan Mao, Jinping Ou

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 38–57

Article

STUDY ON THE DISCRETE TIME MULTICHANNEL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PROBABILITY CSMA PROTOCOL IN WSN

With the development of the times, in the wireless sensor networks, the increasing amount of information transmission requires more advanced transmission protocols. Especially accompanied by the arrival of the era of Big Data, the conflicts between traditional transport agreement and the sudden or large amount of data are increasingly prominent. The discrete time three-dimensional probability CSMA protocol with multichannel mechanism proposed solves these problems pretty well. By the new MAC

Yifan Zhao, Shengjie Zhou, Hongwei Ding, Zhijun Yang, Qianlin Liu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 845–863

Research Article

Comparison and overview of Wireless sensor network systems for Medical Applications

The need for technology to assist in medical monitoring applications is becoming more necessary in society as the number of patients in hospital and clinics continues to grow. The demand on staff to monitor every individual consistently becomes necessary. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are now being used to facilitate this on-demand monitoring both at the patients home and in the hospital/clinic environment. This paper looks at the basic parameters necessary for a medical based WSN with

Avijit Mathur, Thomas Newe

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article

MOBILE LOCALIZATION AND TRACKING WITH LOS AND NLOS IDENTIFICATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Y. K. Benkouider, M. Keche

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1054–1072

Article

AN ENHANCED DYNAMIC TOKEN PROTOCOL FOR UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC SENSOR NETWORKS

The properties of underwater acoustic channel are quite different from those of terrestrial wireless sensor networks. There are many challenges to design an efficient media access control (MAC) protocol for underwater acoustic sensor networks (UWASNs). In order to overcome the long propagation delay and low available bandwidth of UWASNs, an enhanced dynamic token protocol (EDTP), is proposed in the paper. It uses token passing queue (TPQ) and TPQ backup method to transfer the token packets

Guangyu Fan, Jian Li, Wenhong Liu, Yang Zhao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 879–895

Article

A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS ON SIZING OF SOLAR ENERGY HARVESTER ELEMENTS FOR WIRELESS SENSOR MOTES

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have limited lifetime due to on board battery. The lifetime can be improved by energy harvesting solutions. In this paper the solar energy harvester requirements for TelosB mote has been analyzed and calculated. Photovoltaic (PV) panel and battery sizing requirements are calculated by assuming that the mote follows SMAC and TDMA-MAC schedule for image communication. The calculations are validated by comparing it with the parameters calculated from the real time

R. Hemalatha, R. Ramaprabha, S. Radha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 291–315

research-article

Implementation of a low cost, solar charged RF modem for underwater wireless sensor networks

Mohammad M. Abdellatif, Salma M. Maher, Ghazal M. Al-sayyad, Sameh O. Abdellatif

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–11

Research Article

A SIMPLE SCHEME FOR LOCATION AND DISTANCE ESTIMATION OF WIRELESS SENSOR NODES IN OUTDOOR ENVIRONMENTS

In this paper we suggest a simple, practical and cost effective localization scheme that can be used to manually deploy wireless sensors to form wireless sensor networks (WSNs). We test our scheme exclusively in outdoor environments using commercially available IRIS XM2110 sensor motes. The location discovery of sensor motes deployed in outdoor environments is obtained in accordance with geographical latitude and longitude. The distance between the deployed sensor motes is also computed using

Tarun Dubey, O.P. Sahu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 368–382

Research Article

Low Energy Adaptive Routing Hierarchy Based on Differential Evolution

In recent years, wireless sensor network (WSN) is a rapidly evolving technological platform with tremendous and novel applications. Many routing protocols have been specially designed for WSN because the sensor nodes are typically battery-power. To prolong the network lifetime, power management and energy-efficient routing techniques become necessary. In large scale wireless sensor networks, hierarchical routing has the advantage of providing scalable and resource efficient solutions. To find

Xiangyuan Yin, Zhihao Ling, Liping Guan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 523–547

Research paper

AN EMBEDDED WIRELESS SYSTEM FOR ESTIMATING THE EXPOSITION RISK IN FIRST EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

Cesare Alippi, Cristian Galperti

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 592–612

Research paper

A Novel Biased Energy Distribution (BED) Technique for Cluster-Based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

A. F. Salami, H. Bello-Salau, F. Anwar, A. M. Aibinu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 161–173

Article

ANALYSIS OF THE MULTI-CHANNEL THREEDIMENSIONAL PROBABILITY CSMA PROTOCOL WITH MONITORING FUNCTION FOR WSN

For the wireless sensor networks (WSNs), MAC layer protocol, relating to system throughput, involving functions of system, concerning the consumption of system energy efficiency, etc. other system indicators, is very important. With the development of WSN, involving vary businesses, the amount and style of data which the sensor nodes detecting is large and divertive. Based on three-dimensional probability CSMA protocol, the proposed protocol, multi-channel three-dimensional probability CSMA

Yifan Zhao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 334–352

Research Article

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF EFFICIENT AND RELIABLE ROUTING PROTOCOL ALGORITHM

Fixed-power wireless sensor networks are prevalent and cost-effective. However, they face mote failures, RF interference from environmental noise and energy constraints. Routing protocols for such networks must overcome these problems to achieve reliability, energy efficiency and scalability in message delivery. Achievement of these requirements, however, poses conflicting demands. In this work, we propose an efficient and reliable routing protocol (EAR) that achieves reliable and scalable

B. Sathyasri, Dr.E. N.Ganesh, Dr. P. Senthil Kumar, S. Rathna, R. Jaishree Bai, G. Nalini

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 358–373

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A DEPLOYMENT ALGORITHM OF HETEROGENEOUS UNDERWATER SENSOR NETWORK BASED ON ACOUSTIC AND MAGNETIC JOINT SENSING MODEL

ZHANG Ju-Wei, WANG Yu, Wang Ya-le

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2149–2166

Research Article

Adaptive Security Modules in Incrementally Deployed Sensor Networks

Distributed wireless sensor networks often suffer problems on detecting malicious nodes, which always bring destructive threats. Thus, sensor networks have to supply authentication services for sensor identity and data communication. As matter of fact, intrusion detection and prevention schemes are always integrated in sensor security appliances so that they can enhance network security by discovering malicious or compromised nodes. This paper provides adaptive security modules to improve

Meng-Yen Hsieh, Yueh-Min Huang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 70–86

Article

CANTILEVER BEAM BASED PIEZOELECTRIC ENERGY HARVESTER

With the application of wireless sensor networks become widespread, supply energy for these wireless sensors proves to be a significant issue. Moreover, for the ambient vibration lies everywhere, the vibration can supply energy for the wireless sensor via energy harvester. The piezoelectric energy harvester becomes the research focus for the simple structure and higher energy conversion efficiency. Due to the transcendental equation in distributed parameter model, the numerical method is become

Yao Fenglin, Meng Wengjun, Zhao Jie, Yin Hang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2018–2041

Article

Scalability and Performance Issues in Deeply Embedded Sensor Systems

Prasanna Sridhar, Asad M. Madni

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–14

Research Article

INTELLIGENT ENVIRONMENTAL SENSING WITH AN UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEM IN A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

Ching-Ju Chen, Jou-An Chen, Yueh-Min Huang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 696–717

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SECURITY OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS FOR HEALTH MONITORING HELMETS WITH ANOMALY DETECTION USING MONITORING HELMETS WITH ANOMALY DETECTION USING 

Biswajit Panja, Zachary Scott, Priyanka Meharia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 561–580

Research Article

ANDROID BASED HOME AUTOMATION AND ENERGY CONSERVATION

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consists of three main components: nodes, gateways, and software. The spatially distributed measurement nodes interface with sensors to monitor assets or their environment. In a WSN network the devices are connected to WSN nodes wherein the entire nodes uses Zigbee network to transfer the status of connected applications to a controller which controls the whole applications but the main drawback of Wireless sensor networks is its high interference, low coverage

M.Anto Bennet, B Thamilvalluvan, C.A. Hema Priya, B. Bhavani, M. Shalini

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 69–86

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A NOVEL INTEGRATED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK ARCHITECTURE FOR DISASTER PREVENTION

There has been growing interest in the application of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) in the field of disaster prevention. In such applications, sensor nodes are randomly deployed in an area of interest, a large number of exactly same wireless sensor nodes form a robust mesh network to prevent damages in case of a disaster. In many applications, however, deploying sophisticated sensors on every sensor nodes is unnecessary and very costly. For example, in case of Earthquake one seismographic

Md. Abdullah-al MAMUN, Yuji koi, Naoshi Nakaya, Goutam Chakraborty

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 309–328

Article

DEVELOPMENT OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK USING BLUETOOTH LOW ENERGY (BLE) FOR CONSTRUCTION NOISE MONITORING

Josie Hughes, Jize Yan, Kenichi Soga

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1379–1405

Research Article

CLUSTER HEAD ELECTION MECHANISM-BASED ON FUZZY LOGIC (CHEF) WITH TDMA IN WSN

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are being used for huge range of applications where the traditional infrastructure based network is mostly infeasible. The most challenging aspect of WSN is that they are energy resource-constrained and that energy cannot be replenish. the wireless sensor network of power limited sensing devices called sensor deployed in a region to sense various types physical information from the environment, when these sensors sense and transmit data to other sensors present in

G Vijayalakshmi, M.Anto Bennet, P. Shenbagavalli, M. Vijayalakshmi, S. Saranya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 395–413

Research Article

A VERSATILE LATTICE BASED MODEL FOR SITUATION RECOGNITION FROM DYNAMIC AMBIENT SENSORS

Sangeeta Mittal, Krishna Gopal, S.L. Maskara

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 403–432

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