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Research Article

Perceived Service Quality of Youth Public Transport Passengers

This research aims to explore the dimension of perceived service quality of youth public transport passengers. This research is important due to the lack of research that focuses on perceived service quality of youth public transport passengers. This research employed quantitative research methodology. Survey was performed in order to gather research data. The respondents are 233 youth public transport passengers in Bogor and Tangerang, Indonesia. Exploratory factor analysis, validity analysis

Medi YARMEN, Sik SUMAEDI

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 99–111

Research Article

Are Autistic Traits in Youth Meaningful? A Replication study in Non-referred Siblings of Youth with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

We previously described the high prevalence and burden of significant autistic traits (ATs) in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These traits are associated with significantly greater impairment in psychopathological, interpersonal, educational, and neuropsychological functioning. Because the sample consisted of referred ADHD youth, uncertainty remained regarding whether these findings are generalizable to non-referred populations of youths with and without ADHD.The

Joseph Biederman, Maura Fitzgerald, Stephen V. Faraone, Ronna Fried, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Alexandra Saunders, Kristina Conroy, Gagan Joshi

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 77–87

Research Article

Social Structural Analysis of Street-Involved Youth in Winnipeg, Canada

In the present study, the social linkages of street-involved youth and correlates of infection with chlamydia and gonorrhea are explored. This is the first study to assess the social linkages of streetinvolved youth using RDS. Eleven street-involved youth aged 14 to 24 were selected as seeds to recruit their peers into the study using RDS (N=169). Study staff administered a questionnaire, obtained a urine specimen, and provided recruitment coupons to participants. A week later, participants

Laura H. Thompson, John Schellenberg, Margaret Ormond, John L. Wylie

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 1, 1–17

Research Article

Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment for Youth Treated With Antipsychotic Medications

Background:Youth who are being treated with antipsychotic medications are at increased risk for the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Behavioral weight loss treatments show promise for reducing obesity and diabetes risk among adults treated with these drugs, but such treatments have not previously been studied in youth.Objective:We describe a rationale for behavioral weight loss intervention for high-weight youth being treated with antipsychotic medications. We report behavioral

Ginger E. Nicol, Rachel P Kolko, Monica Mills, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Michael D. Yingling, Julia A. Schweiger, Eric J. Lenze, John W. Newcomer, Denise Wilfley

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 96–104

research-article

What children and young people learn about ADHD from youth information books: A text analysis of nine books on ADHD available in Dutch

whether we name, order and attend to it) is seen as consequent upon ‘nurture’: it is a social kind. Research into ADHD however spreads across disciplines, and so in principle foretells some sort of scientific integration of the nature and nurture attributes of ADHD. Although the authors of youth information books on ADHD might project an integrated nature/nurture picture of ADHD for example by covering both biomedical and psychosocial risk factors, such books are perhaps as likely to reflect the kind

Laura Batstra, Linda Foget, Caroline van Haeringen, Sanne te Meerman, Ernst Daniël Thoutenhoofd

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 1–9

research-article

Can the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) help characterize the types of psychopathologic conditions driving child psychiatry referrals?

Introduction There is a clear recognition of the limited resources available in child and adolescent psychiatry across the world. For example, in the United States, that is most likely one of the countries with the largest number of child psychiatrists in the world, there are only 9.75 trained child psychiatrists per 100,000 children (1). This is clearly an inadequate number of psychiatrists trained to attend to the large number of youth with mental health needs in general and the many affected

Joseph Biederman, Maura DiSalvo, Carrie Vaudreuil, Janet Wozniak, Mai Uchida, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Allison Green, Stephen V. Faraone

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 157–165

Review

Neurobiological Findings in Youth with Borderline Personality Disorder

This review summarizes recent neurobiological research into youth with borderline personality disorder (BPD) to better delineate the biological factors involved in the development of this disorder. Psychobiological studies when BPD first becomes manifest are of particular interest, because there are fewer confounding factors (e.g., duration of illness, drug abuse, medication, other therapeutic interventions) at this time. This article focuses on recent findings in the field of neuroimaging

Romuald Brunner, Romy Henze, Julia Richter, Michael Kaess

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 22–30

Research Article

A critical examination of the youth foyer model for alleviating homelessness: Strengthening a promising evidence base

This article assesses the quality of 15 primary studies that examined the effectiveness of youth foyer or foyer-like programs on the lives of young homeless people. The youth foyer model provides an integrated approach to tackling youth homelessness, connecting affordable accommodation to training and employment. In Australia, there is growing support from government for the development and funding of foyer programs. However to date, there has been very limited development and investment in the

Iris Levin, Joseph Borlagdan, Shelley Mallett, Jehonathan Ben

Evidence Base , ISSUE 4, 1–16

research-article

The use of wearable technology to measure and support abilities, disabilities and functional skills in autistic youth: a scoping review

the physiological and behavioral functioning of autistic youth, as well as providing opportunities to support participation and engagement in various life domains. In particular, the autonomic nervous system (ANS), which provides an index of one’s emotions and arousal levels, and influencing behaviour is commonly atypical in autistic individuals (9-12). Physiological markers indicative of ANS activity and measurable using WTs include heart rate, electrodermal activity, and body temperature

Melissa H. Black, Benjamin Milbourn, Nigel T. M. Chen, Sarah McGarry, Fatema Wali, Armilda S. V. Ho, Mika Lee, Sven Bölte, Torbjorn Falkmer, Sonya Girdler

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 48–69

research-article

Shear wave elastography reveals a high prevalence of liver fibrosis in overweight or obese Hispanic youth

linking the progression from NAFLD into NASH(11,12). While the obesity epidemic has prompted increased screening for prediabetes and T2DM in the pediatric population, current screening guidelines fail to screen for NAFLD(13–15). Furthermore, current criteria used to detect NAFLD fail to distinguish patients who are at risk to progress to NASH. Pediatric screening guidelines to evaluate obesity in youth with high BMI include testing for serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (a marker for liver

Sanjeet Sandhu, Carisse Orsi, Gary L. Francis, Zhu Wang, Roman Fernandez, Naim Alkhouri

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 162–168

research-article

Towards a definition of multiple and complex needs in children and youth: Delphi study in Flanders and international survey

Introduction A growing number of children and youth experience ‘multiple and complex needs’ (MCN) as a reflection of severe difficulties in different life domains (1, 2). This includes intertwined physical and mental health problems, social exclusion, educational issues, and for some justice involvement (1, 2). The developmental impact of these problems puts their wellbeing and optimal integration into society at stake (3). This situation may lead to important societal costs due to extensive

Helena Van den Steene, Dirk van West, Inge Glazemakers

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 60–67

Article

The Boston Special Youth Project Affiliation Dataset

The Boston Special Youth Project (SYP) Affiliation dataset is a large, bipartite network representing interactions among 166 gang members from seven gangs for nearly three years. The project was conducted from June 1954 to May 1957 and represents one of the most elaborate gang intervention programs ever conducted. The SYP was a “detached-worker program,” where an adult (typically a graduate student from one of the surrounding universities) was assigned to an area (local parks, housing projects

Jacob T.N. Young, Scott H. Decker, Gary Sweeten

Connections , ISSUE 1-2, 85–88

research-article

Normative and negative sexual experiences of transgender identifying adolescents in the community

Introduction Sexuality is an important area of development in youth. As a part of normal sexual development sexual experiences become more common and intimate (1) as dating progresses from contacts with a romantic flavour in mixed gender group socializing to mutually satisfactory dyadic romantic relationships (2). This accumulation of sexual experiences is considered a part of the formation of sexual identity. Among the vast majority of youth sexual encounters happen within romantic

