CURRENT TRENDS OF PROTECTIONISM IN SHIPPING INDUSTRY

Publications

Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

Transport Problems

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Economics , Transportation , Transportation Science & Technology

GET ALERTS

ISSN: 1896-0596
eISSN: 2300-861X

DESCRIPTION

2
Reader(s)
2
Visit(s)
0
Comment(s)
0
Share(s)

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue / page

Related articles

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 2 (June 2019) > List of articles

CURRENT TRENDS OF PROTECTIONISM IN SHIPPING INDUSTRY

Vlada ZHYKHARIEVA * / Liudmyla SHYRIAIEVA / Olga VLASENKO

Keywords : protectionism; maritime transport; shipping; fleet; tonnage tax; subsidies

Citation Information : Transport Problems. Volume 14, Issue 2, Pages 89-100, DOI: https://doi.org/10.20858/tp.2019.14.2.8

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 26-October-2017 / Accepted: 03-June-2019 / Published Online: 14-July-2019

ARTICLE

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to systematize the practical experience of the state protectionism in shipping industry at the current stage of its development. The reasons of protectionism in maritime transport are considered and the analysis of the world fleet ownership and flags of registration is conducted. The comparative analysis of the Dutch and Norwegian tonnage tax regimes and other current tax incentives in the different countries is made. The advantages and shortcomings of protectionist measures in shipping industry from the macroeconomic and microeconomic points of view are analysed. The results of research contains elements of novelty: the scientific representation of state protectionism in shipping industry gained further development by systematization of international experience of application of direct and indirect measures in shipping and allocation of the main trends of protectionism; the classification of protectionist measures in shipping industry is improved by the specification of the structure of indirect methods.

Content not available PDF Share

FIGURES & TABLES

REFERENCES

1. Review of Maritime Transport 2017. Geneva: United Nations Conference of trade and development. 2017. 130 p. Available at: http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/rmt2017_en.pdf

2. Odeke, А. Protectionism and the Future of International Shipping. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. 1984. 446 p.

3. Yannopoulos, G.N. World Shipping: Between Liberalism and Protectionism. North Carolina Journal of International Low and Commercial Regulation. 1989. V. 14. No. 1. Р. 45-53.

4. Parameswaran, B. The liberalization of Maritime Transport Services. Berlin: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG. 2004. 427 p.

5. Kirk, A. Protectionism is on the rise as US and EU implement thousands of restrictive trade measures. The Telegraph. 2017. Available at:  https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2017/11/28/mapped-protectionism-rise-us-eu-implement- thousands-restrictive/ 

6. Shipping and global trade. Toward to EU external shipping policy. Brussels: European Community Shipowners’ Association. 2017. Available at:  https://www.ecsa.eu/images/PositionPapers2017/2017-02-27-ECSA-External-Shipping-Agenda-FINAL.pdf

7. Примачев, Н.Т. & Примачев, А.Н. Принципы интеграции в торговом судоходстве. Одесса: Феникс. 2006. 360 p. [In Russian: Primachov, N.T. & Primachov, A.N. Principals of integration in trade shipping. Odessa: Fenix]. 

8. Чекаловец, В. & Рожен, Л. Предпринимательская деятельность в сфере морских торговых перевозок (Роль государства). Бизнес-Информ. 1999. No. 17-18. P. 52-59. [In Russian: Chekalovets, V. & Rogen, L. Entrepreneurial activity in the sphere of maritime transport (Role of State). Business-Inform].

9. Котлубай, О.М. Економічні механізми розвитку торговельного мореплавання в Україні. Одеса: Інститут проблем ринку та економіко-екологічних досліджень. 2004. 453 p. [In Ukrainian: Kotlubay, O.M. Economical mechanisms of development of trade shipping in Ukraine. Odessa: Institute of market problems and economical and ecological research].

10. Murray, W. End Protectionism in the Shipping Industry. Real Clear Policy. 2017. Available at: https://www.realclearpolicy.com/articles/2017/07/22/end_protectionism_in_the_shipping_industry.html

11. Русинов, И.А. & Гаврилова, И.А. & Нелогов, А.Г. Вопрос регулирования линейного судоходства на основе анализа положений Конвенции ООН о Кодексе поведения линейных конференций. Вестник Государственного университета морского и речного флота имени адмирала С.О. Макарова. 2016. No 3(37). P. 53-64 [In Russian: Rusinov, I.A. & Gavrilova, I.A. & Nelogov, A.G. Question of liner shipping regulation on the base of United Nations Convention on a Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences. Bulletin of the Admiral Makarov State University of marine and inland shipping].

