Share / Export Citation / Email / Print / Text size:

Transport Problems

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Economics, Transportation, Transportation Science & Technology


eISSN: 2300-861X



VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 2 (December 2020) > List of articles


Leszek BYLINKO *

Keywords : transport demand management; spatial planning; mobility management

Citation Information : Transport Problems. Volume 15, Issue 4, Part 2, Pages 191-201, DOI:

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 14-June-2019 / Accepted: 03-December-2020 / Published Online: 31-December-2020



This article presents the results of the analysis and assessment of the effect on transport of programs supporting housing investments in the context of transport demand management. The evaluation of the presented programs confirms the dependence of inconsistent spatial planning policy and the growth of transport needs. The effects of the programs have been analyzed in detail. The article shows in a case study form that investment decisions directly affect communication behavior and changes in the demand for transport in Bielsko-Biała. It also presents the analysis and evaluation of the results of the author's studies (own research). These studies included knowledge and behaviors that generate demand for city transport. Analysis of these data allows to conclude that there is no simple relationship between the level of knowledge of travelers about their impact of congestion and shaping the demand for transport, and their balanced behavior in the context of urban mobility - statistical dependence is irrelevant. Numerous experiments show that both factors, transport policy and awareness of social causes in transport problems, have a very strong effect on the demand for transport. The analysis of this research is another argument that justifies the strong need to build and develop a consistent policy in this area.

Content not available PDF Share



1. Björefeldt, J. & Grundén, J. Demand and capacity asymmetry in carsharing. A comparative case study of preventative measures (Master's thesis). Chalmers University of Technology Gothenburg. 2019. 103 p.

2. Borysova, T. & Monastyrskyi, G. & Zielinska, A. & Barczak, M. Innovation activity development of urban public transport service providers: multifactor economic and mathematical model. Маркетинг і менеджмент інновацій. 2019. No.4. P. 98-109.

3. Bylinko, L. Zarządzanie infrastrukturą transportową miasta. Bielsko-Biała: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Techniczno-Humanistycznej. 2015. 110 p. [In Polish: Management of the city transport infrastructure].

4. Cohen, B. Urbanization in developing countries: Current trends, future projections, and key challenges for sustainability. Technology in society. 2006. No. 28(1-2). P. 63-80.

5. Diagnoza systemu transportu województwa śląskiego. Katowice: Wydział Planowania Strategicznego i Przestrzennego Urzędu Marszałkowskiego Województwa Śląskiego. 2013. Available at: [In Polish: Diagnosis of the transport system of the Silesian Voivodeship].

6. Fan, W. & Jiang, X. Tradable mobility permits in roadway capacity allocation: Review and appraisal. Transport Policy. 2013. No. 30. P. 132-142.

7. Hendricks, S.J. & Georggi, N.L. Documented Impact of Transportation Demand Management Programs Through the Case Study Method. Journal of Public Transportation. 2007. Vol. 10(4). P. 79-98.

8. Luburić, G. & Šoštarić, M. & Slavulj, M. Measuring of transit traffic in cities. Technical Gazette. 2011. No. 18(4). P. 619-625.

9. Marsden, G. & Stead, D. Policy transfer and learning in the field of transport: A review of concepts and evidence. Transport Policy. 2011. Vol. 18(3). P. 492-500. Available at:

10. Raport o stanie miasta Bielska-Białej za rok 2018 Available at: [In Polish: Report on the condition of the city of Bielsko-Biała for 2018].

11. Replogle, M.A. Transportation Demand Management: Concepts, Purpose, Relationship to Sustainable Urban Transport. GTZ TDM Training Course. Singapore. 2008.

12. Schwaab, J.A. & Thilmann, S. Economic Instruments for Sustainable Road Transport, An Overview for Policy Makers in Developing Countries. Eschbron: German Technical Cooperation. 2001. Available at:

13. Starowicz, W. Zarządzanie mobilnością wyzwaniem polskich miast. Transport Miejski i Regionalny. 2011. No. 1. P. 42-47. [In Polish: Mobility management as a challenge for polish cities].

14. Status Programu Mieszkanie Plus. Available at: [In Polish: Status of the Mieszkanie Plus Program].

15. Statystyczne vademecum samorządowca. Miasto Bielsko-Biała. Katowice: Urząd Statystyczny w Katowicach. 2019. Available at: [In Polish: Statistical local government vademecum. The city of Bielsko-Biała].

16. Studium uwarunkowań i kierunków zagospodarowania przestrzennego Bielska-Białej 2016. Available at: [In Polish: Study of conditions and directions of spatial development in Bielsko-Biała].

17. Transportation Demand Management. Training Document. 2009. Available at:

18. Vanoutrive, T. Commuting, spatial mismatch, and Transport Demand Management: The case of gateways. Case Studies on Transport Policy. 2019.

19. Wang, F. & Chen, X. & Li, J. & Wang, X. Traffic demand management policy of Beijing: a perspective of sustainable development. Advances in Transportation Studies. 2019. Special issue 2. P. 57-80.

20. Ważna, A. Economic effects of time loss in passenger transport – evidence from selected polish. Transport Problems. 2015. Vol. 10(2). P. 49-55.

21. Winters, P.L. Transportation demand management. Committee on Transportation Demand Management. 2000. Available at:

22. Wulgaris, P. Innowacje W Transporcie Kolejowym. In: Malara, Z. & Tutaj, J. Innowacje a dobrostan społeczeństwa, gospodarki i przedsiębiorstw: próba pomiaru. 2019. P 79-92. [In Polish: Innovations in rail transport. In: Innovations and the well-being of society, the economy and enterprises: an attempt to measure].