Elias Heino, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 166–175

Research Article

Assessment of the Affective Dimensions of Psychopathy with the Danish version of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits among Incarcerated Boys: A study of Reliability, Criterion Validity, and Construct Validity

Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have been found to index an important subgroup of antisocial youth who are at high risk for developing psychopathic personality pathology, and for becoming severe and persistent offenders. On the basis of such research findings, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, have included a “with limited prosocial emotions” specifier in the diagnostic criteria for conduct disorder to designate a subtype with high levels of CU traits

Mickey T. Kongerslev, Sune Bo, Adelle E. Forth, Erik Simonsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 80–96

Research Article

Further evidence of high level of persistence of pediatric bipolar-I disorder from childhood onto young adulthood: a five-year follow up

original prospective study of 78 youth, ages six to 17 years, with BP-I disorder at ascertainment, who were followed up into their adolescent and young adult years (14.9 ± 3.8). All subjects were comprehensively assessed with structured diagnostic interviews and psychosocial, educational, and treatment history assessments.Results:Of the 78 BP-I participating youth, 68 were re-accessioned one year following the 4-year follow-up study, thus effectively 5 years since the original study. Of these, 63

Janet Wozniak, Rebecca Wolenski, Maura Fitzgerald, Stephen V. Faraone, Gagan Joshi, Mai Uchida, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 40–51

Research Article

Association Between Participating in Noncompetitive or Competitive Sports and Mental Health among Adolescents – a Norwegian Population-based Cross-sectional Study

Sara Breistøl, Jocelyne Clench-Aas, Betty Van Roy, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 28–38

Research Article

Smoking cessation and tobacco prevention in Indigenous populations

sustainability of the policy beyond guided implementation. Future research should address how the intervention can be supported into standard practice, policy, or translation into the front-line of clinical care. Investigations are also required to determine the efficacy of emerging therapies (such as e-cigarettes and the use of social media to tackle youth smoking), and under-researched interventions that hold promise based on non-Indigenous studies, such as the use of Champix. We conclude that more

Kristin Carson, Harshani Jayasinghe, Brian Smith, Jeffrey Newchurch, Malcolm Brinn, Antony Veale, Matthew Peters, Adrian Esterman, Kuljit Singh

Evidence Base , ISSUE 3, 1–51

Research Article

Anxiety Disorders among Adolescents referred to General Psychiatry for Multiple Causes: Clinical Presentation, Prevalence, and Comorbidity

Reports of anxiety disorder characteristics among youth in clinical settings typically include descriptions of patients who have been specifically referred for anxiety treatment. At odds with a large body of evidence which demonstrates these disorders to be most common among young people, prevalence studies in samples referred to general psychiatry for multiple causes are scarce and report highly discrepant estimates.For this study and regardless of their presenting symptoms, 125 adolescents

Susanne Olofsdotter, Sofia Vadlin, Karin Sonnby, Tomas Furmark, Kent W. Nilsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 55–64

Case report

Treatment efficacy of narrative family therapy for children and adolescents with diverse psychiatric symptomatology

different diagnoses.Method:Families receiving NFT from the Family Therapy Team (FTT) at the Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) of the Capital Region of Denmark filled out psychometric measurements before and after treatment. Patients evaluated the burden of symptoms using Beck’s Youth Inventory (BYI), and parents evaluated their personal agency in relationship to their child’s psychiatric disorder using Parent Activation Measurement (PAM).Results:We analyzed data from 48 patients and

Nina Tejs Jørring, Karsten Gjessing Jensen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 107–114

Research Article

Concurrent adversities and deliberate self-harm among indigenous Sami and majority Norwegian adolescents: the Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study

conditions.Results:DSH last year was reported by 22.3% of the adolescents, and by more girls (28.8%) than boys (15.9%). All 12 concurrent adversities were related strongly to DSH last year. Deliberate self-harmers reported twice as many concurrent adversities as non-DSHs, and a large effect size (Cohen’s d = 0.80) indicated a strong multiple additive relationship, but among DSHs no ethnic or gender differences were found. Multivariately, among Sami youth sexual abuse [odds ratio (OR), 8.4] was strongly related to