12. Kalouptsidi, M. Detection and Impact of Industrial Subsidies: The Case of Chinese Shipbuilding. Cambridge: Department of Economics, Harvard University. 2017. 62 p. Available at:  http://www.restud.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Paper-4-May-2017.pdf

13. Pupavac, D. & Krpan, L & Marsanic, R. The Effect of Subsidies on the Offer of Sea Transport.  Nase more. 2017. No. 64(2). P. 54-57. 

14. A.P. Møller - Mærsk A/S Annual report 2017. Maersk. 2018. Available at: http://files.shareholder.com/downloads/ABEA-3GG91Y/0x0x971046/54DA7595-1904-4118-9174E741CB7621D4/A.P._Moller_-_Maersk_Annual_Report_2017.pdf.

15. Hapag Lloyd Annual Report 2017. Hapag Lloyd. 2018. Available at: https://www.hapag-lloyd.com/en/ir/publications/financial-report.html

16. 2017 Annual Financial Results. CMA CGM. 2018. Available at: https://www.cma-cgm.com/news/1973/2017-annual-financial-results-cma-cgm-pursues-its-development-strategy-and-once-again-delivers-strong-operating-results-outperforming-its-industry-

17. Protectionism in shipping. The Journal of Commerce. 2018.   Available at: https://www.joc.com/protectionism-shipping_19870811.html.

18. Cargo Preference. MARAD Maritime Administration.   Available at: https://www.marad.dot.gov/ships-and-shipping/cargo-preference/.

19. Convention on a Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences. Geneva: Admiralty and Maritime law guide. 1974. Available at: http://www.admiraltylawguide.com/conven/liner1974.html.

20. The Merchant Marine Act of 1920. Washington: Commerce Committee. 1920. Available at: https://archive.org/stream/jstor-1171831/1171831_djvu.txt.

21. Grennes T. An Economic Analysis of the Jones Act. Washington: Mercatus Center of George Mason University. 2017. 48 p.

22. Кодекс торгового мореплавания Российской Федерации. Москва: Государственная Дума. 1999. [In Russian: Maritime Code of Russian Federation. Moscow: State Duma]. Available at:  http://ktmrf.ru/.

23. Protectionism makes a comeback in international shipping. The Maritime Executive. 2018. Available at: https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/protectionism-makes-a-comeback-ininternational-shipping#gs.5o8_E_8.

24. The Dutch tax regime and incentives for shipping companies 2017. Tax Consultants International. 2017. Available at: https://www.tax-consultants-international.com/read/The_Dutch_tonnage_tax_regime.

25. The Norwegian Special Tax System for Shipping 2018-2027. Oslo: Ministry of Trade, Industries and Fisheries. 2017. Available at: http://www.eftasurv.int/media/esa-docs/physical/214-17-COL.pdf.

26. Depreciation rates in Norway. Oslo: The Norwegian Tax Administration. 2018. Available at:  https://www.skatteetaten.no/en/rates/depreciation-rates/?year=2018#rateShowYear

27. Worldwide Capital and Fixed Assets Guide. 2017. Available at:  https://www.ey.com/gl/en/services/tax/worldwide-capital-and-fixed-assets-guide---country-list

28. Worldwide Corporate tax guide 2018. Brussels: EYGM Limited. 2018. 1819 p. Available at:  https://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/EY-2018-worldwide-corporate-taxguide/$FILE/EY-2018-worldwide-corporate-tax-guide.pdf.

29. Shipping tax guide 2015. Deloitte. 2015. Available at:   https://www2.deloitte.com/global/en/pages/energy-and-resources/articles/shipping-tax-guides.html.

30. Søren Skou Calls for an End to Subsidies. The Maritime Executive. 2018. Available at: https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/soeren-skou-calls-for-an-end-to- subsidies#gs.PPmdV=c.

31. New Norwegian ship financing scheme launched. Export credit Norway. 2018. Available at:  https://www.eksportkreditt.no/en/2018/06/28/new-norwegian-ship-financing-scheme-launched/.

EXTRA FILES

COMMENTS