INCREASING REDUCTION OF CO2 EMISSION IN HYBRID VEHICLES

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

Transport Problems

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Economics , Transportation , Transportation Science & Technology

GET ALERTS

ISSN: 1896-0596
eISSN: 2300-861X

DESCRIPTION

3
Reader(s)
20
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue / page

Related articles

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE SE (December 2017) > List of articles

INCREASING REDUCTION OF CO2 EMISSION IN HYBRID VEHICLES

Zbigniew ŁUKASIK / Jacek KOZYRA * / Aldona KUŚMIŃSKA-FIJAŁKOWSKA

Keywords : Emission CO2, Energy efficiency, Hybrid vehicle

Citation Information : Transport Problems. Volume 12, Issue SE, Pages 87-94, DOI: https://doi.org/10.20858/tp.2017.12.se.7

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 19-February-2017 / Accepted: 29-November-2017 / Published Online: 18-March-2018

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

This article concerns the issue of reduction of CO2 emission in hybrid vehicles. External lighting through LED technology was applied to show additional CO2 savings in these vehicles. The authors propose for hybrid vehicles of M1 category: conditions of testing external lights, research equipment with measuring system and measuring method in order to determine energy savings obtained by application of external LED light. It enables to calculate saving of CO2 emission and estimate potential energy and ecological benefits. Computational formulas of CO2 emission savings and calculated fuel consumption and percentage reduction of CO2 proposed by the authors were used as a confirmation. Average worktime of lighting and three configurations of sources of lighting of hybrid vehicles were used in the analysis: halogen bulb/bulb, xenon/LED lamp and full electroluminescent external lighting.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

Hamm, M. Influence Parameters on Headlamp Performance in Rating Systems and Reality. SAE Technical Papers. SAE World Congress Experience. March, 2017. DOI: 10.4271/2017-01-1359.

 

Saponara, S. & Pasetti, G. & Costantino, N. A Flexible LED Driver for Automotive Lighting Applications: IC Design and Experimental Characterization. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics. March, 2012. Vol. 27. No. 3. P. 1071-1073. DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2011.2174653.

 

Bullough, J. LEDs in automotive lighting. Monograph: Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs): Materials, Technologies and Applications. Woodhead Publishing Limited. December, 2014. P. 595-605. DOI: 9780857099303.3.595 10.1533.

 

Schoettle, B. & Sivak, M. & Fujiyama, Y. LEDs and power consumption of exterior automotive lighting: Implications for gasoline and electric vehicles. Report No. UMTRI - 2008-48 October, 2008. The University of Michigan. Transportation Research Institute Ann Arbor, USA.

 

Łukasik, Z. & Kuśmińska-Fijałkowska, A. & Kozyra, J. Innovative reduction of CO2 emission through application of energy-saving electroluminescent external lightning of passenger vehicles. Electrotechnical Review. 2015. Vol. 2015. NR.12. DOI: 10.15199/48.2015.12.66. P. 258-261.

 

Łukasik, Z. & Kuśmińska – Fijałkowska, A. & Kozyra, J. Eco-friendly technology to reduce CO2 emissions of passenger cars based on innovative solutions. Electrotechnical Review. 2016. Vol.92. No. 8. P. 255-258. DOI: 10.15199/48.2016.08.66.

 

Yu, S.-H. & Shih, O. & Tsai, H.-M. Smart automotive lighting for vehicle safety. IEEE Communications Magazine. December, 2013. Vol. 51. No. 12. P. 50-59. DOI: 10.1109/MCOM.2013.6685757.

 

Bullough, J. LEDs in automotive lighting. Monograph: Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs): Materials, Technologies and Applications. Woodhead Publishing Limited. December, 2014. P. 595-605. DOI: 9780857099303.3.595 10.1533.

 

Bhardwaj, J. & Peddada, R. & Spinger, B. Advances in LEDs for automotive applications. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9768. In: XX Conference Light-Emitting Diodes: Materials, Devices, and Applications for Solid State Lighting. 15-17 February 2016. San Francisco, United States. DOI: 10.1117/12.2214205.

 

Hamm, M. Green Lighting: Analysing the Potential for Reduction of CO2-Emissions in Full LED Headlamps. SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-0058. 2009. DOI:10.4271/2009-01-0058.

 

Chen, F. & Wang, K &, Qin, Z. & Wu, D. & Luo, X. & Liu, S. Design method of high-efficient LED headlamp lens. Optics Express. Vol. 18. No. 20. P. 20926-20938. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.020926.

 

Kajiyama, S. & Machida, T. Automotive LED headlamps. IEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering. January, 2009. Vol. 4. No. 1. P. 12-13. DOI: 10.1002/tee.20350.

 

Jung, E-D. Lee Y-L. Study on the development of LED headlamps for used cars. Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials. October, 2014. Vol. 15. No. 5. P. 270-274. DOI: 10.4313/TEEM.2017.15.5.270.

 

Saati Khosroshahi, F. & Tufekci, C.S. & Arik, M. A computational and experimental study on a harsh environment LED system for vehicle exterior lighting applications. In: Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems - Proceedings of the 14th InterSociety Conference on Thermal and Phenomena in Electronic Systems. 4 September 2014. P. 39-46. DOI: 10.1109/ITHERM.2014.6892262.

 

Lee, P. & Sang, J. Study on the Development of High-efficiency Long-life LED Fog Lamps for the Used Car Market.Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials. Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials. August 2014. Vol. 15. No. 4. P. 201-206. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4313/TEEM.2014.15.4.201

 

Bony, A. & Hamami, K. & Tebbe, F. & Mertens, J. Energy saving through LED in signaling functions for automotive exterior lighting. In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 8065, Sustainable Design, Manufacturing, and Engineering Workforce Education for a Green Future. Strasbourg. France, 28 -30 March 2011. DOI: 10.1117/12.884472.

 

Long, X. & He, J. & Zhou, J & Ren, F. & Xu, T. A review on light-emitting diode based automotive headlamps. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. January, 2015. Vol. 41. | P. 29-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.08.028.

 

LED Expertise from Hella. Hella KGaA Hueck & Co., Lippstadt 9Z2 999 127-182 XX/09.08/1.7 Available at: www.hella.com/MicroSite/soe/.../LED_Kompetenz08_GB_TT.pdf

 

Chen, F. & Wang, K. & Qin, Z. & Wu, D. & Luo, X. & Liu, S. Design method of highefficient LED headlamp lens. Optics Express. 2010. Vol. 18. No. 20. P. 20926 – 20938. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.020926.

 

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS