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Transport Problems

Silesian University of Technology

Subject: Economics, Transportation, Transportation Science & Technology


eISSN: 2300-861X



VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 4 (December 2021) > List of articles


Jerzy MERKISZ / Remigiusz JASIŃSKI * / Anna ŁĘGOWIK / Aleksander OLEJNIK

Keywords : aviation; exhaust emissions; jet engine; biofuels

Citation Information : Transport Problems. Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 199-206, DOI: https://doi.org/10.21307/tp-2021-071

License : (CC BY 4.0)

Received Date : 21-May-2020 / Accepted: 16-December-2021 / Published Online: 24-December-2021



Biofuel use is one of the basic strategies to reduce the negative impact of aviation on the environment. Over the past two decades, a number of biofuels produced from plants, lubricants and maintenance products have been developed and introduced. New fuels must have specific physicochemical parameters and meet stringent standards. This article presents a comparative analysis of the exhaust emissions measurement results from jet engines powered by traditional aviation kerosene and its blends with ATJ (Alcohol to Jet) biofuel. The concentrations of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons were measured. Measurements were conducted in laboratory conditions for various engine load values. Based on the analysis, it was found that the use of biofuel increases the concentration of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons in the exhaust gas relative to aviation kerosene. The use of biofuel did not result in an increase in fuel consumption and related carbon dioxide emissions. Based on the conducted research, it was found that biofuel use did not affect the ecological properties of the engine significantly. In addition, a correlation analysis of the measurement results from both engines was carried out.

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