INLAND WATER TRANSPORT APPLICABILITY FOR SUSTAINABLE SEA PORT HINTERLAND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT. KLAIPEDA SEA-PORT CASE

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Transport Problems

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Economics , Transportation , Transportation Science & Technology

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 2 (June 2020) > List of articles

INLAND WATER TRANSPORT APPLICABILITY FOR SUSTAINABLE SEA PORT HINTERLAND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT. KLAIPEDA SEA-PORT CASE

Ričardas MALKUS * / Jūratė LIEBUVIENĖ / Vida JOKUBYNIĖNĖ

Keywords : hinterland; transport infrastructure; maritime terminal; traffic flow

Citation Information : Transport Problems. Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 25-31, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/tp-2020-017

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 12-January-2019 / Accepted: 03-June-2020 / Published Online: 18-June-2020

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ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to present an analysis of the main factors influencing negatively Klaipeda Sea Port performance and competitiveness as well as their limiting impact on the development of this transport system entity in general. This case study research is proposing some alternative solutions decreasing negative influences of comparatively declining land transport infrastructure connectivity to the Sea Port hinterland. Analysis of hinterland connectivity is based on the extended gate concept, where a series of terminals and related logistical activities are integrated into a functional single entity. The intensity of real road transport flows on the main connecting road intersections has been evaluated using digital tools with input data from the ArcGIS platform. Also, accessibility to other terminals (at the local, regional and global scale) as well as the terminal is linkage to the regional transport system has been taken into account. One of the objectives of this research was to define objectively the state of traffic flow on the highway connecting Klaipeda sea-port to its hinterland because the road infrastructure was not qualitatively improved for a long period, while the average annual seaport turnover is constantly growing by 6% - 9%. Secondly, it was defined how substantially is possible to decrease the load of road traffic in case of reestablishing of an inland waterway connection between practically the same points of the transport route. Using mathematical modeling of traffic flows is proved that, road transport highway connection in/from the Klaipeda Seaport is loaded substantially and requires systemic improvement (building at least additional lanes in both directions, etc.) to promote further growth of Klaipeda sea-port capacities. The option to apply an additional inland waterway connection allows to decrease the road traffic flow up to 9 – 11% with the possible development of this option, what in its’ turn also decrease the negative influence on the environment.

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