Bjørn Reigstad, Siv Kvernmo

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 92–103

Research Article

Participation profiles and the barriers and facilitators that impact on participation of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders living in regional and remote Western Australia

profiles, and environmental barriers and facilitators to participation for children with ASD living in regional or remote Western Australia. Methods: A total of 32 families completed a questionnaire pack including a socio-demographic questionnaire and the Participation and Environment Measure – Children and Youth. Results: Children with ASD had reduced participation in community activities. Within the home, children most commonly participated in computer and video games, and in school settings

Shani Mattinson, Marita Falkmer, Melissa H Black, Sonya Girdler

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 4, 170–182

Research Article

The Relationship between Personality Disorders and Quality of Life in Adolescent Outpatients

criteria fulfilled and self-perceived quality of life. Distribution according to gender and age in a clinical sample of adolescent outpatients were also considered.This study included 153 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 17 years who were referred to a mental health outpatient clinic. Personality disorders were assessed using the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality. Quality of life was assessed using the Youth Quality of Life Instrument - Research Version, which is a 41-item questionnaire

Hans Ole Korsgaard, Svenn Torgersen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Randi Ulberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 180–189

Research Article

The Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology – Short Form for Adolescents (DAPP-SF-A): normative data for Flemish adolescents aged 16 to 21 years

second aim was to compare the Flemish norms with the Dutch norms.Method:The sample consisted of 425 adolescents (52% girls), aged 16 to 21 years (mean, 18.6; SD, 1.16), from the general Flemish population. In 2012, all respondents completed the DAPP-SF-A and the Youth Self-Report as a part of the longitudinal Flemish Study on Parenting, Personality, and Development.Results:Internal consistency reliabilities of the lower-order dimensions were acceptable to good (a ranged from 0.71 to 0.87, median=0.85

Daphne Raaijmakers, Marike G. Polak, Lidia R. Arends, Willemijn M. van Eldik, Peter Prinzie

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 55–63

research-article

The efficacy of manualized Cognitive Behavior Therapy conducted by student-therapists treating Danish youths with anxiety using a benchmark comparison

remit by themselves without intervention within three to four years (4), there are studies showing that many adult cases of anxiety disorders may have their onset in childhood (5). Furthermore, findings suggest that youth anxiety may represent a significant risk of developing other disorders, like other anxiety disorder, depression, and substance abuse (4,6). Youths suffering from anxiety disorders have a number of psychosocial impairments compared to non-anxious youths. Among them are impairment in

Daniel Bach Johnsen, Kristian Arendt, Mikael Thastum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 68–80

Research Article

Immigrant Preadolescents and Risk of Emotional Distress

The question of whether immigrants have more emotional problems than their non-immigrant peers has yielded mixed results. In Norway, there has been a tendency toward immigrant youth reporting higher rates of emotional problems. In addition to studying levels of emotional problems across those with immigrant backgrounds, there is a need to investigate whether the phenomenology of these problems is comparable across ethnic groups.We used latent class analysis (LCA) to identify subgroups of

Daniele E. Alves, Heather L. Corliss, Espen Roysamb, Henrik D. Zachrisson, Brit Oppedal, Kristin Gustavson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 41–51

Research Article

Risk factors for suicide attempts in the total population of Faroese eighth graders

Suicide is still one of the leading causes of youth mortality, and amongst others previous suicide attempts have been found to be one of the strongest risk factors for suicide. The objective of this study is to examine risk factors of suicide attempts in a total population of Faroese adolescents. It is expected that anxious attachment, high scores on negative affectivity and low scores on past and present social support were correlated to an increased risk of life-time suicide attempts in both

Tóra Petersen, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 106–114

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